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  pancreatic body
     The sensitivity of MRCP was 90.6% for cancer of the pancreatic head,6.67% for cancer of the pancreatic body and 82.1% for chronic pancreatitis.
     MRCP对胰头癌的敏感率为 90 .6% ,对胰体癌为 6.67% ,对慢性胰腺炎为 82 .1%。
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     Simple enucleation was performed in 14 cases, local resection of pancrease in 6 cases, resection of pancreatic body and tail in 1 case, Whipple in 1 case and tumor enucleation through laparoscope in 1 case.
     行单纯肿瘤摘除术14例、局部切除术6例、胰体尾部切除术1例、胰十二指肠切除术1例、腹腔镜下胰岛素瘤摘除术1例。
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     The sensitivity of combined MRI techniques was 96.9% for cancer of the pancreatic head,93.3% for cancer of the pancreatic body and 92.9% for chronic pancreatitis( P < 0.01 ).
     联合应用多种MRI技术对胰头癌的敏感率为 96.9% ,对胰体癌为 93 .3 % ,对慢性胰腺炎为 92 .9% (P <0 .0 1)。
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     The shape of the pancreatic body is of two types, the two surface type of which accounts for 56.67 ±9.05%.
     胰体形状分两型; 两面(扁平)型占56.67±9.05%。
短句来源
     Results:Among the 17 patients, there were 12 male and 5 female. They were ranging from 23 to 40 years old. 5 patients with pancreatic head cancer(29.4%),10 patients with pancreatic body/neck cancer(58.8%),2 patients with whole pancreatic cancer(11.8%).
     结果:17例青年人胰腺癌患者中男12例,女5例,年龄23~40岁,胰头部5例(29.4%),胰体尾部10例(58.8%),全胰2例(11.8%)。
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  body of pancreas
     Female: head of pancreas is (25.7±2.9)mm, body of pancreas is (19.9±3.0)mm, tail of pancreas is (18.2±2.8)mm.
     女性胰腺胰头(25.7±2.9)mm,胰体(19.9±3.0)mm,胰尾(18.2±2.8)mm。
短句来源
     Results Man: head of pancreas is (27.9±3.3)mm, body of pancreas is (21.6±3.4)mm, tail of pancreas is (20.3±2.9) mm;
     结果:男性胰腺胰头(27.9±3.3)mm,胰体(21.6±3.4)mm,胰尾(20.3±2.9)mm;
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     The levels of TSGF and CA242 in head of pancreas cancer are extra highest in the part of all pancreas, body of pancreas and head of pancreas ,but CA19-9 hasn't to do with part of the pancreas.
     胰头癌TSGF与CA242水平显著高于胰体癌、胰尾癌及全胰癌,而CA19-9的表达与其部位无相关性。
     The accuracy rate of diagnosis was 96% for the lesions ≥3 cm was 96% and 88% for the lesions <3 cm (P>0.05). The accuracy rates of diagnosis were 93%, 92%, and 100% for the lesions located in the head of pancreas and ampulla of Vater, body of pancreas, and tail of pancreas (P>0.05).
     较大肿块病灶[<3cm28/32(88%),≥3·0cm71/74(96%)]和病变位于胰尾(胰尾100%,胰头壶腹区93%,胰体92%)的正确率稍高,经统计学检验正确率差异没有统计学意义(P>0·05),未发现严重的并发症。
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     The common hepatic arterial lymph nodes (5.7x 5x2) aad the posterior lymph nodes (10x3.5x1.8) are a centre of the meeting of the lymphatics [from the pyloric part, the superior part of duodenum, the head and the body of pancreas, the liver and the gall bladder.
     胃胰襞右部中的肝总动脉结(5.7×5×2)和门静脉后淋巴结(10×3.5×1.8); 接受胃幽门部,十二指肠上部、胰头部、胰体部和肝胆部淋巴管。
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  pancreas body
     The levels of TSGF and CA242 in head of pancreas cancer are extra highest in the part of all pancreas, body of pancreas and head of pancreas ,but CA19-9 hasn't to do with part of the pancreas.
     胰头癌TSGF与CA242水平显著高于胰体癌、胰尾癌及全胰癌,而CA19-9的表达与其部位无相关性。
     9 tumors were located in pancreas head,6 in pancreas body,and 6 in pancreas tail.
     肿瘤位子胰头9例,胰体6例,胰尾6例。
短句来源
     The tumors were located in the pancreas head in 3 cases,in the pnacreas neck in 1 case,and in the pancreas body and tail in 11 cases.
     肿瘤位于胰头钩突 3例 ,胰颈 1例 ,胰体尾 11例 ;
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     The tumors were located in the pancreas head in 8 cases, in the pancreas body in 6 cases, and in the pancreas tail in 5 cases.
     肿瘤位于胰头8例,胰体6例,胰尾5例。
短句来源
     For 12 patients with malignant tumor, 8 patients were treated with splenectomy. Because of spontaneous repture, 1 case was performed splenectomy and abdominal drainage. One case was performed palliative resection One case was performed drainage because of the infection vesulted from tumor necrosis and one case and the other was performed pancreas body and tail resection.
     12例恶性肿瘤中 8例行脾切除术 ,1例因肿瘤自发性破裂行脾切除及腹腔引流术 ,1例行姑息性肿瘤切除 ,1例因肿瘤坏死感染行引流术 ,1例行脾联合胰体尾切除。
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  “胰体”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The 1—,3— and 5—year survival rates in those undergoing radical distal pancreatec- tomy were 70%(14/20),30%(6/20) and 15%(3/20),respectively.
     行胰体尾根治性切除者的1,3,5年生存率分别为70%(14/20),30%(6/20),15%(3/20)。
短句来源
     21.4% of islet cell tumors were in the head of pancreas, 28.6% in the body and 50.0% in the tail.
     病灶分布:胰头21.4%,胰体28.6%,胰尾50.0%。
短句来源
     The operative methods performed in 88 cases included Roux-en-Y cystojejunostomy(39 cases),cystogastrostomy(34 cases),pancreatoduodenectomy(2 cases),externa1 drainage(9 cases),excision of body and tail of pancrea+splenectomy(3 cases),cystogastrostomy+Roux-en-Y cystojejunostomy(1 case).
     88例采用的手术方式分别是囊肿空肠Roux-en-Y型吻合术39例,囊肿胃吻合术34例,囊肿十二指肠吻合术2例,囊肿外引流术9例,胰体尾切除+脾切除3例,囊肿胃吻合术+囊肿空肠Roux-en-Y型吻合术1例。
短句来源
     37 1% tumors were located in the head and uncinate process of the pancreas, 26 1% in the body, 36 1% in the tail, and 0 7% ectopic.
     位于胰头钩部者 37.1% ,胰体部者 2 6 .1% ,胰尾部 36 .1% ,胰腺外0 .7% ;
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     The resection rate for pancreas carcinoma in head, body and tail was 54 5%(54/99) and 48 1%(13/27) respectively and the radical resection rate was 47 5%(47/99), and 29 6%(8/27) respectively.
     结果  147例胰腺癌中胰头癌和胰体尾癌的切除率分别为 5 4% (5 4/99)、48% (13/2 7) ,根治率分别为 48% (47/99)、30 % (8/2 7) ;
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  pancreatic body
Computed tomography (CT) and ultrasound (US) showed an irregular mass in the pancreatic body.
      
Autopsy confirmed annular pancreas and a 6-cm tumor in the pancreatic body extending to the pancreatic head and pancreas divisum.
      
Clinicopathologic differentiation of atrophy of the pancreatic body and tail aplasia
      
For cancer of the pancreatic body and tail, distal pancreatectomy or total pancreatectomy represent the current standard treatment.
      
The width of the pancreatic body in the cirrhotics was also significantly greater than in the controls (1.95 ? 0.24 cm versus 1.50 ? 0.30 cm) (P >amp;lt; 0.001).
      
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  body of pancreas
One male patient with tumor in the neck and body of pancreas and not infiltrating the duodenum dropped hemoglobin to 7.3?g/dl at the end of the ninth week, and melena on rectal examination.
      
On celiac angiography an extremely vascular mass was seen in the body of pancreas with hypertrophied arteries and persistent, dense tumor staining.
      
CT scan shows lobulated cystic mass in body of pancreas.
      
CT scan shows cystic mass with well-defined wall in body of pancreas.
      
Inferior Lymph nodes inferior to head and body of pancreas.
      
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  pancreas body
The lesions were located in the pancreas body in two patients and the pancreas tail in one patient.
      
For 42 cases with detailed information, 41 tumors at the pancreas body or tail were removed successfully by enucleation (n = 24) or distal pancreatic resection (n = 17), and one tumor at the pancreatic head was enucleated successfully.
      
However, on a CT scan performed after the administration of diatrizoate meglumine/diatrizoate sodium (Gastrografin, Schering, Berlin, Germany) the mass was shown as a jejunum loop located between the stomach and the pancreas body.
      
Ultrasonography and computed tomography showed pancreas head tumor with a neighboring cystic lesion and fatty replacement of parenchyma of the pancreas body and tail.
      
Positron emission tomography (PET) with 2-[fluorine-18]-fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose (FDG) showed multiple labeled spots within the pancreas body and chest.
      
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Acute experiments were performed on rabbits anesthetized with urethane. The change of concentration of plasma free fatty acid (FFA) was observed after electrical stimulation of the peripheral ends of left greater splanchnic nerves. The results were as follows: (1) In normal rabbits with intact adrenal glands, the effect of stimulation of splanchnie nerves upon the plasma FFA level was rather inconsistent, the result being either an increase, or a decrease, or no change. (2) After left adrenalectomy, however,...

Acute experiments were performed on rabbits anesthetized with urethane. The change of concentration of plasma free fatty acid (FFA) was observed after electrical stimulation of the peripheral ends of left greater splanchnic nerves. The results were as follows: (1) In normal rabbits with intact adrenal glands, the effect of stimulation of splanchnie nerves upon the plasma FFA level was rather inconsistent, the result being either an increase, or a decrease, or no change. (2) After left adrenalectomy, however, a marked decrease in the plasma FFA level was obtained after splanchnic stimulation in all the rabbits observed. The effect was abolished When the α-cells of the pancreatic islets were selectively destroyed by the administration of cobalt chloride. This effect was repeated in acute experiments performed on dogs with blockade of left adrenal venous return. A marked decrease in the plasma FFA with concomitant hyperglycemia was observed after splanchnic stimulation. This effect was abolished after extirpation of the body and tail (where most of the α cells are concentrated) of the pancreas. (3) By using cortisone-pretreated rabbits for assaying, it was found that a substance with glucagon-like activity by which hyperglycemia and lowering of the plasma FFA level can be induced was present in the blood of the portal vein after splanchnic stimulation. It is concluded from the above results that the greater splanchnic nerves appear to innervate the α-cells of the pancreas from which a glucagon-like substance capable of lowering the plasma FFA level is liberated into the blood stream after splanchnic stimulation.

本工作主要用兎做急性实驗,研究直接刺激内脏大神經外周端对血浆自由脂肪酸濃度的影响。結果如下: (一)在正常的不切除腎上腺的兎体上,刺激內脏大神經外周端对血浆自由脂肪酸濃度有不同的影响:有的使血浆自由脂肪酸濃度升高;有的降低;有的則基本不变。 (二)切除左侧腎上腺,刺激左侧內脏大神經外周端后,血浆自由脂肪酸濃度表現明显降低。若預先注射氯化钴以破坏胰島α細胞后,再做此項观察,血浆自由脂肪酸濃度的降低反应卽消失。在急性实驗狗身上,阻断左侧腎上腺靜脉血回流,刺激左侧內脏大神經外周端,亦可同样引起血浆自由脂肪酸濃度的降低,以及血糖濃度显著升高。切除胰尾部和胰体部以消除大部分胰島α細胞的作用后,再刺激內脏大神經外周端,上述反应卽消失。 (三)血液鉴定实驗指出,对切除腎上腺兎刺激內脏大神經后,門靜脉血血浆中有升高血糖物质存在,后者具有使血糖濃度升高和血浆自由脂肪酸濃度降低的作用。总結以上結果,可以认为,内脏大神經除支配腎上腺體质影响血糖和血浆自由脂肪酸濃度外,还极可能支配胰島α細胞,釋放类胰高血糖素物质,使血糖濃度升高及血浆自由脂肪酸濃度降低。

The extrahepatic portal vein and its tributaries were investigated in 100 adult cadavers. The results are as follows, 1. The portal vein is formed by the junction of the splenic and the superior mesenteric veins. According to the variety of emptying site of the inferior mesenteric vein, the pattern of the portal vein may be classi- fied into three types. Based on the emptying situation of the left gastric vein, each type may be further divided into A, B and C subtypes. Type Ⅰ is the most common (67%), Type...

The extrahepatic portal vein and its tributaries were investigated in 100 adult cadavers. The results are as follows, 1. The portal vein is formed by the junction of the splenic and the superior mesenteric veins. According to the variety of emptying site of the inferior mesenteric vein, the pattern of the portal vein may be classi- fied into three types. Based on the emptying situation of the left gastric vein, each type may be further divided into A, B and C subtypes. Type Ⅰ is the most common (67%), Type Ⅲ less (24%), Type Ⅱ the least (9%). Among these subtypes, Type Ⅰ. A is most common, Ⅰ. C, Ⅲ. C and Ⅲ. A subtypes are less, Subtype A in each type is the highest. 2. The portal vein is formed by the union of the splenic and the supe- rior mesenteric veins behind the neck of the pancreas, occurring in 92. 6%, behinid the pancreas body, occurring in 7. 4%. 3. The length of the portal vein varies from 4. 6 to 8. 6cm, The average length is 6. 73 cm. The width of middle segment of the portal vein varies from 0. 9 to 3. 0 cm, with 1. 8 cm as an average. 4. The tributaries of the portal vein are the splenic, the superior me- senteric, the inferior mesenteric (9%), the left gastric (61%), the right ga- stric (97. 7%), the superior posterior panereaticoduodenal, the paraumbilical (terminated in the left branch of the intrahepatic portal vein) and the cystic veins. The length and width of the main tributaries of the portal vein were measured.

本文报告100例肝外门静脉的形成、类型及其属支。其结果为:门静脉由脾静脉和肠系膜上静脉汇合而成。根据肠系膜下静脉注入部位不同,可将门静脉分为三型,其中Ⅰ型出现率最高(67%),Ⅲ型其次(24%),Ⅱ型最低(9%)。门静脉汇合处在胰颈后方的占92.6%。在胰体后方的占7.4%。门静脉的属支有:脾静脉、肠系膜上(或下)静脉、胃左静脉、胃右静脉、胰十二指肠上后静脉、附脐静脉和胆囊静脉。这些属支并非同时存在。

One hundred and thirty two cases with cancer of the upper stomach were treated in this department in 1962-1981.Of these,resection of stomach was carried out in 92 patients. Upper gastric cancer was divided into two groups,i.e.cancer of the cardia and non-cardia upper gastric cancer.The pathologic characteristics of these two groups were compared,and no distinct differences were found in respect to gross appearance, cellular differentiation,the depth of involvement of the gastric wall and the lympha- tic metastasis,except...

One hundred and thirty two cases with cancer of the upper stomach were treated in this department in 1962-1981.Of these,resection of stomach was carried out in 92 patients. Upper gastric cancer was divided into two groups,i.e.cancer of the cardia and non-cardia upper gastric cancer.The pathologic characteristics of these two groups were compared,and no distinct differences were found in respect to gross appearance, cellular differentiation,the depth of involvement of the gastric wall and the lympha- tic metastasis,except for the pattern of growth. Two important factors as regards palliative resection of the stomach should be kept in mind,i.e.residual cancer tissue at the resected end of the esophagus and the involved regional lymphnodes around the body of pancreas.Hence,it is recommended that the esophagus should be adequately resected and that the proximal portion of the stomach should be resected along with the spleen ond the adjoining distal half of the pancreas.

本文就中国医大附属一院肿瘤科1962—1981年6月间收治的胃上部癌手术切除者92例进行了分析:1.贲门癌与非贲上部癌在 TNM 分期相当的情况下,大体形态、浸润胃壁深度、分化程度、淋巴结有无转移,术后3.5年生存率均无明显差别,只是组织学上的生长方式有一定差别。2.重点分析姑切的两大原因,即食管切断端残癌与胰体及腹腔动脉区残癌或转移之淋巴结,提出了改进措施,切除的食管长度应按大体形态而定,Ⅰ型至少切3.0cm,Ⅱ、Ⅲ型至少5 cm,Ⅳ型应切除更多;为清除腹腔动脉区癌组织提出施行全胃或近端大部胃切除,合并尾侧半胰和脾切除,并介绍了该手术的适应症与手术要点。

 
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