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   腓骨 在 生物医学工程 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.434秒
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  fibula
Resection of the so-called fibular cord in congenital absence of fibula
      
The surgical exploration revealed a compression of the common peroneal nerve obviously due to a muscular herniation of the gastrocnemius near the head of the fibula, measuring about 1 inch in diameter.
      
With operative treatment, exact reconstruction of the articular surface, restoration of the length and rotational alignment of the fibula and fixation of osseous or ligamentous syndesmotic injuries are important prognostic factors.
      
Evaluation der Stellung der distalen Fibula nach geschlossener Reposition und Stellschraubenplatzierung mit intraoperativer drei
      
Die Peronealsehnenloge wird durch einen kn?chernen Verschiebespan aus der distalen Fibula nach dorsal überdacht.
      
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The medial-lateral and upright displacement of lateral malleolus was evaluated in eight ankles from fresh-frozen cadavera. Lateral malleolus motion was recorded in response to following 300N loading and various movements of ankle in intact fibula. The test was repeated after partial fibula removal. Removal of partial fibula allowed increased lateral malleolus motion for all modes of ankle movement. The displacement of lateral malleolus was greater in inversion and extroversion than in dorsiflexion and planterflexion...

The medial-lateral and upright displacement of lateral malleolus was evaluated in eight ankles from fresh-frozen cadavera. Lateral malleolus motion was recorded in response to following 300N loading and various movements of ankle in intact fibula. The test was repeated after partial fibula removal. Removal of partial fibula allowed increased lateral malleolus motion for all modes of ankle movement. The displacement of lateral malleolus was greater in inversion and extroversion than in dorsiflexion and planterflexion ,whatever medial-lateral or upright displacement is quite evident that ankle stability goes down after partial fibula removal.

对8例新鲜尸体的踝关节在完整胫腓骨腓骨部分切除时的外踝上下和侧向位移变化进行了测试与分析,结果显示腓骨部分切除后,外踝无论是上下位移还是侧向位移都显著增加,表明完整的腓骨对维持踝关节的稳定具有相当大作用。

n 19

在19例标本上,观察了负重时胫距关节在四种不同情况下,接触面积大小及图形变化趋势,实验结果表明:正常胫距关节平均接触面积为455.0±91.2mm ̄2,接触区似“7”字形,前部呈横向条带,外侧部为稍倾斜的纵向条带;腓骨切除和外踝韧带切断虽不会造成接触面积明显缩小,但可致接触区图形变化,即接触区中部至非接触区的距离增大;距骨外移1mm,胫距关节接触面积明显缩小.提示:外踝失稳导致踝关节退行性变的机制,除接触面积缩小,局部压应力骤升外,在无明显距骨外移时,类似冲击负荷对软骨的损害可能起主导作用。

Objective:To provide biomechanical bases for selecting autograft material to repair Achilles tendon in clinic.Methods:The tension strength tests were carried out on 7 antiseptic adult cadaver specimens and 7 fresh specimens.Results:The destruction load of Achilles tendon,peronaeuslongus tendon,peronaeus brevis tendon,tibialis posterior tendon and abductor hallucis tendon in the antiseptic group were 2292.6N, 1020.5N,752.0N,938.9N and 721.3N,and were 1927.1N,819.5N,699.7N and 303.8N,in the fresh group separately.Conclusions:The...

Objective:To provide biomechanical bases for selecting autograft material to repair Achilles tendon in clinic.Methods:The tension strength tests were carried out on 7 antiseptic adult cadaver specimens and 7 fresh specimens.Results:The destruction load of Achilles tendon,peronaeuslongus tendon,peronaeus brevis tendon,tibialis posterior tendon and abductor hallucis tendon in the antiseptic group were 2292.6N, 1020.5N,752.0N,938.9N and 721.3N,and were 1927.1N,819.5N,699.7N and 303.8N,in the fresh group separately.Conclusions:The peronaeus longus tendon is an ideal autograft for Achilles tendon repairing.

目的:为临床选用自体肌腱转位修复跟腱提供生物力学依据。方法:选用防腐固定成年和新鲜青年下肢各7例。制备拉伸试件,在SWD-10型材料试验机上,进行单向拉伸破坏实验。结果:跟腱、腓骨长肌腱、腓骨短肌腱、胫骨后肌腱及展肌腱固定组分别为2292.6N、1020.5N、752.0N、938.9N和721.3N,新鲜组分别为1927.1N、819.5N、346.7N、699.7N、303.8N。结论:腓骨长肌腱是跟腱缺损修复术较理想的自体材料。

 
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