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分离定律
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  law of segregation
     The heredity conduct of the single isoperoxidase band conformed to Mendelian law of segregation. It was proved that peroxidase isozyme was controled by a single gene.
     冬枣×金丝小枣杂交后代、冬枣×尖枣杂交后代的POD同工酶酶谱分离情况表明POD2酶带的遗传符合孟德尔分离定律,证明了POD同工酶是受单基因控制。
短句来源
     The inheritance of the halothane gene was shown to be in agreement with Mendel's law of segregation.
     研究结果表明 ,氟烷基因的遗传符合孟德尔分离定律 ;
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  “分离定律”译为未确定词的双语例句
     But the ratio of T 1 plants for CP1 +∶CP1 - is 1∶1.3. They diverged from Mendel′s Law;
     T1代植株分离比CP1+ ∶CP1-为 1∶1.3,偏离孟德尔分离定律 ;
短句来源
     With the sequential Bonferroni correction, the majority of these markers, 232 in the female and 134 in the male, segregated according to the expected 1:1 Mendelian ratio (p ≥ 0.05).
     经过顺序邦弗朗尼校正之后,在雌性标记中有232个,雄性标记中有134个符合孟德尔分离定律(p≥0.05)。
短句来源
     But the result accorded with Mendel'genetic rules.
     但发现测交后代的快慢羽分布比例与孟德尔遗传上的分离定律完全吻合。
短句来源
     Transgenic plants of T3 generation were used for further analysis.
     根据遗传学分离定律,挑选3:1分离的株系,分单株收取种子,获得T3代纯合体转基因植株,用于进一步的耐盐性分析。
短句来源
     The(CT)n microsatellite markers of Wx gene amplified by PCR w ith the primer 484/485 from 36 F2 plants derived from the Longtefu A€? 371 and their relations to starch quality were studied in this paper. T he results indicated that the microsatellite marker was co-dominant,an d the segregation ratio of three types of marker was 8∶15∶13 which a ccorded with Mendelian ratio.
     利用引物484/485对龙特甫A×71 F2群体的36个单株进行Wx微卫星(CT)n检测发现,微卫星标记是共显性标记,3种类型标记的分离比是8∶15∶13,符合孟德尔分离定律
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  相似匹配句对
     Thermal Diffusion Separation
     热扩散分离
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     Thirdly, they separated.
     三、分离
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     Law of universal repulsion
     万有斥力定律
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     The Daffodil Principle
     水仙花定律
短句来源
     The inheritance of the halothane gene was shown to be in agreement with Mendel's law of segregation.
     研究结果表明 ,氟烷基因的遗传符合孟德尔分离定律 ;
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  law of segregation
The explanation of an apparent exception to Mendel's law of segregation
      
Principles of Mendel's first law of segregation of heritable characters for a dominant trait.
      


In an investigation on the genetic expression of the pollen plants of F1 generation (H1) from crosses between tall and short japonica varieties, results showed that they gave an 1 tall:1 short ratio for the plant height character, comforming to the expected mendelian segregation. The anthers of the FI hybrid from crosses between indica and japonica vareities, when cultured on N6 culture media to which the japonica rice was adapted, produced plants the majority of which resembled japonica type or intermediate...

In an investigation on the genetic expression of the pollen plants of F1 generation (H1) from crosses between tall and short japonica varieties, results showed that they gave an 1 tall:1 short ratio for the plant height character, comforming to the expected mendelian segregation. The anthers of the FI hybrid from crosses between indica and japonica vareities, when cultured on N6 culture media to which the japonica rice was adapted, produced plants the majority of which resembled japonica type or intermediate type. It was different from the usual F1 segregation ratio of the indica-japonica types. This showed that the culture medium had a certain degree of screening effect on the pollen plants (H1). In the anther culture of F2 hybrid from crosses between japonica varieties with distinctly different rate of differentiation of green seedlings, signs of screening effect were also observed after anther culture.Through the anther culture of varietal cross between indica and japonica rice, 3 japonica lines (H215, H242 and H209) for the late rice crop with high resistance to rice blast, had already been selected in only 3 years, showing that in breeding by hybridization with indica-japonica rice varieties, the use of anther culture may be one of the good measures in enhancing the effectiveness of breeding.The progeny of the pollen plant, H2 or H3, of the improved variety had shorter plant height and shorter growing duration in comparison with the original variety, indicating that the progeny of the pollen plant showed signs of depression in vigor, but the screening effect of the culture medium as to vigor was not observed. It is, therefore, suggested that more intensive research is essential in the use of anther culture for the maintenance of improved varieties. Meanwhile it is also observed that different isogenic lines may possibly appear in a improved variety by anther culture.

由于培养基对花粉植株存在着一定程度的筛选作用,所以使花粉植株一代的分离有时不符合孟德尔的分离定律。 一个较纯一的推广品种,有可能通过花药培养产生不同类型的等基因系,但发现在生活力方面有衰退的迹象。还看不出通过花药培养对生活力强弱的筛选作用。

Materials used in this experiment were selfing or intervarictal hybrid seedlings of apple varieties 'Rails' ' Golden Delicious' and 'Delicious'. Isoperoxidases in cotyledons and leaves were separated by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The results obtained indicated that characteristic ban-ds of the peroxidase isozyme in cotyledon or in leaf showed no significant differences, and that heredity conduct of the single isoperoxidase band conformed to Mendel's law of segregation. It was proved that peroxidase...

Materials used in this experiment were selfing or intervarictal hybrid seedlings of apple varieties 'Rails' ' Golden Delicious' and 'Delicious'. Isoperoxidases in cotyledons and leaves were separated by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The results obtained indicated that characteristic ban-ds of the peroxidase isozyme in cotyledon or in leaf showed no significant differences, and that heredity conduct of the single isoperoxidase band conformed to Mendel's law of segregation. It was proved that peroxidase isozyme was controled by a single gene. According to the heredity cond-uct of the isoperoxidase PC band, it was proposed that 'Rails' and 'Gol-den Delicious' could be dominant heterozygote ( Pcpc ) , and 'Delicious' could be recessive homozygote ( pcpc ) , A biochemistic mutation in gene pc was found in the combination of 'Rails' × 'Delicious'. The Rate of mutation was about 1.3 per cent.

应用聚丙烯酰胺凝胶电泳分析了3个苹果品种(国光、金冠和元帅)自交和杂交后代的子叶及叶片的过氧化物酶同工酶。结果表明实生苗的子叶和叶片在主要特征性酶带上表现一致;还表明个别同工酶区带的遗传行为完全符合经典的孟德尔分离定律,证明了过氧化物酶同工酶是受单基因所控制。根据Pc区带的遗传行为,可以认为‘国光’和‘金冠’的基因型是杂合显性型(Pcpc),而‘元帅’则是纯合隐性型(pcpc)。在‘国光’ב元帅’的杂交组合中有可能出现Pc基因的某种生化突变,其突变率约为1.3%。

Through cross of the F1 hybrid of the only albino male monkey with an ordinary female monkey, a homozygous recessive albino female monkey F2 offspring was obtained. This result shows that the mode of heridity of albino monkey seems to be in accordance with that of human beings, and the result of cross experiment substantially supported us both in theocrctical and substantial background for our breeding of an albino variety of monkey to be quite possible just as the breeding of an albino mice variety under artificial...

Through cross of the F1 hybrid of the only albino male monkey with an ordinary female monkey, a homozygous recessive albino female monkey F2 offspring was obtained. This result shows that the mode of heridity of albino monkey seems to be in accordance with that of human beings, and the result of cross experiment substantially supported us both in theocrctical and substantial background for our breeding of an albino variety of monkey to be quite possible just as the breeding of an albino mice variety under artificial conditions.

本文介绍一只白化雄猕猴与三只正常雌猴交配,共获得子一代(F_1)的杂合子六只。再用性成熟的雌性杂合子与另一只白化猕猴交配,在子二代(F_2)中,目前已获得两只后代,一为杂合子,另一只为纯合子。 从上述测交试验结果表明:猕猴白化现象的遗传方式是孟德尔分离定律起着支配作用;猕猴白化现象是属于单基因遗传,为常染色体隐性遗传白化病。

 
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