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跨细胞的
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  transcellular
     Conclusions AQPl is the molecular counterpart of ultrasmall pore during PD. The peritoneal mesothelial cell may also be involved in the peritoneal transcellular water transport.
     研究结果提示腹膜间皮细胞可能也参与了腹膜跨细胞的水转运。
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  “跨细胞的”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Plasmodesmata(PD) are the intercellular organelles that connect the cytoplasm of adjacent cells and thereby unite a plant into a interconnected communication of nutrient and information.
     胞间连丝(plasmodesmata)是植物体内连接两个相邻细胞的一种跨细胞的细胞器,是植物细胞间物质运输和信息传递的通道。
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  相似匹配句对
     TRANSMEMBRANE SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION OF CELLS
     细胞的膜信号转导功能
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     Immunosenescence of T cells
     T细胞的免疫衰老
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     Transendothelial electrical resistance of microvascular endothelial cells from inner ear of guinea pigs
     豚鼠内耳微血管内皮细胞的细胞电阻
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     Advances in neural stem cells
     神经干细胞的研究
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     Cross-Cultural Comparative Research
     文化研究
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  transcellular
The transcellular water permeability increased in the root meristem under the action of all stress factors.
      
A clearly sigmoidal relationship could be seen by correlating log?k with the fraction of 25 drugs absorbed in humans (Fa), and the outliers suggested the involvement of non-transcellular passive diffusion, e.g.
      
The ratios of the Papp measured in the absorptive versus exsorptive directions indicated that only the organic forms presented a net polarized transport (Papp ratio ?1), suggesting the presence of a transcellular pathway.
      
This could be the result of competition between Fe2+ and Mn2+ for the same transcellular transporters and the slight predominance of paracellular mechanism in the event of "Fe2+-Ni2+" association.
      
The level of free arachidonate in a cells is controlled byde novo synthesis, dietary uptake, and transcellular metabolism.
      
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IgG-like immunoreactivities in the central nervous system were detected by immunocytomistry after injection into rat muscles and elsewhere with mouse IgG against swine motoneurons of the spinal cord.IgG-like reactivities were visualized in motoneurons, the ependyma, the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus,supraoptic nucleus, interneurons of lamina Ⅷ,X in the spinal cord and reticular formation in the brain stem, and perivascular glial cells and/or neurons etc. Three pathways are involved in IgG transport:(1)...

IgG-like immunoreactivities in the central nervous system were detected by immunocytomistry after injection into rat muscles and elsewhere with mouse IgG against swine motoneurons of the spinal cord.IgG-like reactivities were visualized in motoneurons, the ependyma, the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus,supraoptic nucleus, interneurons of lamina Ⅷ,X in the spinal cord and reticular formation in the brain stem, and perivascular glial cells and/or neurons etc. Three pathways are involved in IgG transport:(1) axonal retrograde and transcytotic transport,(2) transcytosis between blood brain barrier,(3) transcytosis between blood cerebral spinal fluid barrier.

将小鼠抗猪运动神经元单克隆抗体IgG肌肉注射于大鼠,用免疫组织化学方法显示IgG样阳性反应细胞在中枢神经系统中的分布。结果发现阳性反应细胞主要分布于脊髓前角及脑干运动核团,脊髓第Ⅷ、第Ⅹ板层和脑干网状结构的中间神经元、室管膜、下丘脑室旁核和血管及其周围的神经元或胶质细胞等处。分析可能有三种途径参与了外源性IgG的转运,即逆行轴浆运输和跨细胞转运,跨血脑屏障,跨血脑脊液屏障。

It has been known that enterogenic endotoxemia is an important pathogenetic factor in multiple organ failure.However, pathogenetic mechanism of enterogenic endotoxemia is yet unclear.In this work, experiments were performed on intact animal or isolated rat ilea-vascular perfusion apparatus and membrane vesicles produced from the extraction of brush border of rat intestinal mucosa.It is found that circulating endotoxin prompted intestinal endotoxin translocation in a positive feedback manner. Various regulatory...

It has been known that enterogenic endotoxemia is an important pathogenetic factor in multiple organ failure.However, pathogenetic mechanism of enterogenic endotoxemia is yet unclear.In this work, experiments were performed on intact animal or isolated rat ilea-vascular perfusion apparatus and membrane vesicles produced from the extraction of brush border of rat intestinal mucosa.It is found that circulating endotoxin prompted intestinal endotoxin translocation in a positive feedback manner. Various regulatory peptides modulated the endotoxin translocation:endothelin stimulated and atrial natriuretic peptide inhibited the endotoxin translocation, and the pathway of enterogenic endotoxin translocation is mainly not transcellular, probably paracellular.It is also found that taurine significantly inhibited intestinal endotoxin translocation and protected the animals from endotoxemic injury.

肠源性内毒素血症是多器官功能衰竭的重要发病因素之一,但肠源性内毒素血症的发病机理迄今尚未阐明。本工作在离体动物,离体大鼠回肠血管灌流标本和分离的小肠粘膜刷状缘微囊制备上,观察到循环血中内毒素正反馈地促进肠道内毒素移位;多种调节肽参与内毒素移位的调控,内皮素促进而心钠素抑制其移位过程;肠道内毒素的移位主要不是通过跨细胞途径,而可能是通过旁细胞途径。本工作还发现牛磺酸具有抑制肠道内毒素移位、改善内毒素血症动物预后的作用,提示牛磺酸可能具有防治肠源性内毒素血症的临床应用前景。

Using porcine spinal motoneurons(Mns) an immunogen to Balb/c mice, we got monoclonal antibody (McAb,36F6) against Mns.McAb(IgG) was able to crossreact with human and rat's Mns.36F6 enters Mns by axoplasmic transport retrogradely to the their perikarya, but not enters the primary sensory neurons,when the McAb was injected to muscles.Modified ABC method was used to localized IgGimmunoreactivity (IgGIR) of the mouse IgG(36F6) in rat central nervous system.With a survival time 4872h after im injection of (36F6),a...

Using porcine spinal motoneurons(Mns) an immunogen to Balb/c mice, we got monoclonal antibody (McAb,36F6) against Mns.McAb(IgG) was able to crossreact with human and rat's Mns.36F6 enters Mns by axoplasmic transport retrogradely to the their perikarya, but not enters the primary sensory neurons,when the McAb was injected to muscles.Modified ABC method was used to localized IgGimmunoreactivity (IgGIR) of the mouse IgG(36F6) in rat central nervous system.With a survival time 4872h after im injection of (36F6),a obvious transcytosis of McAb occurred from retrograde labeled Mns to interneurons in the lamina , at the level of spinal cord and even the preMns of the reticular formation (RF) in the brain stem.The pericellular staining neurons of IgGIR and the intracellular staining neurons of IgGIR in RF occurred in the same section,suggested the transcytosis from spinoreticular fibers to reticular neurons.IgGIR cells were also observed in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus,supraoptic nocleus,neocortical pyramidal cells,ependymal cells and infrequently or randomly in perivascular glia cells and/or neurons.

以猪脊髓运动神经元(Mns)为抗原免疫Balb/c小鼠制备抗Mns抗体(McAb,36F6),该抗体与人和大鼠脊髓Mns有交叉反应。把这些IgG抗体注射到肌肉中,IgG便经逆行轴浆运输到Mns胞体,而不进入到感觉神经元。用改变的ABC方法定位大鼠中枢神经系统的小鼠的IgG免疫反应(IgG-IR)。肌肉注射36F6后,动物存活48-72h,McAb跨细胞作用可能发生从逆行标记的Mns到Ⅷ、Ⅹ板层(在脊髓水平),甚至到脑干网状结构的神经元。在同一切片上,网状结构内出现了神经元的跨细胞作用。IgG-IR细胞还可分布在下丘脑室旁核、视上核、新皮质和室管膜细胞以及不规则出现的血管周的胶质细胞和/或神经元。

 
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