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   胸锁乳突肌 在 口腔科学 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:1.184秒
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胸锁乳突肌
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  sternocleidomastoid muscle
Rotating TS (72% of the patients) was due to dystonic activity of the splenius muscle ipsilateral to and/or the sternocleidomastoid muscle contralateral to the side of chin deviation.
      
We tested a method for detecting BT Ab which measures the BT-induced reduction in the electromyographic amplitude of the mean maximal voluntary activation (M-EMG) of the sternocleidomastoid muscle.
      
Thirty-three infants with muscular torticollis were treated by Tuina techniques, and the size of the hardened sternocleidomastoid muscle in the affected side was B-ultrasonographically observed before and after treatment.
      
These discrepancies appeared to be due to 'cross-talk' from adjacent muscles, particularly from the sternocleidomastoid muscle.
      
Responses to infraorbital stimulation did not interact with other short-latency inhibitory responses in the sternocleidomastoid muscle evoked by loud acoustic clicks or stimulation of the median nerve at the wrist.
      
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  sternocleidomastoid
The proximal limb muscles, the sternocleidomastoid and anterior tibial muscles were affected.
      
Both patients had proximal weakness, pseudohypertrophy of sternocleidomastoid.
      
Rotating TS (72% of the patients) was due to dystonic activity of the splenius muscle ipsilateral to and/or the sternocleidomastoid muscle contralateral to the side of chin deviation.
      
Motoneurons of the spinal accessory nerve between C1 and C5 segments were labelled using wheat germ agglutinin-horseradish peroxidase (WGA-HRP) injected into the sternocleidomastoid muscles.
      
The sternocleidomastoid test: an in vivo assay to investigate botulinum toxin antibody formation in humans
      
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  sternocleidomastoideus
Es wird der Fall einer 57-j?hrigen Frau mit einem langsam wachsenden Tumor hinter dem M.?sternocleidomastoideus vorgestellt, der in toto entfernt wurde.
      
This was seen in all the (64/64) tested motoneurons innervating the ipsilateral (i-) longus capitis (LC) and the i-sternocleidomastoideus (SCM) muscles and in 86% (38/44) of the motoneurons innervating the contralateral (c-) LC muscle.
      
quadriceps und sternocleidomastoideus gegenübergestellt.3.Der im Vergleich zu den anderen Muskeln besonders dichten Anh?ufung von Mitochondrien im M.
      
Wie hat sich der unten gestielte Sternocleidomastoideus-Hautinsellappen beim Wiederaufbau von Pharynx und Mundh?hle bew?hrt
      
The method with the caudal pediculed sternocleidomastoideus island-flap justifies surgical treatment even in unfavorable cases of carcinoma of the tongue and the floor of the mouth.
      
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From 1976 to 1986, pedicled island skin or myocutaneous flaps were used to reconstruct defects in the faciocervical region in 75 cases. Temporal, pectoralis major, deltopectoral, sternocleidomastoid, platysma and miscellaneous flaps were used in 28, 24, 5, 3, 1, and 14 cases respectively. The flaps survived well, only 2 cases had necrosis of whole flap and 8 had partial necrosis. The pedicled island flap needs no anastomosis of vessels. After comparison of the pedicled island flap with free flap and local random...

From 1976 to 1986, pedicled island skin or myocutaneous flaps were used to reconstruct defects in the faciocervical region in 75 cases. Temporal, pectoralis major, deltopectoral, sternocleidomastoid, platysma and miscellaneous flaps were used in 28, 24, 5, 3, 1, and 14 cases respectively. The flaps survived well, only 2 cases had necrosis of whole flap and 8 had partial necrosis. The pedicled island flap needs no anastomosis of vessels. After comparison of the pedicled island flap with free flap and local random flap, the authors suggest that reconstruction of a surgical defect in faciocervical region should be considered in the following order of selection: direct closure, skin graft, local transferred flap, pedicled island flap and free flap.

应用带蒂岛状肌皮瓣、皮瓣包括颞岛状瓣、胸大肌岛状肌皮瓣、胸三角皮瓣、胸锁乳突肌岛状肌皮瓣,颈阔肌岛状肌皮瓣等修复面颈部术后缺损75例,除2例全部坏死,8例部分坏死外,其余全部成活。与游离皮瓣相比,其手术方法简单,效果可靠,无需吻合血管,手术时间短,可代替一部分游离皮瓣,用以修复面颈部术后缺损。

Four patients with hemifacial atrophy were repaired with the sternoc-

应用胸锁乳突肌瓣修复颜面萎缩4例,取得了较好的疗效。分析了应用自体真皮、脂肪、筋膜、软骨、骨、大网膜游离移植、硅橡胶等组织代用品植入等方法治疗颜面萎缩的利弊,复习了胸锁乳突肌的解剖特点。认为胸锁乳突肌血运丰富,血供可靠,面积体积较大,整复颜面萎缩效果可靠。此外,本手术取材就近,操作简便,出血少,手术一期完成,术后无明显后遗畸形和功能障碍。

In this paper 6 cases of bilateral simultaneous funcational neck dissection are reported, T3-T4 cases altogether.The bilateral internal jugular veins, sternocleidornastoideus, aceessorius nervus are preserved in operation. No facial edema and eyonosis, Laryngeal and pharyngeal edema, chemosis exopthalmos were found after operation, and also none of the postoperative death occured. This method demonstrates that measures for assuring the securing of the operation,such as hypothermal (?)nesthesia, retaining cathetec...

In this paper 6 cases of bilateral simultaneous funcational neck dissection are reported, T3-T4 cases altogether.The bilateral internal jugular veins, sternocleidornastoideus, aceessorius nervus are preserved in operation. No facial edema and eyonosis, Laryngeal and pharyngeal edema, chemosis exopthalmos were found after operation, and also none of the postoperative death occured. This method demonstrates that measures for assuring the securing of the operation,such as hypothermal (?)nesthesia, retaining cathetec in the intra-arachnoid space, elevated position of the head, use of a great quantity hormone(dexamethasone), control of the intravenous infusion, tracheotomy, preser-vating the external jugular vein et al, are unnecessary. It is completely avoided the main danger of elevation of intracrainal pressure after dissection Of bilateral internal jugular vein in cases of BSRND.

本文报告6例双侧同期功能性颈淋巴清扫术。全部为T_3—T_4病例。术中保留双侧颈内静脉、付神经及胸锁乳突肌。术后无颜面水肿、紫绀、咽喉水肿、球结膜充血、眼球突出等症状,更无手术死亡病例。采用本术式不用低温麻醉、蛛网膜下腔留置导管、头位抬高、大剂量激素应用、控制补液量、气管切开及保留颈外静脉等确保安全的必要措施,避免了双侧同期根治性颈清扫术因切除双侧颈内静脉引起颅内压增高的主要危险。

 
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