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   胸锁乳突肌 在 神经病学 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.748秒
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胸锁乳突肌
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  sternocleidomastoid muscle
Rotating TS (72% of the patients) was due to dystonic activity of the splenius muscle ipsilateral to and/or the sternocleidomastoid muscle contralateral to the side of chin deviation.
      
We tested a method for detecting BT Ab which measures the BT-induced reduction in the electromyographic amplitude of the mean maximal voluntary activation (M-EMG) of the sternocleidomastoid muscle.
      
Thirty-three infants with muscular torticollis were treated by Tuina techniques, and the size of the hardened sternocleidomastoid muscle in the affected side was B-ultrasonographically observed before and after treatment.
      
These discrepancies appeared to be due to 'cross-talk' from adjacent muscles, particularly from the sternocleidomastoid muscle.
      
Responses to infraorbital stimulation did not interact with other short-latency inhibitory responses in the sternocleidomastoid muscle evoked by loud acoustic clicks or stimulation of the median nerve at the wrist.
      
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  sternocleidomastoid muscles
Motoneurons of the spinal accessory nerve between C1 and C5 segments were labelled using wheat germ agglutinin-horseradish peroxidase (WGA-HRP) injected into the sternocleidomastoid muscles.
      
This neural network may be the basis for the wellrecognized patterns of referred pain from the trapezius and sternocleidomastoid muscles to the face and head.
      
The geater displacement in corpses might be explained by detachment of sternocleidomastoid muscles, and by resection of the sternum and anterior ribs, performed for access to the heart and superior vena cava.
      
The clearest responses were seen in averaged, unrectified, monopolar surface electromyographic (EMG) recordings from active sternocleidomastoid muscles after stimulation of the infraorbital nerve.
      
Ascent induced small responses in sternocleidomastoid muscles (SCMs) with a latency of 24.0?ms (SE 1.7) from onset of head acceleration, followed by larger responses of 100?ms in duration.
      
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The normal part in appearance of the sternocleidomastoid on the morbid side in 5 patients with muscular torticolis were observed ard the ultrastructural abnormalities were found. The major pathological changes were following: 1. the limits among the myofibrils were unclear or disappeared; 2. the thick and thin filaments were unclear, even homogenous; 3. the filaments were abnormally arranged; 4. the dark and bright bands, M line, Z line, and mitochondrion were abnormal. According to the pathology, the etiology...

The normal part in appearance of the sternocleidomastoid on the morbid side in 5 patients with muscular torticolis were observed ard the ultrastructural abnormalities were found. The major pathological changes were following: 1. the limits among the myofibrils were unclear or disappeared; 2. the thick and thin filaments were unclear, even homogenous; 3. the filaments were abnormally arranged; 4. the dark and bright bands, M line, Z line, and mitochondrion were abnormal. According to the pathology, the etiology of muscular torticolis was studied.

用透射电镜对5例肌性科颈患者病侧胸锁乳突肌外观基本正常部分的肌肉进行了观察,发现其肌原纤维及线粒体有超微结构的异常改变,主要表现为:肌原纤维间界限不清,粗细肌丝模糊不清,重者是均质样变,肌丝排列异常,肌原纤维明暗带、M线、Z线不清楚或消失及线粒体变性。据此对肌性斜颈发病原因进行了探讨。

Sternocleidomastoid muscle (SCM) , three limbs and tongue muscle EMGs were recorded in 106 cases suspected ALS and/or CSM. The result showed that abnormal rate of SCM-EMG was greater than that of three limbs and much greater than that of tongue in ALS, while no SCM -EMG abnormality was found in CSM. Neurogenic lesion of SCM muscle contributed to greater subclinical positive rate. It was useful for the early diagnosis of ALS and had proved a valuable diagnostic tool in the differentiation between ALS and CSM.

对106例肌萎缩侧索硬化(ALS)与颈椎病性脊髓病(CSM),及两病鉴别困难者进行胸锁乳突肌、肢体肌及舌肌EMG检查。结果ALS组胸锁乳突肌神经源性损害的异常率高于三肢体肌、舌肌;CSM组胸锁乳突肌无1例异常。表明该肌神经源性损害能明显提高ALS亚临床的阳性率,有助于ALS的早期诊断及ALS与CSM两病的鉴别。

Objective To establish an electromyographic criterion of normal phrenic nerve function. MethodElectromyography was performed on 40 health volunteers with a mean age of 36.1 years using stimulatory surface electrodes placed at the posterior border of the sternomastoid muscle and at the level of the upper border of the thyroid cartilage. The diaphragmatic evoked potentials were recorded using surface electrodes placed over the left and right side of the seventh intercostal space and the left and right side of...

Objective To establish an electromyographic criterion of normal phrenic nerve function. MethodElectromyography was performed on 40 health volunteers with a mean age of 36.1 years using stimulatory surface electrodes placed at the posterior border of the sternomastoid muscle and at the level of the upper border of the thyroid cartilage. The diaphragmatic evoked potentials were recorded using surface electrodes placed over the left and right side of the seventh intercostal space and the left and right side of the eighth intercostal space. The measured latencies, amplitudes and durations were recorded and regression analysis was performed using Epi info software. Results The mean latency was 7.3±0.9 ms on the left and 7.7±0.8 ms on the right. The mean diamphragmatic compound muscle action potential (CMAP) was 396.6±151.3 μV on the left and 390.1±187.9 μV on the right. The mean duration was 21.5±5.0 ms on the left and 24.0±10.7 ms on the right. The rate of CMAP between the left and right was 1.1±0.4. Regression analysis revealed a significant correlation between the left and right side measurements of both latency and CMAP. Latency regression analysis and CMAP regression analysis found no significant correlation between age, height and weight for latency, amplitude or duration. Conclusions These results establish an electromyographic criterion for normal phrenic nerve function.

运用表面电极刺激并记录,建立正常膈神经功能的电生理参数。方法利用EsaotePhasis肌电仪测定40例正常人膈神经功能。刺激部位:利用表面电极在胸锁乳突肌后缘,平环状软骨水平刺激。记录部位:腋前线水平,在第7、8肋间分别放置记录电极(负极和正极)。记录诱发电位的潜伏期、波幅和时程。运用Epiinfo软件进行统计分析。结果40名正常人膈神经电刺激后膈肌均可记录到双相诱发电位,潜伏期:7.3±0.9ms(左侧),7.7±0.8ms(右侧);诱发电位波幅:396.6±151.3μV(左侧),390.1±187.8μV(右侧);诱发电位时程:21.5±5.0ms(左侧),24.0±10.7ms(右侧),诱发电位波幅左侧与右侧比值:1.1±0.4。潜伏期相关分析:r=0.77,P值<0.05,回归方程:Y=0.71X+2.53(右侧为Y值,左侧为X值),潜伏期与年龄、身高和体重无显著相关,诱发电位波幅相关分析:r=0.65,P值<0.05,回归方程:Y=0.80X+71.59(右侧为Y值,左侧为X值)。结论运用表面电极刺激并记录能准确判断膈神经功能

 
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