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腹支
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  ventral branch
     Twenty-one rabbits were used to determine the connections of the ventral branch of each thoracic nerve with the spinal cord and the ganglia of the sympathetic trunk with the HRP method.
     为探讨每一胸神经腹支与脊髓和交感干椎旁节的联系,将30%的HRP溶液分别浸渍或注入家兔的Ⅰ—Ⅺ对胸神经腹支,观察了与每一神经相连的及其上下相邻的共五个脊髓节段、脊神经节及交感干椎旁节,将所取材料进行切片、成色、观察。
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  “腹支”译为未确定词的双语例句
     For presnet income condition and configuration,side sting made the drag reduce for α<1.5° and increase for α>1.5°,and lift force increase for α<4° and reduce for α>4°,and also made the load reduce on the wing and afterbody and the pressure center move forward.
     在本文计算外形和来流条件下,腹支杆的存在使α>1.5°以后的轴向力和α>4°以后的法向力反而下降,α<1.5°的轴向力和α<4°的法向力增大。 α>1.5°以后由于支杆引起后体弹翼和弹身上载荷的下降,因此压力中心前移。
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     The muscle branch of the ventral ramus distributes to the depressor muscles of the tail, i.e. M. infracaudalis, M. hypaxialis and M. ischiocaudalis.
     腹支在椎体两侧横突间 ,分支数目少于背支 ,其肌支分布至降尾肌 (尾下肌、轴下肌和坐尾肌 )。
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     It is determined as a new species based on the features of suture,which differs from Paratongluceras subglobosum Chao et Zheng in number of teeth and depth of toothgap of late ral lobes and ventral lobes bronchs.
     本新种与属型种亚球型副桐庐菊石(Paratongluceras subglobosum Chao et Zheng)的区别,在于新种腹支叶及侧叶上的齿数不同,并且齿裂深浅也不同。
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     The ventral ramus of Lc 7~Lc 10 nerves form extremely thick nerves of the external genitalia, and send hand like branches to M. ischiocaudalis.
     Lc7~Lc10 神经腹支形成异常粗大的外阴神经 ,并有掌状分支至坐尾肌 ;
短句来源
     THE CONNECTIONS OF THE VENTRAL BRANCH OF THE THORACIC NERVES WITH THE SPINAL CORD AND THE GANGLIA OF THE SYMPATHETIC TRUNK IN THE RABBIT-A STUDY WITH THE HORSERADISH PEROXIDASE METHOD
     家兔胸神经腹支与脊髓和交感干的联系——HRP法研究
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  相似匹配句对
     Development of the ventral strutting balance
     天平的研制
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     THE SPATIAL POSITION OF THE ANGLE BETWEEN THE ABDOMINAL AORTA AND ITS MAIN BRANCHES
     主动脉与其主夹角的空间定位
短句来源
     ARCH SHAPED ARCH-ABDOMEN DAM
     拱形拱坝
短句来源
     (3) The deep superior branch was divided into 3 models.
     (3)深上
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     Abdominal wall endometriomas
     壁子宫内膜异位症
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  ventral branch
On the tail of larval catfish, Silurus, the first mechano- and electroreceptors appear several days after hatching in two longitudinal rows, one along the outgrowing main branch of the lateral line nerve and one along its ventral branch.
      
The ventral branch of C7 spinal nerve was transected and axons projecting out of the proximal nerve stump were labelled with Fast Blue (FB).
      
The dorsal and ventral branches of the operculum line react differently, the dorsal branch being more sensitive to the effect of loss of function mutations (bxd, iab-2k), the ventral branch more affected by gain of function mutations (Hab).
      
Cholangiography also disclosed that the left dorsal branch, which joined the right hepatic bile duct, was involved with tumor, while the left ventral branch, which joined the left hepatic duct, was not.
      
Postoperative cholangiography showed that the ventral branch of the left caudate lobe bile duct was preserved.
      
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Eight rabbits were used in this study.The position of the phrenic nucleus in thespinal cord,the morphology of the phrenic motoneurones and position of the cellbodies of the sensory neurons of the phrenic nerve were determined by using themethod of HRP labelling through the centralcutting end of the left phrenic nerve atthe root of the neck.The results were as follows:1.The phrenic nucleus in the rabbit was located in C_3,C_4,and C_5 segments.Itis a longitudinal cell column lying between the ventromedial and...

Eight rabbits were used in this study.The position of the phrenic nucleus in thespinal cord,the morphology of the phrenic motoneurones and position of the cellbodies of the sensory neurons of the phrenic nerve were determined by using themethod of HRP labelling through the centralcutting end of the left phrenic nerve atthe root of the neck.The results were as follows:1.The phrenic nucleus in the rabbit was located in C_3,C_4,and C_5 segments.Itis a longitudinal cell column lying between the ventromedial and the ventrolateralcolumns of the ventral horn of the spinal cord.2.Phrenic motoneurones differed in shape and size.Most of the cell bodies ofthe rabbit's phrenic motoneurones were round or oval in shape,ranging from 5 to45 μm(mean 25 μm)in diameter.3.The rabbit phrenic nerve arises from the ventral rami of the 3 rd,4 th and5 th cervical nerves,and the nucleus of this nerve does not extend beyond the 3 rd-5 th segments——the location of the nucleus corresponds with the segmental rootsfrom which the phrenic nerve arises.4.The cell bodies of the sensory neurones of the rabbit's phrenic nerve werelocated in the dorsal root ganglia of the third and fourth cervical nerves.Besides,50 rabbits were dissected,and the origin of their phrenic nerves werestudied.

本文用 HRP 法研究了8只家兔,并用解剖法观察了50只家免。对膈核在脊髓的位置、膈运动神经元形态、膈神经感觉神经元胞体位置及膈神经的组成进行了观察。1.家兔膈核定位在 C_(3~5)节段。它是位于脊髓前角的腹内侧和腹外侧柱之间的纵行细胞柱。2.每个膈运动神经元的形态和大小不同。家兔膈运动神经元的胞体多为圆形和椭圆形,大小为5~45微米,平均为25微米。3.家兔膈神经是由 C_(3~5)颈神经腹支组成,膈核的长度在第三到第五节段。即膈核所在的颈髓节段与发出膈神经的节段是一致的。4.家兔膈神经感觉神经元的胞体位于第三和第四颈神经的后根节内。

Chinese soft shelled turtle is semi-aquatic and ectothermic, it is active during spring and summer when water temperature is above 15~C. It is well protected by the "shell", so the sense organs and the nervous system are still on a lower level. The olfactory organ is well developed and is used in searching for food. The eyes are small. Since the tympanic membrane is thick, the ear is more sensitive to the sound that transmitted to the ear by the skull from the water and the ground. The sense of touch is prominent....

Chinese soft shelled turtle is semi-aquatic and ectothermic, it is active during spring and summer when water temperature is above 15~C. It is well protected by the "shell", so the sense organs and the nervous system are still on a lower level. The olfactory organ is well developed and is used in searching for food. The eyes are small. Since the tympanic membrane is thick, the ear is more sensitive to the sound that transmitted to the ear by the skull from the water and the ground. The sense of touch is prominent. The olfactory lobes, the cerebral hemispheres and the cerebellum are larger than other parts of the brain. The optic lobes are small and are embraced by the posterior portions of the cerebral hemispheres. A long and slender spinal cord extends from the posterior end of the head to the terminal portion of the tail. There are 12 cranial nerves and more than 30 spinal nerves, some spinal nerves are connected with each other to form cephalic-brachial plexus and lumbo-sacral plexus to control the movement of the muscles on the girdles and the limbs.

中华鳖的代谢水平较低,为变温动物。它的活动期和繁殖期均在水温为15℃以上的春夏季,约半年左右;其余时间均潜入水底冬眠。年活动的周期短;除在水中游泳和扑食外,一般的运动又比较迟钝;且具有背、腹甲作为保护工具;因而它和其它龟类一样,感觉器官和神经系统处于较低的水平。感觉器官中嗅囊较大。眼小,在水中的视觉差。内耳很小,中耳具鼓膜和耳柱骨,以传导声波。但在水中及伏卧地面时,可通过头骨直接传导声波给内耳。位听感觉和触觉较灵敏。脑的各分区中,以嗅叶、大脑半球和小脑占有比较显著的位置。间脑和中脑视叶均被包在两个大脑半球的中间。脑神经共十二对。脊髓细长,从头部后端起一直伸展到尾的末端。脊神经中第7、8、9对颈神经、第8、9、10对胸神经及第1、2对荐神经的腹支分别会合为颈神经丛、腰神经丛和荐神经丛,由此再分出神经分支,支配着肩带、前肢和腰带、后肢肌肉的活动。和其它龟类比较,大脑半球的纹状体和小脑均较发达,这和中华鳖在水中运动和扑食的习性有关。

Twenty-one rabbits were used to determine the connections of the ventral branch of each thoracic nerve with the spinal cord and the ganglia of the sympathetic trunk with the HRP method. The re- salts are: 1. The labeled cells of the anterior horn of the spinal cord were not limited in the same segment of the injected branch, but also presen- ted in the neighbouring upper and lower segments, which indicates that each ventral branch of the thoracic nerve originated from the cells of the anterior horn of three...

Twenty-one rabbits were used to determine the connections of the ventral branch of each thoracic nerve with the spinal cord and the ganglia of the sympathetic trunk with the HRP method. The re- salts are: 1. The labeled cells of the anterior horn of the spinal cord were not limited in the same segment of the injected branch, but also presen- ted in the neighbouring upper and lower segments, which indicates that each ventral branch of the thoracic nerve originated from the cells of the anterior horn of three segments of the spinal cord. 2. The labeled cells of the spinal ganglion appeared only in the same segment of the injected branch and on the same side. 3. The labeled postganglionic cells of tile ganglia of the sympa- thetic trunk appeared, as in the anterior horn of the spinal cord, not only appeared in the same level of the injected branch and of the same side, but also in the upper and lower adjacent ganglia on the same side.

为探讨每一胸神经腹支与脊髓和交感干椎旁节的联系,将30%的HRP溶液分别浸渍或注入家兔的Ⅰ—Ⅺ对胸神经腹支,观察了与每一神经相连的及其上下相邻的共五个脊髓节段、脊神经节及交感干椎旁节,将所取材料进行切片、成色、观察。结果:(1)在浸渍或注入侧,可见脊髓前角外侧,第Ⅺ层,出现被标记的运动细胞。标记细胞除存在于与各该胸神经相连的脊髓节段外,在上一髓节的全部或下半部,以及下一髓节的上半部也出现标记细胞。说明参与组成每一胸神经腹支的运动细胞存在于邻接的三个脊髓节段内。(2)每一胸神经腹支的标记的传入神经细胞只存在于浸渍或注入侧的与其相连的同节段脊神经节内。(3)在浸清或注入侧,交感干椎旁节内标记的节后神经细胞,不仅见于浸渍或注入侧的相连的椎旁节,且见于相邻的上一和下一椎劳节内。

 
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