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高尔基囊
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  “高尔基囊”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The microtubule binding ability was suppressed by 10 mmol/L ATP and 0 5 mol/L KCl, but not by 5 mmol/L AMP PNP, suggesting that the binding may result from some ATP related peripheral membrane proteins.
     花粉高尔基囊泡与牛脑微管的体外结合能力,受10 m m ol/LATP和0.5 m ol/LKCl的影响,但不受5 m m ol/L AMP-PNP的影响,说明两者结合可能是通过高尔基囊泡表面与ATP有关的某种外周膜蛋白来完成的。
短句来源
     Results from SDS PAGE and western blot, showed that the 100 kD polypeptides on Golgi vesicles were the major polypeptides of kinesin like protein.
     SDS-聚丙烯酰胺凝胶电泳和免疫印迹表明,分子量为100 kD的多肽大量存在于高尔基囊泡,此多肽可与动蛋白单克隆抗体进行特异性反应,证明花粉高尔基囊泡上有类动蛋白,其重链分子量为100 kD
短句来源
     The Glogi vesicles isolated from the pollens of Corylus avellana by discontinious sucrose gradient ultracentrifugation, could be recognized as antikinesin,based on immuno gold labelling.
     用蔗糖密度梯度离心法从榛木(Corylus avellana)花粉中分离得到高尔基囊泡,体外免疫胶体金处理后可被标记。
短句来源
     BINDING OF POLLEN GOLGI VESICLES TO CALF BRAIN MICROTUBULE IN VITRO
     花粉高尔基囊泡与牛脑微管的体外结合
短句来源
     The results showed that, in vitro, the pollen Golgi vesicles were able to bind onto calf brain microtubules.
     结果表明,花粉高尔基囊泡可以结合到牛脑微管上,证明植物花粉的高尔基囊泡与动物细胞的某些细胞器一样,也与细胞骨架的主要组成之一——微管具有结构上的紧密联系。
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  相似匹配句对
     IDENTIFICATION OF KINESIN-LIKE PROTEIN ON GOLGI VESICLES OF POLLEN
     花粉高尔基泡类动蛋白的鉴定
短句来源
     BINDING OF POLLEN GOLGI VESICLES TO CALF BRAIN MICROTUBULE IN VITRO
     花粉高尔基泡与牛脑微管的体外结合
短句来源
     Cystic Fibrosis
     性纤维化
短句来源
     fimbriatum Hook., D.
     、唇石斛D.
短句来源
     The Golgi complex was active.
     高尔基复合体活跃;
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  golgi sac
The melanosome appears first at stage 16 in the dorso-caudal region of the optic cup and the first appearance of the tyrosinase activity can also be detected at the same stage in Golgi sac.
      
Attention should be paid to the fact that there are tyrosinase-negative premelanosomes, even when Golgi sac and Golgi vesicles are tyrosinase-positive.
      


Human gastric low-differentiated mu-cous adenocarcinoma cell line MGc 80-3were treated with HpD-laser and studiedunder SEM and TEM.The ultrastructu-ral changes of photosensitized effects aresummarized as follows: (1).The microvilli are decreased,and many vesicular processes appear onthe surface of plasma membrane,the pla-sma membrane may be destroyed finally. (2).The mitochondria are swollen,and the cristae are disintegrated,most ofmitochondria become large vacuoles. (3).The Golgi sacs are dilated,theGolgi vacuoles...

Human gastric low-differentiated mu-cous adenocarcinoma cell line MGc 80-3were treated with HpD-laser and studiedunder SEM and TEM.The ultrastructu-ral changes of photosensitized effects aresummarized as follows: (1).The microvilli are decreased,and many vesicular processes appear onthe surface of plasma membrane,the pla-sma membrane may be destroyed finally. (2).The mitochondria are swollen,and the cristae are disintegrated,most ofmitochondria become large vacuoles. (3).The Golgi sacs are dilated,theGolgi vacuoles and Golgi vesicles becomevery irregular. (4).The nuclear membrane is dis-rupted,nucleoli are disintegrated,and ch-romatin is agglomerated. The phase and extent of photosensi-tized damages are not the same in differ-ent cells and organelles. In this paper,we discuss the rela-tionship between asynchronization of thedamages and relapse in clinical treatment.

本文应用扫描和透射电镜观察了HpD-激光光敏作用对人胃癌MGc 80-3细胞超微结构的损伤效应。结果表明,光敏作用可以使多种细胞器结构受到损伤:(1) 使细胞表面微绒毛减少,出现大量泡状突起,最后质膜破裂、崩解;(2) 使线粒体肿胀、嵴被破坏,随后整个线粒体空泡化;(3) 使高尔基囊扩张,高尔基液泡和高尔基小泡形态变得极不规则;(4) 使核膜破裂,核仁崩解,染色质凝聚。不同的细胞以及不同的细胞器光敏损伤的时间和程度并不相同。本文讨论了损伤的不同步性与临床治疗不彻底和复发之间的关系。

Golgi complex is a central link relatedto each kind of organella in cellular meta-bolic process,its morphological charges areoften concerned with the cell differentiationand functional state.The Golgi complexes intumour cells have the characteristics of poordevelopment and non-typical structure,andclosely related to their pathological differen-tial degree.For this reason,having based onappraising the differential effect of humangastric adenocarcinoma cell line MGc 80-3induced by dBcAMP in vitro,we had madea...

Golgi complex is a central link relatedto each kind of organella in cellular meta-bolic process,its morphological charges areoften concerned with the cell differentiationand functional state.The Golgi complexes intumour cells have the characteristics of poordevelopment and non-typical structure,andclosely related to their pathological differen-tial degree.For this reason,having based onappraising the differential effect of humangastric adenocarcinoma cell line MGc 80-3induced by dBcAMP in vitro,we had madea systematic observation on the changes ofGolgi complex during the malignant pheno-typical reversion of MGc 80-3 cells,in orderto inquire into the relationship between thestructural and functional changes of Golgicomplex and the malignant phenotypic re-version of cancer cells. It was revealed by ultrathin sectioningand freeze-etching electron microscopy that,in MGc 80-3 cells,there were a few Golgicomplexes,their volume was small,the am-ounts of saccule were few,they arrangedirregularly,expanded and inflated,and theintramembranous particles on saccule wererare and not well-distributed.It displayeda non-developmental and non-typical struc-tural state of Golgi complex.But after in-duced treatment with dBcAMP,the Golgicomplexes had grown in number and distri-buted concentratedly,their volume enlarged,the saccules increased and arranged regularly,and the intermembranous particles on saccu-les were plentiful and well-distributed.Theyhad restored a well-developed and typicalstructure of Golgi complex similar to thatof the primary culture cell of human normalgastric mucous membrane. It showed that Golgi complex had fur-ther changed into a quite developed stateduring the induced differentiation.This al-teration not only inhibited the malignantsecretory activity of gastric carcinoma cellsbut also played a certain regulative role inthe changes of the surface components ofcancer cells.The structural and functionalchanges of Golgi complex were considered tobe an important expression in the malignantphenotypical reversion of cancer cells,it hadan important influence on the differentiationof cancer cells from malignant to normaldirection.

MGc 80-3细胞高尔基体呈发育差、结构不典型状态,但经dBcAMP诱导后,细胞内高尔基体组数增多、分布集中、体积增大,高尔基囊数目增多、排列规则,囊的膜内颗粒增多、分布较为均匀,恢复为与其相应正常细胞相似、发育良好的典型高尔基体结构。这种变化不仅抑制了胃癌细胞的恶性分泌活动,同时对细胞表面成份的变化也起着一定的调节作用。认为高尔基体结构与功能向典型方向的转??变是癌细胞恶性表型逆转的一种重要表现,对于癌细胞由恶性向正常方向的分化具有重要影响。

Freshly isolated and caltured tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) mesophyll protoplasts were fixed with method of Fowke (1975), cutted into thin sections and observed by electron microscope. The surface of freshly isolated protoplasms was smooth and no fibrous subtances were observed on the outside of plasmalomma. Endoplasmic reticnlurn (ER) and Golgi body poorly develop. After cultured 1 day, mitochondria distinctly increased, rongh ER and Golgi body were developed on many sites closing to the plasmalemma, plasmalemma...

Freshly isolated and caltured tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) mesophyll protoplasts were fixed with method of Fowke (1975), cutted into thin sections and observed by electron microscope. The surface of freshly isolated protoplasms was smooth and no fibrous subtances were observed on the outside of plasmalomma. Endoplasmic reticnlurn (ER) and Golgi body poorly develop. After cultured 1 day, mitochondria distinctly increased, rongh ER and Golgi body were developed on many sites closing to the plasmalemma, plasmalemma had become rough. After 2 days, plasmalemma shown fold, Golgi vesicles excreted their content tho the surface of plasmalmalemma. After 6 days, showing on the electron miorograpb the rather looely reorganized regeneration cell wall. When protoplasts were cultured in the medium with 200 ppm coumarin, after 1 day, plasmalemma stfill smooth, ER and Golgi body not developed, after cultured 2 days, plasmalemma became rough, ER began to develop. Results show that plasmalemma, ER and Golgi body play an important role in the regenerative cell wall formation in protoplasm, and coumarin inhibit cell wall regeneration by inhibition activation of plasmalemma and development of ER and Golgi body in certain time.

电镜观察表明,新分离的烟草叶肉原生质体表面光滑,在质膜外没有纤维状物质,内质网和高尔基体几乎没有发育:培养1天后,线粒体明显增加,粗面内质网和高尔基体沿质膜发育,质膜变得粗糙;2天后,质膜发生折皱,高尔基囊泡向质膜外分泌它的内含物;6天后,质膜表面出现明显松散分布的再生壁。在培养基中附加200 ppm香豆素处理,在培养1天后,质膜仍然光滑,未出现内质网和高尔基体;2天后,质膜开始变粗糙,内质网开始发育。试验表明,质膜、内质网、高尔基体在原生质体再生壁形成中起重要作用,并讨论了它们的可能作用。香豆素可能是在一定时同内,通过抑制质膜的活动和内质网、高尔基体的发育而抑制壁的再生。

 
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