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   胸锁乳突肌 在 生物学 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.766秒
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胸锁乳突肌
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  sternocleidomastoid muscle
Rotating TS (72% of the patients) was due to dystonic activity of the splenius muscle ipsilateral to and/or the sternocleidomastoid muscle contralateral to the side of chin deviation.
      
We tested a method for detecting BT Ab which measures the BT-induced reduction in the electromyographic amplitude of the mean maximal voluntary activation (M-EMG) of the sternocleidomastoid muscle.
      
Thirty-three infants with muscular torticollis were treated by Tuina techniques, and the size of the hardened sternocleidomastoid muscle in the affected side was B-ultrasonographically observed before and after treatment.
      
These discrepancies appeared to be due to 'cross-talk' from adjacent muscles, particularly from the sternocleidomastoid muscle.
      
Responses to infraorbital stimulation did not interact with other short-latency inhibitory responses in the sternocleidomastoid muscle evoked by loud acoustic clicks or stimulation of the median nerve at the wrist.
      
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  sternocleidomastoid
The proximal limb muscles, the sternocleidomastoid and anterior tibial muscles were affected.
      
Both patients had proximal weakness, pseudohypertrophy of sternocleidomastoid.
      
Rotating TS (72% of the patients) was due to dystonic activity of the splenius muscle ipsilateral to and/or the sternocleidomastoid muscle contralateral to the side of chin deviation.
      
Motoneurons of the spinal accessory nerve between C1 and C5 segments were labelled using wheat germ agglutinin-horseradish peroxidase (WGA-HRP) injected into the sternocleidomastoid muscles.
      
The sternocleidomastoid test: an in vivo assay to investigate botulinum toxin antibody formation in humans
      
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Larynx pouches of four individuals of Presbytis francoisi are reported. It was found anteriorly at the left side of the neck. Anatomically it was located with musculi platysma anteriorly, musculi sternohyoideus posteriorly, musculi sternocleidomastoideus. posterolaterally and musculi mylohyoideus superiorly.

本文报道四例黑叶猴的喉囊。喉囊位于颈前偏左方,具体解剖位置在:颈阔肌后方、胸骨舌骨肌前方、胸锁乳突肌前内侧、下颌舌骨肌的下方。

The blood vessels, nerves and the sizes of the trapezius muscle have been dissected and examined in 31 Chinese adult cadavers.The main nutrient artery of the trapezius muscle is the transverse cervical artery. Its trunk is 41.03 mm in length, and 2.31 mm in outer diameter on the average. In the majority of the cases, the upper part of the trapezius muscle is supplied by the superficial branch of the transverse cervical artery and the lower part by its deep branch, while the middle part of the muscle is supplied...

The blood vessels, nerves and the sizes of the trapezius muscle have been dissected and examined in 31 Chinese adult cadavers.The main nutrient artery of the trapezius muscle is the transverse cervical artery. Its trunk is 41.03 mm in length, and 2.31 mm in outer diameter on the average. In the majority of the cases, the upper part of the trapezius muscle is supplied by the superficial branch of the transverse cervical artery and the lower part by its deep branch, while the middle part of the muscle is supplied by both superficial and deep branches, The venous blood in the trapezius muscle is mainly drained by the transverse cervical and suprascapular veins. The outer diameter of transverse cervical vein is 3 mm on the average.The trapezius muscle is innervated by the accessory nerve and the anterior rami of the third and fourth cervical nerves. The average length of the part (from the posterior border of the sternoeleidomastoid muscle to the anterior border of the the trapezius muscle) of the accessory nerve is 44.40 mm and its average diameter is 2.09 mm.

本文解剖和观测了31具(62侧)成年尸体斜方肌及其血管和神经。斜方肌的主要营养动脉是颈横动脉,其干的平均长度为41.03毫米,平均外径为2.31毫米。斜方肌上部、中部主要由颈横动脉浅支供给,中部、下部主要由颈横动脉深支供结。该肌的静脉血主要经颈横静脉和肩胛上静脉回流。颈横静脉的平均外径为3.00毫米。斜方肌由副神经和第三、四颈神经前支支配。副神经(从胸锁乳突肌后缘至斜方肌前缘一段)平均长度为44.40毫米,粗细为2.09毫米。

15 adult rabbits were used in the present study. (1) HRP was injected into the external rami of the accessory nerve. The labelled neurons distributed ipsilaterally in the decussation of pyramid, ventral horn and intermediate gray of the spinal cord from C1 to C8 88.9% of the labelled neurons were found between C1-4. Labelled neurons located in group or seat(?)red at some subnucleus of the ventral horn and intermediate gray. The widest diameter of the labelled neurons was 30.9-123.5 μm, about 88.8% over 41 μm....

15 adult rabbits were used in the present study. (1) HRP was injected into the external rami of the accessory nerve. The labelled neurons distributed ipsilaterally in the decussation of pyramid, ventral horn and intermediate gray of the spinal cord from C1 to C8 88.9% of the labelled neurons were found between C1-4. Labelled neurons located in group or seat(?)red at some subnucleus of the ventral horn and intermediate gray. The widest diameter of the labelled neurons was 30.9-123.5 μm, about 88.8% over 41 μm. A few of the labelled neurons was observed in the superior cervical ganglion, nodose ganglion and spinal ganglion C1-3 in the injected side. (2) After HRP was injected into the trapezus nerve, the labelled neurons distributed in the some subnucleus of the ventral horn and the intermedial gray at the C1-8 of the spinal cord. (3) HRP crystal was appliep to tde proximal cut end of the sternocleidomastoid nerve. The labelled neurons were founnd in the decussation of pyramid and the spinal cord segments C1-3 of the injecteed side.

实验用真成年家兔15只。(1)HRP注入副神经外文,标记细胞出现在注射侧延髓锥体交叉下端和脊髓C_(1-5)节段,88.9%标记细胞分布在C_(1-4)。标记细胞成群或散在地分布在延髓锥体交叉下端中央管的前外、颈髓前角和中间带的各亚核。标记细胞的最大径在30.9-123.5μm之间,41μm以上的占88.8%。在注射侧的C_1、2、3、脊神经节、迷走神经下节和交感神经颈上节观察到标记细胞。(2)HRP注入斜方肌神经,标记细胞分布在同侧脊髓C_(1-8)节段,标记细胞分布在前角的大多数亚核。(3)在胸锁乳突肌神经近侧断端涂HRP结晶,标记细胞出现在同侧延髓锥体交叉下端和脊髓C_(1-3)节段,标记细胞分布在前角的多数亚核。斜方肌神经和胸锁乳突肌神经起始核在脊髓的位置有较多的重叠。

 
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