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外侧髁
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  lateral condyle
     Results:①The genicular iliotibial band, with the length 7.7±0.5cm, the breadth of its superior extreme 2.1±0.1cm and the inferior extreme 5.9±0.2cm, the thickness at centre 1.3±0.1mm, was separated obviously into 2 tracts at its inferior extreme, one ends at the lateral condyle of tibia, the other ends at the patella.
     结果:(1)髂胫束膝部,长(6.7±0.5)cm,上端宽(2.1±0.1)cm,下端宽(5.9±0.2)cm,中部厚度(1.3±0.1)mm,下端可区分为髁束和髌束,分别止于胫骨外侧髁和髌骨。
短句来源
     The perforating rami of iliotibial band, with the originated external diameter 1.1±0.2mm, divided into upper, middle and lower branch entering the iliotibial band at the side of 6.6±0.4cm proximal to the lateral condyle of tibia.
     髂胫束穿支外径(1.1±0.2)mm,在距胫骨外侧髁近侧(6.6±0.4)cm处分上、中、下支入髂胫束。
短句来源
     ③The middle part of articular surface of lateral condyle of tibia was 37.1±2.7 mm long.
     ③胫骨外侧髁关节面中部前后径37.1±2.7mm;
短句来源
     In normal adults, the range of relative motion at the medial and lateral condyle during deep flexion was (1.4±0.3) mm and (15.9±4.7) mm respectively.
     成人正常膝关节屈曲时股骨和胫骨的相对运动范围:内侧髁(1.4±0.3)mm,外侧髁(15.9±4.7)mm。
短句来源
     ②The articular surface of lateral condyle of femur was 38.0±3.3 mm long and 24.6±2.8 mm wide;
     ②股骨外侧髁关节面中部前后径38.0±3.3mm; 左右径28.0±3.1mm;
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  ectocondyle
     Biomechanical characteristics of fracture of humeral ectocondyle
     肱骨外侧髁骨折的生物力学研究(英文)
短句来源
     Objective To analyze the stress distribution on the humeral ectocondyle in different postures and study the biomechanics mechanism of humeral ectocondyle fracture.
     目的 从生物力学角度研究肱骨外侧髁在不同体位加载下的应力分布规律 ,探讨其骨折发生机制。
短句来源
     OBJECTIVE: To analyze the stress distribution of the humeral ecto-condyle in different postures so as to investigate the treatment mechanismof the humeral ectocondyle fracture.
     目的:从生物力学角度研究肱骨外侧髁在不同体位加载下的应力分布规律,探讨其骨折发生治疗机制。
短句来源
  lateral condylar
     Treatment of humeral intracondylar fractures with lateral condylar steel plate in adults
     肱骨外侧髁钢板治疗成人肱骨髁间骨折
短句来源
     Results At flection posture of elbow the average Mises Stress of lateral condylar area was largest while at extension posture the stress of nodes affected by extensor tendon was larger than those of lateral condyle.
     结果 半屈肘位时肱骨外侧髁区平均应力值最大 ,而伸肘时的伸肌腱作用节点应力值大于外侧髁区。
短句来源
  “外侧髁”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The interosseou foramen was located (51. 2 ± 5. 4) mm below the tip of the fibular head and (62. 1 ± 4. 0) mm below the lateral knee joint space.
     在骨间膜孔 ATA的上缘与腓骨头顶点距离为( 51. 2 ± 5. 4) mm。 骨间膜孔 ATA上缘与胫骨外侧髁上关节面外缘的距离为(62. 1±4. 0) mm。
短句来源
     RESULTS: The width of femoral condyle averaged 70.46 mm. The angles of medial and lateral femoral condyles were (82.57± 3.36)° and (79.86± 4.33)° respectively. The width of femoral condyle was 1.12 to 1.23 times of sagittal length of femoral condyle.
     结果:股骨髁宽度平均为70.46mm,股骨内、外侧髁倾角分别为(82.57±3.36)°,(79.86±4.33)°,股骨髁宽相对于股骨髁前后径比值在1.12~1.23;
短句来源
     80% ( 8/10 ) cases with lateral femoral condyle and tibial plateau bone contusions were associated with the tears of anterior cruciate ligament ( ACL ) .
     80 % (8/ 10 )的股骨外侧髁及胫骨外侧平台的骨挫伤伴有前交叉韧带撕裂 ;
短句来源
     The inner surface of lateral femoral tendon contacted with the lateral femur condylar with a contact area of 1.0cm×0.8 cm when the kness flexed in 30°~90°.
     在屈曲90°时与股骨外侧髁边缘相接触,接触处为光滑的骨软骨结构约1.0cm×0.8cm大小。
短句来源
     Results: The superior lateral genicular artery originated from the poplited artery at the site of 2.9±0.5 cm proximal to the lateral epicondyle of the femur. The caliber and the length of main trunk of superior lateral genicular artery were 2.2±0.4 mm and 2.6±0.4 cm respectively.
     结果 :膝上外侧动脉在股骨外侧髁近侧 (2 .9± 0 .5 )cm处起于动脉 ,起始处动脉外径 (2 .2± 0 .4)mm ,主干长 (2 .6± 0 .4)cm ,至外侧肌间隔处发出上、中、下 3支骨膜支分布于股骨下端前外侧。
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  lateral condyle
Healthy cartilage from lateral condyle and cartilage from medial condyle where the surgical defect was created were studied histologically and by TEM.
      
Screw fixation of lateral condyle fractures of the humerus in children
      
Aim Since 1998 we have been controlling prospectively patients after bone cartilage transplantation of the talus, where the transplants have been harvested from the lateral condyle of the ipsilateral femur.
      
In the case of an unicondylar lesion, the lateral condyle was involved in 24.7% of knees vs 14.5% for the medial condyle.
      
The lateral condyle was left untreated for comparison.
      
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  lateral condylar
There were 16 lateral condylar fractures, 7 medial condylar fractures and 6 tangential posterior ("Hoffa-type") fractures.
      
The bi-unicondylar knees showed 3.8±3.4?mm posterior lateral condylar translation.
      
Measurements of the intercondylar height (ICH), intercondylar width (ICW), medial condylar width (MCW), lateral condylar width (LCW) and epicondylar width (EW) were obtained.
      
We then calculated the anterior and posterior thicknesses, the medial-lateral widths, and the medial and lateral condylar depths of the resected tibial bone at each cutting angle.
      
In mild or moderate tailor's bunion we perform a lateral condylar resection associated with a distal soft tissue repair.
      
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The arterial supply of the lower end of the human femur in 100 specimens, ranging in age from the newborn to 87 years, was studied by the perfusion method. Its blood supply is derived from the medial and lateral superior genicular arteries, the descending genicular artery and the middle genicular artery. A complete extracapsular anastomotic ring, surrounding the supracondylar portion of the lower end of the femur, is formed by the medial and lateral superior genicular arteries and the descending genicular artery...

The arterial supply of the lower end of the human femur in 100 specimens, ranging in age from the newborn to 87 years, was studied by the perfusion method. Its blood supply is derived from the medial and lateral superior genicular arteries, the descending genicular artery and the middle genicular artery. A complete extracapsular anastomotic ring, surrounding the supracondylar portion of the lower end of the femur, is formed by the medial and lateral superior genicular arteries and the descending genicular artery in 55±4.97%. Its incomplete anterior part is linked by the periosteal arterial network in 45±4.97%. The vessels at the metaphyseal side of the growth plate end in a brush-like pattern, intimately connected to the hypertrophic layer of cells of the growth plate, each vessel turning back in a sharp loop. The anterior and posterior metaphyseal arteries which arise from the extracapsular anastomotic ring and network supply the supracondylar area. The medial and lateral epiphyseal arteries, arising respectively from the descending genicular artery and both superior genicular arteries, supply the medial part of the medial condyle and the lateral part of the lateral condyle. The anterior and intercondylar epiphyseal arteries, arising respectively from the periosteal network and the mildle genicular artery, supply the intercondylar area. The epiphyseal arteries which anastomose with each other in the ossific area of the epiphysis form the precapillaries and capillary network. The anastomotic branches between the epiphyseal arteries, ranging from 25 to 100 microns in diameter, form the arterial plexus in the epiphysis. With the closure of the epiphyseal plate, a free anastomosis is established between the metaphyseal and the epiphyseal vessels. The clinical significance of the topographical characteristics, the course and the distribution of the arterial supply to the lower end of the femur were discussed.

通过动脉灌注,本实验研究了100侧不同年龄(新生儿至87岁)尸体标本股骨下端的血液供应,其血液主要来自膝上内、外侧动脉、膝降动脉和膝中动脉。除膝中动脉外,上述动脉均围绕股骨髁上部,组成囊外动脉环。完整者占55±4.97%,前部借骨膜动脉网间接相连者占45±4.97%。骺软骨板干骺侧的动脉呈刷状排列,以陡转的毛细血管袢紧接肥大软骨细胞层。干骺前、后动脉发自囊外动脉环和网,分布于髁上部。骺内、外侧动脉各发自膝降动脉和膝上内、外侧动脉,分布于内、外侧髁的内、外侧区。骺前和骺髁间动脉各发自骨膜动脉网和膝中动脉,分布于髁间区。骺动脉在骨化区互连成毛细血管前动脉和毛细血管网,在骨骺中,藉管径25~100μm的吻合支连接成丛。随骺板的闭合,干骺动脉与骺动脉之间乃建立广泛吻合。本文对股骨下端动脉的形态、经过、分布及其临床意义进行了讨论。

A comparative morphological observation was carried out on the knee jointsof young weight-lifting athletes and the non-athletes by means of X-ray photogr-aphy.The results showed that in weight-lifting athletes,both the lower end ofthe femur and the lateral and medial condyles as well as the inter condylar emi-nence of tibia were larger than those of the non-athletes;The trabeculae of thembecame thicker and denser.The potential space between the superolateral articu-lar surface of tibia and the articular surface...

A comparative morphological observation was carried out on the knee jointsof young weight-lifting athletes and the non-athletes by means of X-ray photogr-aphy.The results showed that in weight-lifting athletes,both the lower end ofthe femur and the lateral and medial condyles as well as the inter condylar emi-nence of tibia were larger than those of the non-athletes;The trabeculae of thembecame thicker and denser.The potential space between the superolateral articu-lar surface of tibia and the articular surface of the lateral condyle of femur waswider in the athletes than in the non-athletes.However,the femoral and tibialangles were normal in both groups.

本文对少年举重运动员与不从事专项运动者的左右膝关节正位 X 线片进行了形态学观察。结果表明:举重运动员的股骨下端与胫骨上端内外侧髁肥大突出,骨小梁的压力曲线增粗,排列密集,清晰;膝关节股外侧关节面与胫骨外侧髁上关节面间隙较大;髁间隆起略大;股骨角与胫骨角均在正常值范围内,未出现膝内、外翻现象。上述结果可作为举重运动训练及临床诊断的参考.

The anatomical and functional details of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) of the knee joint were studied on 55 normal cadaver knees of adults.ACL is made up of multiple fascicles, the basic unit of which is collagen. It is attached to the medial surface of the lateral femoral condyle and front of the anterior tibial spine. ACL is narrow in the middle and fans out at the attachments. The fascicles of ACL have been summarily divided into two groups: the anterior medial portion (AMP) and the posterior lateral...

The anatomical and functional details of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) of the knee joint were studied on 55 normal cadaver knees of adults.ACL is made up of multiple fascicles, the basic unit of which is collagen. It is attached to the medial surface of the lateral femoral condyle and front of the anterior tibial spine. ACL is narrow in the middle and fans out at the attachments. The fascicles of ACL have been summarily divided into two groups: the anterior medial portion (AMP) and the posterior lateral portion(PLP). The tension of AMP is different from that of PLP during movement of the knee. ACL restricts the anterior drawer sign, and the internal and external rotation of the knee. AMP acts with the knee in flexion and PLP in extension. ACL restricts hyperextension, too. The function of ACL is related to its morpholcgical structure and the anatomy of the attachments. Rupture of ACL may result in instability of the knee, and injuries to the different components of ACL may produce different signs.

本文对55侧成人前交叉韧带作了形态与功能方面的应用解剖学研究。前交叉韧带由复合胶原纤维束构成,起自股骨外侧髁内面,止于胫骨髁间隆起前方的骨面。韧带中部狭窄,两端呈扇形展开。随着膝关节的运动,其前内部和后外部的纤维束发生不同的张力变化。前交叉韧带对前抽屉征(即胫骨前移)和膝关节内外旋、膝过伸均有限制作用。前交叉韧带的功能与其形态结构及其两附着端的解剖特点密切相关,韧带损伤后将导致膝关节不稳定,但其不同部分的损伤,对膝关节的影响有所不同。

 
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