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肺底     
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  base of lung
     The chest roentgenogram of 45% cases have a diffuse reticular or reticulonodular pattern (interstitial pulmonary disease). 12.5% have pulmonary fibrosis predominantly at the base of lung. 20% have pneumonia, 35% cases have pleural effusion, and diaphragmatic elevation occured in 32.5% of total cases.
     胸片表现可单一或多样,45%有肺间质病变(18/40),12.5%有肺底纤维化,35%胸腔积液(14/40),膈升高者占32.5%(13/40),合并肺炎8例(20%)。
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     Methods 40 cases of solitary pulmonary nodulus were chosen. From the apex to the base of lung,scanning was performed in 10mm sickness and 0mm gap,reconstruction was performed in 1.5mm sickness.
     方法 选择孤立性肺结节病灶 4 0例 ,自肺尖向肺底连续CT平扫 ,层厚 10mm ,间隔 0 ,行 1 5mm层厚病灶重建。
短句来源
  lung bases
     CT scans were performed with 10 millimeter thick section,125 kVp,250mAs,from the apexes to lung bases,then the targed areas were scaned with 1.5 to 20 millimeter section,125kVp,250mAs.
     扫描方法:先以10mm层厚,125kVp,250mAs,自肺尖到肺底逐层扫描,然后对病变区行1~1.5mm层厚薄层扫描并放大。
短句来源
     Lung attenuation increased predominantly in the posterior part with the lung bases being the densest (P<0.01).
     呼气相较吸气相肺衰减增加 ,以肺野后部及肺底水平增加为著 (P <0 .0 1) ;
短句来源
     The anteroposterior attenuation gradient became greater especially in the lung bases(P< 0.01).
     呼气相肺衰减梯度较吸气相明显 ,且以肺底为著 (P <0 .0 1) ;
短句来源
     There is a significant correlation between the decrease in cross-sectional lung area and the increase in lung attenuation. The anteroposterior attenuation gradient becomes greater, especially in the lung bases.
     呼气相时肺横断面积减小与肺衰减值增加呈正相关性 ,肺前后部衰减梯度明显 ,且以肺底为著。
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  “肺底”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The imaging parameters were 1.0 mm collimation, p=0.938, 120kV, 0.5s/Rot, and FOV 280~330mm.
     采用TOSHIBAAquilion16层CT自肺尖至肺底扫描。 扫描参数:准直1mm,螺距15(0.938),FOV280~330mm,120kV,0.5s/Rot。
短句来源
     27 patients were scanned by SIEMENS SOMATOM SENSATION 64, the scanning scope from the lung apex to the lung bottom, the scanning time was 6.5s, Scanning parameter:Collimator 0.6mm、Pitch=1.0、FOV=300mm、120KV、the automatic milliampere technology .
     27例采用西门子SOMATOM SENSATION 64层螺旋CT,扫描范围从肺尖至肺底,患者一次屏气,扫描时间为6.5秒。 扫描参数:准直器0.6mm、Pitch=1.0、FOV=300mm、电压=120KV、电流采用自动毫安技术。
短句来源
     In mean density there were a significant difference(u=2.26, 0.05>P>0.01)between HPS group(-671.4±92.4Hu) and control group (-710.1±54.7Hu).
     病例组右肺底平均密度 ( -671.4± 92 .4Hu)大于对照组 ( -710 .1± 5 4.7Hu ,P <0 .0 5 ) ;
短句来源
     The lung bottom accumulates the 126 examples: liquid,occupying 35%;
     肺底积液126例,占35%;
短句来源
     For BA-MSCTA, 10ml of 45% contrast was injected into BA (1~2ml/s), and scan was started 5s after injection, ranging from low cervix to the bottom of lung ( pitch 5mm, no overlap reconstruction ).
     BA-MSCTA方法是以1~2ml/s的速度注入45%的造影剂10ml,注入5秒时自下颈部(颈5~6椎体水平)向肺底扫描,准值5mm,无重叠连续重建。
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The pattern of branching and distribution of the blood vessels in the right lower

1.解剖了50个成人的右肺下叶,详细观察了右下叶血管的分支情况。 2.上段动脉(A~6)的发起、分支类型都进行了观察。A~6是一支型者68%,其中二分支者50%,三分支者18%;二支型者30%;三支型者2%。 3.在19例有B~*(22支)的标本上,有A~*27支。1例可有A~*1—3支,但以1支者较多(13例)。在43例有BX_(10)~*(57支)的标本上,有AX_(10)~*59支。 4.A~7是一支型者78%,其中34%的A~7单独起于肺底段动脉,其余的与其他动脉合干。A~7是二支型者22%。根据A~7与肺底段静脉的关系又可分成四型,Ⅰ、Ⅱ型占68%,Ⅲ型占10%,Ⅳ型占22%。A~8的普通型只有22%,与其他动脉合干者44%,分二支发起者34%,故A~8的变异远比B~8为多。A~9的普通型只有44%,而B~9的普通型有82%,故A~9的变异亦比B~9多。A~9分二支发起者38%,与其他动脉合干者16%。A~(10)包括有A_a~(10)与A_b~(10)两个分支者有98%,其中有5例,自A~(10)或A_b~(10)发出A~*、A_b~7或A_b~9。 5.上段的静脉汇合成一...

1.解剖了50个成人的右肺下叶,详细观察了右下叶血管的分支情况。 2.上段动脉(A~6)的发起、分支类型都进行了观察。A~6是一支型者68%,其中二分支者50%,三分支者18%;二支型者30%;三支型者2%。 3.在19例有B~*(22支)的标本上,有A~*27支。1例可有A~*1—3支,但以1支者较多(13例)。在43例有BX_(10)~*(57支)的标本上,有AX_(10)~*59支。 4.A~7是一支型者78%,其中34%的A~7单独起于肺底段动脉,其余的与其他动脉合干。A~7是二支型者22%。根据A~7与肺底段静脉的关系又可分成四型,Ⅰ、Ⅱ型占68%,Ⅲ型占10%,Ⅳ型占22%。A~8的普通型只有22%,与其他动脉合干者44%,分二支发起者34%,故A~8的变异远比B~8为多。A~9的普通型只有44%,而B~9的普通型有82%,故A~9的变异亦比B~9多。A~9分二支发起者38%,与其他动脉合干者16%。A~(10)包括有A_a~(10)与A_b~(10)两个分支者有98%,其中有5例,自A~(10)或A_b~(10)发出A~*、A_b~7或A_b~9。 5.上段的静脉汇合成一支V~6者82%,二支V~6者18%。V~8、V~9与V~(10)汇成上下肺底段静脉。上下肺底段静脉的组成型式分正常型(52%)、异常型(12%)与分裂型(36%),其中以V~8与V~9汇成上肺底段静脉,V~(10)移行成下肺底段静脉的正常型最多,占34%。上下肺底段静脉汇成肺底段静脉者有90%。右下叶静脉由肺底段静脉与一支型V~6汇成者有70%。

The pattern of branching and distribution of the segmental bronchi in the rightlower lobe of 50 adult Chinese lungs were studied and the following results were ob-tained. 1. In 98% of the cases the superior segmental bronchus (B~6) arises as a single stem,which is either divided into 2 branches (86%) or 3 branches (12%). In the formercase, the prevailing pattern (68%) has the formula B_(a+b)~6 and B_6c. In 22% of the cases, the superior segment is obliquely fitted to the basal segmentsof the lower lobe, and...

The pattern of branching and distribution of the segmental bronchi in the rightlower lobe of 50 adult Chinese lungs were studied and the following results were ob-tained. 1. In 98% of the cases the superior segmental bronchus (B~6) arises as a single stem,which is either divided into 2 branches (86%) or 3 branches (12%). In the formercase, the prevailing pattern (68%) has the formula B_(a+b)~6 and B_6c. In 22% of the cases, the superior segment is obliquely fitted to the basal segmentsof the lower lobe, and in the remaining 76% it caps the basal segments horizontally. Only in one instance (2%), B~6 arises as two separate stems. In 38% of the cases the subsuperior bronchus proper (B~*) is present. In some cases(6%) of this group there are two B~* in the same lobe. The accessory subsuperior bronchus (BX_(10)~*) is found in 86% of the cases. It maybe represented by 1--3 stems. The B~x or BX_(10)~* almost always distributes to at least the posterior section of thelung but it may spread medially to the paravertebral area or laterally to the postero-lateral zone. 2. The percentages of occurrence of types Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ and Ⅳ of the medial basal bron-chus (B~7) are 38%, 30%, 16% and 16% respectively. The anterior basal bronchus (B~8) is remarkably constant in occurrence and pattern,80% of B~8 bifurcated into B_a~8 and B_b~8, 18% is expanded by the inclusion of the sub-segmental bronchus of adjoining segments, and 2% is defective. The lateral basal bronchus (B~9) divides typically into B_a~9 and B_b~9 in 82% of thecases. Only 2% of B~9 is expanded, this is due to the inclusion of the displaced B_b~8. Inthe remaining 16%, B~9 is defective. In such instances its two subsegmental bronchiarise independently, one has developed at the usual site of B~9, the other arises as a dis-placed branch usually from main trunk of B~(10). In all specimens, the posterior basal bronchi (B~(10)) divides into B_a~(10) and B_b~(10). Onlyin two specimens, B_b~(10). is expanded by inclusion of the displaced B_b~7. 3. The lengths and the relative levels of the segmental bronchi of the right lowerlobes were measured.

1.解剖50个成人的右肺下叶,详细观察了右肺下叶支气管的分支情况。 2.观察了上段支气管(B~6)的发起、分支型及分布区域。B~6为一支型者98%,二支型者2%。一支型的B~6分为二支者有86%,其中以分为B_(a+b)~6和B_c~6者最多(68%);分为三支者有12%。B~6分布区的下界呈水平位者76%,为斜位者22%。亚上段支气管(B~*)的出现率为38%,其中有6%B~*有二支。BX_(10)~*的出现率为86%,可有1—3支。B~*与BX_(10)~*都布于后缘区及其相邻的区域。 3.肺底内侧段支气管(B~7)可分为四型,Ⅰ型为38%,Ⅱ型为30%,Ⅲ型为16%,Ⅳ型为16%。肺底前段支气管(B~8)为较稳定的一支,普通型为78%,扩大型为20%,缩小型为2%。肺底外侧段支气管(B~9)的普通型为82%,扩大型为2%,缩小型为16%。缩小型中以B~9的一个分支起于原位、另一支变位起于B~(10)干者最多(12%)。肺底后段支气管(B~(10)),50例中只有2例属于扩大型,全部标本的B~(10)皆有B_a~(10)及B_b~(10)支。 4.各段支气管...

1.解剖50个成人的右肺下叶,详细观察了右肺下叶支气管的分支情况。 2.观察了上段支气管(B~6)的发起、分支型及分布区域。B~6为一支型者98%,二支型者2%。一支型的B~6分为二支者有86%,其中以分为B_(a+b)~6和B_c~6者最多(68%);分为三支者有12%。B~6分布区的下界呈水平位者76%,为斜位者22%。亚上段支气管(B~*)的出现率为38%,其中有6%B~*有二支。BX_(10)~*的出现率为86%,可有1—3支。B~*与BX_(10)~*都布于后缘区及其相邻的区域。 3.肺底内侧段支气管(B~7)可分为四型,Ⅰ型为38%,Ⅱ型为30%,Ⅲ型为16%,Ⅳ型为16%。肺底前段支气管(B~8)为较稳定的一支,普通型为78%,扩大型为20%,缩小型为2%。肺底外侧段支气管(B~9)的普通型为82%,扩大型为2%,缩小型为16%。缩小型中以B~9的一个分支起于原位、另一支变位起于B~(10)干者最多(12%)。肺底后段支气管(B~(10)),50例中只有2例属于扩大型,全部标本的B~(10)皆有B_a~(10)及B_b~(10)支。 4.各段支气管的长度以及它们之间的距离都进行了测量。

The roentgenographic manifestation of thirty cases with dermatomyositis, diagnosed by clinical and enzymological examinations, electromyography, skin and muscle pathological examinations, were analysed. The abnormality on chest film may be single or multiple with the incidence of interstitial pulmonary diseases 50%, pleural effusion 40%, elevated diaphragm 33. 3% and pulmonary fibrosis predominantly at the lung base 13. 3 %. Some related problems were also discussed in this article.

本文报告经临床、酶学检查、肌电图及皮肤、肌肉病理检查确定为皮肌炎30例,对其胸部X线表现作了分析。胸片异常可一种或多样,50%有肺间质病变;40%有胸腔积液;33.3%有膈升高;13.3%有肺底纤维化。对所见的几个问题进行了讨论。

 
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