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辐合地区
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     Advection and convergence of water vapor transport over the northwest China
     中国西北地区水汽的平流输送和辐合输送
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     Regional Construction
     地区建造
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     Regional architecture
     地区建筑
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     (3)convergence zone exsisting continuously over eastern China,was formed by conbining easterly and strong southwesterly;
     偏东风与强西南风形成的辐合带在江淮地区维持;
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  zone of convergence
The southern marine boundary of the region was established for the first time by the zone of convergence of river discharge streams and marine alongshore currents.
      
The horizontal and vertical distributions of temperature and salinity in the German Bight cause strong t° C- and S ‰ gradients within the zone of convergence as well as pronounced seasonal differences.
      
The confluence line is the zone of convergence between the northeasterlies to the west of the disturbance centre and the monsoon westerlies.
      
A second zone of convergence occurs where lithosphere of the Pacific Ocean is subducted towards the west.
      
The third zone of convergence runs south from Taiwan, through the Philippine Islands to the Molucca Sea region in the south.
      
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In this study the response of atmosphere to the stationary forcing for various basic stateshave been examined.It is further confirmed that easterly basic flow traps the waves in the trop-ics,hence the interaction of waves between two hemispheres is restricted, whereas the westerlybasic flow is favorable to the wave propagation from the tropics to middle latitudes as well asfrom one hemisphere to the other.The influence of the zonal variation of the tropical basic flowon the propagation of equatorial Rossby waves...

In this study the response of atmosphere to the stationary forcing for various basic stateshave been examined.It is further confirmed that easterly basic flow traps the waves in the trop-ics,hence the interaction of waves between two hemispheres is restricted, whereas the westerlybasic flow is favorable to the wave propagation from the tropics to middle latitudes as well asfrom one hemisphere to the other.The influence of the zonal variation of the tropical basic flowon the propagation of equatorial Rossby waves is significant.The wave energy accumulates in theconvergence region of basic zonal wind and emanates from there to middle la(?)tudes.Therefore,the region of equatorial westerlies with a maximum negative stretching acts as a key region forthe active interactions between the tropics and middle latitudes as well as between two hemi-spheres.In the experiments with the observational data as the basic state ,it is found that the charac-teristics of the tropical wave propagation and the behavior of interaction between the hemispheresin winter are very different from those in summer.

本文研究了在各种定常基本状态下大气对位于热带及中纬度地区的定常强迫源的响应。进一步证实了东风基本气流将限制热带扰动向中高纬度的传播,从而也抑制了两半球的相互作用;西风基本气流则有利于热带波动向中纬度传播,有利于中纬度扰动通过热带向另一半球传播。赤道地区基本气流随经度的变化对罗斯贝波的传播也有重大影响,波动能量将在基本气流辐合的地区累积并向中纬度发射。因此赤道西风辐合最大的地区就是热带与中纬度相互作用以及两半球相互作用最明显的地区。应用实测风场作基本气流所进行的实验表明,冬季与夏季热带波动的传播特征,两半球相互作用的状况均有明显差异。

 
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