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民间
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Two new crystalline glucosides have been isolated from the Chinese drug Chiu-pi-ying, which is identified as Ilex spp. and popularly used for curing malaria fever in Kwangsi province. They are provisionally named ilexanin A and ilexanin B respectively. The ilexanin A has the emperical formula, C_(19)H_(28)O_(10), m.p. 194°[α]_D~(31)—24°, and a crystalline acetyl derivative, C_(19)H_(22)O_(10)(CH_3CO)_6, has been prepared. It contains two methoxy groups. When hydrolysed with 5% sulphuric acid, it gives amorphous...

Two new crystalline glucosides have been isolated from the Chinese drug Chiu-pi-ying, which is identified as Ilex spp. and popularly used for curing malaria fever in Kwangsi province. They are provisionally named ilexanin A and ilexanin B respectively. The ilexanin A has the emperical formula, C_(19)H_(28)O_(10), m.p. 194°[α]_D~(31)—24°, and a crystalline acetyl derivative, C_(19)H_(22)O_(10)(CH_3CO)_6, has been prepared. It contains two methoxy groups. When hydrolysed with 5% sulphuric acid, it gives amorphous aglycone and glucose.The ilexanin B has the emperical formula, C_(33)H_(54)O_(10), m.p. 215—217°, [α]_D~(31)+13.3°, and forms a crystalline acetyl derivative, C_(33)H_(47)O_9(CH_3CO)_5. During hydrolysis with 1% methanolic hydrogen chloride, it gives a crystalline aglycone, C_(27)H_(42)O_4, m.p. 254°, and[α]_D~(31)+102°. Owing to losing one molecule of water in acetylation and hydrolysis, it seems that the acetylated product and aglycone of the ilexanin B have been converted into anhydrous compounds. The presence of a new double bond in each of these anhydrous compounds is confirmed by color test, forming a yellowish or brownish tint with tetranitromethane in chloroform solution. The sugar part of ilexanin B is glucose which is identified by its osazone.

從兩廣民間常用的退熱藥救必應(園果冬青Ilex spp.)中,分得兩種結晶的配醣體,暫命名(1)救必應甙甲,C_(19)H_(28)O_(10),熔點194°,[α]_D~(31)=-24°;(2)救必應甙乙,C_(33)H_(54)O_(10),熔點215—217°,[α]_D~(31)=±13.3°。兩種甙都可製成結晶的乙醯酯。經水解後,從救必應甙甲未能得結晶的甙基質,但從救必應甙乙分得一結晶的甙基質乙,C_(27)H_(42)O_4,熔點254°,[α]_D~(31)=+102°,並已製成它的結晶乙醯酯。又兩種甙中的糖都證實為葡萄糖。

1. Too-gin-chie, the dried herb of Chenopodium ambrodoides L., has been used as anthelmintic, for the round and hook worms. Research work in recent years showed that it has good anthelmintic activity. 2. A brief review of the literature and detailed descriptions of the macroscopical and microscopical characters of the drug are given with 16 illustrations. 3. The more important microscopical features of the drug are: (1) epidermis of the stem, with non-glandular hairs of two types: 6 to 18-celled uniseriate hairs,...

1. Too-gin-chie, the dried herb of Chenopodium ambrodoides L., has been used as anthelmintic, for the round and hook worms. Research work in recent years showed that it has good anthelmintic activity. 2. A brief review of the literature and detailed descriptions of the macroscopical and microscopical characters of the drug are given with 16 illustrations. 3. The more important microscopical features of the drug are: (1) epidermis of the stem, with non-glandular hairs of two types: 6 to 18-celled uniseriate hairs, up to 920μ in length, with small apical cells, and 18 to 24-celled biseriate hairs; (2) glandular hairs also of two types: those having 6 to 9-celled stalk and 2 to 3-celled head, and those having 3 to 5-celled stalk and 1-celled sac-shaped head. 4. The essential oil of the drug has been studied, and its content, physical and chemical constants are given.

本文介紹了土荆芥在民間的应用的情况,詳細地描述了土荆芥Chenopodium ambrosioides L.原植物的形态。并与洋土荆芥C.ambrosioides var.anthelminticum Gray作了比較。根据形态組織学的研究結果,对土荆芥的莖、叶、苞叶、果实和种子的外部形态、內部构造与粉末特征都作了詳細的描述,并和洋土荊芥Chenopodium ambrosioides var.anthelminticum Gray作了組織粉末特征的比較,本文附有說明图片16幅。本文还报告了土荆芥揮发油的含量测定結果,对揮发油的此重、旋光度、折光率及药典所列各項規定进行了检查,并与洋土荆芥油作了对照比較。

1.Huang-teng is used as an analgesic remedy in Chinese medicine. Tomita and Tani have reported, besides mucilage and colouring matters, the presence of two alkaloidspalmatine and Jatrorrhizine. Though some phytochemical work has been reported, no pharmacognostical study on this drug appears to have been done. In view of the great importance of Huang-teng in medicine it was deemed desirable to undertake a detailed morphological and histological study. 2.After a careful comparison of various samples collected...

1.Huang-teng is used as an analgesic remedy in Chinese medicine. Tomita and Tani have reported, besides mucilage and colouring matters, the presence of two alkaloidspalmatine and Jatrorrhizine. Though some phytochemical work has been reported, no pharmacognostical study on this drug appears to have been done. In view of the great importance of Huang-teng in medicine it was deemed desirable to undertake a detailed morphological and histological study. 2.After a careful comparison of various samples collected in Kwangsi and Kwangtung, it is proved that they are of the roots and stems of the same plants, Fibraurea tinctoria Lour., family Menispermaceae. 3.A detailed account of their morphological and histological characters is made together with light plates of illustrations.

1.本文概括地叙述了黄藤的民间应用情况及成分提取研究的初步结果。 2.较详细地描述了黄藤的产地、药用部分——根和茎的性状、组织构造和粉末特征;附带报告显微化学试验和萤光试验的结果;并且着重地指出根和茎的不同点,作为今后鉴别时的参考。

 
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