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心脏疾病
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  heart diseases
    Background:Rheumatic heart valve disease is one of the common heart diseases in China. Valve replacement is the most effective and reliable treatment for this disease at present.
    研究背景:风湿性心脏瓣膜疾病是常见的心脏疾病,在我国发病率较高,目前,心脏瓣膜置换手术是治疗瓣膜疾病有效、可靠的治疗方法,其中,主动脉和二尖瓣双瓣膜置换术(DVR)占近30%,其手术难度大、危险性高,合并细小主动脉瓣环的处理更困难,争议较多。
短句来源
    1727 arterial blood gas samples of 341 cases of acyanotic congenitla heart diseases,79 cases of cyanotic congenital heart diseases and 88 cases of acquired heart diseases during cardio-pulmonary bypass surgery were analyzed.
    本文观察了508例心脏疾病患者的1727例次在心内直视手术中的动脉血气。 其中,非紫绀型先天性心脏病341例、紫绀型先天性心脏病79例、后天性心脏病88例。
短句来源
    It is concluded that PASP estimated by CWD is an important factor influencing the short-term prognosis of patients with congenital and valvular heart diseases after cardiac surgery, and in patients with severe PH the postoperative mortality is significantly higher than that in patients with no, forld and moderate PH.
    结论:超声心动图无创测量的肺动脉收缩压,对先心病和瓣膜病的心外手术的近期预后判断有重要价值,重度肺动脉高压的心脏疾病患者的手术住院死亡率明显高于无肺动脉高压及轻中度肺动脉高压的患者。
短句来源
    [WT5”HZ]Conclusion[WT5”BZ] Combined operations may be an ideal treatment for the patients with severe heart diseases and renal failure.
    结论 联合手术能够为以往因合并肾衰而不能耐受心脏手术的心脏疾病患者提供一个有效的治疗方案
短句来源
  heart disease
    Aim: As the most effective therapy for end-stage heart disease , heart transplantation has been used in many hospitals.
    心脏移植(heart transplantation)是治疗终末期心脏疾病的有效方法之一,已被许多医院采用。
短句来源
    Objectives:As the most effective therapy for end-stage heart disease, heart transplantation has been widely used in many medical centers.
    心脏移植(heart transplantation)是目前治疗各种终末期心脏疾病的有效方法。
短句来源
    Heart disease, infections, and renal disease are the three most common causes of death of SLE patients.
    心脏疾病、感染、肾脏疾病是引起SLE最常见的3个死亡原因。
短句来源
    Temporary cardiac pacing used in perioperative period of the patients with severe heart disease
    临时心脏起搏器在严重心脏疾病患者围手术期中的应用
短句来源
    Methods Clinical data of 16 IE cases, surgically treated from April 2000 to November 2004 were retrospectively analyzed. All cases were complicated with primary cardiac diseases, 9 of whom suffered from rheumatic heart disease and 7 of whom suffered from congenital heart disease. Before operation, antibiotic was given to all patients .
    方法:回顾分析2000年4月-2004年11月接受手术治疗的16例感染性心内膜炎患者资料合并原发心脏疾病,其中风湿性心脏病9例,先天性心脏病7例。
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  “心脏疾病”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Preliminary Studies on Ultrasonics in Cardiological Diagnosis:Ⅳ.Analysis of the Tracing of the Mitral Valve Movement in cases of Mitral Stenosis by the Ultrasonic Brilliance-Modulation Continuous Scanning Mathod
    超声波对心脏疾病诊断研究的初步报告 Ⅳ.超声光点连续扫描法对二尖瓣狭窄症瓣膜动态曲线的初步分析
短句来源
    However, dysfunction of myocardium following CPB is the main reason of postoperative complication and death.
    原有的心脏疾病是术后心功能障碍的原因之一,体外循环过程中心肌缺血再灌注对心肌的损伤也是重要原因。
短句来源
    Successful heart preservation is an important component of transplantation and ensures the maintenance of organ viability until implantation into the recipient.
    心脏移植已成为目前治疗终末期心脏疾病的有效手段。
短句来源
    Methods: Emergency extracorporeal circulation support was used in five cases, three of them were performed with original caridiac opertion at same time;
    方法:紧急应用体外循环支持5例,其中3例同时进行原发心脏疾病的手术治疗。
短句来源
    Conclusion The Y- or I-shape partialmedian sternotomy incision was sate and effective in most of open heart surgeries, Which is superior to the median sternotomyincision in seventy of operative wound and comestic effect its operative indication is in a broader scope than that of small rightthoracotomy incision.
    结论"Y"型或"I"型部分胸骨切口可安全有效地完成大部分心脏疾病的手术,创伤的程度及术后美容效果明显优于胸骨正中切口,手术适应症的范围明显大于右胸小切口。
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  heart diseases
Twenty cases still had other congenital heart diseases: ventricular septal defect (19 cases), patent ductus arteriosus (two cases), double-chambered right ventricle (one case), aneurysm of the right anterior aortic sinus of valsalva (three cases).
      
Congenital aortic valve malformations in children involve males more than females, mostly associated with other congenital heart diseases.
      
Predominantly underlying causes are coronary artery disease, hypertension, cardiomyopathies and valvular heart diseases.
      
Heart diseases are the third most frequent cause of death
      
Coronary heart diseases result in substantial disability and loss of productivity and contribute to escalating costs of health care.
      
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  heart disease
These proteins may be involved in cardiovascular injury, and could play an important role in the treatment of coronary heart disease.
      
The change of serum leptin and its relationship with platelet membrane glycoprotein Ib in patients with coronary heart disease
      
The aim of this paper was to investigate the change of serum leptin and its relationship with platelet membrane glycoprotein Ib (GP Ib) in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD).
      
Changes in the Cardiovascular Function in Healthy Subjects and Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease during Sleep
      
The examination included 396 subjects: 29 healthy subjects and 367 patients with ischemic heart disease, of whom 149 had left-ventricular failure and 214 hypertension.
      
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1727 arterial blood gas samples of 341 cases of acyanotic congenitla heart diseases,79 cases of cyanotic congenital heart diseases and 88 cases of acquired heart diseases during cardio-pulmonary bypass surgery were analyzed.It was found that there were various degrees of acid-base disorders right before the bypass was on.During the speration,acid-base imbalance was aggravated because of anesthesia,fluid infusion,hypothermia,surgical manipulation,etc.Respiratory alkalosis was most common to occur,and metabolic...

1727 arterial blood gas samples of 341 cases of acyanotic congenitla heart diseases,79 cases of cyanotic congenital heart diseases and 88 cases of acquired heart diseases during cardio-pulmonary bypass surgery were analyzed.It was found that there were various degrees of acid-base disorders right before the bypass was on.During the speration,acid-base imbalance was aggravated because of anesthesia,fluid infusion,hypothermia,surgical manipulation,etc.Respiratory alkalosis was most common to occur,and metabolic acidosis was the secodn.After the cessation of bypass,acid-base disorders could be significantly alleviated or imporved.So it is belived that it is very important to monitor the changes of blood gases and acid-base balance and to manage timely the complications during cardiopulmonary bypass.Fluid infusion,administration of agents to improve the microcirculation.and replacement of alkaline electrolytes are helpful to maintain acid-base balance.

本文观察了508例心脏疾病患者的1727例次在心内直视手术中的动脉血气。其中,非紫绀型先天性心脏病341例、紫绀型先天性心脏病79例、后天性心脏病88例。发现转流前即有不同程度酸碱失衡存在;转流中由于麻醉、灌注、低温及手术等多种因素进一步加重酸碱失衡。以呼吸性碱中毒最常见,代谢性酸中毒次之;停机后有改善。故术中监测酸碱和血气变化,及时处理严重并发症是非常重要的。合适的人工灌注、给予改善微循环药物及适当补碱,对维持酸碱平衡是有利的。

To evaluate the reasons that cause the misdiagnosis of echocardiography (ECHO),and im prove the preoperative diagnostic accuracy of ECHO by learning the lessons,the misdiagnosed cases of ECHO in the nine year period from 1986 to 1994 were retrospectively studied.Compared with the surgical findings,and according to our diagnostic correlation standards, there are 79 misdiagnoses,of these,78 (98.73%) are congenital heart diseases.Thus the dominant type of heart disease that causes misdiagnosis of ECHO is congenital...

To evaluate the reasons that cause the misdiagnosis of echocardiography (ECHO),and im prove the preoperative diagnostic accuracy of ECHO by learning the lessons,the misdiagnosed cases of ECHO in the nine year period from 1986 to 1994 were retrospectively studied.Compared with the surgical findings,and according to our diagnostic correlation standards, there are 79 misdiagnoses,of these,78 (98.73%) are congenital heart diseases.Thus the dominant type of heart disease that causes misdiagnosis of ECHO is congenital heart dis ease.The diagnosis of ECHO that is completely different from the surgical findings is 1 case (1.26%),that gives only minor diagnosis is 1 case (1.26%),that add or lose major diagnoses are 77 cases (97.46).The major rea sons that cause misdiagnosis are limitations of the diagnostic techniques, complexity of the heart disease and the different experience of operators.We conclude that the misdiagnoses of ECHO are mainly addition or loss of ma jor diagnoses,the dominant reasons cause the misdiagnoses are limitations of transthoracic ECHO.

为了分析超声心动图的误诊原因,总结经验教训,以提高超声在心脏外科术前诊断中的准确率,我们回顾性地研究了从1986年到1994年九年间的超声误诊病例。与手术所见对比,按照我们提出的诊断符合标准,共有79例超声误诊。78例(98.73%)为先天性心脏病,表明先天性心脏病是超声误诊的主要疾病类型。与手术所见相比完全不同者1例(1.26%),仅给出次要诊断者1例(1.26%),多出或缺少主要诊断者77例(97.46%)。超声误诊的主要原因是:诊断技术的限制,心脏疾病的复杂性和操作水平的差异性。我们认为超声检查的误诊病例,绝大多数来源于主要诊断的多出和缺少,经胸超声技术本身的限制性是导致误诊的主要原因。

To assess whether Continuous-wave Doppler-determined pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) has any prognostic value in patients undergoing cardiac surgery, we retrospectively analyzed the postoperative mortality in patients undergoing cardiac surgery from 1987 to 1994. A total of 1607 patients received preoperative CWD examinations and their PASPs were estimated noninvasively. The diagnoses in the majority of these patients were congenital and valvular heart diseases. Of these patients, 920 (57. 25%) cases...

To assess whether Continuous-wave Doppler-determined pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) has any prognostic value in patients undergoing cardiac surgery, we retrospectively analyzed the postoperative mortality in patients undergoing cardiac surgery from 1987 to 1994. A total of 1607 patients received preoperative CWD examinations and their PASPs were estimated noninvasively. The diagnoses in the majority of these patients were congenital and valvular heart diseases. Of these patients, 920 (57. 25%) cases were found to have no pulmonary artery hypertension (PH) with their PASPs being less than 30 mmHg (Goup 1), 200(12.45%) cases mild PH with their PASPs 30-50 mmHg (Group 2),243 (15.12%) cases moderate PH with their PASPs 50-80 mmHg (Group 3) and 244 (15. 18%) cases severe PH with their PASPs more than 80 mmHg (Group 4). The mortality rates in the four groups were 5. 98%, 4.0%, 6. 58% and 13. 52%, respectively.There was no significant difference of mortality among Group 1, Group 2 and Group 3. However,the mortality in Group 4 was significantly higher than that in any of the rest three groups (P<0. 05). It is concluded that PASP estimated by CWD is an important factor influencing the short-term prognosis of patients with congenital and valvular heart diseases after cardiac surgery, and in patients with severe PH the postoperative mortality is significantly higher than that in patients with no, forld and moderate PH.

为了评价多普勒超声心动图所测量的肺动脉收缩压对确定心脏外科手术预后的价值,我们回顾性地研究了1987年到1994年8年间在我院心脏外科行手术治疗患者的术后住院死亡率。共有1607例心脏外科手术患者于我院心内科应用连续波多普勒技术无创地测量了肺动脉压力。这些患者的术前诊断主要是先天性心脏病和瓣膜性心脏病。按超声心动图估测的肺动脉收缩压将患者分为四组:无肺动脉高压<30mmHg(第1组),轻度30~<50mmHg(第2组),中度50~80mmHg(第3组),重度>80mmHg(第4组)。以此标准,无肺动脉高压者920例(57.25%),肺动脉压力轻度升高者200例(12.45%),中度升高者243例(15.12%),重度升高者244例(15.18%)。术后死亡率分别为5.98%、4.00%、6.58%和13.52%(第4组死亡率明显高于前三组,P<0.05)。结论:超声心动图无创测量的肺动脉收缩压,对先心病和瓣膜病的心外手术的近期预后判断有重要价值,重度肺动脉高压的心脏疾病患者的手术住院死亡率明显高于无肺动脉高压及轻中度肺动脉高压的患者。

 
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