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   胸锁乳突肌 在 临床医学 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.023秒
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胸锁乳突肌
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  sternocleidomastoid muscle
Rotating TS (72% of the patients) was due to dystonic activity of the splenius muscle ipsilateral to and/or the sternocleidomastoid muscle contralateral to the side of chin deviation.
      
We tested a method for detecting BT Ab which measures the BT-induced reduction in the electromyographic amplitude of the mean maximal voluntary activation (M-EMG) of the sternocleidomastoid muscle.
      
Thirty-three infants with muscular torticollis were treated by Tuina techniques, and the size of the hardened sternocleidomastoid muscle in the affected side was B-ultrasonographically observed before and after treatment.
      
These discrepancies appeared to be due to 'cross-talk' from adjacent muscles, particularly from the sternocleidomastoid muscle.
      
Responses to infraorbital stimulation did not interact with other short-latency inhibitory responses in the sternocleidomastoid muscle evoked by loud acoustic clicks or stimulation of the median nerve at the wrist.
      
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The morphology of 2056 children's external jugular vein in Xinjiang pri-mary school is reported.Press the external jugular vein near the upper edgeof the clavical with fingers and note down its location,form branching andthe condition of dilation in the hope of getting some reference on the drainagein hydrocephalus

用指压法显露新疆两所小学汉族儿童2056侧颈外静脉于下颌角下方至锁骨之间,观察颈外静脉活体形态及其抗逆流装置——瓣膜窦段的形态、数量和位置供脑积水分流等手术参考。此部颈外静脉呈现1支直线型者多见占83.9±0.8%,呈现“y”型者次之占8.3±0.6%;瓣膜窦段的圆形膨隆呈现于颈外静脉主干与胸锁乳突肌后缘交叉处者最多占64.9±1%。

Muscle-tendon and ligament insertion injuries at the periosteal-osseous junctions in thebead and neck resulting from automobile accidents, sport injuries or other trauma,and aggra-vated by prolonged desk work and poor posture, often canse migraine and migrainous-typeheadaches.Thirty-two patients (10 males and 22 females with a mean age 44.1 years)with migrai-nous headaches were found to have soft tissue lesions at the tendinous periosteal junctionsof the occipital trapezius muscle and/or occipital sternocleidomastoid...

Muscle-tendon and ligament insertion injuries at the periosteal-osseous junctions in thebead and neck resulting from automobile accidents, sport injuries or other trauma,and aggra-vated by prolonged desk work and poor posture, often canse migraine and migrainous-typeheadaches.Thirty-two patients (10 males and 22 females with a mean age 44.1 years)with migrai-nous headaches were found to have soft tissue lesions at the tendinous periosteal junctionsof the occipital trapezius muscle and/or occipital sternocleidomastoid muscle, as well asthe C-2 spinous process and C-1 transverse process. A low power laser (830 nm laser diode,30~100 mW) was directed at the soft tissue lesions near the periosteal-osseous junctionsalong the nuchal line, mastoid process, C-2 spinous process and C-1 transverse pro-cess. The therapy markedly diminished pain and tenderness in all patients. There wasrednction of edema at tender sites and relaxation of muscles within 1~5 minutes. It.isbelieved that the laser stimulated removal of noxious chemicals by the lymphatic system. Noadverse effects were observed. Therefore low power laser treatment at appropriate anatomicareas can effectively and safely relieve certain types of migraine headaches.

由于汽车事故、运动损伤、其它外伤、长期写字台工作或姿势不善等造成的头颈部骨膜-骨连接部位肌肉-肌腱、韧带附着处的损伤,常常造成偏头痛或偏头痛性头痛。作者对32(男10人,女22人,平均年龄44.1岁)例患偏头痛性头痛的患者作了研究。在枕-斜方肌和/或枕-胸锁乳突肌以及第二颈椎棘突与第一颈椎横突肌腱骨膜连接处均发现有软组织病变。乃对准项线、乳突、第二颈椎棘突和第一颈椎横突靠近骨膜骨连接处的软组织病变,采用低功率激光(830nm的二极管激光,30~100mW)作了照射。治疗后全部病例的疼痛与触痛均获得明显减轻或消失,并在1~5分钟内触痛点肿胀减轻,肌肉松弛。作者相信,这是由于激光的刺激使得有害化学物可以通过淋巴管道移走所致。未发现不良反应。因此低功率激光在合适的解剖部位照射,能够有效而安全地解除某些类型的偏头痛。

Inclusion body myositis has been recognized as a major form of idiopathic inflammatory myopathy. An old male patient with insidious onset and slowly progressive muscular weakness and artrophy has been reported in this article. The duration of symptom before biopsy was 23 years. The first symptom was dysphagia, and muscular weakness developed seven years later. Muscular atrophy was predominant symmetrically and proximally, particularly the quadriceps femoris muscles. Cervical and abdominal muscles were also...

Inclusion body myositis has been recognized as a major form of idiopathic inflammatory myopathy. An old male patient with insidious onset and slowly progressive muscular weakness and artrophy has been reported in this article. The duration of symptom before biopsy was 23 years. The first symptom was dysphagia, and muscular weakness developed seven years later. Muscular atrophy was predominant symmetrically and proximally, particularly the quadriceps femoris muscles. Cervical and abdominal muscles were also affected. Myalgia was absent. Electromyogrophy showed myopathic alterations. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate, creatine kinase, immunoglobulins G increased slightly or moderately. Rheumatoid factor was positive, and he had been diagnosed as having rheumatoid arthritis for 23 years. Inclusion body myositis was ultimately diagnosed based on the muscle biopsy which showed mononuclear cell invasion of nonnecrotic muscle fibers, the characteristic rimmed vacuoles in cryostat sections and cytoplasmic inclusion bodies consisted of plenty of tubulofilaments by electron microscope.

包涵体肌炎在国内鲜见,兹对其临床与肌肉病理特征作一复习。报告一例包涵体肌炎老年男性患者,隐袭起病,病情缓慢进展长达23年,临床表现以吞咽困难为首发症状,7年后出现以双侧股四头肌为主的、对称性近端肌无力和肌萎缩,胸锁乳突肌、腹肌也受累,不伴有肌痛。有类风湿性关节炎病史。肌电图示肌原性受损。血沉、肌酸激酶、免疫球蛋白G呈轻中度升高,类风湿因子阳性。肌肉活检表现为:非坏死肌纤维的单核细胞浸润,特征性的边缘着色性空泡,电镜下发现有确诊意义的胞浆内包涵体,内含大量丝状物,确认为包涵体肌炎。提示在遇有上述特征性改变的患者应想到本病。

 
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