助手标题  
全文文献 工具书 数字 学术定义 翻译助手 学术趋势 更多
查询帮助
意见反馈
   影响 在 建筑科学与工程 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.125秒
图标索引 在分类学科中查询
所有学科
建筑科学与工程
中国文学
体育
环境科学与资源利用
高等教育
贸易经济
气象学
中国政治与国际政治
外国语言文字
更多类别查询

图标索引 历史查询
 

影响
相关语句
  effect
    Experiment and Numerical Simulation of Effect of Coarse Aggregate on Concrete Strength
    粗集料对混凝土强度影响的试验研究与数值模拟
短句来源
    Effect of Nano-Materials on Durability of Concrete
    纳米材料对混凝土耐久性的影响
短句来源
    Effect of Local Exposure on Human Responses
    局部热暴露对人体热反应的影响
短句来源
    INITIAL TESTING STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF ARITIFICIAI CRACK ROOT-RADIUS TO STRESS INTENSITY FACTORS(K_Ⅰ、K_Ⅱ、K_Ⅲ)IN PHOTOELASTIC METHOD
    人工裂缝曲率对光测应力强度因子K_Ⅰ,K_Ⅱ,K_Ⅲ影响之初探
短句来源
    The Effect of Overseas Traffic and Trade on Guangzhou City Development in Ancient China
    我国古代海外交通和贸易对于广州城市发展的影响
短句来源
更多       
  the effect
    INITIAL TESTING STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF ARITIFICIAI CRACK ROOT-RADIUS TO STRESS INTENSITY FACTORS(K_Ⅰ、K_Ⅱ、K_Ⅲ)IN PHOTOELASTIC METHOD
    人工裂缝曲率对光测应力强度因子K_Ⅰ,K_Ⅱ,K_Ⅲ影响之初探
短句来源
    The Effect of Overseas Traffic and Trade on Guangzhou City Development in Ancient China
    我国古代海外交通和贸易对于广州城市发展的影响
短句来源
    THE ULTIMATE STRENGTH ANALYSIS OF SIMPLE CIRCULAR SLAB- S REGARDING THE EFFECT OF THE MEMBRANE ACTION
    考虑薄膜力影响的简支园板极限强度分析
短句来源
    The Effect of Loading Rate on the Compressive and Tensile Strength of Rocks
    加载速率对岩石抗压和抗拉强度的影响
短句来源
    The Effect of Duration of Strong Ground Motion on the Collapse of Structures
    强烈地面运动持续时间对结构物倒塌的影响
短句来源
更多       
  effect on
    The Influence of 《P--Delta》Effect on Nonlinear Dynamic Earthquake Responses——An Analysis of Stiffness of Bar Members in Consideration to the Nonlinearity and the Geornetrical Nonlinearity of Materials under Conditions of a Large Deflection
    《P—Delta》效应在非线性地震动态反应中的影响 大变形条件下考虑材料非线性和几何非线性的杆件单元刚度分析
短句来源
    SOIL-STRUCTURE INTERACTION EFFECT ON THE NONLINEAR SEISMIC RESPONSE OF HIGH-RISE BUILDINGS
    土-结构相互作用对高层建筑非线性地震反应的影响
短句来源
    High-modal effect on earthquake response of one-storey industrial buildings
    单层工业厂房地震反应的高振型影响
短句来源
    Shear Lag Effect on the Lateral Loading Position of Box Girder Bridg
    荷载横向作用位置对箱型梁剪力滞效应的影响
短句来源
    Influence of H_(24) Stabilizing Agent on improving Mechanical Characteristics and Retaining Long-time Effect on Inhibiting Expansibility of the Expansive Clay
    H_(24)稳定剂对膨胀土的力学性质及其有效稳定期的影响
短句来源
更多       
  “影响”译为未确定词的双语例句
    The Testing Study on Urban Underground Space Opens to Excavate to Environment
    城市地下空间开挖对环境的影响与试验研究
短句来源
    METHOD FOR COMPUTING TIME-DEPENDENT DISPLACEMENTS AND STRESSES DURING MINING
    采矿影响下与时间有关的位移和应力的计算方法
短句来源
    Form Factor for Shear and its Calculation Tables
    构件剪切变形的截面剪应力不均匀分布影响系数和计算表
短句来源
    A Practical Method for Analyzing Industrial Single Storey Steel Building Considering Column Shear Deformation
    单层钢结构厂房考虑柱剪切变形影响的实用分析方法
短句来源
    Mearures Taken For Protecting Surroundings From Damages Caused By Pile Driving In Shanghai 88-storey Jin Mao Building And Its Monitoring Analysis
    88层上海金茂大厦打入桩工程对周围环境影响的防护方案实施及监测分析
短句来源
更多       
查询“影响”译词为用户自定义的双语例句

    我想查看译文中含有:的双语例句
例句
为了更好的帮助您理解掌握查询词或其译词在地道英语中的实际用法,我们为您准备了出自英文原文的大量英语例句,供您参考。
  effect
Finally, we consider the effect on the rate of convergence of not sampling enough local maxima.
      
Finally, we consider the effect on the rate of convergence of not sampling enough local maxima.
      
The method we use is a combination of the smoothing effect of the operator ?t + ?x(2j+1) and a gauge transformation performed on a linear system, which allows us to consider initial data with arbitrary size.
      
Our studies demonstrated an in vivo cardioprotection effect of (N-(3,4,-dimethoxy-2-chlorobenzylideneamino)-guanidine: ME10092) in ischaemic reperfusion injury in the rodent.
      
The compounds were fully characterized by spectral and elemental analyses, and were tested for their effect on gross behavior, antireserpine and anorexigenic activity.
      
更多          
  the effect
Finally, we consider the effect on the rate of convergence of not sampling enough local maxima.
      
Finally, we consider the effect on the rate of convergence of not sampling enough local maxima.
      
In the present study, the effect of picroliv, an irridoid glycosidic fraction of Picrorhiza kurroa, on the above said parameters of these alcoholic rats was studied.
      
The effect of the most promising ones have been looked on the counterparts from mammalian sources and difference in the susceptibility towards enzyme activity inhibition were noted.
      
The effect of the replacement of a trimethylammonium group with a dimethysulfonium in the two rings was also evaluated.
      
更多          
  effect on
Finally, we consider the effect on the rate of convergence of not sampling enough local maxima.
      
Finally, we consider the effect on the rate of convergence of not sampling enough local maxima.
      
The compounds were fully characterized by spectral and elemental analyses, and were tested for their effect on gross behavior, antireserpine and anorexigenic activity.
      
The fibrate class drugs effect on lipid metabolism through PPARα receptor.
      
A library of 363 glycoconjugates and C-nucleosides synthesized by our earlier reported methods were screened for their effect on isolated filarial glutamate cysteine ligase (GCL) and glutathione reductase (GR).
      
更多          


In a previous paper,(1) a method for solving composite beams jointed by bolts by means of equivalent continous beams is suggested. This result is based on the following assumptions: 1. All beams composing the composite beam have the same deflec non at the point where bolt is used. 2. The actions of bolts are considered as concentrated forces applied on the beams at the points where bolts are used. 8. The effect of torsion caused by the external load which is not ap plied at the shear center of the whole cross-section...

In a previous paper,(1) a method for solving composite beams jointed by bolts by means of equivalent continous beams is suggested. This result is based on the following assumptions: 1. All beams composing the composite beam have the same deflec non at the point where bolt is used. 2. The actions of bolts are considered as concentrated forces applied on the beams at the points where bolts are used. 8. The effect of torsion caused by the external load which is not ap plied at the shear center of the whole cross-section of the composite beam is neglected. 4. The friction between the beams is neglected. 5. The weakening of the cross sections of the beams due to the bolt holes is neglected. In order to examine the correctness of these assumptions the results of a group of tests are given. The results of tests show that all assumptions except the third are well agree with the practical condition. As to the third assumption, the problem will be further studied.

作者曾在前文(1)中提供一种应用相当连续樑来解决螺栓连结的组合樑的简便方法。 此结果基于下列诸假设(除弯曲基本假设以外)。 1.组成组合樑之各樑在螺栓处有相同之挠曲。 2.螺栓的作用视为施加在各樑上螺栓处之集中力。 3.由于外加载荷未作用在组合樑整个截面之弯曲中心而引起之扭转影响略去不 计。 4.诸樑间之摩擦力略去不计。 5.诸樑由于螺栓孔而引起之截面削弱略去不计。  为了检查这些假设与实际问题符合之情况,作者进行了一系列实验。 实验结果指出除了第三假设外所有假设均与实际情况很好符合,关于第三假设的问题尚待进一步研究。

Fineness modulus (F. M.) has served as an index of fineness of aggregates since it was first introduced by Prof. Duff A. Abrams in 1918. In the concrete mix design, the F. M. of sand governs the sand content and hence the proportions of other ingredients. But there are undesirable features in F. M.: it does not represent the grading of sand and manifests no significant physical concept.Prof. suggested an "average diameter" (d_(cp)) in 1943 as a measure of fineness of sand. In 1944, d_(cp) was adopted in 2781-44...

Fineness modulus (F. M.) has served as an index of fineness of aggregates since it was first introduced by Prof. Duff A. Abrams in 1918. In the concrete mix design, the F. M. of sand governs the sand content and hence the proportions of other ingredients. But there are undesirable features in F. M.: it does not represent the grading of sand and manifests no significant physical concept.Prof. suggested an "average diameter" (d_(cp)) in 1943 as a measure of fineness of sand. In 1944, d_(cp) was adopted in 2781-44 as national standard to specify the fine aggregate for concrete in USSR. It was introduced to China in 1952 and soon becomes popular in all technical literatures concerning concrete aggregates and materials of construction.After careful and thorough investigation from ordinary and special gradings of sand, the equation of d_(cp) appears to be not so sound in principle and the value of d_(cp) computed from this equation is not applicable to engineering practice. The assumption that the initial average diameter (ν) of sand grains between consecutive seives is the arithmetical mean of the openings is not in best logic. The value of an average diameter computed from the total number of grains irrespective of their sizes will depend solely on the fines, because the fines are much more in number than the coarses. Grains in the two coarser grades (larger than 1.2 mm or retained on No. 16 seive) comprising about 2/5 of the whole lot are not duly represented and become null and void in d_(cp) equation. This is why the initiator neglected the last two terms of the equation in his own computation. Furthermore, the value of d_(cp) varies irregularly and even inversely while the sands are progressing from fine to coarse (see Fig. 4).As F. M. is still the only practical and yet the simplest index in controlling fineness of sand, this paper attempts to interpret it with a sound physical concept. By analyzing the F. M. equation (2a) in the form of Table 9, it is discovered that the coefficients (1, 2…6) of the separate fractions (the percentages retained between consecutive seives, a1, a2…a6) are not "size factors" as called by Prof. H. T. Gilkey (see p. 93, reference 4), but are "coarseness coefficients" which indicate the number of seives that each separate fraction can retain on them. The more seives the fraction can retain, the coarser is the fraction. So, it is logical to call it a "coarseness coefficient". The product of separate fraction by its corresponding coarseness coefficient will be the "separate coarseness modulus". The sum of all the separate coarseness moduli is the total "coarseness modulus" (M_c).Similarly, if we compute the total modulus from the coefficients based on number of seives that any fraction can pass instead of retain, we shall arrive at the true "fineness modulus" (M_f).By assuming the initial mean diameter (ν') of sand grains between consecutive seives to be the geometrical mean of the openings instead of the arithmetical mean, a "modular diameter" (d_m), measured in mm (or in micron) is derived as a function of M_c (or F. M.) and can be expressed by a rational formula in a very generalized form (see equation 12). This equation is very instructive and can be stated as a definition of mqdular diameter as following:"The modular diameter (d_m) is the product of the geometrical mean ((d_0×d_(-1))~(1/2) next below the finest seive of the series and the seive ratio (R_s) in power of modulus (M_c)." If we convert the exponential equation into a logarithmic equation with inch as unit, we get equation (11) which coincides with the equation for F. M. suggested by Prof. Abrams in 1918.Modular diameter can be solved graphically in the following way: (1) Draw an "equivalent modular curve" of two grades based on M_c (or F. M.) (see Fig. 6). (2) Along the ordinate between the two grades, find its intersecting point with the modular curve. (3) Read the log scale on the ordinate, thus get the value of the required d_m corresponding to M_c (see Fig. 5).As the modular diameter has a linear dimension with a defin

細度模數用為砂的粗細程度的指標,已有三十餘年的歷史;尤其是在混凝土的配合上,砂的細度模數如有變化,含砂率和加水量也要加以相應的調整,才能維持混凝土的稠度(以陷度代表)不變。但是細度模數有兩大缺點,一個是模數的物理意義不明,另一個是模數不能表示出砂的級配來。蘇聯斯克拉姆塔耶夫教授於1943年提出砂的平均粒徑(d_(cp))來,以為砂的細度指標;雖然平均粒徑仍不包含級配的意義,但是有了比較明確的物理意義,並且可以用毫米來度量,這是一種新的發展。不過砂的細度問題還不能由平均粒徑而得到解决,且平均粒徑計算式中的五項,僅首三項有效,1.2和2.5毫米以上的兩級粗砂在計算式中不生作用,以致影響了它的實用效果。本文對於平均粒徑計算式的創立方法加以追尋和推演,發現其基本假設及物理意義,又設例演算,以考察其變化的規律性;認為細度模數還有其一定的實用價值,不能為平均粒徑所代替。至於補救細度模數缺點的方法,本文試由模數本身中去尋找;將模數的計算式加以理論上的補充後,不但能分析出模數的物理意義,並且還發現模數有細度和粗度之別。根據累計篩餘計算出來的F.M.應稱為“粗度模數”,根據通過量計算出來的才是“細度模數”。假定兩隣篩间的顆粒是...

細度模數用為砂的粗細程度的指標,已有三十餘年的歷史;尤其是在混凝土的配合上,砂的細度模數如有變化,含砂率和加水量也要加以相應的調整,才能維持混凝土的稠度(以陷度代表)不變。但是細度模數有兩大缺點,一個是模數的物理意義不明,另一個是模數不能表示出砂的級配來。蘇聯斯克拉姆塔耶夫教授於1943年提出砂的平均粒徑(d_(cp))來,以為砂的細度指標;雖然平均粒徑仍不包含級配的意義,但是有了比較明確的物理意義,並且可以用毫米來度量,這是一種新的發展。不過砂的細度問題還不能由平均粒徑而得到解决,且平均粒徑計算式中的五項,僅首三項有效,1.2和2.5毫米以上的兩級粗砂在計算式中不生作用,以致影響了它的實用效果。本文對於平均粒徑計算式的創立方法加以追尋和推演,發現其基本假設及物理意義,又設例演算,以考察其變化的規律性;認為細度模數還有其一定的實用價值,不能為平均粒徑所代替。至於補救細度模數缺點的方法,本文試由模數本身中去尋找;將模數的計算式加以理論上的補充後,不但能分析出模數的物理意義,並且還發現模數有細度和粗度之別。根據累計篩餘計算出來的F.M.應稱為“粗度模數”,根據通過量計算出來的才是“細度模數”。假定兩隣篩间的顆粒是兩篩篩孔的幾何平均值,以代替數學平均值(即斯氏平均?

The so-called "truss rigid frames" are those rigid frames with trusses as their horizontal beams, of which the two ends are rigidly connected to columns. Within the author's knowledge, all the methods available at present for analyzing such rigid frames are based on Certain special assumptions such as (1) that the positions of the points of contra-flexure in all the columns are previously known; (2) that the end rotations of a truss may be reprensented by that of its assumed line of axis as in the case of an...

The so-called "truss rigid frames" are those rigid frames with trusses as their horizontal beams, of which the two ends are rigidly connected to columns. Within the author's knowledge, all the methods available at present for analyzing such rigid frames are based on Certain special assumptions such as (1) that the positions of the points of contra-flexure in all the columns are previously known; (2) that the end rotations of a truss may be reprensented by that of its assumed line of axis as in the case of an ordinary beam; or (3) that the end verticals of trusses may be given certain prescribed deformations. Of course, the adoption of any of such assumptions leads to only approximate results inconsistent with the actual deformations of such rigid frames under any loading. Heretofore, the author did not know any correct method for analyzing such rigid frames. In this paper, the author presents two principles of the correct analysis of truss rigid frames. The first principle is that of "moment action on column" for computing the angle change constants of columns, and the second principle is that of "effect of span-change in truss" for computing the angle and span change constants of trusses.As, for computing the angle change constants of a truss, the dummy unit moment is a couple applied to its end verticals, so, for computing the angle change constants of a column, the dummy unit moment must also be a couple applied to the section of column rigidly connected to the end of a truss, in order to effect a consistent deformation at the joint of the two. This is the first principle.A truss just like a curved or gabled beam of which the effect of span-change can not be neglected, so truss rigid frames belong to the same category of what may be called "span-change" rigid frames such as rigid frames with curved or gabled beams. Therefore the span-change constants of trusses should be included besides their angle-change constants for analyzing truss rigid frames. This is the second principle.With the constants of columns and trusses are all computed in accordance with respectively the first and second principles mentioned above, truss rigid frames may be analyzed by any method including the effect of span-change as in the case of rigid frames with curved or gabled beams, and the results thus obtained will be exactly the same as by the method of least work or deflections without any special assumptions.In this paper, after the two principles are described and the formulas for computing the constants of columns and trusses are derived, the correctness of the two principles are then proved by the methods of least work, deflections and slope-deflection. A two-span truss rigid frame is analyzed under the following three conditions:Ⅰ. Applying both of the two principles to obtain the correct results.Ⅱ. Applying only the first principle to show the discrepancies of neglecting the effect of span-change in trusses as born out by comparing the results of Ⅱ with Ⅰ.Ⅲ. Applying neither of the two principles, and the truss rigid frames being analyzed by the special assumption (2) mentioned above with the line of axis at the bottom chord of truss, in order to show the discrepancies of neglecting the moment action on column as born out by comparing the results of Ⅲ with Ⅱ. For the sake of brevity, only the results are given in Tables 1 to 5 without computations in details.Although the discrepancies of neglecting the moment acticn on column are only slight as shown by comparing the results of Ⅲ with Ⅱ in Tables 2, 4 and 5, there is no reason why special assumptions should not be replaced by the correct principle of moment action on column to obtain correct results. As shown by comparing the results of Ⅱ with Ⅰ in Tables 2, 4 and 5, the discrepancies by neglecting the span change in trusses are generally considerable and, in certain particular part, as large as 3000%. Therefore, for the safe and economical design of truss rigid frames, the effect of span-change in trusses should not be neglected in their analysis.Finally, for analyzing co

所謂“桁架剛構”即以桁架為横梁与柱相剛接之剛構。現下採用分析剛構之任一方法,以分析此項剛構时,均須採用種種特殊之假定而得近似之結果。據著者所知,中外書刊中似尚无此項剛構之正確分析法。於本文中,著者發表关於桁架剛構正確分析之兩項原理,即柱頂力矩作用与桁架跨变影響之兩项原理。前項原理使柱頂段之角夔与桁架端豎桿相同,以符合柱与桁架剛接处之連续性。後項原理指出桁架与曲梁(即拱)及折梁(即山墙式梁)相同係一種“跨变横梁”,故桁架刚構亦与拱式及山墙式剛構相同,係一種“跨变剛構”。若根據此兩项原理,分别计算柱与桁架兩端的撓曲常数,再用分析跨变刚構之任一分析法以分析此項刚構,則所得之枯果,与不作任何特殊假定用最少功法或变位法所得者完全相同。本文先說明此兩项原理及根據此兩項原理计算柱与桁架撓曲常數之方法。次取一最簡單之桁架刚構为例,證明此丙項原理之正確性。桁架刚構既与拱式及山墙式刚構同属於跨变刚構一類型,分析後者之任何方法均可用以分析前者,本文无須贅述。但取一兩跨之桁架刚構為例,列举所得之正確結果,与用近似法所得者相比较,藉以顯出近似法有相當巨大之差誤。關於階形之複式桁架刚構之分析,本文用“代替桁架”之辦法,但只說明其原則,不...

所謂“桁架剛構”即以桁架為横梁与柱相剛接之剛構。現下採用分析剛構之任一方法,以分析此項剛構时,均須採用種種特殊之假定而得近似之結果。據著者所知,中外書刊中似尚无此項剛構之正確分析法。於本文中,著者發表关於桁架剛構正確分析之兩項原理,即柱頂力矩作用与桁架跨变影響之兩项原理。前項原理使柱頂段之角夔与桁架端豎桿相同,以符合柱与桁架剛接处之連续性。後項原理指出桁架与曲梁(即拱)及折梁(即山墙式梁)相同係一種“跨变横梁”,故桁架刚構亦与拱式及山墙式剛構相同,係一種“跨变剛構”。若根據此兩项原理,分别计算柱与桁架兩端的撓曲常数,再用分析跨变刚構之任一分析法以分析此項刚構,則所得之枯果,与不作任何特殊假定用最少功法或变位法所得者完全相同。本文先說明此兩项原理及根據此兩項原理计算柱与桁架撓曲常數之方法。次取一最簡單之桁架刚構为例,證明此丙項原理之正確性。桁架刚構既与拱式及山墙式刚構同属於跨变刚構一類型,分析後者之任何方法均可用以分析前者,本文无須贅述。但取一兩跨之桁架刚構為例,列举所得之正確結果,与用近似法所得者相比较,藉以顯出近似法有相當巨大之差誤。關於階形之複式桁架刚構之分析,本文用“代替桁架”之辦法,但只說明其原則,不列出公式及算例。

 
<< 更多相关文摘    
图标索引 相关查询

 


 
CNKI小工具
在英文学术搜索中查有关影响的内容
在知识搜索中查有关影响的内容
在数字搜索中查有关影响的内容
在概念知识元中查有关影响的内容
在学术趋势中查有关影响的内容
 
 

CNKI主页设CNKI翻译助手为主页 | 收藏CNKI翻译助手 | 广告服务 | 英文学术搜索
版权图标  2008 CNKI-中国知网
京ICP证040431号 互联网出版许可证 新出网证(京)字008号
北京市公安局海淀分局 备案号:110 1081725
版权图标 2008中国知网(cnki) 中国学术期刊(光盘版)电子杂志社