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机器作用
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     By computation and practical example of running machine,it is shown that the frame foundation under high-frequency machine should not be designed in design principle of avoiding resonance,but should be designed in contral principle of vibration amplitude.
     通过对工程实例的计算和机器的实际运行监测结果分析表明,在高转速机器作用下的框架基础按共振法控制的设计原则是不合理的,而应采用振幅法的控制设计原则。
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     Important Role of Order Parameter in Machine Intelligence System
     序参量在机器智能系统中的作用
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     Smart Machine
     聪明的机器
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     Affect of Role Intrusion Detection System
     入侵检测系统的作用
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     Machine Vision
     机器视觉
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     deterrent function;
     威慑作用;
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This article proposes the following views: Firstly, the function of machinery is neither to create value, nor the condition of creating value, but the condition of reducing value and impelling value extinction. Secondly, value is a criterion to the “compensable” consumption of manpower, but the natural force which hides in machinery and replaces manpower is “free”, so the contribution that machinery offers doesn’t create value. Before the contribution of natural force is enough for all social members to share...

This article proposes the following views: Firstly, the function of machinery is neither to create value, nor the condition of creating value, but the condition of reducing value and impelling value extinction. Secondly, value is a criterion to the “compensable” consumption of manpower, but the natural force which hides in machinery and replaces manpower is “free”, so the contribution that machinery offers doesn’t create value. Before the contribution of natural force is enough for all social members to share it freely, it is only the production mean’s ownership that determines who can own the free contribution of natural force. Thirdly, not only value but also the “labor in direct form” is a historical category. Forthly, if work is no longer a means to make a living, the Labor Value Theory will withdraw from the historical stage, too. This does not indicate that Marx’s labor value theory is not a scientific theory, but because it has already finished its own historical mission.

本文认为:(1)机器的作用既不创造价值,也不是“创造价值”的条件,而是“减少价值”并使“价值消亡”的条件。(2)价值是对人力“有偿”耗费的评价,寓于机器之中并用以替代人力的自然力是“无偿”的,因而机器提供的贡献并不创造价值。当自然力的贡献还未能达到让全体社会成员免费共享的程度时,决定自然力无偿贡献归谁占有的依据只能是生产资料所有权。(3)不仅价值是历史范畴,而且“直接形式的劳动”也是历史范畴。(4)如果劳动不再是谋生的手段,劳动价值论也就退出了历史舞台,这并非表明马克思的劳动价值论不是科学的理论,而是由于马克思的劳动价值论已经完成了自己的历史使命。

The main similarity and difference between the Marxist ideology theory and that of the Althusser's lie as follows.As for the being of ideology,Marx argues that ideology "has no history";it is a being of "ideal superstructure" in the class society.But Althusser thinks that ideology acts as a social structure and will never disappear,even though it has no history in the general(but not the specific) form.As for the meaning and function of ideology,Marx conceives that ideology works as "supportive idea" for the...

The main similarity and difference between the Marxist ideology theory and that of the Althusser's lie as follows.As for the being of ideology,Marx argues that ideology "has no history";it is a being of "ideal superstructure" in the class society.But Althusser thinks that ideology acts as a social structure and will never disappear,even though it has no history in the general(but not the specific) form.As for the meaning and function of ideology,Marx conceives that ideology works as "supportive idea" for the class society;it is a medium for culture development throughout the whole human history;but Althusser deems that the function of ideology,in the form of materiality,functions as a state machine,and plays the role of subject constructor.

马克思与阿尔都塞的意识形态理论的主要相同点和不同点在于:1.关于意识形态的存在问题:马克思认为意识形态“没有历史”,且在阶级社会中,意识形态作为一种“观念的上层建筑”而存在;而阿尔都塞则认为意识形态尽管没有历史(指的是意识形态一般,而不是意识形态的具体形式),但却永恒存在,而且意识形态是作为一种社会结构而存在;2.关于意识形态的意义或功能问题:马克思认为,在阶级社会中意识形态扮演的是“阶级社会的维护意识”,在全部人类历史中,则承担着人类文化发展的载体的角色;阿尔都塞则认为,意识形态以其“物质性”特征发挥着意识形态国家机器的作用,而在全部人类社会历史中,意识形态则承担着主体建构者的角色,即意识形态的功能,就是将“个体召唤为主体”。

By computation and practical example of running machine,it is shown that the frame foundation under high-frequency machine should not be designed in design principle of avoiding resonance,but should be designed in contral principle of vibration amplitude.Meanwhile,it is shown that the effect of variation of damping ratio on the vibration-amplitudes is only in a small degree in consequence of multi-vibration-model's attending the vibration.

通过对工程实例的计算和机器的实际运行监测结果分析表明,在高转速机器作用下的框架基础按共振法控制的设计原则是不合理的,而应采用振幅法的控制设计原则。同时计算分析表明,在多振型的共同作用下,阻尼比的变化只是在很小的程度上影响振动的大小。

 
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