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科学观念
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  scientific ideology
    Oriented to students′ deficiencies in logical reasoning of physics,the reform of physics education should find its way out of the current difficult situation by developing students′ physics thinking and scientific ideology.
    针对学生在物理逻辑等方面的缺陷 ,进行以强化物理思想和科学观念为核心的教学改革 ,是摆脱上述困境的有效途径
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  scientific ideology
It is ascertained that the scientific ideology of conceptual modeling of geologic processes and objects suggested by Vistelius has totally proved itself.
      
Policy debates then are in part debates of scientific ideology.
      
With the domination of scientific ideology biological exploration plunges ethics into a bottomless chasm.
      


According to the concepts and the methods of systems science, the nature of (stable) matter system is not 'inertia'but'self-adaptivity'and all changes of matter system is a self-adapting process. Three basic principles (the direction and substance, the form and the quantitative rule) about self-adap+ing process are introduced. Tne phenomena and laws in different unit of physics are correspondently interpreted.These new principles arc used to grasp the intrinsic relationships in various aws.They open up broad...

According to the concepts and the methods of systems science, the nature of (stable) matter system is not 'inertia'but'self-adaptivity'and all changes of matter system is a self-adapting process. Three basic principles (the direction and substance, the form and the quantitative rule) about self-adap+ing process are introduced. Tne phenomena and laws in different unit of physics are correspondently interpreted.These new principles arc used to grasp the intrinsic relationships in various aws.They open up broad prospects for the unity of science and embody the effects and improvement of systems science on basic physics.

根据系统科学的观念和方法,提出了(稳恒)物系的本性不是“惯性”而是“自适应性”。物系的一切变化都是其能动的自适应过程。并提出了有关自适应过程的(方向和本质,形态及定量法则)三个基本原理,使物理学不同单元的许多现象和规律得到了统一的解释。这些新原理,把握了各种规律间的本质联系,为科学的统一展示了广阔的前景,体现了系统科学对基础物理学的影响和推进。

In this paper, Dr. Yang accounts firstly for physics, especially the origin, the developing process as well as the influence of modern physics. Modern physics, he says, originated from the seventeenth century. Having undergone the development for more than one hundred years (1666-1800), modern scientific idea began to spring up, blossom, and outcome gradually. It was not until the nineteenth century that modern physics made progress by leaps and bounds, and greatly stimulated the industrial development. In the...

In this paper, Dr. Yang accounts firstly for physics, especially the origin, the developing process as well as the influence of modern physics. Modern physics, he says, originated from the seventeenth century. Having undergone the development for more than one hundred years (1666-1800), modern scientific idea began to spring up, blossom, and outcome gradually. It was not until the nineteenth century that modern physics made progress by leaps and bounds, and greatly stimulated the industrial development. In the turning period between the nineteenth century and the twentieth century, the establishment of Theory of Relativity, General Relativity and Quantum mechanics brought about gigantic development to the whole physics. Thereafter, starting from 1930, modern physics with solid physics, liquid physics, atom-and -molecule physics, nuclear physics and fundamental particle physics as its symbol, was flourished up. This shows that physics has entered a new era.

本文首先对物理学,特别是近代物理学的起源、发展过程及其影响进行了阐述。文中述及近代物理学起源于17世纪,经过一百多年(1666~1800)的发展,在欧洲近代的科学观念开始萌芽,并逐渐开花、结果。到19世纪近代物理学有了长足进步,并大大刺激了工业的发展。19世纪末20世纪初,由于相对论、广义相对论和量子力学的创立,使整个物理学出现了革命性的进展。此后,从1930年开始物理学进入了一个新的纪元,以固体物理学和液体物理学、原子和分子物理学、核物理学、基本粒子物理学为标志的近代物理学蓬勃兴起。本文认为,物理学的发展与技术的发展,是一连锁循环,而技术的发展与经济的发展又是一连锁循环。因而世界各国竞相重视,大量投资于物理学尖端的研究。本文后部分对中国科技的发展进行了回顾和展望,指出中国古代科学技术在世界上处于领先地位,但1600年后中国科技发展长期停滞,落后于西方科技300年。最后,本文对新中国成立后科学技术的突飞猛进作了高度评价,并预言21世纪中国将成为世界科技强国。

WT5,5”BZ]The pervasive problem of rote learning has distrubed the physics education in normal universities all the time.Being a great hinderance to students′ understanding of physics and a constraint on students′ physics thinking,it would be disastrous for the physics education in secondary schools.Oriented to students′ deficiencies in logical reasoning of physics,the reform of physics education should find its way out of the current difficult situation by developing students′ physics thinking and scientific...

WT5,5”BZ]The pervasive problem of rote learning has distrubed the physics education in normal universities all the time.Being a great hinderance to students′ understanding of physics and a constraint on students′ physics thinking,it would be disastrous for the physics education in secondary schools.Oriented to students′ deficiencies in logical reasoning of physics,the reform of physics education should find its way out of the current difficult situation by developing students′ physics thinking and scientific ideology.

在高师物理教学中 ,死记硬背现象十分普遍 ,它严重妨碍了学生对物理学的理解 ,限制了他们的物理思维 ,这将给他们今后的基础物理教学带来致命的影响 .针对学生在物理逻辑等方面的缺陷 ,进行以强化物理思想和科学观念为核心的教学改革 ,是摆脱上述困境的有效途径

 
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