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淡水小龙虾
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  crawfish
     Risk Analysis Study of Exported Crawfish Products
     出口淡水小龙虾产品风险分析研究
短句来源
     Study on risk management measures of biological hazards existing in exported crawfish products
     出口淡水小龙虾产品生物危害风险管理措施研究
短句来源
     HAZARD ANALYSIS AND ITS MEASURES OF PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF CHLORAMPHENICOL IN CRAWFISH
     淡水小龙虾氯霉素残留的危害分析和预防控制措施
短句来源
     In order to provide scientific basis for inspection of exported crawfish, the author, according to risk analysis principle of WHO/CAC, collects and analyzes the data of exported crawfish products inspection and the Residue Monitoring Plan on Animal and Animal Originated Foods of China to conduct a risk assessment on biological and chemical hazard of exported crawfish products.
     为了给淡水小龙虾出口检验工作提供科学的依据,作者运用世界卫生组织和食品卫生法典组织(WHO/CAC)的风险分析原理,收集和分析出口小龙虾检验相关数据和国家出口动物源性食品残留监控数据,对出口淡水小龙虾产品进行了生物危害和化学危害的风险评估,得出以下结果:
短句来源
     The control of the chloramphenicol pollution in growing water can be the most important factor for controlling chloramphenicol residue in crawfish.
     〔结论〕从生长水域控制氯霉素污染,是控制淡水小龙虾产品氯霉素污染的主要措施;
短句来源
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  freshwater crayfish
     Study on the Comprehensive Utilization of Freshwater Crayfish
     淡水小龙虾的综合利用
短句来源
     Comprehensive Exploitation and Utilization of Freshwater crayfish
     淡水小龙虾资源的综合利用及其开发价值
短句来源
     This article briefly summarized that the resources condition,the cultivation prospect and the industrialization development of comprshensive utilization for the freshwater crayfish.
     综述了淡水小龙虾的资源状况、养殖前景及其综合利用的产业化开发。
短句来源
  “淡水小龙虾”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Modeling the Sterilization of Staphylococcus aureus in Crayfish. Germ Falls by UHP
     淡水小龙虾中金黄色葡萄球菌超高压杀菌模型建立
短句来源
     The pollution of its growing water area is the main source of chloramphenicol residue,while different water area gives different chloramphenicol pollution risk.
     〔结果〕生长水域的污染是导致淡水小龙虾氯霉素污染的主要原因,且不同生长水域氯霉素污染风险也不一样。
短句来源
     We used the ultra high pressure (UHP) to process the crayfish,recurring to the Box- Behnken experiment method to design and investigating the effect of the UHP cooperated with different temperature and time on the deadly ratio of Staphylococcus aureus,the model of which sterilized by UHP was built,the authors chose SPSS to analyze the experimental data,the relative coefficient of actual value to the predicted is 0.9912.
     本文选用超高压技术对淡水小龙虾进行杀菌处理。 借助于Box-Behnken试验设计方法,考察了不同温度和保压时间协同超高压对金黄色葡萄球菌的作用效果,建立了金黄色葡萄球菌超高压杀菌模型,并利用SPSS对数据进行相关性分析、验证,得到实测值与预测值的相关系数为0.9912。
短句来源
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  crawfish
Starvation on changes in growth and fatty acid composition of juvenile red swamp crawfish, Procambarus clarkii
      
The effect of starvation on physiological and biochemical indicators of body, muscle and hepatopancreas were investigated for juvenile red swamp crawfish (Procambarus clarkii), and the results showed the effect was obvious.
      
Asymmetric competition in larval amphibian communities: conservation implications for the northern crawfish frog, Rana areolat
      
This density-dependent regulatory mechanism may be of particular importance for rare or endangered species such as the northern crawfish frog, Rana areolata circulosa.
      
Mirex residues in wild populations of the edible red crawfish (Procambarus clarki)
      
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  freshwater crayfish
Experimental investigations were made of the influence of an external alternating voltage on the amplitude and heartbeat rate of Daphnia freshwater crayfish.
      
The effect of the androgenic gland (AG) on female agonistic behavior was studied in the Australian freshwater crayfish Cherax quadricarinatus.
      
INTERSEXUALITY IN THE FRESHWATER CRAYFISH SAMASTACUS SPINIFRONS (PHILIPPI, 1882) (DECAPODA, PARASTACIDAE)
      
Samastacus spinifrons, a South American freshwater crayfish, has always been characterized as gonochoric in the literature.
      
Adult freshwater crayfish, Austropotamobius pallipes, were maintained in the laboratory in such a way that mating, spawning, and maternal egg incubation took place under controlled conditions.
      
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Taylor et al. (1999) studied the fossil crayfish from the Upper Jurassic Yixian Formation of Jehol Group, Liaoning Province, China. Very recently more specimens were found from these sites. One of these is worthy of special remark and illustration. Specimen 126354 appears to be a molted exo skeleton (Plate Ⅰ). Much research has been conducted on the taphonomy of crustaceans (e. g., see Hof and Briggs, 1997). In all cases, these experiments have involved the death and preservation of intact animals. The...

Taylor et al. (1999) studied the fossil crayfish from the Upper Jurassic Yixian Formation of Jehol Group, Liaoning Province, China. Very recently more specimens were found from these sites. One of these is worthy of special remark and illustration. Specimen 126354 appears to be a molted exo skeleton (Plate Ⅰ). Much research has been conducted on the taphonomy of crustaceans (e. g., see Hof and Briggs, 1997). In all cases, these experiments have involved the death and preservation of intact animals. The processes of bacterially modulated phosphatization commence almost immediate after death, and distinctive stages in the process have been recognized for both the cuticles and soft tissues therein. Actual molts in the fossil record are rare. The entire mineral and much of the organic material of an arthropod exoskeleton are reabsorbed prior to ecdysis. What is cast off then is very thin and friable, and these breakdown very readily. Furthermore, crustaceans often eat the shed exoskeleton to recycle the unabsorbed materials back into laying down the layers of the new skeleton. Consequently, molted skeletons do not remain in the environment for long in order to be buried and fossilized. This specimen appears to us to be a molt for three reasons. First is its apparent lack of a carapace. As crayfish molt, the exoskeleton typically splits down the dorsal midline to allow the animal to step out of the shell. The carapace is attached to the rest of the exoskeleton by thin arthrodial membranes in the branchiostegal region and at the front of the cephalon. These readily separate from the remains of the sternites and endoskeletal apodemes along the ventral surface. Second, the thoracic limbs are partially disarticu lated and splayed in a manner of a molt, and the fractosternal suture rather evident. The arthrodial membranes between leg and body segments are very thin in a molted skeleton and can easily part. Third, there is little or no evidence of internal phosphatized soft tissue in the specimen at hand. Crayfish of the Jehol biota almost always have remains of the soft tissue preserved, and indeed pre sence of this material often complicates interpretation of the fossilized structures on these animals. There is some indication of spot phosphatization of the cuticle in this specimen, akin to that documented by Hof and Briggs (1997), but we see no remnants of phosphtized muscles beneath the cuticle. This specimen probably is a post adult individual some 11.5 cm in length, and may be a female with an annulus ventralis. It may belong to Cricoidoscelosus aethus rather than Palaeocambarus licenti based on its flagellate pleopods. The recognition of these molts adds to the unusual and distinctive preservation now becoming recognized from the various localities and strata of the Jehol biota of northeastern China.

淡水小龙虾化石在世界上十分少见。龙虾蜕皮的化石还未曾有过记录。文中讨论热河生物群上侏罗统义县组发现的、保存十分完好的蜕皮化石。判断其蜕皮标本的 3个理由是 :没有保存头胸甲 ;步足与体节之间的关节膜很薄以及几乎看不到磷酸盐化的软组织。

In view of marked biological hazards existing in exported crawfish products, risk management measures were put forward and evaluated in many ways. Establishing and implementing HACCP system on the basis of synthetically using above-mentioned risk management measures is also suggested.

针对出口淡水小龙虾产品存在的生物显著危害,从多方面对风险管理措施进行了评价研究,并提出了在综合运用各种风险管理措施的基础上建立和运行HACCP体系的建议。

This is to suggest prevention and control measures of chloramphenicol residue in crawfish.According to function to disease and uses of chloramphenicol,and considering its mainly physical and chemical characteristics,the hazard analysis of the chloramphenicol through the whole commodity flow chart of crawfish from farm to table has been studied systematically.The pollution of its growing water area is the main source of chloramphenicol residue,while different water area gives different chloramphenicol pollution...

This is to suggest prevention and control measures of chloramphenicol residue in crawfish.According to function to disease and uses of chloramphenicol,and considering its mainly physical and chemical characteristics,the hazard analysis of the chloramphenicol through the whole commodity flow chart of crawfish from farm to table has been studied systematically.The pollution of its growing water area is the main source of chloramphenicol residue,while different water area gives different chloramphenicol pollution risk.The control of the chloramphenicol pollution in growing water can be the most important factor for controlling chloramphenicol residue in crawfish.Controlling of the raw material and the follow-up processing can be the critical measures to prevent and control the chloramphenicol residue in the crawfish.

〔目的〕提出科学、可行的淡水小龙虾中氯霉素残留危害的预防与控制措施。〔方法〕根据氯霉素的功效、用途以及其主要的理化特性,并结合淡水小龙虾生物学特性,运用HACCP原理对淡水小龙虾“从农田到餐桌”的整个商品流程图进行了氯霉素残留危害分析。〔结果〕生长水域的污染是导致淡水小龙虾氯霉素污染的主要原因,且不同生长水域氯霉素污染风险也不一样。〔结论〕从生长水域控制氯霉素污染,是控制淡水小龙虾产品氯霉素污染的主要措施;加强原料来源控制和生产加工预防,是淡水小龙虾出口企业预防和控制氯霉素危害的关键措施。

 
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