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市镇
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  town
    Gan Xiang: Social Relations Network in a Town of Emigrants in South China Since Ming and Qing Dynasties
    干巷:明清以来江南一个移民市镇的社会关系网络
短句来源
    Since the trading port opened in 1861, Hankou turned into a modern city from a traditional commerce town.
    自1861年开埠,汉口开始了由传统商业市镇向近代化都市的快速转进。
短句来源
    Taking the mordern Suzhou area as a case of study, this dissertation, starting with the the study of the relationship between the town and the evolution of the administrative divisions under county, makes a detailed discussion about the space that the records described in the past town chronicles, and demonstrates the importance of the definition of the space of the town and its boundary to the surrounding villiages for the study of Jiangnan towns.
    本文以近代苏州地区为研究对象,从市镇与清末民国以来江南县以下行政区划的演变关系入手,比较详细地讨论了传统市镇志的叙事空间范围,论证了确定市镇地域范围与乡村的大致边界对于江南市镇经济史研究的重要性,并讨论了清末民国以来改划自治区域过程中,国家政治的制度性安排和以市镇为中心的地方应对之间的复杂关系。
短句来源
    At last, the dissertation makes a study on the proportion of the town's taxation in the financial revenue and expenditure of Wujiang in the Republican period.
    最后,本文还讨论了民国时期吴江县市镇工商业税收在县级地方财政收支中的比重以及市镇税收与市镇财政收支的关系
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    In this article, I descried Du Zhongyuan's reform measures and the process of execution in great detail, and deeply analyzed the modernized impact and response that traditional economy of Jing Dezhen's porcelain industry had faced. Thus, I drew the conclusion that paradox between the development logic of the traditional handcrafting town and modernized industry is the essential reason for the decline on the economy of Jing Dezhen's porcelain industry.
    文中详细阐述了杜重远改革措施及其具体实施过程,对近代景德镇的传统瓷业经济面对现代化的冲击与反应进行了深入的分析,从而得出,传统手工业市镇的发展逻辑与现代化工业的悖论是景德镇瓷业经济衰落的根本原因。
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  “市镇”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Trade Routes, Towns and Social Changes: Foused on Northeast Jiangxi Province (1842-1937)
    商路、市镇与社会变迁:以赣东北为考察中心(1842-1937)
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    The Folk Belief and Luxury Trend in South of Yangtze Towns
    江南市镇的民间信仰与奢侈风尚
短句来源
    The Structure of the Industry and Commerce of Towns in Wujiang during the Republican Period
    民国吴江县市镇的工商业结构——兼论“专业市镇”与“非专业市镇”的差别
短句来源
    On the Relationship between the Production and Migration of Yunnan Salt Mine and the Formation and Development of Industrial and Commercial Towns
    试论云南盐矿生产、移民与工商市镇形成、发展的关系
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    Pingyao a Famous Commercial Center of Shanxi in the Qing Dynasty
    清代山西的商业市镇,平遥——以平遥市楼碑刻资料为中心的考察
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  town
Seasonal and diel changes in inshore plankton in the Golubaya Bay (near Gelendzhik Town) were studied at seven daily stations from October 1999 to September 2000.
      
The pathological or physiological nature of deviations in the immune and cytological parameters is discussed by the example of pilot examinations of children from different age groups in the town of Klimovsk.
      
We studied 654 healthy ten- to twelve-year-old children living in the Russian Far North (Taimyr peninsula) and in Siberia (town of Krasnoyarsk).
      
Distribution of Blood Types of Four Systems and AB0 Incompatibility in Migrants of a Northern Town
      
The distribution of blood groups of the AB0, Rh, MN, and Kell systems were studied in migrants of a northern town of reproductive age and their newborn babies.
      
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  market town
LINDA COOKE JOHNSON, Shanghai: From Market Town to Treaty Port, 1074-1858.
      
Data for the reference population was obtained using a survey of a market town in Leicestershire.
      
An' there's a fine batch o' Methodisses at Treddles'on--that's the market town about three mile off--you'll maybe ha' come through it, sir.
      
As part of the development of the Market Town Transport Strategies, we have also addressed these issues in partnership with the district councils.
      
Coalfield, Leslie grew up in the small mining and market town of Midsomer Norton.
      
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The city of Suzhou expanded rapidly from 1550 to 1850, in terms of both urban area and population. The most important manifestation of this growth was the extension of the urban area beyond the city walls of the prefectural capital to include the suburban towns. As a result, Suzhou developed into a "super city" with the prefectural seat as its core and suburban towns as its satellites. This dynamic growth was attributable to urban industrial development. The spread of industry was not simply the movement of...

The city of Suzhou expanded rapidly from 1550 to 1850, in terms of both urban area and population. The most important manifestation of this growth was the extension of the urban area beyond the city walls of the prefectural capital to include the suburban towns. As a result, Suzhou developed into a "super city" with the prefectural seat as its core and suburban towns as its satellites. This dynamic growth was attributable to urban industrial development. The spread of industry was not simply the movement of industry from the walled area of the city to the suburbs; rather it represented a rational distribution of industry based comparative advantages of regional specialization and division of labor. After three centuries of development, urban industry had become the leading sector of the Suzhou economy by the mid-Qing. Suzhou's development represented a new path in pre-modern Chinese urbanization, what Professor Fu Yiling has termed the "Su (zhou)-Hang (zhou)" path.

在明中叶至清中叶的三个世纪中 ,苏州城市有显著扩大。这个扩大同时表现为城市地域范围的扩展与城市人口的增加。苏州城市变化的主要趋势 ,是城市从府城内扩大到城厢附郭和郊区市镇 ,从而形成一个以府城为中心、以郊区市镇为“卫星城市”的特大城市。苏州城市变化的主要动力来自城市工业的发展。城市工业的发展 ,并非单纯的府城工业向外转移 ,而是在比较优势的基础上形成的合理的地域分工。经过这三个世纪的发展 ,到了清代中期 ,城市工业在苏州经济中已经居于主导地位。苏州的城市变化代表了明清中国城市发展的一种新道路 ,亦即傅衣凌先生所说的“苏杭型”城市的发展道路

The towns in South of Yangtze own a glorious history behind them. They were commercially advanced and culturally sophisticated. As early as Mid-Ming Dynasty, there came economic transformation in these towns; the market economy here prospered. The early industrialization achievement was conspicuous. Grown out of this unique socio-economical soil, the folk belief and the luxury trend indicated profound historical meaning and cognitive value, which demands rereading. Folk belief, a complicated social phenomenon,...

The towns in South of Yangtze own a glorious history behind them. They were commercially advanced and culturally sophisticated. As early as Mid-Ming Dynasty, there came economic transformation in these towns; the market economy here prospered. The early industrialization achievement was conspicuous. Grown out of this unique socio-economical soil, the folk belief and the luxury trend indicated profound historical meaning and cognitive value, which demands rereading. Folk belief, a complicated social phenomenon, should not be written off by specious idiom such as “ancient superstition”. Rather, it should be seen that the god-receiving party, a form of folk belief, was a carnival for the local people and has been handed down by generations for hundreds of years. It has grown into the minor tradition and cannot be easily erased out of our cultural memory. Its animate life in even today's environment must have something to tell us. The luxury trend was not only the fruit of but also the incentive to economical prosperity and social wealth. The “anti-luxury” proposal from the governmental officials and the “corruption in social habit” lament from the educated class were both stubbornly stale current against the fresh social tide. This point is somehow testified by Sombart's work Luxury and Capitalism.

江南市镇有着辉煌的历史 ,工商业高度发达 ,文化底蕴深厚 ,早在明代中叶以来就出现了经济的转型 ,市场经济繁荣 ,早期工业化成就引人注目。这种独特的社会经济土壤 ,培育出来的民间信仰与奢侈风尚 ,具有相当深刻的历史内涵与认识价值 ,有重新检讨的必要。民间信仰这种复杂的社会现象 ,不能以“封建迷信”这种似是而非的套话予以否定 ,以民间信仰为形式的迎神赛会成为民众的狂欢节 ,而延续数百年 ,化作小传统中挥之不去的文化记忆 ,至今仍有着生命力。奢侈风尚既是经济繁荣、社会富庶的产物 ,又是促进经济繁荣、社会富庶的不可或缺的重要因素 ,官员的“禁奢”主张 ,以及文人斥为“世风日下”的哀叹 ,是逆潮流而动的迂腐之见。桑巴特的《奢侈与资本主义》则从另一个侧面证实了这点

South China's commodity economy developed briskly in the Ming-Qing periods. Towns were emerging everywhere. Ganxiang town, which was one of the four big towns of Jinshan county, was rising prosperously because it had special conditions for development. The town was attracting various people with different status towards it, who either lived as hermits or did business there. According to the statistical figure in Ganxiang Local History compiled by Zhu Dong, There were at least different kinds of people with 43...

South China's commodity economy developed briskly in the Ming-Qing periods. Towns were emerging everywhere. Ganxiang town, which was one of the four big towns of Jinshan county, was rising prosperously because it had special conditions for development. The town was attracting various people with different status towards it, who either lived as hermits or did business there. According to the statistical figure in Ganxiang Local History compiled by Zhu Dong, There were at least different kinds of people with 43 surnames who lived there together. They made up a network of complex and stable human relations in society by building up marriage circles, cultural circles and mutually beneficial circles between the upper social class and the lower social class. This network played an active role in stabilizing and uniting social forces to a certain degree. But it was very difficult to join the network in the feudal society where the traditional Confucianism prevailed as the main ideological trend and where people were rigidly stratified. Those businessmen who were occupying a low social position and who were the new and rising force in society found it even more difficult to enter the network and had to pay a heavy price.

明清时期江南市镇普遍兴起。"地以人兴"的金山四巨镇之一的干巷镇具有特殊的发展条件,吸引着不同身份的人前来或隐居或经商。根据朱栋撰《干巷志》统计至少有43个姓氏杂居一起,他们通过建立起"婚姻圈"、"文化圈"和社会上层与下层之间的"互惠圈",编织了一个复杂而稳固的社会关系网络,对稳定和团结社会力量起了一定作用。但是,在以传统儒学为主流,"四民观念"、"等级尊卑"思想影响下,要想进入这一网络是相当艰难的,特别是对"四民"之末的社会新生力量--商人来说,更是要付出沉重的代价。

 
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