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     12 species of 8 genera in 2 families of Plecoptea;
     翅目2科,8属,12种;
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     The E-cadherin protein of cotton bollworm was 50-80% identical to the E-cadherin from other insects, and 22% identical to that from human.
     棉铃虫钙粘素氨基酸序列与蜂翅目其它昆虫的钙粘素具较高同源性50%~80%,与人的E一型钙粘素同源性仅为22%。
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     NEW SPECIES OF PLECOPTERA FROM HUBEI
     湖北襀翅目新种及新纪录
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     Four New Species of Plecoptera from Nei Mongol
     内蒙古襀翅目四新种
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     One New Species of Rhopalopsole from Zhejiang
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     PROGRESS IN THE STUDY OF PLECOPTERA FOSSILS
     襀化石的研究进展
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     NEW SPECIES OF CHINESE STONEFLIES (ORDER PLECOPTERA)
     中国襀新种
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     Reviewers' Conclusions Current evidence couldn't draw the final conclusion.
     结论 
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     (4) Alate-lophate.
     (4)脊状纹饰。
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     CHEMICAL CONSTITUENT OF ARCUATOPTERUS FILIPEDICHLLUS
     弓芹的化学成分
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  stoneflies
The formation of trophic structure has been studied in communities of amphibiotic insects (mayflies, stoneflies, caddis flies, and dipterans) and gammarids accounting for 90% of the total benthos biomass.
      
A review of stoneflies of the family Taeniopterygidae (Plecoptera) in Russia and adjacent countries
      
Univoltine species of mayflies, stoneflies and caddisflies dominate in the littoral, mainly scrapers.
      
The "Cercus heart" in stoneflies - a new type of accessory circulatory organ in insects
      
The stoneflies are imaged via an apparatus that manipulates the specimens into the field of view of a microscope so that images are obtained under highly repeatable conditions.
      
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The present paper reports on two lamellicorn beetles: Adoretus tennuimacu-latus Waterh. and Liocola brevitarsis Lew. The former belongs to the subfamilyRutelinae and the later Cetoniinae. Adoretus tennuimaculatus has two generations per year at Lientang. Thefirst active period of adults mostly occured in June and the second period inAugust. After 7: 30 at night, the adults went out and stayed on various hostplant leaves feeding or copulating and then back into earth at dawn. Larvaewere not strict in selecting...

The present paper reports on two lamellicorn beetles: Adoretus tennuimacu-latus Waterh. and Liocola brevitarsis Lew. The former belongs to the subfamilyRutelinae and the later Cetoniinae. Adoretus tennuimaculatus has two generations per year at Lientang. Thefirst active period of adults mostly occured in June and the second period inAugust. After 7: 30 at night, the adults went out and stayed on various hostplant leaves feeding or copulating and then back into earth at dawn. Larvaewere not strict in selecting the soil but most of them lived in the garden soil,mound soil and. clay landside. Liocola brevitarsis has only one generation per year at Lientang. The adultperiod was from June to September and some of them lengthened out mid-Octo-ber. Adults flied out at day time and sucked the different part of hosts: as theflesh of fruit, the juice of tree and the corn ear, once in a few days. Larvaeselected the soils more strictly. They concentrated in compost and rich humussoil. Controlling methods: (1) To spray 0.5%γ666 or 25% DDT emulsion (250water:1 emulsion) once to the host leaves was effective in protecting against theadults of Adoretus till its last period of activity. (2) To shake the tree to makethe adults of Adoretus fall down and then unroll a piece of white cloth underthe tree to gather the adults. (3) To make a bamboo cylinder, 12-16 in. long,which was filled with rotten fruits and nectar, and trap all the adults of Liocolain this cylinder. (4) To clean out the compost before June in order to kill mostof the larvae and pupae of Liocola.

1.本文所述的两种金龟子,其一为茶色金龟子,属鞘翅目,金龟子科中的Rutelinae亚科,其二为铜色白纹金龟子,属Cetoniinae亚科。 2.茶色金龟子在莲塘一年发生二代。其第1次成虫盛期多在6月。第2次则在8月;铜色白纹金龟子,一年仅发生一代,其成虫出现期为6至9月,少数可延长到10月中旬。 3.茶色金龟子的成虫,为夜出性,傍晚7时半后,即开始出土,停息在多种寄主植物的叶片上,取食或交配,拂晓时飞返土中。铜色白纹金龟子的成虫,为日出性,取食成熟果子,玉米苞穗及多种树木的浆汁,亦喜取食。既钻入后,可连续数日不出。 4.两种金龟子的幼虫,都栖息在土中。茶色金龟子幼虫以在菜园土中、丘陵黄土地及属于粘壤性质的田塍内为多,对于土壤性质选择,较不严格。铜色白纹金龟子幼虫则多集中在腐熟的堆肥及腐殖质极丰富的土中,对于土壤,有比较严格的选择性。 5.关于防治方法:茶色金龟子在成虫期曾试用了0.5%γ体666粉及25%DDT乳剂(1份加水250份〕喷撒,第1种药适用于叶面较粗糙的植物,第2种则可用于叶面较光滑的植物,只要喷撒1次,便能在整个成虫发生期中,避免其飞来取食。铜色白纹金龟子的成虫,则可采用竹筒诱杀,...

1.本文所述的两种金龟子,其一为茶色金龟子,属鞘翅目,金龟子科中的Rutelinae亚科,其二为铜色白纹金龟子,属Cetoniinae亚科。 2.茶色金龟子在莲塘一年发生二代。其第1次成虫盛期多在6月。第2次则在8月;铜色白纹金龟子,一年仅发生一代,其成虫出现期为6至9月,少数可延长到10月中旬。 3.茶色金龟子的成虫,为夜出性,傍晚7时半后,即开始出土,停息在多种寄主植物的叶片上,取食或交配,拂晓时飞返土中。铜色白纹金龟子的成虫,为日出性,取食成熟果子,玉米苞穗及多种树木的浆汁,亦喜取食。既钻入后,可连续数日不出。 4.两种金龟子的幼虫,都栖息在土中。茶色金龟子幼虫以在菜园土中、丘陵黄土地及属于粘壤性质的田塍内为多,对于土壤性质选择,较不严格。铜色白纹金龟子幼虫则多集中在腐熟的堆肥及腐殖质极丰富的土中,对于土壤,有比较严格的选择性。 5.关于防治方法:茶色金龟子在成虫期曾试用了0.5%γ体666粉及25%DDT乳剂(1份加水250份〕喷撒,第1种药适用于叶面较粗糙的植物,第2种则可用于叶面较光滑的植物,只要喷撒1次,便能在整个成虫发生期中,避免其飞来取食。铜色白纹金龟子的成虫,则可采用竹筒诱杀,筒高12—16寸,筒内盛腐熟果子及蜜,贴靠枝杆悬挂,能将圆内所有成虫,全部诱入筒中。此外,前一种成虫,并可利用外出?

Anomala corpulenta Motschulsky is an important insect pest of Malus prunifota,Pterocaryastenoptera, etc. in Anhwei. The adult infests the leaf, causing a considerable damage to the plant. The life cycle of this scarabaeid requires 1 year for its completion. The larvae overwinter.The larval period lasto as much as 310 days. The eggs hatch in 9 days. The length of the pupalstage is 10 days. The life of the adult is about 37 days for the female and 30 days for the male.The adults appear mostly in June. The adult...

Anomala corpulenta Motschulsky is an important insect pest of Malus prunifota,Pterocaryastenoptera, etc. in Anhwei. The adult infests the leaf, causing a considerable damage to the plant. The life cycle of this scarabaeid requires 1 year for its completion. The larvae overwinter.The larval period lasto as much as 310 days. The eggs hatch in 9 days. The length of the pupalstage is 10 days. The life of the adult is about 37 days for the female and 30 days for the male.The adults appear mostly in June. The adult beetles become active when the light is lower than 60 lux at 7:30 at night, theyleave the soil and go to host plant. The act of mating takes place from 7:30 to 8:00. As arule, the copulation time is about 30 minutes. After copulation, both the male and the femalestart feeding on the leaf, and then retire to the soil at dawn.From 2 to 3 days after mating, thefemale beetle begins to oviposit. A maximum of 82, and a minimum of 22, with an average of50--60 eggs, are laid in the soil about 6 cm. below the surface. Experiment in which 350 eggs were reared in the soil of various water contents: 0, 5%, 10%,15%, 20%, 25%, 30%, 35% and 40%, showed that the soil water content ranging from 10%to 30% seems to be the most suitable for egg hatching, higher or lower than 30% or 10%. Theegg will decay or become desiccated. The larvae search food 7 cm. below the surface. Feeding continues throughout the season ofthe first year to November, when they burrow deeply into the ground from 15 to 21 cm forhibernation. In the next spring, they come up again to the surface at the end of March and con-tinue to feed upon the roots, causing severe damages. The larval stage possesses three instares.The mature larvae work their way down, and form oval-shaped pupual chambers at a depth from10.2 cm to 22.5 cm. Results of the field experiments for the control of this scarabaeid with DDT, 666, E605 andE1059, indicated that spraying with 25% DDT emulsion on the foliage was most effective incontrolling the adult beettls. Supplementary measures are: hand collecting, light trapping, andsmoking.

1.铜绿金龟子属鞘翅目、金龟子总科、丽金龟子科Rutelidae,学名Anomala corpulentaMotschulsky。 2.此虫在安徽各地几乎皆有分布。合肥地区主要以成虫为害苹果、枫杨、白杨等树树叶,损害猛烈,每年必须加以防治,否则将被倾食一光,影响生长、减少果产。 3.铜绿金龟子一年发生一代,以幼虫越冬。次年5月上中旬开始化蛹。成虫盛发期在6月中旬,但前后延绵近3月之久。孵化的幼虫经2次脱皮,于9月生长成3龄,即以3龄幼虫潜伏于表土下6寸左右深处过冬。 4.成虫白天潜伏于表土内,傍晚太阳下山开始活动,7时半左右光线减弱至60米烛光以下便飞往寄主上交尾,交尾时间长达半小时。8时以后开始取食,直至黎明4时半方才飞回土中,日出时已绝迹。成虫寿命很长,可活一个多月。一生交尾多次。卵分期产出,散产于表土6厘米上下深处。每一雌虫一生可产卵50—60枚。成虫有伪死性,晚8时10分以后交尾活动已过,开始有趋向灯火的习性。 5.卵期一般为9天多,孵化过程中有吸水膨大的现象,胚胎发育与土壤湿度有密切关系,在土壤含水量10%—30%之间可以正常生长,低于10%便干瘪而死,高于30%终会腐烂,但是干燥致使卵...

1.铜绿金龟子属鞘翅目、金龟子总科、丽金龟子科Rutelidae,学名Anomala corpulentaMotschulsky。 2.此虫在安徽各地几乎皆有分布。合肥地区主要以成虫为害苹果、枫杨、白杨等树树叶,损害猛烈,每年必须加以防治,否则将被倾食一光,影响生长、减少果产。 3.铜绿金龟子一年发生一代,以幼虫越冬。次年5月上中旬开始化蛹。成虫盛发期在6月中旬,但前后延绵近3月之久。孵化的幼虫经2次脱皮,于9月生长成3龄,即以3龄幼虫潜伏于表土下6寸左右深处过冬。 4.成虫白天潜伏于表土内,傍晚太阳下山开始活动,7时半左右光线减弱至60米烛光以下便飞往寄主上交尾,交尾时间长达半小时。8时以后开始取食,直至黎明4时半方才飞回土中,日出时已绝迹。成虫寿命很长,可活一个多月。一生交尾多次。卵分期产出,散产于表土6厘米上下深处。每一雌虫一生可产卵50—60枚。成虫有伪死性,晚8时10分以后交尾活动已过,开始有趋向灯火的习性。 5.卵期一般为9天多,孵化过程中有吸水膨大的现象,胚胎发育与土壤湿度有密切关系,在土壤含水量10%—30%之间可以正常生长,低于10%便干瘪而死,高于30%终会腐烂,但是干燥致使卵壳瘪凹没有超过一半时,如遇适宜环境仍可恢复生长,在水中浸泡5昼夜捞起之卵仍然可以孵出幼虫,甚至浸上22天少数还没有死去。卵?

PaoTa bIa BbIoHeHa o pykoBocTBoM po. B. B. ooBa B oooeckoMHcTTyTe A. H. CCCP. ABTop BbIpaaeT yoky aoapHocTb a pykoBocTBooMob. B cTaTbe bIo apecTppoBaHHo 17 BoB, oTHocxc k 3 poaM (Ceratina,Neoceratina Allodape), 4 Hx BTc HoBbIM BaM: Ceratina (Ceratinidia)popovi, Ceratina (Ceratinidia) denticulata, Ceratina (Ceratinidia) laeviuscula Neocera-tina chinensis; 9 BoB BepBbIe ykabIBaTc B KTae. keMppbI bI copaHHbI B o-aaHoM KTae yacTHkaM kce. 1. Ceratina (Ceratinidia) popovi n. sp. (pc. 1--6) . Ha 7--8 MM. ooBa HeMHoo...

PaoTa bIa BbIoHeHa o pykoBocTBoM po. B. B. ooBa B oooeckoMHcTTyTe A. H. CCCP. ABTop BbIpaaeT yoky aoapHocTb a pykoBocTBooMob. B cTaTbe bIo apecTppoBaHHo 17 BoB, oTHocxc k 3 poaM (Ceratina,Neoceratina Allodape), 4 Hx BTc HoBbIM BaM: Ceratina (Ceratinidia)popovi, Ceratina (Ceratinidia) denticulata, Ceratina (Ceratinidia) laeviuscula Neocera-tina chinensis; 9 BoB BepBbIe ykabIBaTc B KTae. keMppbI bI copaHHbI B o-aaHoM KTae yacTHkaM kce. 1. Ceratina (Ceratinidia) popovi n. sp. (pc. 1--6) . Ha 7--8 MM. ooBa HeMHoo pe cBoe HbI, paBHa pHe py.Mey aHTeHHabHo Mko eTbIM pcyHkoM okoBo acT a MeeTccBbIe 15 Toek. epHbI c eTbIM pcyHkoM. . ooeH . Ha 6.5 MM. oee epHbI. aH kpa 7 TepTa aocTpe-HHbI, cepeHa aHeo kpa 7 cTepHTa c 3 epHbIM xTHopoBaHHbIM THaM. B ok k Ceratina (Ceratinidia) okinawana Mats. et Uch., Ho oTaeTcpoko ooBo, MeHbM paMepoM oee cTpoHbIM TeoM pyM pHa-kaM. 2. Ceratina (Ceratinidia) denticulata n. sp. (pc. 7--13) . Ha 9 MM. ooBa HeMHoo pe cBoe HbI. pko yko. MeyaHTeHHabHo Mko eTbIM pcyHkoM okoBo acT a MeTc oee 15 Toek. epHbI c eTbIM pcyHkoM. pyb 1 TepT pka epHbIe, 2--4 TepTbIc pepBaHHbIM eTbIM oocaM. . ooeH . Ha 7.5--8 MM. Okpacka Tea epHee. Ⅶ TepT c MaeHbkMyoM, cepeHa aHeo kpa Ⅶ cTepHTa c 4 epHbIM xTHopoBaHHbIM T-HaM. B ok k Ceratina (Ceratinidia) popovi。Wu, Ho oTaeTc epHo pybepBbIM TepToM pka pepBaHHbIM eTbIM oocaM Ha Ⅱ Ⅲ Tep-Tax pka, Ⅶ TepToM caMa pyM pHakaM. 3. Ceratina (Ceratinidia) laeviuscula n. sp. (pc. 14) . Ha 7--8 MM. ooBa pe cBoe pHbI py. o oT a-koe. HaHk B pekx papocaHHbIx Tokax. Mey aHTeHHabHo MkoeTbIM pcyHkoM okoBo acT a HepeBbIaeT 15 Toek. yHkTpoBka Tep-ToB o cepeHe papocaHHbIe, a o kpaM ye. epHbI c eTbIM pcyHkoM. B ok k Ceratina (Ceratinidia) popovi Wu, Ho oTaeTc oee akMoM pyM pHakaM. 4. Neoceratina chinensis n. sp. (pc. 15--22) . Ha 4 MM. ooBa kBapaTHa, HH ooBHa a BbIyka. YckHHbIe, oxoT o Tka. e opoHTabHo oHbI poMeyToHoo ceMeHTa.pko okpyoe, Ⅶ TepT c TpeyobHo opo cbHo BbITHeT BH. ooBa cpeHecka ecTe. B ok k Neoceratina australians Perkin, Ho oTaeTc epHbIM TeoM (eeeHoBaToo oTTeHka), pyo yHkTpoBko cpeHecHk, Tko pyMpHakaM.

中、苏两国生物学工作者于1955—1957年间在云南及四川两省所采集的膜翅目蜜蜂总科Ceratinini族的17个种,分属于Ceratina、Neoceratina 及Allodape 3属。文中共记述了4个新种,另有9个种均为我国新记录。 此项工作系在苏联科学院动物研究所故通讯院士波波夫(B.B.)教授指导下完成的。文中雄性生殖器原图均系波波夫教授亲缯。 所记种类的单个标本及新种的正模标本均保存于中国科学院动物研究所。

 
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