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   耳蜗损伤 的翻译结果: 查询用时:1.26秒
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眼科与耳鼻咽喉科
神经病学
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耳蜗损伤     
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  cochlear
     Objective: To study the pathological alteration of the cochlear microcirculationand the role of endothelin(ET)in the process of the noise -induced injury of cochlea.
     目的:研究噪声性耳蜗损伤过程中耳蜗微循环的病理变化以及内皮素(Endothelin,ET)在这一病理过程中的作用及意义。
短句来源
     Conclusion GluR2/3 expression was weaker at cell membrane in cochlear nucleus of the operated side after unilateral cochlea removal.
     结论单侧耳蜗损伤后可导致术侧蜗核中GluR2/3在胞膜上的表达降低。
短句来源
     An experimental study on the effects of gastrodin on noise-induced cochlear damage
     天麻素对噪声性耳蜗损伤防护作用的实验研究
短句来源
     Conclusion Cochlear damage caused by air blast could induce the apoptosis of spiral ganglion cell and increase expression of caspase-3 in guinea pigs.
     结论:气体冲击致豚鼠耳蜗损伤可致耳蜗螺旋神经节细胞发生凋亡并Caspase-3阳性表达,导致听力下降。
短句来源
     CONCLUSION: NGF prevents auditory and cochlear injury induced by brain ischemia and reperfusion.
     结论 :NGF能减轻脑缺血再灌注引起的听力及耳蜗损伤
短句来源
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  cochlear injury
     CONCLUSION: NGF prevents auditory and cochlear injury induced by brain ischemia and reperfusion.
     结论 :NGF能减轻脑缺血再灌注引起的听力及耳蜗损伤
短句来源
     Conclusion ①Comparing with the pure tone audiometry,DPOAE amplitude is more sensitive in detection of noise-induced cochlear injury.
     结论在检测噪声引起的耳蜗损伤时,DPOAE反应幅值较纯音测听更敏感;
短句来源
     Nerve growth factor attenuates cochlear injury induced by brain ischemia and reperfusion in rats
     神经生长因子减轻大鼠脑缺血再灌注耳蜗损伤
短句来源
     Expression of caspase-3 in guinea pigs with cochlear injury caused by air blast
     气体冲击致豚鼠耳蜗损伤后天冬氨酸特异性半胱氨酸蛋白酶3的表达
短句来源
     AIM: To observe the expression of caspase-3 in guinea pigs with cochlear injury induced by air blast.
     目的:观察气体冲击致豚鼠耳蜗损伤后天冬氨酸特异性半胱氨酸蛋白酶3的表达。
短句来源
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  cochlear damage
     An experimental study on the effects of gastrodin on noise-induced cochlear damage
     天麻素对噪声性耳蜗损伤防护作用的实验研究
短句来源
     Conclusion Cochlear damage caused by air blast could induce the apoptosis of spiral ganglion cell and increase expression of caspase-3 in guinea pigs.
     结论:气体冲击致豚鼠耳蜗损伤可致耳蜗螺旋神经节细胞发生凋亡并Caspase-3阳性表达,导致听力下降。
短句来源
  cochlea injury
     Experimental Study of iNOS on Cochlea Injury in Newborn Rats Hypoxia-ischemia
     iNOS在缺氧缺血新生大鼠耳蜗损伤中作用的实验研究
短句来源
     Experimental Study of nNOS and iNOS on Cochlea Injury in Newborn Rats of Hypoxia-ischemia
     nNOS、iNOS在缺氧缺血新生大鼠耳蜗损伤中的作用
短句来源
     Influence of cochlea injury on expression of tubulin in cochlear neucleus of chinchilla
     灰鼠耳蜗损伤对耳蜗核微管蛋白的影响
短句来源
     Conclusion bFGF has antitoxic effect on guinea pig cochlea injury induced by gentamicin in vivo.
     结论 bFGF对庆大霉素所致活体豚鼠耳蜗损伤有拮抗作用
短句来源
     Now, people have make great progress about physiology of NO and NOS, but study about hearing is beginning and people are short of pathology and even animal models. Study of NO and NOS about cochlea injury in newborn rats of hypoxia-ischemia does not report.
     当前,人们对内耳NO及NOS在正常生理情况下的研究已取得了相当大的进展,但在内耳病理生理条件下的研究,尤其在HIE患儿听觉系统和各种动物模型等方面的研究还刚刚起步,而有关NO、NOS在缺氧缺血新生大鼠耳蜗损伤中作用的研究,国内外更未见相关报道。
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      cochlear
    The article deals with of the regularities of auditory word recognition in noise by preschool children (healthy and with speech development disorders) and patients with cochlear implants.
          
    The data on patients with cochlear implants also confirmed the key role of the central factors in understanding distorted speech.
          
    Coding of amplitude-modulated signals in the cochlear nucleus of a grass frog
          
    Cochlear implant has been successfully applied in clinic.
          
    Nonlinear cochlear mechnical model and its bias technique
          
    更多          
      cochlear injury
    Sudden sensorineural hearing loss is a symptom of cochlear injury.
          
    Brain-evoked response audiometry seems to be the most sensitive test in detecting early manifestations of cochlear injury caused by CQ when still in a reversible stage.
          
    The patients were randomised and received five single diode laser treatments (λ=635 nm, 7.8 mW cw, n=17 and λ=830 nm, 20 mW cw, n=18) with a space irradiation of 4 J/cm2 site of maximal cochlear injury.
          
    Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and oxidative stress have been implicated in cochlear injury following loud noise and ototoxins.
          
    Genetic mutations that impair antioxidant defenses would be expected to increase cochlear injury following acute insults and to contribute to cumulative injury that presents as age-related hearing loss.
          
    更多          
      cochlear damage
    The amplitude reductions observed may be explained by the diffuse cochlear damage known to occur concurrently with head trauma.
          
    Reactive oxygen and nitrogen species, in particular peroxynitrite, seem to be among the crucial mediators of cochlear damage and hearing loss during meningitis.
          
    The separate response of pyramidal and nonpyramidal cell types to early cochlear damage is evidence for the different role of epigenetic determinants of dendritic form and orientation in sensory neocortical neurons.
          
    Plasticity of tonotopic maps in auditory midbrain following partial cochlear damage in the developing chinchilla
          
    The assessment of slight forms of cochlear damage in surface preparations requires a precise knowledge of hair cell degenerations,i.e., their medium and extreme values, that are found in the cochlea of healthy guinea pigs.
          
    更多          
      cochlea injury
    Our results support a link between genetic impairment of antioxidant defenses, vulnerability of the cochlea injury, and cochlear degeneration.
          


    In 1980, we examined 270 soldiers who had been exposed to cannon-explosion during military training, and found that the incidence of acoustic trauma was ( 75/ 270)27.8%. At the same time, 30 guinea pigs were exposed to cannon-explosion to study the pathological changes of acoustic trauma caused by explosion . The specimens were prepared with vital fixation, collodion serial section, H-E stain and were observed under microscope. The results showed that among 60 ears, there were rupture of eardrums in 57 ears...

    In 1980, we examined 270 soldiers who had been exposed to cannon-explosion during military training, and found that the incidence of acoustic trauma was ( 75/ 270)27.8%. At the same time, 30 guinea pigs were exposed to cannon-explosion to study the pathological changes of acoustic trauma caused by explosion . The specimens were prepared with vital fixation, collodion serial section, H-E stain and were observed under microscope. The results showed that among 60 ears, there were rupture of eardrums in 57 ears ( 95% ) , destruction of ossicle-chains in 32 ears (53.3% ) , and blood & exudation in the middle ears in 47 ears ( 78.3% ) . The pathological changes were classified into three types: Light degree, Sears (5.0% ) , moderate degree, 41 cars (68.3%) , and severe degree, 16 ears (26.67% ) , The important pathological changes of the cochlea were as following: Cloudy swelling, vacuolization,pyknosis,fragmentation or karyorrhexis in the hair-cells & supporting structure of the organ of Corti, rupture of Reissner's & basilar membranes, blood and exudation in the cochlea, degeneration, destruction, collapes or absence of the organ of Corti. In the late stage, degenerative changes in ganglion cells and nerve fibers were found. The injuries occured chiefly in the first & second circles of the cochlea and the third & fouth circles of the cochlea were also involved in 21 ears. These results proved that severe acoustic trauma may be caused by cannon-explosion and is difficult to recover; therefore attention must be paid to the protection & prophylaxis of acoustic trauma during explosion.

    通过动物试验证明火炮发射爆震在近距离内可引起较重的中耳及耳蜗损伤。30只豚鼠60耳中,鼓膜破裂者57耳,听骨链破坏者32耳,中耳积血或有渗出液者47耳;耳蜗病变,轻度者3耳,中度者41耳,重度者16耳。耳蜗的损伤主要在耳蜗的第一、二周,其中21耳病变波及第三、四周。上述结果与临床检查受炮震后听力损伤者的听力曲线相符合。

    30 guinea pigs were exposed to blast for studying the pathologic changes of blast acoustic trauma. The important pathologic changes in the cochlea were as following: cloudy swelling, vacuoliza-tion,pyknosis, fragmentation or karyorrhexis in the hair-cells and supporting structures of the organ of Corti, rupture of Reissner's and basement membrane, blood and exudations in the cochlea, degeneration, destruction, collapse or absence of organ of Corti. In later stage, degenerative changes in ganglion cells and nerve...

    30 guinea pigs were exposed to blast for studying the pathologic changes of blast acoustic trauma. The important pathologic changes in the cochlea were as following: cloudy swelling, vacuoliza-tion,pyknosis, fragmentation or karyorrhexis in the hair-cells and supporting structures of the organ of Corti, rupture of Reissner's and basement membrane, blood and exudations in the cochlea, degeneration, destruction, collapse or absence of organ of Corti. In later stage, degenerative changes in ganglion cells and nerve fibers were found. The injuries occurred mainly in the first and second circles of thecochlea and involved the third and fourth circles in 21 ears.

    动物试验证明,火炮发射后,爆震在近距离内可引起较重的中耳及耳蜗损伤。30只豚鼠60耳中,鼓膜破裂者57耳;听骨链破坏者32耳;中耳积血或有渗出液者47耳;轻度耳蜗病变者3耳,中度者41耳,重度者16耳。耳蜗的损伤主要在耳蜗的第1、2周,其中21耳病变波及第3、4周。上述结果与临床检查炮震后听力损伤者的听力曲线相符合。

    46 Guinea pigs were used for comparing the ototoxicity of micronom-icin with gentamycin. The results from Preyer reflex, hair cell count of Corti's organ and SEM observation all indicate that the ototoxicity of microaomicin is much less than that of gentamicin.

    以正常豚鼠46只,分4组,第一组肌注庆大霉素,后三组肌注三种浓度的硫酸小诺霉素,日剂量60mg/kg,注射28~30天。注射期间检查听力与平衡功能,注射完毕后2周,取材制备柯替氏器铺片及SEM样品,以位相差显微镜及SEM进行观察。庆大霉素组有过半数的动物听力减退,每耳的毛细胞坏死总数达761~4924个。注射各种浓度的硫酸小诺霉素组动物听力正常,每耳的毛细胞坏死数<203。结果表明硫酸小诺霉素对耳蜗的损伤比庆大霉素为轻。

     
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