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     Calculation of Parameters of U-core Single-phase Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor with Copper Cup
     带铜皮套的U型单相永磁同步电动机参数计算
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     Method 36 pediatric cases underwent surgery after skin traction for 3 to 5 days. 3 to 4 Kirschner wires with 1.8 to 2.0 mm in diameter were percutaneous introduced just below big tuberosity point after the location was confirmed by X-ray.
     方法对36例儿童股骨颈骨折患者,常规行皮肤牵引或皮套牵引3~5d,经C臂X光机监视下确认复位后,于大粗隆顶点下经皮向股骨头方向穿入3~4枚1.8~2.0mm克氏针。
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     Forming Causes and Solvation Measures of Appearance Quality Defect of Rubber Sleaves
     橡胶皮套外观质量缺陷的产生原因及解决措施
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     Methods Two pieces pudendum thigh skin grafts,each was 10.5~12.0 cm in length and 3.5~ 5.0 cm in width; were transplanted into vaginal hole as a skin case. The remained skin of grafts supplying area was suture directly.
     方法 取两侧阴股沟皮片各长10 .5~ 12 cm,宽 3.5~ 5cm,缝成皮套植入阴道穴中 ,供皮区皮肤直接拉拢缝合。
短句来源
     The forming cause of the appearance quality defect of rubber sleave was analyzed,and the solvation measures were presented.
     分析了橡胶皮套外观质量缺陷产生的原因,介绍了解决措施。
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     Sleeve flap in finger repair.
     手指“式”
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     Clinical Application of Sleeve Flap in Finger Repair
     手指“式”瓣的临床应用
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     THE ANGIOARCHITECTURE OF SKIN FLAP
     瓣的血管构筑
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     Sculpture on Skin
     雕画
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     Multivariate Statistical Analysis of Nested Design
     设计的多元分析
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In this paper, further study was made on the teratogenicity and the morphological teratogenesis mechanism of neural tube defects (NTD) caused by cyclophosphamide(CP). Pregnant SD rats were given single intraperitoneal injection of CP 15 mg/kg on day 13 of gestation. The fetuses were removed on day 20 of gestation, weighed and examined for external malformations. Some embryos were removed respectively at 4, 8, 12, 24, 48 hr after administration of CP, and examined with light microscope and electron microscope....

In this paper, further study was made on the teratogenicity and the morphological teratogenesis mechanism of neural tube defects (NTD) caused by cyclophosphamide(CP). Pregnant SD rats were given single intraperitoneal injection of CP 15 mg/kg on day 13 of gestation. The fetuses were removed on day 20 of gestation, weighed and examined for external malformations. Some embryos were removed respectively at 4, 8, 12, 24, 48 hr after administration of CP, and examined with light microscope and electron microscope. The results showed that CP has obvious embryotoxie and teratogenic effects. Of the survivings, 97.46% showed external malformations including encephalocele, exencephaly, opened eyes, micrognathia, limb and digital defects etc. We considered that the possible way by which CP caused the malformation on developing embryos may involve the following aspects: (1) CP caused DNA-synthesising cells to degenerate and become necrosis. (2) The cellular organelle (mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum, etc.) became irregular in shape and fragmented. (3) The mesenchyme surrounding the neural tube were also damaged by CP and therefore influenced the skull ossification.

本实验选用雌性SD大鼠,妊娠第13天腹腔注射环磷酰胺(15mg/kg体重),分別于给药后4、8、12、24、48小时及妊娠第20天剖腹取胎,进行大体形态、光镜和透射电镜观察。结果显示环磷酰胺有明显的胚胎毒作用和致畸作用(致畸率为97.46%),神经管畸形较常见。在光镜下可见给药后8小时,神经上皮细胞开始变性、死亡,最早受影响的部位是端脑和后脑神经上皮的套层;给药后24小时损伤最重,范围广泛。电镜观察见线粒体、内质网等细胞器肿胀、溶解;单位膜模糊;细胞核固缩,电子密度增高。受损区域可见许多髓样小体、空泡、残余体等,神经管周围的间充质细胞排列紊乱,细胞死亡伴间质水肿。给药后48小时,吞噬细胞清除坏死组织并留下较大间隙。上述结果提示,环磷酰胺主要作用于DNA合成活跃的神经上皮细胞,并使其变性、死亡,还可引起线粒体等细胞超微结构的破坏;并能损伤神经管周围的间充质,干扰骨的发生过程。

The purpose of this article is to observe the Fos expression in rat cerebellum during the prenatal, postnatal and adult periods by immunocytochemistry. The results showed that as follow: Many Fos positive cells with strong immunoreactivity appear in the ependymal layer and mantal layer of the rhombic lips at E16. 5. The number of Fos positive cells decrease in the ependymal layer and mantal layer, but increase in the ependvmal layer, mantal layer and marginal layer by E20. 5. The cells in the external granular...

The purpose of this article is to observe the Fos expression in rat cerebellum during the prenatal, postnatal and adult periods by immunocytochemistry. The results showed that as follow: Many Fos positive cells with strong immunoreactivity appear in the ependymal layer and mantal layer of the rhombic lips at E16. 5. The number of Fos positive cells decrease in the ependymal layer and mantal layer, but increase in the ependvmal layer, mantal layer and marginal layer by E20. 5. The cells in the external granular cell layer of cerebellar cortex show light immunoreactivity within 14 days after birth. The Fos labeled cells arise first in the internal granular cell layer of the cerebellar cortex at P14, which are increasing up to two peaks at P26 and P50, then decrease after P50 and cann't be seen in the internal granular cell layer at the adult. Some purkinje cells of which are capable of showing Fos expression. A few of Fos positive cells appear transiently in the molecular layer of cerebellar at P50. Few Fos labeled cells appear in the cerebellar deep nucleus at P40, which increase at P50 and P60, and some of which still maintain the ability of showing Fos expression. The results in this experiment suggest that Fos expression of the cells of the cerebellar cortex is mainly related to their migration and differenciation, but not very close related to their proliperation.

本文用免疫组化方法观察FOS在大鼠小脑生前、生后及成年期的表达.结果显示:胚胎16.5天时,菱形唇神经上皮和套层出现许多染色很浓的FOS阳性细胞.胚胎18.5天时,神经上皮层和套层的FOS阳性细胞减少,但此时边缘层的FOS阳性细胞相对增多.胚胎20.5天时,神经上皮、套层及边缘层已见不到FOS阳性细胞.生后14天内,小脑外颗粒细胞层的细胞显示较弱的FOS表达,着色较淡.生后14天,内颗粒细胞层开始出现FOS阳性细胞,并逐渐增多,分别在生后26天和50天出现两次数量较多的FOS阳性细胞.此后下降,在成年鼠小脑的颗粒细胞层已观察不到FOS阳性细胞.部分蒲肯野细胞在生后26天开始出现FOS表达,生后40天和60天,几乎所有的蒲骨野细胞呈现FOS表达,但在成年鼠只有少量的蒲骨野细胞保留FOS表达能力.分子层在50天出现一过性少量的FOS阳性细胞.小脑深核在生后40天开始有少量细胞呈现FOS表达;生后50天和60天,FOS阳性细胞增多;在成年鼠,仍有部分细胞保留FOS表达能力.本实验提示小脑的FOS表达主要与小脑皮质神经元的迁移及分化有关,而与神经元的增殖关系不大.

Objective To report 6 cases of vaginoplasty with pudendum thigh skin grafts. Methods Two pieces pudendum thigh skin grafts,each was 10.5~12.0 cm in length and 3.5~ 5.0 cm in width;were transplanted into vaginal hole as a skin case.The remained skin of grafts supplying area was suture directly.Results Six patients successfully undrewent this procedure.This method had the advantages of quick healing,nearly normal appearance of vulva and concealed skin wound.Conclusions Vaginoplasty using pudendum...

Objective To report 6 cases of vaginoplasty with pudendum thigh skin grafts. Methods Two pieces pudendum thigh skin grafts,each was 10.5~12.0 cm in length and 3.5~ 5.0 cm in width;were transplanted into vaginal hole as a skin case.The remained skin of grafts supplying area was suture directly.Results Six patients successfully undrewent this procedure.This method had the advantages of quick healing,nearly normal appearance of vulva and concealed skin wound.Conclusions Vaginoplasty using pudendum thigh skin grafts is a useful method which should be advocated.

目的 本文报道 6例阴股沟皮片移植法阴道成形术。方法 取两侧阴股沟皮片各长10 .5~ 12 cm,宽 3.5~ 5cm,缝成皮套植入阴道穴中 ,供皮区皮肤直接拉拢缝合。结果  6例手术成功 ,本法具有外阴部形态好 ,供皮区部位隐蔽并愈合快 ,不影响外观的优点。结论 阴股沟皮片移植法阴道成形术是一种值得推广的手术方式

 
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