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胸部火器伤     
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  thoracic firearm wound
     Changes of the expression of interleukin-1β in lungs after rabbit's thoracic firearm wound
     家兔胸部火器伤后肺组织中IL-1β表达变化(英文)
短句来源
     Change of TNF-α in plasma caused by hemorrhage and lung injury after rabbit's thoracic firearm wound
     兔胸部火器伤中失血和肺损伤引起血清TNF-α变化研究
短句来源
     The injuries of multiple organs in thoracic firearm wound and the mechanisms of them
     胸部火器伤后多器官损伤变化及机理研究
短句来源
     There are three parts in the experiment:Part one: Studying the changes of multiple organs in the thoracic firearm wound.
     实验分三部分:第一部分:胸部火器伤后多器官损伤变化研究
短句来源
     There was a good consistent between HE and immunohistochemistry in showing the degree of wound. CONCLUSION The nearer to the PWT, the higher the expression of interleukin 1β in lung tissue, and the expression of interleukin 1β in lung tissue has a good relationship to the degree of hemorrhage and edema in lung tissue and interleukin 1β plays an important role in the inflammation in rabbits thoracic firearm wound.
     结论 胸部火器伤后家兔肺组织中 IL - 1β表达迅速升高 ,离原发伤道距离越近 ,IL- 1β表达升高越显著 . 肺组织 IL- 1β表达升高水平与该处肺组织出血、水肿程度成正相关 (r=0 .9993,P<0 .0 5 ) ,IL - 1β在肺组织伤后炎症反应中起重要作用
短句来源
  firearm injury of thorax
     cases of firearm injury of thorax at high altitude were reviewed. There were 10 patients with complication(27.1%) and 2 dead (5.7%). The cause of complication and death were without thorough debridement,without timely clearing of bone fragmant and through drainage of thoracic cavity,insufficient use of antibiotics,etc.
     对 35例高原胸部火器伤的伤情及治疗进行了分析 ,伴有休克者 1 0例 ,并发症 1 0例 ,分别占2 7 1 % ,分析造成并发症的主要原因是没有及时彻底地对伤道进行清创 ,致伤造成的游离碎骨未能及时清除 ,胸腔引流不彻底及抗生素用量不足等。
短句来源
  chest firearm trauma
     Expression of G-protein in Lung Tissues after Chest Firearm Trauma at High Altitude
     高原胸部火器伤后肺组织G蛋白的异常表达
短句来源
     Objective To study the changes of G-protein expression on chest firearm trauma at high altitude in dogs.
     目的探讨高原胸部火器伤早期G蛋白变化及其意义。
短句来源
  “胸部火器伤”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Expression of TNF-α in some tissues after firearm injury to rabbit's chest
     家兔胸部火器伤后各组织中TNF-α表达意义
短句来源
     The early diagnosis and treatment of fire weapons injury of thorax at high altitude
     高原胸部火器伤的早期诊断和治疗
短句来源
     Objective To investigate the changes of plasma epinephrine (E) and norepinephrine (NE) in rabbits with firearm thoracic wounds.
     目的 了解兔胸部火器伤血浆中肾上腺素 (epinephrine ,E)和去甲肾上腺素 (nore pinephrine ,NE )变化规律及在伤后应激反应中的作用。
短句来源
     AIM To discuss the regularity of the expression of TNF α in rabbit's plasma caused by hemorrhage and lung injury after being shot through the thoracic cavity.
     目的 用 EL ESA法检测兔胸部火器伤后血清中TNF- α浓度变化 ,探讨兔胸部火器伤中失血与肺损伤在组织损伤中的作用 .
短句来源
     Effects of severing vagus nerve and depressor nerve on cardiovascular function in firearm thoracic wound
     切断迷走神经和减压神经对胸部火器伤心血管功能效应
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Objective To establish a firearm thoracic injury model in rabbit and study on the mechanism of injury and causes of early death. Methods 48 rabbits were divided into two groups randomly:Thoracic wall injury and intrathoracic injury groups.Each group was divided into two subgroups:Simple injury (group of model) and primary treatment after injury(group of treatment ).They were injured with air pressuring rifle (APR,missile mass:0.32g) and small bore rifle (SBR,missile mass:2.57g) respectively at a velocity...

Objective To establish a firearm thoracic injury model in rabbit and study on the mechanism of injury and causes of early death. Methods 48 rabbits were divided into two groups randomly:Thoracic wall injury and intrathoracic injury groups.Each group was divided into two subgroups:Simple injury (group of model) and primary treatment after injury(group of treatment ).They were injured with air pressuring rifle (APR,missile mass:0.32g) and small bore rifle (SBR,missile mass:2.57g) respectively at a velocity of 350m/s. There were 8 groups in total and 6 rabbits in each group.The blood pressure,heart rate,airway pressure,blood gas and chest X ray were monitored,and routine pathological examination was done. Results Thoracic wall injury:No mortality in group APR.One died in group of model and no death in group of treatment in group SBR.Intrathoracic injury:The mortality in group of APR ranged from 50% to 16.7% in group of SBR and from 83.3% to 50% with treatment. Conclusion

目的建立家兔胸部火器伤实验模型,探讨致伤机理及早期死亡原因。方法48只家兔随机均分为8组,分别用气步枪和小口径步枪致胸壁伤和胸腔伤,并分实验模型组与救治组对比研究。实验中对血压、心率、气道压、血气、胸部X线等指标进行监测和常规病理检查。结果胸壁伤:模型组中气步枪无死亡,小口径步枪死亡1只,救治组无死亡。胸腔穿透伤:模型组与救治组中气步枪死亡率分别为50%和16.7%,小口径步枪分别为83.3%和50%。结论(1)按实验参数致伤结果符合量效关系,重复性好,且与人类战时火器伤死亡率近似;(2)发现除心脏、大血管损伤外,肋间动脉出血也是动物早期死亡的重要原因;肺损伤出现早而严重;(3)现场初步救治可提高存活率

AIM: Investigate the changes of heart function after thoracic walls gunshot wounds and the relationship ofheart function and plasma cyclic nucleotide concentrations.METHODS: sixteen rabbits were assigned randomly to threegroups. The rabbits in group A (n= 6) were shot with smalldiameter rifle passed through the cardiac region. The group B(n= 6) were impacted in the left ventricular front walls aftershot. The rabbits in group C (n = 4)served as a control. RESULTS: In group A, mean artery pressure was much lowerthan...

AIM: Investigate the changes of heart function after thoracic walls gunshot wounds and the relationship ofheart function and plasma cyclic nucleotide concentrations.METHODS: sixteen rabbits were assigned randomly to threegroups. The rabbits in group A (n= 6) were shot with smalldiameter rifle passed through the cardiac region. The group B(n= 6) were impacted in the left ventricular front walls aftershot. The rabbits in group C (n = 4)served as a control. RESULTS: In group A, mean artery pressure was much lowerthan that before trauma (P<0. 05, P<0. 01 ). Central venouspressure increased significantly after trauma (P<0. 01 ). Leftventricular diastole end press at 6 or 12 hours after traumawas 184 percent or 164 percent times of that before traumarespectively. And the hemodynamic parameters as above ingroup B changed significantly compared with that in group A(P<0. 05). Plasma CPK-MB increased significantly aftertrauma in group A(P<0. 05 ). In group B, the plasma CPKMB was higher at 1 hour after impacted than that before trauma(p<0. 01). This tendency kept till experiment was over.And CPK--MB centrations was higher in group B than that ingroup A(P<0. 01 ). In group A, plasma cyclic AMP concentration was much higher than that before trauma (P <0. 05, P < 0. 01). cAMP increased significantly in group Bcompared with that in group A (P< 0. 05). cGMP is higherafter impacted in group B than that in group A after shot (P<0. 01, P<0. 001 ). In group A, there was a larger area ofspotty haemorrhage under the endocardium. Ultrastructureshows myocardiac organeue devolution. In group B, myolinwas broken, solution. Angioendotheliocyte was sloughing,and micro--thrombokinesis was seen. CONCLUSION: Chestsingle gunshot wounds can make heart dysfunction. Impactingthe left ventricular front walls after gunshot wounds, heartfunction is badly compared with single gunshot wounds. Detecting the plasma cAMP. and cGMP concentration may evalute the heart function after chest gunshot wounds.

目的:观察胸部火器伤后心脏功能改变及其与血浆环核苷酸的关系.方法:中国本兔16只,随机分为3组.A组:单纯火器伤组(6只);B组:胸部火器伤+心脏撞击伤组(6只);C组:开胸对照组(4只).A,B组小口径步枪(初速350m/s,弹九5.6mm)致伤左侧胸部心前区(切线位),B组于火器伤后开胸撞击左室前壁.结果:①单纯火器伤组平均动脉压伤后明显下降(P<0.05);左室舒张末压伤后6h为伤前的184%倍,12h为伤前的164%倍;中心静脉压伤后明显升高(P<0.01).B组以上指标变化比A组更加显著(P<0.05).②血清CPK-MBA组伤后明显升高(P<0.05);B组撞击伤后1h即显著高于伤前(P<0.01),高水平持续12h.B组撞击伤后1,3,6hCPK-MB均明显高于A组(P<0.01).③A组血浆cAMP浓度在伤后显著升高(P<0.01,P<0.05).B组伤后cAMP增高较A组明显(P<0.05),cGMP随之显著升高(P<0.01,P<0.001).④A组心内膜下点片状出血,超微结构见心肌细胞器变性.B组可见心肌纤维断裂、溶解,血管内皮脱落,有微小血栓形成.结论:①左侧胸...

目的:观察胸部火器伤后心脏功能改变及其与血浆环核苷酸的关系.方法:中国本兔16只,随机分为3组.A组:单纯火器伤组(6只);B组:胸部火器伤+心脏撞击伤组(6只);C组:开胸对照组(4只).A,B组小口径步枪(初速350m/s,弹九5.6mm)致伤左侧胸部心前区(切线位),B组于火器伤后开胸撞击左室前壁.结果:①单纯火器伤组平均动脉压伤后明显下降(P<0.05);左室舒张末压伤后6h为伤前的184%倍,12h为伤前的164%倍;中心静脉压伤后明显升高(P<0.01).B组以上指标变化比A组更加显著(P<0.05).②血清CPK-MBA组伤后明显升高(P<0.05);B组撞击伤后1h即显著高于伤前(P<0.01),高水平持续12h.B组撞击伤后1,3,6hCPK-MB均明显高于A组(P<0.01).③A组血浆cAMP浓度在伤后显著升高(P<0.01,P<0.05).B组伤后cAMP增高较A组明显(P<0.05),cGMP随之显著升高(P<0.01,P<0.001).④A组心内膜下点片状出血,超微结构见心肌细胞器变性.B组可见心肌纤维断裂、溶解,血管内皮脱落,有微小血栓形成.结论:①左侧胸壁切线位单纯火器伤可以造

AIM: To study the effect of high frequency jetventilation (HFJV) on thoracic gunshot wounds with lung injury in dogs. METHODS: Eleven dogs were divided into control group (6) and HFJV group (5) at random. The dogswere shot with the steel globose bullets of 0. 4 g weight in theright chest after anesthesia. Control dogs were only givenstop bleeding, infusion and thoracic closed drainage. In addition to the aforementioned steps, HFJV group dogs were ventilated with HFJV 20 min after wounding. Hemodynamic parameters...

AIM: To study the effect of high frequency jetventilation (HFJV) on thoracic gunshot wounds with lung injury in dogs. METHODS: Eleven dogs were divided into control group (6) and HFJV group (5) at random. The dogswere shot with the steel globose bullets of 0. 4 g weight in theright chest after anesthesia. Control dogs were only givenstop bleeding, infusion and thoracic closed drainage. In addition to the aforementioned steps, HFJV group dogs were ventilated with HFJV 20 min after wounding. Hemodynamic parameters and blood gases were measured. RESULTS: At thistime of wounding mean arterial pressure of control group (Pa)and peak inspiratory pressure (Ppi)increased significantly immediately in comparison with before wounding (P < 0. 05),and PaO2, PH, SaO2, Pa and heart rate (f h) decreased signifi-cantly (P< 0. 01 ), while paco2 and Ppi increased significantly20 min after wounding in control dogs (P < 0. 01). Thesechanges were further aggravated 40 and 60 min after wounding. The mean survival time was (38 25) min. HFJV groupdogs showed similar changes immediately and 20 min afterwounding as control dogs. There was a significant increase inPao2, SaO2, Pa, fh and Ppi (P< 0.01), and a significant decrease in paco2 (P < 0. 01) after using HFJV in comparisonwith those of control dogs. The mean survival time was (366 210) min. CONCLUSION: Respiratory function imperfection can occur in the early time of severe thoracic gunshotwounds with lung injury in dogs, and HFJV may improve gasexchange and prolong survival time.

目的:探讨高频喷射通气(HFJV)对胸部火器伤致肺损伤犬的早期救治作用.方法:杂种犬11只,随机分为对照组(6只)和HFJV组(5只).麻醉后利用0.4g钢珠弹射击犬右侧胸部.对照组犬仅进行封闭伤口、输液及胸腔闭式引流等.HFJV组犬除进行上述操作外,于致伤后20min行HFJV,测量血液动力学等指标,并做血气分析.结果:致伤即刻,对照组犬平均动脉血压和峰值气道压(Ppi)较致伤前显著升高(P<0.05),致伤后20min,PaO2,pH,SaO2,pa及心率(fh)等均显著降低(P<0.01),PacO2及Ppi显著升高(P<0.01),致伤后40min及60min,上述变化呈渐进性加剧,动物平均存活时间为(38±25)min.HFJV组犬在致伤即刻及20min,上述指标变化与对照组相似;应用HFJV后,PaO2,SaO2,pa,fh及Ppi较对照组均显著升高(P<0.01),Paco2显著降低(P<0.01),动物平均存活时间为(366±210)min.结论:严重胸部火器伤致肺损伤犬早期即可出现明显的呼吸功能不全.应用HFJV可改善胸部火器伤致肺损伤犬的气体交换,显著延...

目的:探讨高频喷射通气(HFJV)对胸部火器伤致肺损伤犬的早期救治作用.方法:杂种犬11只,随机分为对照组(6只)和HFJV组(5只).麻醉后利用0.4g钢珠弹射击犬右侧胸部.对照组犬仅进行封闭伤口、输液及胸腔闭式引流等.HFJV组犬除进行上述操作外,于致伤后20min行HFJV,测量血液动力学等指标,并做血气分析.结果:致伤即刻,对照组犬平均动脉血压和峰值气道压(Ppi)较致伤前显著升高(P<0.05),致伤后20min,PaO2,pH,SaO2,pa及心率(fh)等均显著降低(P<0.01),PacO2及Ppi显著升高(P<0.01),致伤后40min及60min,上述变化呈渐进性加剧,动物平均存活时间为(38±25)min.HFJV组犬在致伤即刻及20min,上述指标变化与对照组相似;应用HFJV后,PaO2,SaO2,pa,fh及Ppi较对照组均显著升高(P<0.01),Paco2显著降低(P<0.01),动物平均存活时间为(366±210)min.结论:严重胸部火器伤致肺损伤犬早期即可出现明显的呼吸功能不全.应用HFJV可改善胸部火器伤致肺损伤犬的气体交换,显著延长存活时间.

 
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