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东方
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  “《东方》”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Brief Comments On The Document Value of“The orient Magazine”
     论《东方》杂志的文献价值
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     1. Pointing out the necessity of appraisal of Russian teaching material "Orient" according to position and function of teaching materials in teaching and some problems in teaching materials.
     第一部分,根据教材在教学中地位和作用,教材理论的发展和教材自身有待于进一步完善等问题,指出评价《东方》俄语教材的必要性。
短句来源
     3. Studying the research achievements of teaching material theory at home and abroad, and establishing the appraisal standards of "Orient" according to "Teaching Outline for Russian Majors in Preliminary Stage in College".
     第三部分,借鉴国内外教材理论的研究成果,以《高等学校俄语专业基础阶段教学大纲》为依据,以相关学科基础理论为理论基础,确定大学基础阶段《东方》俄语教材的评价标准。
短句来源
     At present, textbook The Orient — College Russian is extensively adopted by Russian majors in Chinese colleges and universities and has served as an important tool for the training for the personnel of the Russian language. Therefore, evaluation on The Orient has its epochal significance.
     《东方》俄语教材是目前我国高校俄语专业使用较广的一套精读课教材,是培养符合时代要求的高素质俄语人才的重要工具,因此,评价《东方》俄语教材对于提高俄语教学质量、培养高素质俄语人才具有重要意义。
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     This paper attempts to evaluate The Orient Book 5-8 (advanced level) with some educational research methods employed. The evaluation is grounded in some fundamental theories of education science and otherrelated disciplines.
     本文充分依据教育学的基本理论和相关学科的基础理论,应用教育科学中的一些基本的研究方法,拟对大学提高阶段《东方》俄语教材(即《大学俄语——东方》教材5-8册)做出评价尝试。
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     ORIENTAL SENTIMENT
     东方情怀
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     Oriental Garments
     东方风情
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     "Border Town"Oriental Charm
     边城:东方神韵
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     《Eastward Magazine》 During Republic of China
     民国时期的东方杂志
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     Dongfang Municipal Electrical Power Company
     案例东方电力公司
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A synoptic and aerological study on a cold wave in the Far East is made during the periodof the break down of the blocking situation over Euroasia and Atlantic.It is found thatduring this period the hemispherical circulation pattern is markedly changed.It is changedfrom low index pattern into high index pattern.The onset of the cold wave occured duringthe period of changes.The source of the arctic air for this cold wave may be traced upstream tothe Arctic Ocean to the east of Greenland.Furthermore,the structure...

A synoptic and aerological study on a cold wave in the Far East is made during the periodof the break down of the blocking situation over Euroasia and Atlantic.It is found thatduring this period the hemispherical circulation pattern is markedly changed.It is changedfrom low index pattern into high index pattern.The onset of the cold wave occured duringthe period of changes.The source of the arctic air for this cold wave may be traced upstream tothe Arctic Ocean to the east of Greenland.Furthermore,the structure of the jet streams over125°E during the cold wave is analysed.Two distinct jet streams—polar front jet and thesubtropical jet—were found.

作者对1956年2月下旬的一次东亚寒潮天气,进行了天气学的分析。分析得出,在寒潮爆发的时期,原先维持在大西洋和乌拉尔上空的阻塞高压发生崩溃。北半球的环流型式亦表现有极明显的改变,即从低指数的环流变向高指数的环流。此次寒潮的冷空气源地,一直可以溯源至格林兰东方的北冰洋上。此外,对此次寒潮爆发时期中,东经125度上空急流的结构亦作了分析,我们发现在这个时期中,有两个急流出现——即极锋急流及副热带急流。

In the present paper three species of Lamproglena are reported with two nauplius larvae belonging to Lamproglena chinensis and L. carassii.1. Nauplius larva of Lamproglena chinensis (fig. 11)The larva is pyriform or ovoid in outline, with a sharp process at its posterior end. The body is slightly transparent, measuring 0.209 mm in its total length and 0.125 mm in the greatest width. The yolk spherules are small and numerous. There are three pair of appendages. First antenna has two joints and bears three setae....

In the present paper three species of Lamproglena are reported with two nauplius larvae belonging to Lamproglena chinensis and L. carassii.1. Nauplius larva of Lamproglena chinensis (fig. 11)The larva is pyriform or ovoid in outline, with a sharp process at its posterior end. The body is slightly transparent, measuring 0.209 mm in its total length and 0.125 mm in the greatest width. The yolk spherules are small and numerous. There are three pair of appendages. First antenna has two joints and bears three setae. Second antenna is biramus: exopod singlejointed and with three setae at terminal end; endopod possessing three joints and bearing four setae. Mandible is also biramus; exopod possessing three joints and endopod only one joint. The posterior end has a pair of setae functional as balancers.2. Lamproglena orientalis Markewitsch, 1936 (figs. 1-10)The female specimen is parasitic on the gills of Erythroculter erythropterus (Nanking, Wushin), E. recurviceps (Nanking), E. dabryi (Shanghai, Soochow), Culter albernus (Shanghai, Wushi) and C. brevicauda (Shanghai, Soochow and Wushi).The body is cylindrical, somewhat depressed, being 1.71 to 2.60 mm in total length. The abdomen is without segmentation, the length of the abdomen varying from 0.27 to 0.34 mm in length. The caudal ramusis finger-shaped and without any processes.Antennae are present. Mandible (formerly called first maxilla)is "S"-shaped, with small teeth at its terminal end. A hook-like spine present at the terminal end of first maxilla (formerly called second maxilla). The maxillipeds are not far away from the mouth parts, and possess three hook-like spines at the terminal end. Fives pairs of swimming legs are present. The basipodites of the 1-4 legs each bears a seta. For seta formula of this species see figures 6 to 10.3. Lamproglena carassii Sproston et al., 1950.The female specimen is found on the gills of Carassius auratus taken from Nanking, Wushi. This species differs from the type specimen in the following particulars:(1) The terminal end of the abdomen is not pointed.(2) A seta present on the basipodite of the first to fourth legs.(3) A seta on the second joint of the exopod of the fourth leg.Nauplius larva of Lamproglena carassii (fig. 24).Body is ovoid in shape, measuring 0.327 mm in length by 0.137 mm in width. The yolk spherules are less numerous than those found in the nauplius larva of L. chinensis. There are three pairs of appendages, as found in the nauplius larva of L. chinensis. The exopod of its mandible possesses four joints instead of only 3, as in L. chinensis.

(1)这次在南京至上海一带从淡水魚的鳃上共获得了3种狹腹鳋(中华狹腹鳋、东方 狹腹鳋和鯽狹腹鳋),并对中华狹腹鳋和鯽狹腹鳋的无节幼体也加以補充描述。 (2)从这次所得的东方狹腹鳋來看,腹部的长度存在着明显的变异,又增添五种新宿主鱼。 (3)本文对鯽狹腹鳋的特徴,有新的補充和修正。

Through the study of genitalia and proventriculus, as well as the external morpho-logy of the genus Scolytus Geoffr. which is the only genus of the family Scolytidae(s. str.) now found in China, we suggest the revised classification with keys to subgeneraand species-groups as follows: Key to subgenera of Scolytus Geoffr.1(4) Penis without seminal valve ("Rinne", Nusslin), terminal opening of the penis body not ventrad, pro- ventricular plate narrower, teeth of the plate smaller.2(3) Dividing line between first...

Through the study of genitalia and proventriculus, as well as the external morpho-logy of the genus Scolytus Geoffr. which is the only genus of the family Scolytidae(s. str.) now found in China, we suggest the revised classification with keys to subgeneraand species-groups as follows: Key to subgenera of Scolytus Geoffr.1(4) Penis without seminal valve ("Rinne", Nusslin), terminal opening of the penis body not ventrad, pro- ventricular plate narrower, teeth of the plate smaller.2(3) Dividing line between first and second abdominal segment prominent and somewhat elevated at the side. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Scolytus s.str.3(2) Dividing line between 1st & 2nd abdominal segment indistinct at the side. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Confusoscolytus Tsai et Hwang, n. subgen.4(1) Penis with seminal valve, terminal opening ventrad, proventricular plate broader, with larger and pointer teeth. The dividing line between 1st & 2nd abdominal segment indistinct. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rugulosocolytus Butov. Key to species-groups of Scolytus Geoffr. I. Subgen. Scolytus s. str.1(4) Penis without end plate, terminal opening dorsad, with a plug process at the base or middle of the 2nd abdominal segment, rarely wanting (e. g.: S. butovitschi Stark ? & S. pygmaeus F.)2(3) Strial punctures similar to the interstrial punctures of the elytra, penis body slender symmetrically, without special process near the end, apical orifice sometimes heart-shaped, Hind margin of 8th ster- nite (?) with hairs. . . . . . . . . .Archaeoscolytus(Butov.) Tsai n. comb. (=Archaeoscolytus Butov.+ Spinuloscolytus Butov.)3(2) Strial punctures differ from the interstrial punctures. Penis body twisted asymmetrically, apex en- larged, capitate. Hind margin of the 8th sternite (?) without hairs. . . .Pygmaeoscolytus Butov.4(1) Penis with end plate, terminal opening not dorsad, 2nd abdominal segment without process.5(6) Lateral punctures of pronotum rougher than the dorsal, sometimes to come into contact with each other, strial punctures of elytra similar to interstrial punctures. Penis body closed dorsally, tubiform. Spicule ("Stengel", Lindemann) without lateral barb ("Seitenzahn", Butov.). . . .Tubuloscolytus Butov.6(5) Lateral punctures of pronotum fine, separately, strial punctures of elytra are larger than those of interspaces. Penis body opened dorsally, furrow shaped, lateral edges dilated at the middle, sometimes triangular in form. Spicule with a lateral barb. . . . . . . . . .Scolytus s. str. Ⅱ. Subgen. Confusoscolytus Tsai et Hwang1(1) Penis without end plate, nor seminal valve, Penis body opened dorsally, furrow shaped, apex conical.Frontal surface longitudinally aciculated. Size small (1.5-2 mm.) . ..Confusoscolytus s.str. Ⅲ. Subgen. Ruguloscolytus Butov.1(4) Seminal valve connected with seminal rod ("Rinnenstabchen", Butov.) sensory clasper ("Geschlechts- taster", Butov.) obsolete, penis body with lateral hairs or setaceus papillules.2(3) Frontal surface granulated, Host: conifers. . . . . . . . .Pinetoscolytus Butov.3(2) Frontal surface longitudinally aciculated, Host: conifers or broadleaf trees. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Pinetoruguloscolytus Tsai et Hwang, n. sp. gr.4(1) Seminal valve separated with the rod, sensory clasper developed, penis body without lateral hairs nor papillules, Frontal surface longitudinally aciculated, Host: broad-leaf trees. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Raguloscolytus s. str. Scolytus (Rugaloscolytus) sinopiceus Tsai, n. sp. (P1 Ⅰ:12; Ⅱ:11; Ⅲ:12; Ⅳ:3, 7-8;Ⅴ:4-6) Length: 3.7-4.9mm., grayish black, shining; head, pronotum, scutellum, ventralside of thorax and abdomen black. Elytra dark ferruginous, with black margins anddarker apices; antennae and tarsi grayish brown; hind margin of abdominal segmentslight pale. Body with long hairs, hairs of head and thorax grayish black, those of elytraand abdomen pale yellow; tibial hairs grayish. Male frons concave, extending near the hind margin of the head, s

根据我国产小蠹科目前所知唯一的属:小蠹属 Scolytus Geoffr.的外生殖器,前胃及外部形态研究结果,把该属分设三亚属:Scolytus.s. str.;Confusoscolytus (新亚属)及Ruguloscolytus Butov.和八个种团:Archaeoscolytus(新租合);Pygmaeoscolytus Butov.;Tubuloscolytus Butov.;Scolytuss.str.;Confusoscolytus s. str.(新种团);Pinetoscolytus Butov.;Pinetoruguloscolytus(新种团);及 Ruguloscolytus s.str.Butov.。 详细研究了我国产小蠹属14种以后,发现两新种:云杉小蠹 Scolytus sinopiceus和栒子木小蠹Sco-lytus abaensis 均产于川西阿坝藏族自治州米亚罗林区,在分类系统上与日本小蠹 Scolytus. japonicus合成一个新种团:Pinetoruguloscolytus。形成东方产特有的类群。此外对于若干种类在分类系统上作了更正,例如 S.sc...

根据我国产小蠹科目前所知唯一的属:小蠹属 Scolytus Geoffr.的外生殖器,前胃及外部形态研究结果,把该属分设三亚属:Scolytus.s. str.;Confusoscolytus (新亚属)及Ruguloscolytus Butov.和八个种团:Archaeoscolytus(新租合);Pygmaeoscolytus Butov.;Tubuloscolytus Butov.;Scolytuss.str.;Confusoscolytus s. str.(新种团);Pinetoscolytus Butov.;Pinetoruguloscolytus(新种团);及 Ruguloscolytus s.str.Butov.。 详细研究了我国产小蠹属14种以后,发现两新种:云杉小蠹 Scolytus sinopiceus和栒子木小蠹Sco-lytus abaensis 均产于川西阿坝藏族自治州米亚罗林区,在分类系统上与日本小蠹 Scolytus. japonicus合成一个新种团:Pinetoruguloscolytus。形成东方产特有的类群。此外对于若干种类在分类系统上作了更正,例如 S.schevyrewi Sem.,S.dahuricus Chap.,S.japonicus Chap.及 S.confusus Egg.等均有了新的系统地位。对于若干种类学名的误订和有同物异名者,亦一一作了修正,详见本文国产种类纪要一节。

 
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