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   西洋 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.062秒
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西洋     
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  western world
     Dispatched by the government of the Ming Dynasty, Zheng He sailed to the Western world seven times during 1405-1433 in command of a fleet.
     郑和于永乐三年(1405年)至宣德八年(1433年)的二十八年间,受明政府派遣统帅舟师七下西洋
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     Third Plenary Session of the 11th CPC Central, the nation in the Western world for more vocal concert sound technology, national singing voice also is a mature technology.
     十一届三中全会后,民族声乐演唱更多地借鉴于西洋发声技术,民族唱法声音技术也趋向了成熟。
短句来源
     This book aimed at looking for the way to deal with aggressor, so it brings forth new ideas in compilation such as the historical materials method of Westerner talking the Western world, the synthetically writing forms and the introducing of science and technology, which make it the first systematic work on history, geography and culture of the world.
     "以西洋人谭西洋"的史料方法,撰写世界历史地理著作的综合体例,以介绍西方科学技术知识为重点的丰富内容,使之成为中国近代最早、最有系统地研究世界各国历史、地理、文化的划时代著作。
短句来源
     Commemoration for the 600th Anniversary of ZHENG He going to the Western World
     纪念郑和下西洋600周年
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     The Zheng He seven Western world, altogether lasts for 29 years.
     郑和七下西洋,共历时29年。
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  occident
     The Chinese national vocality include the drama singing, the speaking and singing music, the folk song, and it also include the new folk song, the singing of new drama, the Chinese singing of occident singing method.
     我国的民族声乐艺术主要包括传统的戏曲演唱、曲艺说唱和民间的民歌演唱三大类,其中也包括新民歌、新歌剧的演唱和西洋唱法民族化的演唱等。
短句来源
     The Comparison Between Chinese and Western Oceanic Cultural Value Tropisms of Zhenghe’s voyage to the Occident Around 15~(th) Century
     郑和下西洋与15世纪前后中西海洋文化价值取向比较
短句来源
     A Comparison of Navigation Activities in China and in the West -For the Memory of the 600 Anniversary of Zhen He' s Sail to the Occident
     15世纪中西航海活动比较——纪念郑和下西洋600周年
短句来源
     Viola, as a familiar Occident musical instrument, plays a very important role in a band.
     中提琴作为一种常见的西洋乐器,在乐队中的地位十分重要。
短句来源
     From the "Western Regions" to "Occident": Zheng HeS Navigation and the Important Turning of Human History of Civilization
     从"西域"到"西洋"——郑和远航与人类文明史的重大转折
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  western ocean
     580th Anniversary of the Great Navigator Zheng He's Voyages to the Western Ocean Held in Nanjing
     纪念伟大航海家郑和下西洋580周年大会在南京举行
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     Through author's investigation and excavation of ancient sunken ships and their relics in late 20 years,10 relic cases of Yuan and Ming sunken ships in Taicang are analysed and studied,the nature and the geographic and historic(features of) the ships are pointed out,the situation of Liujia Port in Taicang during the period between Yuan and Ming,and the reason of the port chosen as the base of Zhang He's Voyage to the Western ocean are deduced.
     由近20年来作者对沉船遗址的调查与发掘入手,分析和研究了太仓元明两代沉船遗址的4种类型和10个案例,指出太仓沉船的性质、地域和时代特征,推证元明之际太仓刘家港的状况以及郑和下西洋选择刘家港的原因。
短句来源
     Comparison between Nautical Techniques of Sailing to Western Ocean and to America
     下西洋与渡美洲的航海术比较
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     s: In the early 15th century, Zheng He’s Voyages to the Western Ocean was a magnificent feat in the navigation histories of China and the world as well as the history of Sino-Foreign relationship, which has been recorded into the annals of history and attracted attention among academic community.
     15世纪初,郑和出使西洋是中国与世界航海史和中外关系史上的盛举,已载入史册,受到学术界的关注。
短句来源
     The research of historical literature edition recently about the Zheng He voyaged to the Western ocean may initially confirm that the records about Zheng He's treasure ship length 44 Zhang,breadth 18 Zhang in the <>,were possible according to myth novel <>. These dimensions were unacceptable for the shipbuilder.
     目今郑和历史文献版本学的研究还初步揭示《明史》上对郑和宝船长44丈、宽18丈的记载很可能源自神怪小说《西洋记》,这类尺度对于一个船舶专业工作者来说是无法接受的。
更多       
  the occident
     The Comparison Between Chinese and Western Oceanic Cultural Value Tropisms of Zhenghe’s voyage to the Occident Around 15~(th) Century
     郑和下西洋与15世纪前后中西海洋文化价值取向比较
短句来源
     A Comparison of Navigation Activities in China and in the West -For the Memory of the 600 Anniversary of Zhen He' s Sail to the Occident
     15世纪中西航海活动比较——纪念郑和下西洋600周年
短句来源

 

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      western world
    Breast cancer is one of the most frequently diagnosed cancers among women in the western world.
          
    The current rate of suicide attempts in young persons, both in the United States and in other parts of the Western world, constitutes a significant public health problem.
          
    In effect, the therapist trained in the Western world needs to abandon the role prescription of relative 'muteness' emphasized in his training.
          
    Suicide, unemployment and gender variations in the Western world 1964-1986
          
    New patterns of suicide by age and gender in the United Kingdom and the Western World 1974-1992; an indicator of social change
          
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      occident
    De l'Occident à l'Orient: Claude Cahen, Historien des Croisades
          
    LA RUE DANS LA VILLE DE L'OCCIDENT MUSULMAN MéDIéVAL D'APRèS LES SOURCES JURIDIQUES MALIKITES
          
    L'objectif de cette étude est de contribuer à remplir le vide qui existe encore dans la production historiographique relative au thème de la pauvreté en Occident islamique médieval.
          
    "POOR BIRD, NOT KNOWING WHICH WAY TO FLY": BIBLICAL SCHOLARSHIP'S MARGINALITY, SECULAR HUMANISM, AND THE LAUDABLE OCCIDENT
          
    L'objet de cette étude est d'examiner cette thèse à la lumière des données relatives au cadi malikite en Occident musulman médiéval.
          
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      western ocean
    Nonlinear dynamics of the circulation variability in the western ocean
          
    Regions with high chlorophyll concentrations (>amp;gt; 0.5 mg m-3) along the coast and western ocean region can be seen in the months of October and November, after the southwest monsoon period.
          
    However, in the sub tropical western ocean basins, there is much more evaporation in the reanalysis than in the VOS estimates.
          
    Interaction between the barotropic Rossby wave and a western ocean basin coastline generates a Kelvin wave-like boundary mode.
          
    In the world of science, however, we have not yet discovered the western ocean which may some day form the boundary of our explorations.
          
      the occident
    Weber sought the reason for the relatively rapid growth of the Occident in the rational, Calvinist attitude to life.
          
    Though the relationship between the Orient and the Occident has sometimes been conflictual, there have nevertheless been fruitful and significant encounters and exchanges between them in history.
          
    The resistances of the colonized, which have just been described, succeeded because of organizational efficacies and juridical assertions which were the putative preserve of the Occident.
          
    In the Mediterranean French-speaking literature, Salah Stétié, the erratic poet with cosmopolitan destiny, embraces the eastern and western banks of the Mediterranean and becomes the perfect mediator between the East and the Occident.
          
    The widespread discounting of Eastern thought derives, in large measure, from the modern Western failure to understand the nature of the traditional metaphysics of both the Occident and the East.
          
    更多          


    Thewoolly aphis, is one of the major insect pests of the apple in Eastern Shan-tung. Serious damage caused by the attack of the aerial form of this insect in neg-lected orchards, often caused death to the apple trees. According to observations made in Tsingtao, the woolly aphis reproduced anaverage of 8-9 generations, with a maximum of 17 generations per year. Winteris spent mainly by the 1st and the 2nd instar nymphs, hibernating in the woundsand crevices of the apple tree. Overwintering nymphs nd apterous...

    Thewoolly aphis, is one of the major insect pests of the apple in Eastern Shan-tung. Serious damage caused by the attack of the aerial form of this insect in neg-lected orchards, often caused death to the apple trees. According to observations made in Tsingtao, the woolly aphis reproduced anaverage of 8-9 generations, with a maximum of 17 generations per year. Winteris spent mainly by the 1st and the 2nd instar nymphs, hibernating in the woundsand crevices of the apple tree. Overwintering nymphs nd apterous agamic femaleswere also found at the base of the trunk just below soil level, and on suckers thathad been allowed to grow around the tree, but the damage caused by the root formof this insect is negligible. By the end of April to early May (average temperature 11.0-14.3℃) newly-born nymphy were seen to crawl to the base of the young growing shoots. Thepeak of migration being in June and the early part of July, where an average ofonly 8.2 days is needed to complete a cycle. Each female may then give forth toan average of 94.2 nymphs parthenogenetically. Two gererations of winged agamic females were recorded during the wholelife history. The summer form, though not often seen, occured from May 20 to June23, these gave birth to apterous agamic females and sexuales. Towards the latterpart of August, a brood of fall winged migrants are developed. Their number in-creased as the colonies grow, reaching an average of 23.1-46.4% of winged indivi-duals per colony by September 18 to October 18. The fall migrants gave birth onlyto wingless and mouthless true males and females. After pairing, only a singlefertilized egg was laid by the female. Due to the high mortality of these sexuales,no eggs as yet was found overwintering on the apple tree. Eggs obtained in labora- tory conditions and hundreds of adult sexuales transplanted in October to previous-ly sterlized wounds on the branches of the apple tree, also failed to hatch in thefollowing year, though further works are still being needed to ascertain this fact. Early instar nymphs were also found to infest the calyx of the fruit, thoughnone of them could live up to the adult stage. According to a preliminary test on20 infested apples stored under room temperature from September to October, nonymphs were found to be alive in the calyx after 50 days storage. Studies madeon the time of calyx infestation are in accordance with those of migration. The natural enemies of the woolly aphis are in the order of their importance:a minute chalcid parasite (Aphelinus mali Hald.), the larva of a Chrysopa sp., ladybird beetles and a syrphus maggot. These played an important part in the sup-pressing of this pest in some months of the year. Based on these facts and on the lifehistory of the woolly aphis, an effective spray program has been devised in the controlof Eriosoma. These include a resin wash solution to be diluted with 20 parts ofwater plus 0.02%γ wettable BHC or 5%-6% tar distillate, to be applied in the dor-mant stage; followed by two successive sprays of 0.02-γ-0.03%γ BHC during theearly period of migration, about May 15 and June 10. At the above concentrationand time of usage, BHC proved to have no deleterious effect on the apple.

    1.苹果绵蚜在青岛地区1年中最高繁殖代数为17代,平均8—9代。 2.绵蚜1年中繁殖率从6月中旬至7月中旬(22—25℃)为最高,当平均气温连续多日高达26℃以上时其繁殖率显著下降。生长季节一般低温对绵蚜总繁殖率影响不大。 3.夏季有翅蚜发生时期为5月下旬至6月下旬,为数较少,出现时期也很零散,可胎生无翅胎生绵蚜与雌雄性蚜。秋季有翅蚜自8月底开始发生,盛期在9月中旬至10月中旬,10月中旬以后即极少发生,其后代为雌雄性蚜。 4.有翅蚜无口吻,约于7—9日内脱皮4次即行交尾,雌蚜仅产卵1粒,未经交配者不产卵。性蚜自然死亡率很高(平均81.2%),在田间尚未发现有越冬卵。 5.棉蚜主要越冬场所均在其原寄生部位,如伤口、裂缝内与根部不定芽上。越冬虫态以Ⅰ、Ⅱ龄绵蚜为主。 6.绵蚜之迁移以Ⅰ龄若虫为主,5月下旬至7月中旬为主要迁移为害时期。 7.绵蚜可在苹果的萼洼内寄生为害。 8.除西洋苹果、山荆子、花红与海棠外,尚未发现绵蚜有其他寄主。 9.20倍松脂合剂加0.02%γ可湿性666或5%—6%蒽油乳剂,为防治越冬绵蚜的有效药剂。生长季节可用666乳剂或可湿性666防治。 10.666酸霉味对果实品质能引...

    1.苹果绵蚜在青岛地区1年中最高繁殖代数为17代,平均8—9代。 2.绵蚜1年中繁殖率从6月中旬至7月中旬(22—25℃)为最高,当平均气温连续多日高达26℃以上时其繁殖率显著下降。生长季节一般低温对绵蚜总繁殖率影响不大。 3.夏季有翅蚜发生时期为5月下旬至6月下旬,为数较少,出现时期也很零散,可胎生无翅胎生绵蚜与雌雄性蚜。秋季有翅蚜自8月底开始发生,盛期在9月中旬至10月中旬,10月中旬以后即极少发生,其后代为雌雄性蚜。 4.有翅蚜无口吻,约于7—9日内脱皮4次即行交尾,雌蚜仅产卵1粒,未经交配者不产卵。性蚜自然死亡率很高(平均81.2%),在田间尚未发现有越冬卵。 5.棉蚜主要越冬场所均在其原寄生部位,如伤口、裂缝内与根部不定芽上。越冬虫态以Ⅰ、Ⅱ龄绵蚜为主。 6.绵蚜之迁移以Ⅰ龄若虫为主,5月下旬至7月中旬为主要迁移为害时期。 7.绵蚜可在苹果的萼洼内寄生为害。 8.除西洋苹果、山荆子、花红与海棠外,尚未发现绵蚜有其他寄主。 9.20倍松脂合剂加0.02%γ可湿性666或5%—6%蒽油乳剂,为防治越冬绵蚜的有效药剂。生长季节可用666乳剂或可湿性666防治。 10.666酸霉味对果实品质能引起不良影响,经初步试验其施用时期最晚不应迟于采收前1个半月至2个月。

    The apple mosaic occeurs sporadically in the northern China, and in the past several years, the disease has become more severe in shensi province.This paper is a preliminary work of the apple mosaic, and consists of several parts as follows:1. A brief review of the disease from 1825 to 1958 is given.2. The results of a scries of grafting transmission tests and minor element deffici--ency tests have prooved that the disease is a virosis, and identieal with the apple mosaicwhich has been cited in many literatures.3....

    The apple mosaic occeurs sporadically in the northern China, and in the past several years, the disease has become more severe in shensi province.This paper is a preliminary work of the apple mosaic, and consists of several parts as follows:1. A brief review of the disease from 1825 to 1958 is given.2. The results of a scries of grafting transmission tests and minor element deffici--ency tests have prooved that the disease is a virosis, and identieal with the apple mosaicwhich has been cited in many literatures.3. The syrnptoms of disease are detailedly deseribed in 6 types:① the mottling type;② the mosaic sype;③ the Vein banding type; ④ the clond-like bloch type;⑤ the ring spottype and⑥ the marging chlorosis type.4. The virus is not earried by the apple seeds, and tests of sap inoculation were a-ll failed. The probabilities of virus trunsmission by aphids or leafhoppers are still unc-ertain.5. In natural conditions. the virus attacks many varieties of malus pumila, M. asi--atica, M. baeeata, M. prunifolia, M. Kansuensis and M. spectabilis. the susceptibili-ties of apple varieties are quite dibffenent:white winter pearmain,Ben Davis, Tolman'swe-et and Golden Delicious are the most suffering varieties, but on the contrary, staymanwinesap, Akin, "Indian" and Early meintosh are highly resistant.6. The goowth of shoots of the infected white winter pearmain decreases by 27%.And the fruits from infeeted trees become rotten more easily in storage, especoally bythe anthracnose:7. The advises of discase control:① Quaranting, including seedlings and scions.② Raising the vigor of trees by improving cultivated conditions.③ Controlling the sucking inseets, especielly the aphids.④ Avoiding to cultivate the most susceptible varieties

    1.苹果花叶病在我国许多苹果产区都有分布,如辽宁、山东、河北、山西、陕西及甘肃等省。其中陕西省的关中、陕北及陕南地区均有病害发生,尤以关中地区发病普遍而且严重。2.作者阅读了国内外有关苹果花叶病的部份文献(包括摘要),对病害的研究历史和现况作了一个简要的综述。其中包括病害的研究历史,寄主范围及品种反应,病毒株系及其症状特点,病毒的传播及其在果园中蔓延的情况,病害对于苹果的生长及产量的影响以及防治途径等方面。3.花叶病的症状具有以下6种类型:①斑驳型②花叶型③網斑型(其中又分为条斑亚型和網斑亚型)④云斑型⑤环斑型⑥镶边型;每种类型都有其独特的症状。在自然条件下所有这些类型(镶边型除外)均可发生于同一植株,同一株条,甚至同一叶片上。在各类型之间还可混合发生,因此具有不少中间类型;所有这些情况构成了病害症状的复杂变化。4.病害的盛发期是与植株新梢生长期相一致的;此外,较温暖的气温(10-20℃),较强烈的光线,较干旱的条件以及树势衰弱均有利于病害的发生。5.通过嫁接接种试验及Fe.zn.mnmg.B等微量元素的诊断试验,证明苹果花叶病是由于pyrus virus 2号病毒寄主所引起的侵染性病害。病毒不能藉汁液及种子...

    1.苹果花叶病在我国许多苹果产区都有分布,如辽宁、山东、河北、山西、陕西及甘肃等省。其中陕西省的关中、陕北及陕南地区均有病害发生,尤以关中地区发病普遍而且严重。2.作者阅读了国内外有关苹果花叶病的部份文献(包括摘要),对病害的研究历史和现况作了一个简要的综述。其中包括病害的研究历史,寄主范围及品种反应,病毒株系及其症状特点,病毒的传播及其在果园中蔓延的情况,病害对于苹果的生长及产量的影响以及防治途径等方面。3.花叶病的症状具有以下6种类型:①斑驳型②花叶型③網斑型(其中又分为条斑亚型和網斑亚型)④云斑型⑤环斑型⑥镶边型;每种类型都有其独特的症状。在自然条件下所有这些类型(镶边型除外)均可发生于同一植株,同一株条,甚至同一叶片上。在各类型之间还可混合发生,因此具有不少中间类型;所有这些情况构成了病害症状的复杂变化。4.病害的盛发期是与植株新梢生长期相一致的;此外,较温暖的气温(10-20℃),较强烈的光线,较干旱的条件以及树势衰弱均有利于病害的发生。5.通过嫁接接种试验及Fe.zn.mnmg.B等微量元素的诊断试验,证明苹果花叶病是由于pyrus virus 2号病毒寄主所引起的侵染性病害。病毒不能藉汁液及种子进行传播;蚜虫及浮尘子的初步接种试验,未能获得肯定的结论。6.病毒的寄主范围根据调查和嫁接接种试验的初步结果,包括苹果,冬红果,绵苹果,沙果,林檎,秋子,中花,蜜果,白果,荼子,山定子,陇东海棠以及花海棠等多种植物。不同的西洋苹果品种对于病毒感染性具有明显的差异,其中以白龙,甘露,华绵及金冠等品种最为感病,其次为黄魁,红姣,红玉,国光及元帅等品种,而英金,大珊瑚及印度等品种则高度抗病。7.重病株的新梢生长长度较健株平均减少27%。采自病株的果实其可溶性物质的含量较无病株者畧高,同时不耐貯藏,特别容易遭受炭疽病的为害;经过四个月的貯藏试验,其损失率较健株果实增高9.6-35.2%。但是在二年产量的比较中,病株与健株没有显著区别。8.苹果花叶病在关中地区的最早发生历史已不可考。但在1947年以前即有零星分布,病害在1951-1953年大量扩展蔓延,推测其原因有二:①栽植有病苗木。②可能与蚜虫等害虫的大发生有关。9.建议病害防治应从①苗木,接穗严格执行检疫,②加强栽培管理,增强树势,③在严重发病地区避免大量种植高度感病品种,④防治可能传播病毒的昆虫,如蚜虫等。

    ~~

    本工作的主要目的是利用华北、中南和西南部分地区各地质年代岩石的天然剩余磁性资料来研究古地极位置,从而提供解决中苏太平洋区域成矿带地质构造问题的一些古地磁资料.我们用无定向磁力仪测定了175块岩石标本的天然剩余磁化强度.这些标本分别属于泥盆纪、石炭纪、二迭纪、三迭纪和侏罗纪五个地质年代.测定的结果是:泥盆纪的地极位置在北大西洋;石炭纪的地极位置比较散乱,这可能跟标本的天然剩余磁性较弱和测量仪器精密度较低有关;二迭纪和三迭纪的地极位置都在北太平洋;侏罗纪的地极位置在印度洋.这些结果跟其他学者分别按照欧美地区岩石天然剩余磁性所获得的结果并不一致.原因何在?目前还不能确定,有待进一步的研究.但若把中国地质矿藏情况进行检查,在这些年代里的古气候都更接近于赤道这一现象,使我们相信本工作的结果更与实际相符合.

     
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