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  flocculus
     On the left, the distance between knee point on the cerebellum and the lateral edge of flocculus was (31.3±0.5) mm; on the right, the distance was (30.4 ± 0.5) mm.
     横窦乙状窦膝在小脑表面对应的膝点至绒球外侧缘的距离左侧为(31.3±0.5)mm,右侧为(30.4±0.5)mm;
短句来源
     The distance between pyramis-u-vula point and apex of the fourth ventricle was (20. 2±1.6) mm; The distance between the anterior median fissure of medulla oblongata and the lateral edge of flocculus was (28.4±2.2) mm; The distance between the median sulcus on base of fourth ventricle and the lateral edge of flocculus was (27. 3 ±1.9) mm;
     蚓锥蚓垂点至第四脑室尖的距离为20.2±1.6mm,延髓前正中裂至绒球外侧缘的距离为28.4±2.2mm,第四脑室底正中沟至绒球外侧缘的距离27.3±1.9mm,由蚓锥蚓垂点至四叠体点的距离为40.9±2.7mm。
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     THE PROJECTIONS OF THE PARAFLOCCULUS AND FLOCCULUS FROM THE INFERIOR OLIVARY COMPLEX IN THE RAT:AN HRP RETROGRADE STUDY
     大鼠下橄榄复合体至小脑旁绒球绒球的投射:HRP逆行追踪的研究
短句来源
     Result:GABAA receptor a1 subunit was expressed in the flocculus,but no difference in the expression of GABAA receptor a1 subunit mRNA could be detected between the ipsilateral and contralateral flocculus at any time following the lesion.
     结果:GABAA受体α1亚单位在小脑绒球中有表达,但迷路切除后在损伤同侧和对侧绒球中其表达无统计学意义。
短句来源
     The flocculus had projections only from the dorsalcap of Kooy and the rostral part of the medial accessory olive (MAO).
     其中,绒球只接受背帽(DC)和内侧副橄榄核(MAO)嘴段的投射;
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  “绒球”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Micrometer scale tungsten oxide with pompon-like structure was prepared by the reaction of the mixture powder of W and Ni(NO_3)_2 ·6H_2O in a molybdenum envelopment.
     通过W粉和Ni(NO3)2·6H2O在钼包套内反应,制备出微米尺度的绒球状结构氧化钨。
短句来源
     Detection of floccular hypometabolism in downbeat nystagmus by fMRI
     fMRI可检测下视性眼震时的绒球代谢减低
短句来源
     Among 515 1C neurons isolated, responses of 171 (33.30%) IC neurons were affected by cerebellar stimulation.
     电刺激点分别位于小脑蚓部、半球和绒球小结叶共观察了515个对超声刺激产生反应的下丘听神经元. 当电刺激小脑时,有171个(占33.2%)神经元听反应受到影响.
短句来源
     Addition of a little amount of ammomium salt to the reaction system resulted in dandelion-like M2S3, and the possible mechanism of formation was assumed.
     研究还发现,前驱体在少量铵盐存在下,溶剂热反应得到“绒球”状M_2S_3,并探讨了其可能的生成机理。
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     3. GFAP immunohistochemistry staining showed there were so many GFAP-IR positive cells in granule layer of anterior lobe of LPS rats cerebellum, and statistical difference is significant, compared with control group.
     小脑后叶、绒球小结叶GFAP-IR阳性细胞明显少于小脑前叶; 此外,造模后随时间的延长模型组大鼠小脑前叶颗粒细胞层GFAP-IR 阳性细胞数有先增多后减少的趋势,造模后1 天GFAP-IR 阳性细胞数达到高峰,其后3 天、7 天、14 天逐渐少,但与对照组相比仍有显著差异;
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  相似匹配句对
     Zheng et P.K. Chi n. sp., Sphaeropsis philodendri X.
     、蔓绿绒球壳孢 (SphaeropsisphilodendriX .H .ZhengetP .K .Chin .sp .)
短句来源
     Detection of floccular hypometabolism in downbeat nystagmus by fMRI
     fMRI可检测下视性眼震时的绒球代谢减低
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  flocculus
The symptoms correlated well and consistently with the amount of atrophy of the flocculus and the dorsal vermis.
      
None of the oculomotor features (including SWJ) correlated with flocculus or dorsal vermis size.
      
The extent of changes was more pronounced in the cerebellar hemispheres than in the vermais and flocculus.
      
The electric stimulation of flocculus produced a prominent inhibition of the vestibulo-ocular reflex in both the inhibitory component relayed by the superior vestibular nucleus and the excitatory component mediated by the brachium conjunctivum.
      
The excitatory component mediated by the medial vestibular nucleus appeared to be free of the flocculus inhibition.
      
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  flocculi
Only the line profiles that were confidently identified as being undisturbed even by weak flocculi were selected.
      
Theorie der negativen Korrelation zwischen 27t?giger Variation der kosmischen Strahlung und Ca-flocculi-Charakterzahlen
      
They also confirm the existence of a transcerebellar route from the Pt via the NRTP to the ipsior contralateral flocculi.
      
Adaptation to persistent post-saccadic retinal slip was assessed in two rhesus monkeys before and after bilateral ablations of the flocculi and portions of the paraflocculi ("flocculectomy").
      
We infer from this that the flocculi and/or paraflocculi are necessary for the successful suppression of postsaccadic ocular drift.
      
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Twenty five adult healthy rabbits were used in this study. They were divided into three experimental groups. In the first group, the great part of the left eerebellar hemisphere including the dentate nucleus was sucked out, a stereotaxic lesion of the left dentate nucleus was made, or a small part of the cerebellar cortex of hemisphere was destroyed. In the second group, the great part of the vermis was aspirated, the left fastigial nucleus or the vermal cortex was damaged with the stereotaxie electrolysis....

Twenty five adult healthy rabbits were used in this study. They were divided into three experimental groups. In the first group, the great part of the left eerebellar hemisphere including the dentate nucleus was sucked out, a stereotaxic lesion of the left dentate nucleus was made, or a small part of the cerebellar cortex of hemisphere was destroyed. In the second group, the great part of the vermis was aspirated, the left fastigial nucleus or the vermal cortex was damaged with the stereotaxie electrolysis. In the third group, the left paraflocculus was sucked out. The animals survived for 3~8 days. The serial frozen transverse sections of the brain stem together with the cerebellum were cut at 25~30 μm and stained with the Fink-Heimer method. The degenerating fibers in sections were traced under light microscope.

本实验用成年家兔25只,分三组进行实验:第一组吸去家兔一侧小脑半球或损毁一侧齿状核,或仅损毁部分半球皮质;第二组吸去小脑蚓叶大部分,或损毁顶核,或仅损毁蚓叶皮质;第三组吸去或损毁一侧小脑旁绒球。术后用Fink—Heimer法染色,追踪小脑至蓝斑的纤维投射。第一组实验中由小脑齿状核来的大量溃变纤维进入同侧结合臂,其中一些溃变纤维由结合臂内侧分出,行向前内方穿过三叉神经中脑核后,进入并终止于同侧蓝斑核及蓝斑下核。小脑半球皮质的溃变纤维不进入蓝斑区。第二组实验显示,小脑蚓叶(顶核或皮质)的溃变纤维除投射至小脑中央核及脑干其它部位外,左右两侧备有少量溃变纤维进入同侧臂旁核小细胞部,极少量溃变纤维进入结合臂腹侧部,前行至脑桥吻段,经过三叉神经中脑核而终止于蓝斑核及蓝班下核。第三组实验,由旁绒球来的少量溃变纤维,经同侧臂旁核小细胞部而至蓝斑核。溃变纤维较少,在胞体周围可见终末前溃变。

[ABSTRACT]The major eye movements may be

眼球运动主要分为附属于追随系统和扫视系统的。追随系统运动大都为不随意(视动反应),取决于视网膜传人,通过小脑绒球不断调整。追随系统疾患的临床表现:齿轮状追随运动;维持固定视不良;视动反应减低;抑制前庭输入不够。相反,扫视运动速度则正常。此异常为小脑疾病最常见的特征。另一方面,扫视运动主要与随意注视运动有关,也作为前庭和视动反应的快相。调节扫视运动的神经解剖中心被认为在脑干的网状结构的冲动细胞(Burstcells)和间歇细胞(Pause cells),以交互方式作用。在另一方面,扫视抑制是通过小脑蚓部的背部调节。临床上扫视系统疾患诊断有:扫视运动缓慢(脑桥及基底节变性),起动扫视迟缓(先天动眼运用不能),扫视失控摆动(斜视眼阵挛),对比之下,追随运动正常。这些异常大多数为脑干疾病的特征。但不能精确控制扫视以注视于一点,造成眼辨距不良和眼球扑动样运动。表明还有小脑病变。本文试以临床论证阐述这些原则。

In this paper, 69 cases of CT/air cister-nography of normal cerebellopontine angleand internal auditory canal were studied.The results showed that 98.6% of cisterno-graphy (68 cases) had good air-filling onCT, which included acoustic nerve 97.1%(67 cases), trigeminal nerve, artery andother posteriorly situated cranial nerve 17. 4% (12 cases)and cerebellar flocculus 20.3% (14cases). The method of detection and nor-mal finding of cisternography were discus-sed. The clinical value of cerebellopontineangle and internal...

In this paper, 69 cases of CT/air cister-nography of normal cerebellopontine angleand internal auditory canal were studied.The results showed that 98.6% of cisterno-graphy (68 cases) had good air-filling onCT, which included acoustic nerve 97.1%(67 cases), trigeminal nerve, artery andother posteriorly situated cranial nerve 17. 4% (12 cases)and cerebellar flocculus 20.3% (14cases). The method of detection and nor-mal finding of cisternography were discus-sed. The clinical value of cerebellopontineangle and internal auditory canal air/CTcisternography is as follows: (1) It provi-des an excellent demonstration of the sizeand morphologic appearance of cerebello-pontine angle and internal auditory canal;(2) It defines the location of acousticnerve, trigeminal nerve, vessels and otherposteriorly situated cranial nerves and alsosome small acoustic nerve tumors can bediscovered; (3) It is a simple and safetechnique.

本文对69例桥小脑角池和内听道气造影的正常CT表现进行了分析。69例中,内听道及桥小脑角池显示良好者68例(98.6%),其中,听神经显示率97.1%,小脑绒球显示率20.3%,三叉神经、血管和其他后组颅神经显示率各17.4%。对上述结构的显示方法、CT表现等作了重点讨论。

 
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