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处理     
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  treatments
    STUDY ON THE BIOTECHNOLOGY APPLIED IN CROP BREEDING Ⅲ. A Comparative Study on Exogenous DNA Treatments by Different Methods in Rice (Oryza sativa L.)
    生物工程应用于作物育种的试验研究 第3报 外源DNA处理水稻不同方法的比较试验
短句来源
    THE CYTOLOGICAL EFFECT OF EMS ON SPIKES AND ITS INFLUENCE ON ANTHER CULTURE OF WHEAT IN VITRO TREATMENTS
    EMS处理小麦幼穗的细胞学效应及其对花药培养的影响
短句来源
    Effect of combined treatments of ~(137)Cs γ-rays and NaN_3 on mature embryo culture in rice
    γ射线与NaN_3复合处理对水稻成熟种胚培养的效应
短句来源
    An analysis of the mutagenic effect of lasers treatments on wheat by esterase isoenzyme technique
    应用酯酶同功酶技术分析激光处理小麦的诱变效应
短句来源
    Effects of Various Sowing Dates and GA_3 Treatments on Seed Germination in Persimmon
    不同播种期和GA_3处理对柿种子萌发的影响
短句来源
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  treatments of
    Effect of combined treatments of ~(137)Cs γ-rays and NaN_3 on mature embryo culture in rice
    γ射线与NaN_3复合处理对水稻成熟种胚培养的效应
短句来源
    We intercalate 5 treatments of N dosage which is 0,90,180,270,360 kg/hm2,to obsere the crop's growth and the accumulated material of these treatments in the drip irrigation cotton field,and establish the recommendatory-decision system tried.
    摘要:在膜下滴灌棉田,随灌水设置0,90,180,270,360 kg/hm2共5个N肥用量处理,观测不同N用量下棉花生长和干物质积累情况,尝试建立推荐施肥决策支持系统。
短句来源
    The treatments of 519 mg/L Carbendazim+Thiram and 200 mg/L NAA+IBA enhanced the content of IAA in basal stems,while reduced ABA.
    519mg/L多菌灵+福美双和200mg/LNAA+IBA处理都提高了插穗IAA的含量,ABA的含量却有所降低。
短句来源
    Effects on Expression of HSF70 Gene in Soybean Affected by Treatments of Heat Shock and Exogenous Hormones
    热激和外源激素处理影响大豆花荚离层组织HSP70基因表达
短句来源
    ( 3 ) During the ovary culture, the ovary growth amount is the largest, the amount of embryos and seedlings is the most in the treatments of ovaries excised 6 ~8 days after pollination .
    (3)在子房培养中,以授粉后6~8d处理的子房生长量最大,成胚数和成苗数最多,相应的每角平均成胚数和成苗率也最高。
短句来源
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  treatment (
    By using soil probes and enclosed chamber methods,N2O concentration in the soil profile,N2O fluxes on soil surface and influential factors of control treatment(no fertilizer added) and fertilized treatment(applied 180 kg/hm2 N) were studied during the corn growing season of loess soil.
    采用土壤平衡气室法和密闭气室法,对玉米生长期对照(不施氮肥)和施氮处理(180 kg/hm2N)黄土区土壤剖面中N2O浓度和土壤表面N2O排放通量的变化及其影响因子进行了研究。
短句来源
    The root systems of potato plants (Solanum tuberosum L Favorita) was treated with greenhouse gas treatment (380-920μl/LCO2 +21%O2), outdoor air treatment (380μl/LCO2 +21%O2) and high CO2, concentration treatment (3600μl/LCO2 + 21%O2) by the method of areoponics culture for 35 days.
    采用汽雾法栽培的方式,研究了温室大气(380~920μl/LCO2+21%O2)、室外正常大气(380~920μl/LCO2+21%O2)和高CO2富积(3600μl/LCO2+21%O2)3种根际气体连续35d处理对马铃薯植株叶片光化学反应的影响。
    In three-week-old seedlings, expression of OsDREB4-2 and OsDREB4-3 was induced by dehydration (air dry) and high salt (250mM NaCl), but not by cold (4 ℃) or ABA treatment (20uM), whereas OsDREB4-1, OsDREB4-4, and OsDREB1-1 were expressed constitutively.
    OsDREB4-1、OsDREB4-4和OsDREB1-1为组成型表达,不受干旱(脱水)、盐(250mM NaCl)、低温(4℃)和ABA(20μM)处理诱导。 OsDREB4-2和OsDREB4-3受干旱和盐诱导表达,但均不受低温和ABA诱导。
短句来源
    Split-root treatment (rice was grown with half roots supplied with 3 mmol/L NO3- and another half with 3 mmol/L KCL) showed that the growth of lateral roots was stimulated by localized nitrate supply.
    分根处理(一半根系供应3 mmol/LKNO_3,另一半根系供应3mmol/LKCl)结果表明:局部供应NO_3~-能够促进水稻侧根生长。
短句来源
    The appropriate sulfur-application could improve DMA, LAI and colony number. All of the whole treatments, the effect of B4 treatment (ie base-application S 60 kg.hm"2 plus dressing-application S 60 kg.hm"2) was the most obvious.
    合理施用硫肥能增加植株干物质积累,提高小麦的叶面积指数(LAI),增大群体数量,其中以B_4处理(基施60kg(S).hm~(-2)+追施60kg(S).hm~(-2))的效果最为明显。
短句来源
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  under treatment
    The result indicated that the pod number and the seed yield under Treatment 4(no pesticide+no isolation,alfalfa field was open) were higher(340.33 pods/10 branches and 0.709 1 g/10 branches).
    结果表明,对照处理苜蓿平均结荚数和平均种子产量均高于其余3个处理,分别为340.33个/10茎枝、0.709 1 g/10茎枝。
短句来源
    2. Controlled traffic tillage can make the plant height reduce, among them treatment CT was lowest. The plant height was 2.09cm,3.27cm and 5.65cm lower than treatment LT under treatment CTP, treatment CTS and treatment CT.
    2.固定道耕作使小麦整体株高降低,其中不覆盖处理的株高又低于覆盖处理,CTP处理、CTS处理(固定道结合垄面覆草)、CT处理株高分别比平作低2.09cm、3.27cm、5.65cm,CT处理分别比CTP处理和CTS处理低了2.67 cm、2.39cm。
短句来源
    But there was no significant difference of grain quality under treatment P_1 and P_2 in field H-P,if phosphorus rate beyond 75 kg/hm~2(treatment P_3 and P_4),the grain processing quality would get worse.
    P2O5为45 kg/hm2和75 kg/hm2的处理对H-P地小麦品质无显著影响,施磷量超过75 kg/hm2的处理,小麦籽粒加工品质变劣。
短句来源
    The percentage of dry matter distribution in the flower and the seed under Treatment 2 reached 34.93% and 12.98% respectively,the highest of all.
    各处理干物质分配规律不同,在收获时,处理2的花和种子比例最大,分别达34.93%和12.98%;
短句来源
    The results showed as follows:1. Under the treatment,the root length of strain was enhanced to a certain extent, while the root weight was inhibited,and almost stop at late stage of stress. There are obvious difference between GuiBao8 and its' offspring(D4 generation ) under treatment with drought and the control under normal irrigation,but there was no significant difference between the treated materials under drought.
    1、模拟干旱胁迫下,植物的根长受到一定程度的促进,但抑制了根重的增加,根重和根长在胁迫后期几乎停止增加,干旱处理的瑰宝八号和耐低钾变异后代与对照具有明显的差异,但处理之间无显著差异。
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      treatments
    Bean plants were necrotic and chlorotic, with leaf malformations, following 10-2 M treatments.
          
    Corn plants were chlorotic following 10-3 and 10-4 M treatments.
          
    Indole ring-containing AR inhibitors have received considerable attention as potential treatments for diabetic complications.
          
    Niacin and chromium treatments had a protective effect on the intestine of the hyperlipidemic rats as well as a lipid-reducing effect.
          
    Extremely significant δ13C differences among water treatments and clones were revealed by two-element variance analysis.
          
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      treatments of
    It was shown that the treatments of bean plants with these fractions (chitosan concentration, 10 or 100 μg/ml) inhibited virus accumulation and systemic propagation.
          
    The mathematical treatments of hyperelliptic integrals are much more difficult than those of elliptic integrals.
          
    It is shown that the structural parameters of porous glasses can be controlled by varying the conditions of thermal and chemical treatments of the initial glasses.
          
    This interaction was retained upon the subsequent high-temperature treatments of the catalyst.
          
    Protective effects of some commercial corrosion inhibitors (VNPP-2V, KI-1, and IKU) in fluids used for acid treatments of oil wells were studied by gravimetric and electrochemical measurements.
          
    更多          
      treatment (
    In turn, this gives rise to a simple and unified treatment of the Caratheodory and Nehari moment problems.
          
    In turn, this gives rise to a simple and unified treatment of the Caratheodory and Nehari moment problems.
          
    A fundamental problem with the DWT, however, is the treatment of finite length data sequences.
          
    In the second part, where we explore connections with Maxwell's equations, the main novelty is the treatment of the corresponding electro-magnetic boundary value problem by recasting it as a 'half' Dirichlet problem for a suitable Dirac operator.
          
    The numerical treatment of two-dimensional scattering in inhomogeneous media
          
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      under treatment
    Under treatment of 0.25 mmol/L of phosphate, the soluble protein contents reached a maximum.
          
    Boc-Asp(OMe)-Ala-OMe underwent similar transformations under treatment with diazomethane or triethylamine.
          
    Unexpected Transformations of Natural Chlorins under Treatment with Dichlorodicyanobenzoquinone
          
    The ozonolysis of isoabienol in MeOH followed by hydrogenation of the peroxide ozonolysis products on Lindlar catalyst afforded ambreinolide that under treatment with diisobutylaluminum hydride furnished 8α,13-epoxy-14,15,16-trisnorlabd-12-ene.
          
    A cyclization of azapodand haloderivatives into nitrobenzoazacrown ethers under treatment with various bases and in their absence was investigated.
          
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    1.This paper includes two parts,namely the study of flowering biology and crossing technique in sweet potato,and the 3-year experi- mental results of several hybrid lines, 2.When a “short-day”condition of 8 hours was provided,sweet potato plants flowered about 10-25 days earlier than that under natural condition in Foochow.However,it varied with different varieties, different stages of treatment and environmental factors. 3.The percentage of cross-fertility,based on more than 1000 crosses we made during a 4-year...

    1.This paper includes two parts,namely the study of flowering biology and crossing technique in sweet potato,and the 3-year experi- mental results of several hybrid lines, 2.When a “short-day”condition of 8 hours was provided,sweet potato plants flowered about 10-25 days earlier than that under natural condition in Foochow.However,it varied with different varieties, different stages of treatment and environmental factors. 3.The percentage of cross-fertility,based on more than 1000 crosses we made during a 4-year period,was about 45%.It seems that “mixed-pollination” and “repeated pollinaation”tended to increase the percentage of cross-fertility. 4.According to the 3-year experimental results,the hybrid lines, 5414-5 and 5414-8,were found to be hetter than their parents,Triumph 100 and Yoliow Sweet Potato,in yield.The hybrids were also superior to their parents in vine production.It seems that the hybrids were more adaptaple to environment conoitions than their parents. 5.The problem regarding the choice on combinations of parental pairs is discussed.The principle of choosing psrental pairs from geo- graphically distant locaties,propossd by I.V.Michurin,is a guide to sove this problem.A great number of hybrid lines are undergoing study.

    1.本文包括两部分,即甘薯开花生物学和有性杂交技术的研究及几个杂交系的三年试验结果。2.当给以8小时短日条件,甘薯植株比在福州自然条件下的提早开花10——25天。但因品种、处理时期及环境条件而不同。3.根据四年来杂交一千余朵花的结果,甘薯杂交成功率约为45%。混合授粉及重复授粉似乎有增加杂交成功率的趋势。4.根据三年试验结果,发现二个杂交系,即5414——5和5414——8,在块根产量上比亲本胜利百号及黄薯都高。在蔓的产量上,杂交系亦比较亲本为优。而且这两个杂交系似乎比亲本具有较大适应不同环境条件的能力。5.关于选择亲本组合的问题曾加以讨论。米丘林所提出关于选择远地亲本的原则,对于这个问题的解决具有指导的作用。许多杂交系尚在继续研究中。

    The present paper deals with the influence of the intensity and its persistence of nitrogen supply to the formation and development of the organs of rice plant and also with the resulting physiological feature of these influences. Pot culture experiments with paddy soils were conducted in open field. Organic manure and ammonium sulphate were applied at different stages of growth, i.e. tillering, internode elongating and panicle differentiating stage. The results are summarized as follows:1. Experiments revealed...

    The present paper deals with the influence of the intensity and its persistence of nitrogen supply to the formation and development of the organs of rice plant and also with the resulting physiological feature of these influences. Pot culture experiments with paddy soils were conducted in open field. Organic manure and ammonium sulphate were applied at different stages of growth, i.e. tillering, internode elongating and panicle differentiating stage. The results are summarized as follows:1. Experiments revealed that various organs of rice plant gave different responses to the status of nitrogen supply, and to the same organs, their responses of nitrogen varies at different stages of growth. At the tillering stage, a strongly intensified and less persistent supply of nitrogen, as in the case of ammonium sulphate, promoted the assimilation of dry matter in leaf blade, and consequently enlarged the leaf areas. Such an effect on the leaf blade, however, terminated after the internode elongating stage, and more accumulation of dry matter was found in the stems. Top dressing of manures, pertinently after the internode elongating stage, gave a moderate but persistent supply of nitrogen at that time and resulted the formation of large and healthy ears. Under theexperimental condition, such treatments have been proved favourable to the growth and yield of rice.2. The influence on the growth of the organs, as resulted by changing the status of nitrogen supply, is mainly induced by the rate of accumulation and translocation of nitrogen in plant. A strongly intensified, but less persistent, nitrogen supply accelerates the rate of translocation of nitrogenous materials, while a less intensified but rather persistent supply of nitrogen retains more nitrogenous materials in leaf blade.3. It is evidently that the demand of nitrogen supplying status of rice plant differs at different growing stages. Under the experimental condition, high yields of rice crops were attained by a slower but persistent rate of nitrogen suppy in the tillering stage; a faster but less persistent rate in the internode elongating stage and also a moderate but persistent rate in the penicle differentiating stage. Since property of soil nitrogen varies in different soil type, the regulation of nitrogen supplying status by fertilization should be different in cach cases.

    1.晚稻植株的不同器官对氮素供应状况的反映不同,其中叶片較为敏銳。而同一器官在不同生育时期內影响也不一样谂柙缘奶跫?叶片在分蘖期中,氮素供应強度大、持續时間短比強度小、持續时間长的处理更能促进叶片干物貭累积,增大叶面积。而拔节期以后,影响不明显并略有相反趋势。对于茎稈則在供应強度大及其持續时間短的情况下,不論拔节期或分化期处理都明显地促进其干重的增加。穗粒的形成条件却是強度小而持續时間长的有利于每穗粒数的提高。但是,氮素供应状况的影响显著与否还可能受着基肥水平的制約,在高量基肥的条件下影响极不显著。2.土壤氮素供应状况影响器官生长的原因,初步看来是通过对植株体內氮素累积和运轉速度的影响而发生作用。由于不同生育时期內,叶、鞘、茎、穗本身的生长特点各异,所要求的物貭累积与运轉的強度也各不相同。因此,氮素供应状况对器官生长的影响也就不全相同。3.根据試驗結果,初步认为水稻对土壤氮素供应状况的要求是分蘗初期緩而长,拔节期快而短,穗分化期緩而长。因此,結合不同土壤的供肥特点需要利用有机厩肥或速效化肥等性貭不同的肥料在次数及用量上加以調节。4.初步认为施肥原則掌握的主要內容是根据水稻器官协調生...

    1.晚稻植株的不同器官对氮素供应状况的反映不同,其中叶片較为敏銳。而同一器官在不同生育时期內影响也不一样谂柙缘奶跫?叶片在分蘖期中,氮素供应強度大、持續时間短比強度小、持續时間长的处理更能促进叶片干物貭累积,增大叶面积。而拔节期以后,影响不明显并略有相反趋势。对于茎稈則在供应強度大及其持續时間短的情况下,不論拔节期或分化期处理都明显地促进其干重的增加。穗粒的形成条件却是強度小而持續时間长的有利于每穗粒数的提高。但是,氮素供应状况的影响显著与否还可能受着基肥水平的制約,在高量基肥的条件下影响极不显著。2.土壤氮素供应状况影响器官生长的原因,初步看来是通过对植株体內氮素累积和运轉速度的影响而发生作用。由于不同生育时期內,叶、鞘、茎、穗本身的生长特点各异,所要求的物貭累积与运轉的強度也各不相同。因此,氮素供应状况对器官生长的影响也就不全相同。3.根据試驗結果,初步认为水稻对土壤氮素供应状况的要求是分蘗初期緩而长,拔节期快而短,穗分化期緩而长。因此,結合不同土壤的供肥特点需要利用有机厩肥或速效化肥等性貭不同的肥料在次数及用量上加以調节。4.初步认为施肥原則掌握的主要內容是根据水稻器官协調生长的需要以調节土壤的氮素供应強度及其持續时間,造成最和諧与最有效的土壤——植物供求关系。

    From 1957 to 1960,colchicine aqueous solution has been used for doubling the number ofchromosomes in wheat-rye F_1 hybrids.The concentrations of colchicine used for treatmentwere 0.04% and 0.05%.Hybrid seedlings were exposed in colchicine solution for 4 days inroom temperature not over 15℃.After the treatment,the seedlings were transplanted ingreenhouse where a condition of high humidity and comparatively low temperature (usuallybelow 10℃) was maintained until the seedlings had recovered from colchicine poisoning.Themain...

    From 1957 to 1960,colchicine aqueous solution has been used for doubling the number ofchromosomes in wheat-rye F_1 hybrids.The concentrations of colchicine used for treatmentwere 0.04% and 0.05%.Hybrid seedlings were exposed in colchicine solution for 4 days inroom temperature not over 15℃.After the treatment,the seedlings were transplanted ingreenhouse where a condition of high humidity and comparatively low temperature (usuallybelow 10℃) was maintained until the seedlings had recovered from colchicine poisoning.Themain results are summarized as follows:1.A total of 4210 wheat-rye F_1 hybrid seedlings were treated with colchicine and 2599or 61.7% of the treated seedlings had recovered from the treatment.2.Among the recovered seedlings,about 40.8% of the sterile F_1 hybrid plants were turnedto be partial fertile and various amount of seeds were obtained from these successful plants.3.Whither the hybrid seedlings were vegetatively propagated by separating the tillersor not,no difference in percentage of successful plants has been observed.However,theseedlings which have been slightly wounded on crown part by a sharp razor blade before treat- ment,resulted in 8.8% more successful plants than those not wounded.4.In successful plants,an average of 30% of spikes would be partial fertile and setvarius amount of seeds.In other words,an average of 30% of the spikes that came from theaxile buds which have been exposed directly to colchicine treatment,would become sectorialchimera of polyhaploid and amphidiploid.The tillers that came from the directly exposedaxile buds are called primary tillers.5.The tillers that came from the axile buds of the primary tillers are called secondarytillers.According to the analysis of the data,it has been shown that the secondary tillerusually begin at the eighth tiller of an individual plant.Compared with the primary tillers,only 10% of the secondary tillers,as calculated from the data,would show sectorial chimeraon spikes and set various amount of seeds.6.The chimera spikes would produce 7 grains per spike in average.In an individualplant,the fewer the number of chimera spikes,the less the number of grains could be pro-duced by each chimera spike.In the case of only one chimera spike per plant,only 4.5 grainsin average per changed spike could be obtained.While there was 6 changed spikes per plant,the number of grains per chimera spike would increase to 22.4.7.If the average number of primary tillers of the recovered plants could be increasedto 6 or 7 per plant by some proper measures at tillering stage,it has been estimated that inaddition to the usual rate of successful plants,at least 15% more could be obtained.8.After analysis of the data,it has been clearly shown that the axile buds which havebeen effected by treatment would have a less chance to grow into tillers than those which havenot been effected.If we could find some proper measures to eliminate such a difference intillering,then,by estimation,the percentage of successful plants could be increased to morethan 80%.This is an interesting problem to be studied concerning the efficiency of colchicinetechnique.9.A total of 712 lines of Triticales have been thus produced by doubling the number ofchromosomes in wheat-rye F_1 hybrids with colchicine treatment at tillering stage.

    自1957年到1960年曾三次用秋水仙精处理小麦——黑麦杂种第一代的分蘖苗,获得小黑麦品系712个。秋水仙精用0.05%及0.04%水溶液,处理时间四天。在处理后的成活植株中,处理成功的植株,三次总平均占40.8%。根据资料分析的结果,由直接受到处理影响的腋芽所长成的一次分蘖有30%的成功率,而由一次分蘖上所长出来的未直接受到处理影响的二次分蘖则只有10%的成功率。如能促使处理后恢复的植株尽可能多地产生一次分蘖,使每一单株都具有6—7个以上穗子,这样,以株为单位的处理成功率估计至少还能增加15%。

     
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