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生发囊
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  “生发囊”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The fragment of the larvae remained active for 2.5 months and continuously produced cells.
     Ⅰ龄幼虫组织片段在培养液中缓慢地、有节律地收缩,并不断长出生发囊和细胞,达二个半月之久。
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     A range of observation on ultrastructure of adult Echinococcus granulosus, the wall of hydatid cyst, the wall of brood capsule and protoscoleces had been caried from 1990-1997 The results showed that syncytial structure not only is the tegumental main structure of Echinococcus granusus, but also is the fundamental structure of inner organs.
     在1990~1997年对细粒棘球绦虫成虫、细粒棘球蚴囊壁、生发囊壁和原头节的超微结构进行了一系列观察。
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     fimbriatum Hook., D.
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     Morphological Alteration and Drug Content in Cyst Wall of Echinococcus granulosus Exposed to Mebendazole, Albendazole or Albendazole Sulfoxide
     细粒棘球蚴经甲苯达唑、阿苯达唑或阿苯达唑亚砜作用后其生发层的形态学变化和药物含量
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  brood capsules
On two occasions a secondary cyst has been found containing brood capsules with fully developed protoscolices.
      
Scolices and brood capsules of healthy hydatid cysts from lungs of human patients were studied with histochemical and histoenzymatic methods.
      
The development of brood capsules and protoscolices in secondary hydatid cysts of Echinococcus granulosus
      
Using the Mongolian jird (Meriones unguiculatus) as a laboratory host for the cystic stage of the British horse strain of Echinococcus granulosus, the mode of development of brood capsules and protoscolices was studied histologically.
      
By 22 weeks, the proliferation of the cysts had ceased and histologically the LCM consisted of fibrous and fibrohistiocytic stroma, thick-walled fertile and sterile brood capsules, and predominantly plasmacytic and histiocytic infiltrates.
      
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Ninety-seven cases of porcine hepatic echinococciasis had beenstudied pathomorphologically and 3 of these examined hy scanning and trans-mitted electron-microscopy. The results obtained are as follows: All the Echino-coccus cysts observed are single capsule type. Only a few cases of cyst fluidscontain protoscolices after centrifugation. Its laminated wall is composed oftwo layers which are PAS positive, the endoderm is thinner and eosin staining,while the ectoderm is thicker, keratosic and amorphous and slightly...

Ninety-seven cases of porcine hepatic echinococciasis had beenstudied pathomorphologically and 3 of these examined hy scanning and trans-mitted electron-microscopy. The results obtained are as follows: All the Echino-coccus cysts observed are single capsule type. Only a few cases of cyst fluidscontain protoscolices after centrifugation. Its laminated wall is composed oftwo layers which are PAS positive, the endoderm is thinner and eosin staining,while the ectoderm is thicker, keratosic and amorphous and slightly stainedwith eosin. No blood vessels between two layers have been found. Aroundthe invading larvae allergic inflammation and parasitic granulomas usually ap-peared. These are characteristic lesions of the disease. The liver had chronicinterstitial hepatitis or hepatocirrhosis. There are no blood vessels within thecentres of old granulomas. By transmitted electronmicroscopy, the capsulesformed as finger-like projections from the germinal layer which lines thecyst are found. Within each of these capsules, numerous glycogen particlesand high electron-dense, nucleoid materials exist. Small particle-like materialsare eliminated from germinal layer to keratose layer. The keratose layer showsfibrous network appearance. By scanning electron-microscopy, daughter cysts,bloodcapsules and inotganic salts have been found. The transverse featureof keratose layer is fibrous network in appearance and the surface is covereddensely with longer microvilli. There are short cylindrical projections line uporderly on the surface, thus forming corrugations resembling the convolutionsof the brain.

对97例猪肝棘球蚴进行了系统的病理形态学观察,同时对其中3例作了扫描和透射电镜观察。病理学检查,均为单房型棘球蚴;采取囊液离心作头节检查,仅少部分有原头蚴。棘球蚴囊壁分为两层,内层(或胚层)较薄,伊红着染,外层为较厚的角质层,伊红淡染,呈无构造板层状结构。两层内无血管。PAS反应均为阳性。虫体周围常有变态反应性炎,形成寄生虫性肉穿肿,为本病的特征性病变。陈旧性肉芽肿中心无血管。肝组织是慢性间质性炎或肝硬化。透射电镜观察,胚层有很多生发层细胞呈指状突起的囊腔,其内有大量糖原颗粒和电子密度高的类核结构。胚层向角质层释放小颗粒样物质,角质层呈纤维网状。扫描电镜观察,胚层及内含物有生发囊、子囊和无机盐。角质层断面呈纤维网状,其外面有排列整齐的低柱状突起,形成有规则的皱褶,形如脑回状,表面密布较长的微绒毛。

The paper reports the results of the early development of human soure brood capsules in the abdominal cavity of mice from different time of development. We suggested that 1). one protoscolex can developed into many new larval cysts by means of the exogenous proliferation, 2)the new formed exogenous cysts without a germinal layer, but how the laminated layer formed, so the histogenesis of the laminated layer will be reconsidered, 3) although it is a vigorous cysts surrounded by the fibrous tissue, many septa...

The paper reports the results of the early development of human soure brood capsules in the abdominal cavity of mice from different time of development. We suggested that 1). one protoscolex can developed into many new larval cysts by means of the exogenous proliferation, 2)the new formed exogenous cysts without a germinal layer, but how the laminated layer formed, so the histogenesis of the laminated layer will be reconsidered, 3) although it is a vigorous cysts surrounded by the fibrous tissue, many septa still can be formed inside of the cysts, but these cysts were not belong to the multiple type of hydatid cyst (alvolar cysts of E. multiocularis), and 4 ).causative factor of the secondery infection in human case after operation, it seems that need not very numerous protoscolecs spilled out from the cyst into the abdominal cavity, only just a few protoscoleces can develop into numerous cysts if there were enough space for their further growth.

人体肺或肝内棘球蚴的生发囊或原头蚴接种杂交小白鼠腹腔,最初可见游离的原头蚴周围有大量中性细胞及少数嗜酸性细胞,原头蚴结构模糊,生发囊外有明显的细胞反应带。如系存活的原头蚴其内部结构多集聚于一处,并有少数顶突钩,原头蚴可向不同方向形成有角质层外被的突起,突起可脱离原头蚴,形成有角质层的新个体,但未见内侧有生发层存在。

A cell line from Anopheles anthrophagus-Ana 104 is established from 1st instar larvae. The medium is TC199, supplemented with 0.4% Lactabumin Hydrolysate (LH), 0.03% glutamine, 10-20% FBS and adequate amount of penicillin and streptomycin as well as non essential amigo acids. The fragment of the larvae remained active for 2.5 months and continuously produced cells. After 7-10 days of subculture, the cells formed a moaolayer which could be maintained for more than 22 days. The cell line is on its 27 passage leveal...

A cell line from Anopheles anthrophagus-Ana 104 is established from 1st instar larvae. The medium is TC199, supplemented with 0.4% Lactabumin Hydrolysate (LH), 0.03% glutamine, 10-20% FBS and adequate amount of penicillin and streptomycin as well as non essential amigo acids. The fragment of the larvae remained active for 2.5 months and continuously produced cells. After 7-10 days of subculture, the cells formed a moaolayer which could be maintained for more than 22 days. The cell line is on its 27 passage leveal now. The cell is adapt to the medium L-15, DMEM etc. From Oth passage on some cells were stored in liquid nitrogen and successfully resuscitated. Ana 104 mainly contains epitherial type cells, spindal like cells also exist. The chromosome number is 2n=6, The observation with electron microscope showed no contamination of virus or micoplasma. The dynamic study of amino acids requirement indicated that the cells consumed relatively large amount of Glu. , Tyr. , Orn. , Arg. , Cys. , etc, but increased the concentration of Asp. in the medium. The activity of carboxylesterase and cholinesterase were detected. Esterase Zymograms form polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis revealed 3 bands.The Anopheles anthropophagus is affidicted to human blood, it is important vecor in China. Ana 104 was the 4th cell line established from Anopholine mosquito, The other three was established from An. gambia, An. stephensi, An. sinensis. The cell line Ana 104 would be helpful in the study of virology, parasitology, cell and molecular biology and its management.

嗜人按蚊细胞系——Ana 104是取材于其Ⅰ龄幼虫培养成功的。培养液以7C199培养基,另加0.4%水解乳白蛋白,0.03%谷氨酰胺、10~20%胎牛血清及适量的青、链霉素和非必需氨基酸配制而成。Ⅰ龄幼虫组织片段在培养液中缓慢地、有节律地收缩,并不断长出生发囊和细胞,达二个半月之久。经传代培养后,约7~10天可长满单层,能维持22天以上。至今已传27代。能适应在L-15、DMEM等培养基中生长。从第9代起,将部分细胞进行液氮冻存,经复苏试验复活成功,生长良好。Ana 104细胞系以上皮型细胞为主,也有梭型细胞,染色体2n=6。动态观察其对氨基酸的需求,发现对谷氨酸、酪氨酸、鸟氨酸、胱氨酸和精氨酸需量较大,并可合成天门冬氨酸等。经电镜观察,未见有病毒和支原体污染。还测试了酯酶同功酶带为3条和羧酸酯酶、乙酰胆碱酯酶的比活力。嗜人按蚊嗜吸人血,是我国重要的媒介蚊种。Ana 104细胞系是继冈比亚按蚊、斯氏按蚊和中华按蚊细胞系建立后,又新增添的1种按蚊细胞系。它将有助于从细胞分子角度对嗜人按蚊进行深入的生物学、营养代谢、细胞遗传、与病原体的关系、杀虫机理及生物工程等方面的研究。

 
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