4. To perfect the SMEs' credit guarantee system including extending the soure of credit guarantee funds, perfecting the organism of controlling and dispersing risk,doing guaranee innovation,perfecting the law and regulation which concern of the SMEs' credit guarantee.
At present, as the important financing tools in the inland and oversea financial markets because of its advantages, such as combination investment, dispersing risk, professional management and funding conveniently, the investment fund has become the largest institutional investor in the Chinese A share stock-market.
Investment funds development abroad own to have a history of more than 100 years, help investment , expert manage , disperse risk and unique advantage of large-scale production with it, have nowadays become the fashionable new developing investment way in the world, has played a very important role on the world financial market.
It gets through the channel that insurance fund invest abroad and offer forceful policy sustain that make insurance industry fully utilizate two kind of resource and two maket to collocate asset, disperse risk and improve income in the worldwide so that participate in international competition, in more extensive scopes ,at high administrative levels.
For rebuilt charging transactionsubsystem & billing transaction subsystem, that can reduce charging transactionterm, disperse risk, improve the efficiency of data error dealing, and set flexiblebilling term for different client demands, improving its service level.
Consequently, customer protection and risk-spreading for china's manufacturer and product distributor constitutes a critical subject requiring proper solution, during the process of economic and legal system construction.
For this purpose, this technique is applied to a version of the well-known credit portfolio model CreditMetrics, extended by correlated interest rate and credit spread risk.
It is inferred that reallocation of genet-leveled fitness to the ortet and tillers may be beneficial to lower and spread risk of whole genet, and that plasticity in the fitness may help whole genet better adapt to variable environments.
Our aim of this research is to propose a model which estimates implied relative credit reliability from the yield spread of defaultable bonds and evaluates their spread risk.
One way of securing the survival of the household is to spread risk in farming by extending the planting and harvesting seasons in order to avoid all crops being damaged if unfavorable production conditions should occur.
Using the Boeing 767, 777, and 787 as examples, we argue that the motives for Boeing's commercial outsourcing to Japan are to access the Japanese market, spread risk, gain access to capital, and lower U.S.