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地质生物学
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  geobiology
     The superior crystalline and magnetic properties of magnetosomes have drawn attention to their potential use in bioscience,medicine and related disciplines and geobiology. Furthermore,the unique structural and functional characteristics of magnetosomes make them an ideal model system for the study of organelle biology in prokaryotes.
     磁小体独特的晶体和磁性特征使其在生物技术、医药和地质生物学应用等领域有巨大的潜力,磁小体的细胞生物学特征也使其成为原核生物细胞器研究的理想模型。
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     The Biological Revolution
     生物学革命
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     GEOLOGICAL STRUCTURE
     构造地质
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     Study on systematical biology
     系统生物学
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     Tethyan Geology for 100 Years
     特提斯地质一百年
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     This system could be widely used in medicine,biology,metallurgy,machinery,material,geology,petroleum and chemistry.
     可广泛应用于医学生物学、冶金、机械、材料、地质、石油、化工等领域。
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  geobiology
Geobiology, probing the interaction between the life system and the earth system, provides new principles in deciphering the whole dynamic processes related to the organic evolution history from living biomass to organic burial.
      
Breathing metals as a way of life: geobiology in action
      
Here we present the first data on the geobiology of Blood Falls and relate it to?the?evolutionary history of this unique environment.
      
Mackenzie and Abraham Lerman, Carbon in the Geobiosphere-Earth's Outer Shell; Topics in Geobiology Volume 25
      
Coupled processes experiments relate both to geobiology, but also to hydrogeology and rock mechanics and engineering.
      
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This paper briefly introduces the proposition of typical information method (TIM) and some successful applications in the research of complex engineering and technology problems, explains the extensive use of TIM through some typical examples in astronomy, geology and biology, which are with some complex systems as their research objects, expounds the concept of TIM, and discusses some thinking about the scientific methodology concerned.

简介了在复杂性工程技术问题研究中典型信息法的若干成功应用 ,并以天文、地质、生物学等以复杂系统为研究对象的学科中典型信息法的应用实例 ,说明其应用的广泛性 ;阐述了典型信息法的概念 ,并简述了对有关科学方法论问题的几点思考。

Extremophiles are an important component of Earth's biosphere and constitute a valuable biological resource. The biogeochemistry of extremophiles, an inter-and multidisciplinary subject stemming from microbiology and geochemistry, has in the last decade become the focus of geobiological research. Understanding extremophiles not only helps to shed light on important scientific questions, but also has profound impact on the study of earth system science. A breakthrough in extremophile studies may be able to unlock...

Extremophiles are an important component of Earth's biosphere and constitute a valuable biological resource. The biogeochemistry of extremophiles, an inter-and multidisciplinary subject stemming from microbiology and geochemistry, has in the last decade become the focus of geobiological research. Understanding extremophiles not only helps to shed light on important scientific questions, but also has profound impact on the study of earth system science. A breakthrough in extremophile studies may be able to unlock a number of mysteries such as the origin of life, the tolerance of life to environmental changes, and even the possibility for the existence of extraterrestrial life. From the Earth system point of view, knowledge in extremophiles can provide important insights into the pathway of biosphere-lithosphere co-evolution as well as the chemical evolution of the Earth. This paper summarizes the major groups of the known thermophiles (psychophiles, acidophiles, alkaliphiles, barophiles, halophiles and anti-radiate microbes), reviews the mechanisms of extremophiles adapting to environmental conditions, and discusses the biogeochemical significance of extremophiles. The authors anticipate that future advance in biomarker study, isotope geochemistry, and molecular biology will facilitate and improve our knowledge basis in the biogeochemistry of extremophiles.

极端微生物是地球生物圈的重要组成部分。极端微生物的地球化学定位在微生物学与地球化学以及一些相关学科的交叉点上,最近10年已经发展成为地质生物学研究的热门领域。对极端微生物的研究不仅有助于回答生命起源、生命极限、生命本质甚至其他生命形式等生命科学问题,而且其生物地球化学作用在地球系统科学研究中具有重大科学研究价值,对揭示生物圈与地圈协同演化的奥秘、认识生命与环境相互作用规律及地球的化学演化提供重要证据。总结了嗜热菌、嗜冷菌、嗜酸菌、嗜碱菌、嗜压菌、嗜盐菌以及抗辐射菌的主要类群,论述了极端微生物适应环境的机制,探讨了极端微生物的生物地球化学意义。作者预测未来将会在生物标志化合物研究、同位素地球化学分析和分子生物学综合研究的基础上协同推进极端微生物地球化学学科的发展。

Magnetotactic bacteria synthesize intracellular magnetosomes that are composed of single domain nano-crystals.The magnetosomes aligned in chains are postulated to function as biological compass needles allowing the bacterium to migrate along redox gradients through the Earth's geomagnetic field lines.The superior crystalline and magnetic properties of magnetosomes have drawn attention to their potential use in bioscience,medicine and related disciplines and geobiology.Furthermore,the unique structural and functional...

Magnetotactic bacteria synthesize intracellular magnetosomes that are composed of single domain nano-crystals.The magnetosomes aligned in chains are postulated to function as biological compass needles allowing the bacterium to migrate along redox gradients through the Earth's geomagnetic field lines.The superior crystalline and magnetic properties of magnetosomes have drawn attention to their potential use in bioscience,medicine and related disciplines and geobiology.Furthermore,the unique structural and functional characteristics of magnetosomes make them an ideal model system for the study of organelle biology in prokaryotes.This review focuses on the current knowledge in elucidating the genetic bases of magnetosome formation and the mechanisms governing the formation of magnetosome chains.

趋磁细菌能够形成纳米级的磁小体,磁小体排列成链作为生物磁针使细菌沿氧化还原梯度在地磁线上移动。磁小体独特的晶体和磁性特征使其在生物技术、医药和地质生物学应用等领域有巨大的潜力,磁小体的细胞生物学特征也使其成为原核生物细胞器研究的理想模型。本文介绍了近年来在趋磁细菌基因组和磁小体链形成机制方面的研究进展。

 
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