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盂唇
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  glenoid labrum
     Objective To determine the diagnostic value of shoulder MR arthrography in revealing the injuries of anterior glenoid labrum,and to compare MR arthrography with arm in neutral position with MR arthrography with arm in abduction and external rotation(ABER)position.
     目的明确肩关节造影 MR 对肩关节前方盂唇病变的诊断价值,并比较中立位肩关节造影 MR 和外展外旋(abduction and external rotation,ABER)造影 MR 的价值。
短句来源
     Results MRI of shoulder in 34 cases showed full-thickness and partial-thickness tears of the rotator cuff, tendinitis, glenoid labrum tear, synovitis, biceps tendinitis, biceps dislocation and tumors.
     结果34例患者肩关节磁共振成像扫描发现:肩袖完全撕裂、肩袖部分撕裂、肌腱炎、盂唇撕裂、滑膜炎、关节积液、肱二头肌长头腱鞘炎及肌腱脱位、肿瘤等。
短句来源
     Ⅲ degree:2. On arthroscopic view, 18 had anterior glenoid labrum detachment, 4 had anterior capsular laxity, 4 had combined superior labral anterior posterior(SLAP) injury, 3 had free body, 2 had humeral head or glenoid cartilage lesion.
     手术情况镜下见前盂唇撕脱18例,前关节囊松弛4例,合并上方盂唇撕裂(SLAP损伤)4例,游离体3例,盂唇骨赘形成2例,肱骨头、肩胛盂软骨剥脱2例;
短句来源
     The injured glenoid labrum of three Bankart cases also underwent debridement under shoulder arthroscopy, and then treated with improved Bristow operation through limited incision.
     3例合并Bankart病损,行肩关节镜下盂唇损伤处清创术后,通过有限切口进行改良的Bristow手术。
短句来源
     Anterior glenoid labrum detachment in 18 patients was reduced and sutured by the fixed anchor technique, 3 had anterior capsule shrinkage, 2 had debridement of frayed long head tendon of biceps, and 2 had reattachment of the long head tendon of biceps outside the capsule.
     分别给予关节镜下前盂唇缝合锚钉固定(18例),前关节囊松弛紧缩术(3例),肱二头肌腱刨削(2例),关节囊外重新附着固定(2例),上盂唇缝合(3例),刨削(1例)等处理。
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  glenoid lip
     MRI demonstrated that intraarticular fluid in 28 hips, subcartilage anormal signal of acetabular and femoral head at weight loading region in 10 hips, signal interruption of glenoid lip of hip in 10 hips.
     MRI示髋关节内积液28髋,髋臼和股骨头负重区软骨下骨信号异常10髋,髋臼盂唇信号连续性中断10髋。
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  “盂唇”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Anterior-inferior labrum injury: labrum abraded disappear was more occurred in pure traumatic group(P=0.055) and ALPSA injury was more in hyper-laxity group (59.4% to 38.9%, P=0.164).
     前下盂唇损伤时,单纯创伤组磨损消失较多(P=0.055),关节松弛组ALPSA损伤较多(59.4%对38.9%,P=0.164)。
短句来源
     The sensitivity and specificity of MRI were 96% and 75% for detecting glenolabrum abnormalities, and 78% and 88% for detecting labrum tear in anterior recurrent dislocation of the shoulder.
     诊断关节盂唇异常的敏感性为 96 % ,特异性为 75 % ,诊断关节盂唇撕裂的敏感性 78% ,特异性为 88%。
短句来源
     Results 1) 8 out of 11(72.7%) cases with mild inferior humeral or glenoid exostosis.
     结果术前盂肱关节不稳性骨关节炎肱骨头、盂唇下缘外生骨赘轻度占72.7%(8/11)。
短句来源
     Results The Hill sachs lesion was found in 77%(20/26)patients and abnormality of the anteroinferior labrum (Bankart lesion) was seen in 88%(23/26). Type II and type III capsular insertions were only found in 19%(5/26)of all patients, and the presence of osseous bankart lesion was only 8%(2/26).
     结果  2 6例患者中 ,Hill sachs病变的出现率为 77% (2 0 /2 6) ,前下关节盂唇异常的出现率为 88% (2 3 /2 6) ,前下关节囊附着II型和III型占 19% (5 /2 6) ,前下关节盂窝骨折占 8% (2 /2 6)。
短句来源
     Diagnosis and treatment of SLAP lesions
     上盂唇病变的诊断与治疗
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  glenoid labrum
The glenoid labrum is a peripherally elevated part of the glenoid rim that consists mostly of fibrous tissue.
      
The normal anatomy of the glenoid labrum varies widely and it is difficult to distinguish between normal conditions and a pathological finding.
      
Good knowledge of the anatomy of the glenoid labrum is essential to judge clinical, radiographic and arthroscopic findings.
      
Use of magnetic resonance arthrography (Arthro-MRI) of the shoulder is the best method to evaluate pathologic conditions of the glenoid labrum.
      
Common shoulder injuries include those to the rotator cuff, biceps tendon, and glenoid labrum.
      
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Eight cases of recurrent anterior dislocation of shoulder were treated with the mo-dified Bankart's operation.Seven of them were followed up for half to eighteen years,giving excellent results without recurrence.The original Bankart's operation has diffi-culty in repairing the anterior capsule of the shoulder joint.We modified this operationas follows:Three holes were drilled on the anterior rim of the glenoid labrum withoutpiercing the glenoid cartilage.Two sutures passing through the drill-holes were usedto...

Eight cases of recurrent anterior dislocation of shoulder were treated with the mo-dified Bankart's operation.Seven of them were followed up for half to eighteen years,giving excellent results without recurrence.The original Bankart's operation has diffi-culty in repairing the anterior capsule of the shoulder joint.We modified this operationas follows:Three holes were drilled on the anterior rim of the glenoid labrum withoutpiercing the glenoid cartilage.Two sutures passing through the drill-holes were usedto repair capsule and subscapularis muscle with overlapping.We hold that the pathoge-nesis of recurrent anterior dislocation of the shoulder joint is that the lacerated capsule,subscapularis and other soft tissues of the joint are not healed during initial injury.Therefore,the shoulder joint must be immobilized for at least 3 weeks after initialreduction.

本文报道8例复发性肩关节前脱位施行 Bankart 氏手术治疗,但在操作上稍作改良,即在肩关节盂唇的前缘钻三个洞,穿两根线,不通过关节将关节囊与肩胛下肌远侧端行重叠褥式缝合。术后肩关节固定3周,以利修复。随访7例,除1例有外展90°、外旋20°外,余6例肩关节功能均恢复正常。

There have been several surgical procedures devised to increase acetabular coverage of the femoral head in children with congenital dislocation of the hip(CDH).We modified Pemberton's acetabuloplasty for the cases with severe defect of the acetabular labrum. As modifications, the osteotomic site was not above but below the anterior inferior iliac spine, and the bone graft wedged into the osteotomic space was a large piece of bone as a shelf instead of a small mass. This procedure combines the advantages of the...

There have been several surgical procedures devised to increase acetabular coverage of the femoral head in children with congenital dislocation of the hip(CDH).We modified Pemberton's acetabuloplasty for the cases with severe defect of the acetabular labrum. As modifications, the osteotomic site was not above but below the anterior inferior iliac spine, and the bone graft wedged into the osteotomic space was a large piece of bone as a shelf instead of a small mass. This procedure combines the advantages of the S alter's pelvic ostotomy, the Pemberton's acetabuloplasty and the shelf operation with a large piece of bone. It reorients acetabulum,resulting in the decrease of acetabular index and the increase of acetabular coverage of the femoral head. Thus the replaced hip may be stable.

介绍一种改良的Pemberton氏髋臼成形术治疗盂唇严重缺损的病人,改良点为截骨位置不是在髂前下棘上方而是在下方,截骨处不是嵌入一楔形骨块而是一块大骨片以作加盖。此法集中了salter氏骨盆截骨术、Pembert氏髋臼成形术和大骨片加盖术的优点,既改变了髋臼的方向从而缩小了髋臼指数,又扩大了髋臼复盖股骨头的面积,复位稳定。报告20例病人共23个髋,随访3个月至10年,从随访3至10年的6例病人看,除年龄大对8岁和二次手术者外,髋关节功能都较好。

Among the 109 Patients operated on for congenital dislocation of the hiP in the Past 12 years, 50 Patients (58 joints ) received Sailer's innominate osteotomy. After a follow-uP for 1-13 years ( average 7 years), the results of Salter's were evaluated, according to the CE angle and the functional recovery of the joint, as excellent in 42 patients (84% ) , good in 3 ( 6% ) and fair in 1 ; i. e. the surgery was 90% successful. Redislocation occurred in 4 Patients (7% ) , mainly attributed to defective acetabular...

Among the 109 Patients operated on for congenital dislocation of the hiP in the Past 12 years, 50 Patients (58 joints ) received Sailer's innominate osteotomy. After a follow-uP for 1-13 years ( average 7 years), the results of Salter's were evaluated, according to the CE angle and the functional recovery of the joint, as excellent in 42 patients (84% ) , good in 3 ( 6% ) and fair in 1 ; i. e. the surgery was 90% successful. Redislocation occurred in 4 Patients (7% ) , mainly attributed to defective acetabular labium. Adhesion was found in 5 joints; all of them occurred in the aged patients, who failed to practise adequate functional rehabilitation. Redislocation was corrected by a secondary operation ( modified Pemberton's ) , adhesion was remedied with physiotherapy, and the outcome was good in both cases.

本院12年间手术治疗先天性髋关节脱位109例,将其中使用Salter法髋骨截骨术50例58个关节作疗效随访,随访50个关节(86%),随访时间为1~13年,平均7年。根据CE角和关节功能改善为疗效评定标准。优42个关节(84%),良3个关节(6%)、可1个关节。优良者90%。术后再脱位失败4个关节(7%),其原因主要是髋臼盂唇缺损。粘连5个关节,均是年龄较大,术后关节功能锻炼差,经手治治疗后,功能均恢复正常。讨论手术适应征及分析手术后再脱位原因,并再次作改良Pemberton手术,均获得满意疗效。

 
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