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小脑扁桃体     
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  tonsil of cerebellum
     (2)The analysis on the relationship between multi-slice spiral CT findings and clinical therapeutic outcome indicated that hemorrhage near central position, hemorrhage in tonsil of cerebellum, larger hemorrhage volume, hemorrhage into fourth ventricle, and brain stem compression injury had a poor prognosis.
     (2)通过多排螺旋CT表现与临床疗效的关系分析表明,出血部位靠近中线者、小脑扁桃体出血、出血量大者、血肿破入脑室者及脑干受压者其治疗效果较差,死亡率高。
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  cerebellar tonsils
     Results:The cerebellar tonsils of 20 cases herniated 5~26mm below the magnum foramen,7 cases 2~4mm;
     结果:小脑扁桃体疝至枕大孔平面下5~26mm 20例,2~4mm 7例;
短句来源
     RESULTS:the cerebellar tonsils of 20 cases herinated 5~26mm below the foramen magnum, 7 cases 2~4mm;
     结果:小脑扁桃体疝至枕大孔平面下5~26mm20例,2~4mm7例;
短句来源
     Results:In the control group,the mean distance of the cerebellar tonsils and the line that connected the anterior and posterior labium of the foramen magnum was0.6±1.8mm,and in the dis-eased group,it was-4.2±3.8mm. There was statistically significant difference between the two groups(X 2 =13.82,P<0.001).
     结果:正常小脑扁桃体下缘至枕大孔前后唇连线的平均距离为0.6±1.8mm,颅后凹占位组的平均距离为-4.2±3.8mm,两者间有显著性差异(X2=13.82,P<0.001)。
短句来源
     Results Cerebellar tonsils elevated 10.07 mm,the PCF and CCJ volume increased by 11.29 ml and 6.29ml,respectively,after the procedure. The SS volume in CCJ region increased 14.44 ml (2.2 times that before the procedure). These changes were of statistically significant difference,compared with pre-procedure (P<0.01).
     结果术后小脑扁桃体平均上抬10.07mm,PCF和CCJ容积分别平均增加11.29ml和6.29ml,整个CCJ区SS容积均较术前平均增加14.44ml(2.2倍),与术前的相比差异均显著(P<0.01);
短句来源
     Results Compared with normal control subjects, the findings in the CM I patients consisted of short ene-doccipital squama and clivus,a angle decreased by 6.29° on average,and cerebellar tonsils herniated 8.42 mm below the foramen magnum; the difference was statistically significant ( P < 0.05) .
     结果病例组DB、IO均较对照组明显缩短,小脑扁桃体平均下移8.42 mm,α角平均缩小6.29°,与对照组有显著性差异(P<0.05)。
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  cerebellar tonsil
     Results In AIS patients and healthy controls,the mean position of the cerebellar tonsil was 0.9 and 2.9 mm above the BO line,respectively.
     结果AIS患者的小脑扁桃体平均位置明显低于对照组(分别为枕骨大孔上0.9mm和2.9mm)。
短句来源
     The correlation coefficient between the extent of cerebellar tonsil herniation and the length of cavity, r1 =-0. 096 1, P = 0. 351 7; and between the width of cavity, r2 =-0.005 5, P =0.9578. Conclusions Syringomyelia was found significantly in those who had a cerebellar tonsil herniation of 5-15 mm than that in a smaller or larger herniation.
     小脑扁桃体下疝的程度与空洞长度的相关系数为:r1=-0.096 1,P=0.351 7,与宽度的相关系数为:r2=-0.005 5,P=0.957 8。
短句来源
     Objective To study the correlation between extent of cerebellar tonsil herniation and the size of syringomyelia (SM) or Chiari malformation (CM).
     目的 研究Chiari畸形(CM)/脊髓空洞症(SM)患者小脑扁桃体下疝的程度与空洞大小之间的关系.
短句来源
     The value of A,B,B/A had no relationship wiht the degree of the herniation of cerebellar tonsil. The value of D and E have the positive correlation with the degree of the herniation of cerebellar tonsil.
     A、B、B/A与小脑扁桃体下疝程度无相关性,D及E与小脑扁桃体下疝程度呈显著正相关。
短句来源
     Results All the 174 patients had the cerebellar tonsil hernia and syringomyelia, 51 basilar invagination, 19 scoliosis, 20 atlanto-occipital fusion and 22 cervical spondylo-pathy.
     结果174例中全部有小脑扁桃体下疝及脊髓空洞,合并颅底凹陷51例,脊柱侧弯19例,环枕融合20例,颈椎管狭窄22例。
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  “小脑扁桃体”译为未确定词的双语例句
     MRI manifestations included: tonsillar herniation with length 3~32mm,average 10.52mm.
     MRI表现:①小脑扁桃体下疝长度3~32 mm,平均10.52 mm。
短句来源
     Results: The length of the herniated tonsils was 6 - 25mm with a mean of 9mm.
     结果:55例Chiari Ⅰ畸形患者中,小脑扁桃体下疝长度为6~25mm,平均9mm。
短句来源
     CONCLUSION:Tonsillar heination≥5mm below the foramen magnum may be diagnosed with ACM;
     结论:小脑扁桃体位于枕大孔下5mm即可诊断ACM,对<5mm者,在诊断ACM前须注意正常扁桃体暂时低位;
短句来源
     Conclusion:Tonsils hernia ≥5mm below the magnum foramen may be diagnosed as ACM; the temporary low site of normal tonsils must be excluded in the cases of tonsils hernia <5mm before the diagnosis of ACM;
     结论:小脑扁桃体位于枕大孔下≥5mm即可诊断ACM,对<5mm者,在诊断ACM前须注意正常扁桃体暂时低位;
短句来源
     The difference of the APDFM between two groups was of no significance(P>0.05),the difference of the VDCT was very significant(P<0.001).
     两组之间枕大孔前后径无显著性差异(P>0.05),小脑扁桃体垂直径有高度显著性差异(P<0.001)。
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  cerebellar tonsils
The patient died due to herniation of cerebellar tonsils into the foramen magnum as a consequence of diffuse intracerebral hypertension.
      
A repeated MRI showed a striking reduction of the previous downward displacement of the cerebellar tonsils and pons.
      
No increased herniation of the cerebellar tonsils in a group of patients with orthostatic intolerance
      
The cerebellar tonsils averaged 0.3 ± 1.9 mm below the foramen magnum.
      
We conclude that herniation of the cerebellar tonsils is not a common cause of orthostatic intolerance.
      
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  cerebellar tonsil
We report the case of an 8-year-old boy who presented with clinical and radiological signs of cerebellar tonsil herniation shortly after the placement of a cystoperitoneal shunt.
      
The lower cranial nerves were compressed between the posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) and the herniated cerebellar tonsil on both sides.
      
of the right cerebellar lobe and left cerebellar tonsil.
      
This approach includes a midline suboccipital craniotomy, dorsal opening of the foramen magnum and elevation of ipsilateral cerebellar tonsil to expose the hypoglossal nerve and its canal.
      
In about 10% of the cases, the uvula and the cerebellar tonsil could be clearly demarcated because of the partial voluming.
      
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  其他


The report dealt with the pathological changes in the extrahepatic organs from 30 autopsied cases with clinical manifestations of severe viral hepatitis (SAH) . The main findings were epitomized as follows.(1 ) Brain edema with herniation of tonsil cerebelli in 24 (71%) cases among the 27 whose brains were examined. (2) Bilateral pulmonary edema in 20 (43%) cases among the 28 whose lungs were examined. 45% cases of pulmonary edema were complicated by bronchopneumonia, 10% by fungal infection, and 15% by pulmonary...

The report dealt with the pathological changes in the extrahepatic organs from 30 autopsied cases with clinical manifestations of severe viral hepatitis (SAH) . The main findings were epitomized as follows.(1 ) Brain edema with herniation of tonsil cerebelli in 24 (71%) cases among the 27 whose brains were examined. (2) Bilateral pulmonary edema in 20 (43%) cases among the 28 whose lungs were examined. 45% cases of pulmonary edema were complicated by bronchopneumonia, 10% by fungal infection, and 15% by pulmonary hemorrhage. ( 3 ) Cardiac hypertrophy in ( 43% ) cases among the 28 whose hearts were examined. (4) Biliary nephrosis in 22 (92%) cases among the 24 whose kidneys wers examined. ( 5 ) All the 30 cases showed intestinal congestion and edema throughout the 3 laminae of intestinal wall. (6) of 30 cases, 8 (27%) showed esophageal varicosis. Early hepatic cirrhosis was established in half of the cases. (7) of 29 cases, 25 (85%) had ascitis with various amount of transudate ranging from 2000-8000 ml in adults and 300-1500ml in children. (8) of 30 cases, 4 (13%) had subacute phlegmonous colitis. (9) of 30 cases, 3 (10%) were complicated by the generalizad aspergillosis and/or candiasis involving the lungs, brain, heart, kidneys, intestines, et al.It was considered that the alterations in extrahepatic organs should aggravate the primary disease and thus be prone to increase its motality rate. Some of them, such as brain edema might be the direct cause of death. It was thought that two factors might be responsible for the initiation of extrahepatic alterations. ( 1 ) increase in intrahepatic resistance to the portal blood flow which is presumably due to reduction of hepatic microcirculatory beds, and ( 2 ) hypoxemia which is probably due to intrapulmonary vascular shunts in case of hepatic failure. These factors, once established, might in turn trigger off a sequence of pathological events.

本文对30例重型肝炎时肝外脏器病变作了详细的形态学观察和分析,结果表明:27/30例(90%)有脑水肿,其中24例伴发小脑扁桃体疝;20/28例(约71%)有肺水肿,其中9例伴发支气管肺炎、3例伴发霉菌感染、2例伴发肺出血;12/28例(约43%)有心脏肥大;30/30例(100%)有肠道充血、水肿;8/30例(约27%)有食道下端静脉曲张,其中2例破裂出血;25/29例(约86%)有腹腔积液;22/24例(约92%)有胆汁性肾病;对17例脾脏作了观察,都有脾窦扩张、充血,其中6例重量在210~750g之间;在30例中有亚急性蜂窝织性结肠炎者4例;全身性霉菌病3例。 对这些肝外脏器病变的发生和它们之间相互关系作了分析和讨论,认为重型肝炎时肝内毛细血管床容量缩小所导致的门脉血流受阻和肺内循环短路引起的低血氧症,是一系列肝外并发症发生的两个始动因素。

48 cases of basilar invagination were treated by surgery. It usually associated with assimilation of atlas, Arnold-Chiari malformation, syringomyelia and serial neurological symptom and signs. The results were better in younger patients and the history of illness were shorter. After operation 38 eases got good results, 2 death. The mortality rate was 5.2%. In order to decrease the mortality, don't op(?)n dural mater during operation were feasible. Fever after surgery should be taken care,X-ray film were importance...

48 cases of basilar invagination were treated by surgery. It usually associated with assimilation of atlas, Arnold-Chiari malformation, syringomyelia and serial neurological symptom and signs. The results were better in younger patients and the history of illness were shorter. After operation 38 eases got good results, 2 death. The mortality rate was 5.2%. In order to decrease the mortality, don't op(?)n dural mater during operation were feasible. Fever after surgery should be taken care,X-ray film were importance in establishing the diagnosis. CT and MRI were superior to other varied diagnostic methods. The etiology and operative indication of basilar invagination are discussed in detail.

本文报告48例颅底凹陷,多数合并环枕融合、小脑扁桃体下疝和脊髓空洞,表现多种神经系统功能障碍。手术38例,效果良好,死亡2例,占5.2%。本文还对颅底凹陷的发病及手术适应症做了详细论述。

This paper reports 25 cases with otogenous cerebral hernia, in which, 13 were tentorial hernia, (10 inferior tentorid notch hernia, 3superior tentorid notch hernia), 12 tonsillar hernia. We found that the predisposing factors of cerebral hernia were mastaidotomy Inmbal puncture, postural change and drainage of cerebral puneture, etc.Whenever the cerebral pressure of a patient with cerebral abscess is increased, one should avoid aforesaid factors in order to avoid the emergence of cerebral hernia incarceration.It...

This paper reports 25 cases with otogenous cerebral hernia, in which, 13 were tentorial hernia, (10 inferior tentorid notch hernia, 3superior tentorid notch hernia), 12 tonsillar hernia. We found that the predisposing factors of cerebral hernia were mastaidotomy Inmbal puncture, postural change and drainage of cerebral puneture, etc.Whenever the cerebral pressure of a patient with cerebral abscess is increased, one should avoid aforesaid factors in order to avoid the emergence of cerebral hernia incarceration.It is emphasized that once cerebral hernia emerged in patient. a measure of dehydrant should be taken as a preparatory step before opration

本文报道耳源性脑疝25例,其中小脑幕疝13例(小脑幕切迹下疝10例,小脑幕切迹上疝3例),枕骨大孔疝(小脑扁桃体疝)12例.脑疝的诱因有乳突凿开术、腰穿、体位改变和脑穿刺引流等.当脑脓肿病人有颅内压增高时.应避免以上诱发脑疝的因素.一旦出现脑疝,作者强调应使用脱水剂作为术前的准备措施

 
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