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咽炎的
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  pharyngitic
     The Study of Processing Technology of Pharyngitic Granules and Its Clinical Observation on Acute Pharyngitis
     咽炎颗粒的提取工艺研究及对急性咽炎的临床观察
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  “咽炎的”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Study on CO_2 laser-beam therapy for chronic particulate pharyngitis
     CO_2激光治疗慢性颗粒性咽炎的研究
短句来源
     The Relationship Between Mycoplasma Infection and Chronic Pharyngitis
     支原体感染与慢性咽炎的关系
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     Evaluation of the WHO clinical decision rule for streptococcal pharyngitis
     对链球菌性咽炎的WHO临床诊断规则的评价
短句来源
     Objective To evaluate the clinical effect of microwave ablation in the treatment of chronic pharyngitis.
     目的:评价微波治疗慢性咽炎的临床效果。
短句来源
     Clinical and experimental study on the therapy of throat-disinhibiting vaporous atomization for the freatment of infantile acute and chronic pharyngitis
     利咽雾化液治疗小儿急慢性咽炎的临床与实验研究
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  相似匹配句对
     Pharyngitis patient in the winter
     慢性咽炎在冬季
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     Study on Animal Models of Chronic Pharyngitis
     慢性咽炎动物模型研究
短句来源
     Prevention and Treated of Chronic Pharyngitis
     慢性咽炎预防与治疗
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     The Pharmacological Study of Phyaryngitis Granule
     咽炎颗粒药理作用研究
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The clinical features of 415 attacks of rheumatic fever observed in 365 adult patients are described, and some of the diagnostic problems are discussed, 102 of the attacks were considered to be initial and 313 recurrent attacks. Pre-existing chronic valvular disease was diagnosed in 184 cases. The attack rate of rheumatic fever by season was found to be highest in late Winter and Spring, with the peak incidence in the months of March and April. A history of preceding sore throat was elicited in 41% of the rheumatic...

The clinical features of 415 attacks of rheumatic fever observed in 365 adult patients are described, and some of the diagnostic problems are discussed, 102 of the attacks were considered to be initial and 313 recurrent attacks. Pre-existing chronic valvular disease was diagnosed in 184 cases. The attack rate of rheumatic fever by season was found to be highest in late Winter and Spring, with the peak incidence in the months of March and April. A history of preceding sore throat was elicited in 41% of the rheumatic attacks, and inflammatory signs in the pharynx and tonsils were observed in 58.6% of the attacks. The antistreptolysin O titer was above 250 units in 80% of the cases examined. Among the clinical manifestations arthritis and carditis were most common, occurring in 55.7% and 49.9% respectively, while arthralgia without frank inflammatory signs was noted in 30% of the attacks. The incidence of arthritis was lower in the cases with chronic valvular defects than in cases without. In 29% of the cases ECG abnormalities constituted the sole clinical evidence of carditis. Since prolongation of P-R interval or higher grades of atrioventricular block are relatively common in rheumatic fever and other manifestations of rheumatic carditis like murmurs, cardiac enlargement, pericarditis and heart failure are equally non-speclfic, it is suggested that a-v block be included as evidence of carditis rather than considered as a minor manifestation if one adopts Jones' criteria for the diagnosis of rheumatic fever. In the presence of chronic valvular disease frank arthritis was uncommon and signs of carditis were often masked by those of valvular defects so that in 38.5% of cases the diagnosis of rheumatic activity had to depend upon a combination of clinical and laboratory signs generally concidered as minor rheumatic manifestations according to Jones' criteria.

1.本文报告成人急性风湿热366例,經住院观察的急性发作共415次,其中102次診断为初发,313次为复发。发作見于已有慢性心瓣缺损者計184例(218次发作),无心瓣缺损証据者182例(197次发作)。对发病季节、与溶血性鏈球菌感染的关系、临床表現、实验室发見、病程及病死率等作了分析。重点討論了本病的診断问題。 2.风湿热在春冬二季的发病率較高,41%的风湿发作前有咽痛,58.6%的风湿发作时咽部尚有炎症表現,仅24.7%的风湿发作前后均无咽炎的証据。約有80%发作中抗鏈球菌溶血素“O”滴定度在250单位以上。以上数字有力地說明了风湿热和鏈球菌感染之间的密切关系。 3.临床表現中以关节炎最为常見,发生率为55.7%,仅有关节酸痛的有30%。已有慢性心瓣缺损的病例中仅37.6%有关节炎,其发生率远低于无慢性心瓣缺损的病例(75.6%)。 4.心炎見于49.9%的发作中,其临床表現有时颇不明显。仅在心电图檢查中发見者有41例,占所有經过心电图檢查的心炎病例的29%。由此可見心电图检查对診断心炎的独特价值。 5.在曾作心电图檢查的250次发作中有82次(32.8%)发見房窒傳导阻滞,其中68次为P-R...

1.本文报告成人急性风湿热366例,經住院观察的急性发作共415次,其中102次診断为初发,313次为复发。发作見于已有慢性心瓣缺损者計184例(218次发作),无心瓣缺损証据者182例(197次发作)。对发病季节、与溶血性鏈球菌感染的关系、临床表現、实验室发見、病程及病死率等作了分析。重点討論了本病的診断问題。 2.风湿热在春冬二季的发病率較高,41%的风湿发作前有咽痛,58.6%的风湿发作时咽部尚有炎症表現,仅24.7%的风湿发作前后均无咽炎的証据。約有80%发作中抗鏈球菌溶血素“O”滴定度在250单位以上。以上数字有力地說明了风湿热和鏈球菌感染之间的密切关系。 3.临床表現中以关节炎最为常見,发生率为55.7%,仅有关节酸痛的有30%。已有慢性心瓣缺损的病例中仅37.6%有关节炎,其发生率远低于无慢性心瓣缺损的病例(75.6%)。 4.心炎見于49.9%的发作中,其临床表現有时颇不明显。仅在心电图檢查中发見者有41例,占所有經过心电图檢查的心炎病例的29%。由此可見心电图检查对診断心炎的独特价值。 5.在曾作心电图檢查的250次发作中有82次(32.8%)发見房窒傳导阻滞,其中68次为P-R间期延长。作者等认为,P-R间期延长或更高度的房室傳导阻滞,若发見于有鏈球菌感染之后的年青患者,应作为急性风湿性心炎的診断依据之一。 6.在已有慢性心瓣病的病例中,有38.5%得根据Jones氏診断标准中的几項次要表現而診断为风湿活动。 7.366例中58.5%有风湿热的复发,其中半数发生子初发以后的第一年內。住院期的当时病死率为6.5%。

Thirty one appatently healthy sheep were infected intranasally with streptococcus group C,isolated from enzootic streptococcosis of sheep.The dissemination of the infective agent and the alterations in body temperature,blood constituents as wall as anatomical and histological changes were systematically recorded.Twenty four sheep were searificed at 6,12,18,24,36,48,72,108,and 120 hours after infectioil.The remaining seven sheep were kept under observatioil until died them selves. The results indicated that both...

Thirty one appatently healthy sheep were infected intranasally with streptococcus group C,isolated from enzootic streptococcosis of sheep.The dissemination of the infective agent and the alterations in body temperature,blood constituents as wall as anatomical and histological changes were systematically recorded.Twenty four sheep were searificed at 6,12,18,24,36,48,72,108,and 120 hours after infectioil.The remaining seven sheep were kept under observatioil until died them selves. The results indicated that both the course of the disease and the pathological changes after the nasal infection were quite different from that infected by the routes other than the respiratory tract.There were also certain disagreements as well in comparison with the findings obtained threugh intratracheal ineculation,This implied that the portal of infection and the route of dissemination played a major role as far as the course of disease as well as the nature and the localization of the lesions were concerned.The experimentally infected sheep all bagan with naso-pharyngitis and tonsillitis,followed subsequently by the inflammation of the satellite lymph nodes in the naso-pharyngeal region.Finally,all the sheep were succumbed to pyemia-septicemia.As to the cause of the death the bacterial intoxication and breakdown of the defence mechanism of the lymphatic tissue were inerimated on the one hand,while the anoxia brought about by the dyspnea resnlted from swollen larynx was accounted for on the other.

本实验采用滴鼻接种绵羊31头,首次对C组链球菌在体内的播散情况以及在体温、血液和解剖、组织方面引起的变化的发展经过,作了比较系统的观察。分期扑杀羊共24头,计划听任自然病死羊七头,其中死亡的五头,只表现体温反应和血液变化的两头。初步结果如下: (1) 在滴鼻接种后12小时,便可从咽背淋开始获得细菌,到接种后36小时,进一步可在全部颈中淋里发现,到接种后72小时,亦可从其他某些脏器发现细菌。接种后自然病死的绵羊,按计划进行菌检的10个脏器和心血,几乎都可以分离到细菌。败血过程看来是在接种72小时后酿成的。 (2) 在滴鼻接种后24小时检温时,发现分期扑杀绵羊和自然病死绵羊,都由接种前的39℃左右上升到了41°——41.5℃之间,稽留约二日,然后开始降低,但仍停留在40.5℃上下。临死时有的继续下降。 (3) 伴随体温上升,白细胞的总数和多形核的比例都有增加的趋势,嗜伊红白细胞计数则有明显的减少,多形核和淋巴细胞变性形态也逐渐多见。与β球蛋白量出现升高趋势的同时,γ球蛋白量则有降低的倾向。 (3) 细菌在器官组织里所引起的反应,首先的也是最主要的是多形核白细胞浸润,开始在局部淋巴组织以后在其他淋巴结和脾里以弥散状...

本实验采用滴鼻接种绵羊31头,首次对C组链球菌在体内的播散情况以及在体温、血液和解剖、组织方面引起的变化的发展经过,作了比较系统的观察。分期扑杀羊共24头,计划听任自然病死羊七头,其中死亡的五头,只表现体温反应和血液变化的两头。初步结果如下: (1) 在滴鼻接种后12小时,便可从咽背淋开始获得细菌,到接种后36小时,进一步可在全部颈中淋里发现,到接种后72小时,亦可从其他某些脏器发现细菌。接种后自然病死的绵羊,按计划进行菌检的10个脏器和心血,几乎都可以分离到细菌。败血过程看来是在接种72小时后酿成的。 (2) 在滴鼻接种后24小时检温时,发现分期扑杀绵羊和自然病死绵羊,都由接种前的39℃左右上升到了41°——41.5℃之间,稽留约二日,然后开始降低,但仍停留在40.5℃上下。临死时有的继续下降。 (3) 伴随体温上升,白细胞的总数和多形核的比例都有增加的趋势,嗜伊红白细胞计数则有明显的减少,多形核和淋巴细胞变性形态也逐渐多见。与β球蛋白量出现升高趋势的同时,γ球蛋白量则有降低的倾向。 (3) 细菌在器官组织里所引起的反应,首先的也是最主要的是多形核白细胞浸润,开始在局部淋巴组织以后在其他淋巴结和脾里以弥散状态存在,继在淋巴滤泡里形成脓肿,引起细胞和组织的崩解,酿成空洞,在疏松结缔组织里引起蜂窝织炎,并在有些脏器(脑和肝)。里造成血管炎,导致脓肿形成。病部随着变化的加重,具有滑腻感和引缕性质的物质也逐渐增多。其次,实质器官的主要变化是浊肿。炎性反应以及实质器官的变化,一般比细菌的出现为早,这很可能是细菌的某些产物先期进入循环的结果。病灶里存在具有滑腻感和引缕性质的物质,它不能象脓液那样用福马林固定下来,看来很可能是细菌的荚膜物质,即透明质酸。根据本实验所得结果,滴鼻感染后的疾病过程和病理变化与前人采取呼吸道以外接种途径所得的结果很不一致,与前人采取气管内接种后的观察所见,也有一定的差异,这说明感染门户和传播途径对本菌在疾病的经过和病理变化的性质与定位上,是起着重要作用的。绵羊在滴鼻接种后,开始为鼻咽炎、扁桃体炎,继以鼻咽卫星淋巴结炎,最后以脓血——败血症告终。死亡的原因,一方面是细菌毒性产物的中毒和具有防御机能的淋巴组织的破坏,另一方面是因喉头肿胀引起的呼吸困难所带来的缺氧。

Exfoliated cells of nasopharynx taken by negative pressure suction were detected for EBNA by anticonplement immuuoenzymic technique (ACIE). The existence of EBNA positive cancer cells in smears was defined as EBNA test positive. Thus, the positive rate of EBNA in 103 cases of NPC was 70.87%, slightly higher than that of cytology diagnosis. No false positive case was found in 61 patients with chronic nasopharyngitis and other diseases of the head and neck. The result confirmed that the detection of EBNA in exfoliated...

Exfoliated cells of nasopharynx taken by negative pressure suction were detected for EBNA by anticonplement immuuoenzymic technique (ACIE). The existence of EBNA positive cancer cells in smears was defined as EBNA test positive. Thus, the positive rate of EBNA in 103 cases of NPC was 70.87%, slightly higher than that of cytology diagnosis. No false positive case was found in 61 patients with chronic nasopharyngitis and other diseases of the head and neck. The result confirmed that the detection of EBNA in exfoliated cells of nasopharynx by ACIE would be a useful tool for the diagnosis of NPC.

用抗补体免疫酶法检测鼻咽负压吸引脱落细胞的EBNA,以涂片中发现EBNA阳性癌细胞作为EBNA试验阳性,则103例鼻咽癌RBNA阳性率为70.87%,略高于细胞学诊断。61例慢性鼻咽炎和头颈部其它疾患未见假阳性。本文结果进一步证实,鼻咽脱落细胞EBNA抗补体免疫酶法检查对鼻咽癌的诊断有一定价值。

 
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