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胸腺肥大
相关语句
  thymic hypertrophy
     Thymic hypertrophy in sudden children death: an autopsy report of 10 cases.
     小儿胸腺肥大猝死10例尸检报道
短句来源
     Objective To probe into the cause of thymic hypertrophy in sudden children death Methods 10 autopsy cases of thymic hypertrophy were observed and compared with other related cases of children death.
     目的 探讨小儿胸腺肥大猝死的原因。 方法 观察 1 0例尸检变化 ,并与其他相关小儿死亡病例比较。
短句来源
     Resuls All of the cases with thymic hypertrophy demonstrated pathological changes, in which pneumonia was most commonly found (9 cases).
     结果 全部病例均有胸腺肥大 ,皆有病变 ,肺炎居首位。 9例肺炎中 8例属间质型 ,其次为心肌炎。
短句来源
  “胸腺肥大”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The clinical significance of the phenomenon and the preoperative use of corticosteroids in infants with thymic hypertriohy were discussed.
     本文讨论了胸腺大小改变的机理,和其在临床诊断上的意义以及胸腺肥大唇裂儿手术前应用激素的意义。
短句来源
  相似匹配句对
     Thymic hypertrophy in sudden children death: an autopsy report of 10 cases.
     小儿胸腺肥大猝死10例尸检报道
短句来源
     Surgical treatment of hypertrophic labia minora
     小阴唇肥大矫正术
短句来源
     Synthesis of Thymopentin
     胸腺五肽的合成
短句来源
     A SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPIC STUDY OF ATROPHIC THYMUS
     胸腺萎缩的扫描电镜观察
短句来源
     Advances in clitoroplasty
     阴蒂肥大整复术进展
短句来源
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  thymic hypertrophy
In more recent 4 castrated animals developed thymic hypertrophy and splenicenlargement,thelatterlargelycaused by expansion of the B-cell population.
      


Chest X-ray films were taken in 144 infants below 2 years of age (114 cleft-lip infants without infection before surgical repair and 30 patients with acute infectious diseases) and the cardiothymic thoracic ratio CT/T measured. The incidence of CT/T>0.35 was 94% in the cleft-lip group and only 30% in the group with infection (P<0.001). Six cases of cleft-lip with CT/T>0.38 (thymus hypertrophic) and nine cases of infectious diseases with CT/T>0.35.(thymus revealed), totally 15 cases, were given a course of adrenocorticosteroias,...

Chest X-ray films were taken in 144 infants below 2 years of age (114 cleft-lip infants without infection before surgical repair and 30 patients with acute infectious diseases) and the cardiothymic thoracic ratio CT/T measured. The incidence of CT/T>0.35 was 94% in the cleft-lip group and only 30% in the group with infection (P<0.001). Six cases of cleft-lip with CT/T>0.38 (thymus hypertrophic) and nine cases of infectious diseases with CT/T>0.35.(thymus revealed), totally 15 cases, were given a course of adrenocorticosteroias, and chest films were taken before, at the stoppage of, and a period after the ceasation of drug acministration. At the stoppage of adrenocorticosteroids, CT/T of all 15 cases dropped and the average drop of CT was 1.43cm (P<0.001). After a period of ceasation of adrenocorticosteroids administration. CT/T rose in 11 of the 13 cases recheked and in 8 cases it even rose to above the premedicatonn level.This study proved that production of endogenous adrenocorticosteroids due to stress in infection as well as administration of exogenous corticosteroids can induce involution of the thymus. The thymus will regrow or even overgrow after from stress or withdrawal of the steroids. The clinical significance of the phenomenon and the preoperative use of corticosteroids in infants with thymic hypertriohy were discussed.

本文采用胸片的心脏胸腺最大宽度和胸廊最大横径的比值,印CT/T,测量144例2岁以下小儿胸腺。其中114名为无感染唇裂儿,30名为患急性感染病儿。CT/T>0.35,前者占94%,后者占30%(P<0.001)。急性感染病儿9例(CT/T>0.35)与唇裂儿6例(CT/T>0.38),共15例用肾上腺上腺皮质激素治疗,并在给药前、后与停药后摄胸片复查。结果:给药后15例的CT/T值均降低,CT值平均减少1.43cm(P<0.001),停药后13例摄胸片复查,其中ll倒CT/T值增高,8例比给药前更高。本研究证实:不论由应激产生的内源性肾上腺皮质激素或外源性肾上腺皮质激素均可导致胸腺皱缩;一旦应激消失或停用激素则胸腺可恢复增长甚或过度生长。本文讨论了胸腺大小改变的机理,和其在临床诊断上的意义以及胸腺肥大唇裂儿手术前应用激素的意义。

The effect of estradiol(E_2)on the lymphoid organs(thymus and spleen)and on immune response of thymocytes and splenocytes in rats has been studied by using a method of ovariectomy or replacing therapy with E_2.The results display an enlargement and significant increase in weight of both thymus and spleen as well as increase of thymocyte and spleen cell counts after ovariectomy,These changes can be reversed in ovariectomized rats with E_2(2mg/kg body weight per day for 5 consecutive days).In ovariectomized rats,a...

The effect of estradiol(E_2)on the lymphoid organs(thymus and spleen)and on immune response of thymocytes and splenocytes in rats has been studied by using a method of ovariectomy or replacing therapy with E_2.The results display an enlargement and significant increase in weight of both thymus and spleen as well as increase of thymocyte and spleen cell counts after ovariectomy,These changes can be reversed in ovariectomized rats with E_2(2mg/kg body weight per day for 5 consecutive days).In ovariectomized rats,a remarked increase of proliferation response of spleen cells to ConA and induction of IL-2 was seen.These changes in ovariectomized rats can be reversed after treatment with E_2.No detectable change in thyrnocyte proliferation response to ConA was observed in rats after ovariectomy.In contrast,an increasing proliferation response to ConA and a slightly spontaneous proliferation response was seen in E_2-treated ovariectomized animals.Above data indicated that E_2

本文采用大鼠去卵巢或再补充雌二醇(E_2)的方法探讨 E_(2)对免疫器官及其细胞免疫功能的影响。结果表明,去卵巢大鼠的脾脏和胸腺肥大,重量增加,脾细胞和胸腺细胞数明显增多。给去卵巢大鼠补充 E_2可使上述变化逆转。切除卵巢后的大鼠脾细胞对 ConA 诱导的增殖应答反应和诱生 IL—2的能力明显增高,补充 E_(2)亦可使上述变化逆转。但去卵巢大鼠的胸腺细胞对 ConA 诱导的增殖应答反应未能检测到可见的变化;给去卵巢鼠补充 E_2后,胸腺细胞对 ConA 的应答反应反而增强,并观察到胸腺细胞呈现轻度的自发增殖反应。实验结果表明:E_2能影响外周和中枢免疫器官及其细胞免疫功能,但这种影响在外周和中枢免疫器官表现出不同的变化。

Two histochemical methods (long toluidine blue and

用长时间甲苯胺蓝,阿尔新蓝一番红花红二种组织化学方法,观察3~6个月人胎胸腺实质内肥大细胞的增殖与分化。结果表明,3个月胎时胸腺实质内仅有少数肥大细胞,随胎儿胎龄增长,胸腺实质内肥大细胞数量逐渐增多,大多数细胞位于皮质内,免疫组织化学法的观察证明,胸腺肥大细胞呈α1-抗胰蛋白酶阳性,α1-抗糜蛋白酶阴性,这表明胸腺肥大细胞属T肥大细胞(TMC)型细胞。

 
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