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牵涉区
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  referred area
     Conclusion:The noxious stimuli to gallbladder cause the plasma extravasation in the area between the scapulas, this area may be the referred area of gallbladder pain.
     结论 :胆囊伤害性刺激可以使肩胛间区皮肤出现明显的血浆外渗 ,推测该部位可能是胆囊痛的牵涉区
短句来源
     Conclusions:It was a referred area to the skin region abdominal to pubic symphysialis in the rat urinary bladder pain byformalin stimunli.
     结论 :根据牵涉痛发生机制的交感反射假说 ,初步认为大鼠膀胱痛所致牵涉区在耻骨联合腹侧皮肤。
短句来源
     Objective:To investigate the referred area of gallbladder pain according to the plasma extravasation caused by the noxious stimuli to gallbladder.
     目的 :根据由胆囊机械扩张刺激和化学性刺激引起血浆外渗出现的部位 ,确定胆囊痛的牵涉区
短句来源
     Objective:To offer a groundwork for the treatment of viseral pain by referred area and mechanisms of referred pain by observing and determining the referred area in the rat urinary bladder pain by formalin stimunli.
     目的 :研究大鼠膀胱致痛后牵涉区出现的所在部位 ,为探讨经牵涉区治疗内脏痛和阐明牵涉痛发生的机理提供实验和理论基础。
短句来源
     ? Conclusion The subcutaneous injection of lidocaine in the referred area might alleviate the pain of urinary bladder.
     结论 牵涉区皮下注射利多卡因有可能减轻膀胱痛
短句来源
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  referral area
     CONCLUSION:The primary neuron in the referral area of gast ric noxious stimulation distributes at C 4 -T 10SG,while sympathetic neuron distributes in the sympathetic ganglion of neck and chest,more were in celiac gan-glions.
     结论:胃伤害性刺激皮肤牵涉区初级神经元分布在C4~T10脊神经节,交感神经元分布在颈、胸交感神经节及腹腔神经节,以腹腔神经节标记细胞较多。
短句来源
     Conclusion The cutaneous referral area of noxious stimulus to the stomach may be bilaterally over the scapular region in rabbits.
     结论 兔胃伤害性刺激的皮肤牵涉区可能在双侧肩胛区
短句来源
     Fluorescence dense areas were found in posterior horn of spinal cord, olivary nucleus in hypothalamus, sacral spinal muscle, latissimus dorsi muscle, sarcolemma of diaphragmatic muscle, myocardial intima and adventitia, stomach, bladder wall, bronchus wall of lung, wall of hepatic duct, adventitia and mucous membrane of cholecyst wall, synovium of shoulder joint, abdominal aorta, tunica intima and adventitia of mesenteric artery, renal tubule, referral area of stomach, dermis at Zusanli acpoint, pars sacralis and blood capillary loop in ear, respectively.
     在脊髓后角、下丘脑的橄榄核、骶脊肌、背阔肌、膈肌的肌膜、心肌的内、外膜,胃、膀胱壁、肺支气管壁、肝管壁、胆囊壁的外膜和黏膜、肩关节滑膜、腹主动脉、肠系膜动脉壁的内、外膜、肾小管以及胃牵涉区、足三里穴的皮和骶部及耳的皮内毛细血管袢发现有荧光密集区。
短句来源
     The cutaneous referral area for noxious stimulus to the gastrointestinal tract in rabbits
     家兔胃伤害性刺激皮肤牵涉区研究
短句来源
     The nter-overlapped with the pathway net of cutaneous terminal receptor in the gastric referral area at sympathetic ganglion, postganglionic fiber were involved in the ascending and descending pathway net.
     与胃牵涉区皮肤末梢感受器通路网络在交感神经节、节后纤维及其上、下行通路网络相互重叠。
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  “牵涉区”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Effect of lidocaine subcutaneous injection on Fos expression in spinal cord of the rat induced by urinary bladder nociceptive stimulus
     牵涉区皮下注射利多卡因对大鼠膀胱伤害性刺激引起的脊髓Fos表达的影响
短句来源
     THE REFERRED AREAS WERE OBSERVED AND DETERMINED IN THE RAT URINARY BLADDER PAIN BY FORMALIN STIMULI
     福尔马林致大鼠膀胱痛牵涉区的观测
短句来源
     AIM:To study the rules of the distributio n of the primary and sympath etic neuron and their en dings of intracut aneous nerve ending receptors in the re-ferral area of gastri c noxious stimu lation in rabbits.
     目的:研究家兔胃伤害性刺激牵涉区皮内神经末梢感受器的初级神经元和交感神经元的分布规律及其末梢分布。
短句来源
     The upper and lower gastric adventitial nerve ending receptors were inter-overlapped at anterior and posterior horn of spinal cord, sarcolemma of sacral spinal muscle, adventitia and mucous membrane of stomach and urinary bladder walls, myocardial endometria and adventitia, abdomial aorta, adventitia and mucous membrane of mesenteric artery walls, and ansa of intracutaneous blood capillary, which will provide another morphological data for the dermal meridian doctrine.
     胃外膜的神经末梢感受器通路网络与胃牵涉区皮肤末梢感受器通路网络在脊神经节、交感神经节及节后神经元相互重叠,其末梢感受器上、下行通路网络在脊髓前、后角、骶脊肌的肌膜、胃、膀胱壁的外膜和黏膜、心肌的内、外膜,腹主动脉、肠系膜动脉壁的内、外膜以及皮内毛细血管袢等部位的相互重叠,为皮部经络学说提供了又一形态学资料。
短句来源
     ② There were fluorescence dense regions found at anterior spinal cord, posterior horn, cerebellum, sarcolemma of sacrospinal muscle, latissimus dorsi and diaphragm, myocardial tunica intima and adventitia, stomach, wall of urinary bladder, bronchus wall of lung, wall of hepatic duct, the adventitia of cholecyst wall, and mucous membrane, synovium of shoulder joint, abdominal aorta, tunica intima and adventitia mesenteric artery, adventitia and the involved parts and sacral region and blood capillary loop in ear skin.
     ②在脊髓前、后角、小脑、骶棘肌、背阔肌、膈肌的肌膜、心肌的内、外膜,胃、膀胱壁、肺支气管壁、肝管壁、胆囊壁的外膜和黏膜、肩关节滑膜、腹主动脉、肠系膜动脉壁的内、外膜、以及牵涉区和骶部及耳皮内毛细血管袢发现有荧光密集区。
短句来源
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  referred area
For this, the activity of these enzymes was seasonally determined in mussels collected from four sites, including a reference and three stations with different contamination sources along the referred area.
      
Graphical method of determining the referred area of the piston in a loaded-piston manometer
      
  involved field
Twenty-three patients received involved field radiotherapy.
      
MACOP-B and involved field radiation therapy is an effective therapy for primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma with sclerosi
      
CHOP followed by involved field radiation: Is it optimal for localized nasal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma
      
Bei den frühen Stadien werden aktuell kombinierte Modalit?ten mit milder Chemotherapie und Bestrahlung im ?involved field" eingesetzt.
      
We believe that two to four cycles of a chemotherapeutic regimen and involved field radiotherapy at an intermediate-high dosage (25-30?Gy) could be the first line treatment for these patients.
      
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  referral area
The estimated yearly incidence in the referral area of 2 million population is about 0.01 pediatric SCPT per year per 100,000 population.
      
The purpose of this study was to compare the geographic referral area of our aneurysm practice between 1997 (prior to the introduction of EVAR) and 2003 (EVAR and open surgery).
      
Since 1988 in the referral area of the Neurosurgical Unit of Cesena, Italy, a protocol for prevention of deterioration in minor head injury was adopted.
      
To compare different casistics we need more informations about patients's outcome in the referral area of the neurosurgical centers, about the number of direct admissions and about the number of patients showing clinical deterioration.
      
The incidence of uveitis for the referral area considered was calculated to be 17 per 100,000 inhabitants per year.
      
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Objective To study the effect of lidocaine subcutaneous injection on Fos expression induced by urinary bladder nociceptive stimulus in spinal cord of the rat.?Methods After filling the urinary bladder with formalin through a catheter, the Fos positive neurons were determined by Fos immunohistochemical method.?Results Two hours after injecting formalin into the urinary bladder to cause nociceptive stimulus ,the Fos positive neurons were found in the segments of spinal cord L 5~S 2, mainly in the medial...

Objective To study the effect of lidocaine subcutaneous injection on Fos expression induced by urinary bladder nociceptive stimulus in spinal cord of the rat.?Methods After filling the urinary bladder with formalin through a catheter, the Fos positive neurons were determined by Fos immunohistochemical method.?Results Two hours after injecting formalin into the urinary bladder to cause nociceptive stimulus ,the Fos positive neurons were found in the segments of spinal cord L 5~S 2, mainly in the medial part of laminaⅠ,dorsal commissural nucleus (DCN) and intermediolateral nucleus(IML) in the segments L 6~S 1.When lidocaine was injected in the referred area subcutaneously 5 minutes before formalin, the Fos positive neurons were decreased significantly( P <0.01).?Conclusion The subcutaneous injection of lidocaine in the referred area might alleviate the pain of urinary bladder.

目的 研究皮下注射利多卡因对大鼠膀胱伤害性刺激引起的脊髓Fos表达的影响。方法 采用甲醛膀胱痛刺激模型、结合c -fos免疫组织化学技术进行研究。结果 膀胱内注入甲醛 2h后可观察到 :在L5~S2 节段脊髓背角出现Fos阳性标记细胞 ,以L6~S1节段脊髓背角的数目多而集中 ,且主要出现于背角Ⅰ层内侧部、后连合核 (DCN)、中间带外侧核 (IML)等部位。预先在牵涉区皮下注射利多卡因 ,可以明显减少膀胱伤害性刺激引起的L6~S1节段脊髓背角Fos阳性细胞的数量 (P <0 .0 1)。结论 牵涉区皮下注射利多卡因有可能减轻膀胱痛

Objective:To offer a groundwork for the treatment of viseral pain by referred area and mechanisms of referred pain by observing and determining the referred area in the rat urinary bladder pain by formalin stimunli.Methods:Evens blue was injected into internal jugular vein of SD rats and the skin regions of coloring matter extravasation after inducing urinary bladder pain by formalin stimuli were observe.Results:Evens blue extravasation spots were found invariablely in the skin region abdominal to pubic symphysialis...

Objective:To offer a groundwork for the treatment of viseral pain by referred area and mechanisms of referred pain by observing and determining the referred area in the rat urinary bladder pain by formalin stimunli.Methods:Evens blue was injected into internal jugular vein of SD rats and the skin regions of coloring matter extravasation after inducing urinary bladder pain by formalin stimuli were observe.Results:Evens blue extravasation spots were found invariablely in the skin region abdominal to pubic symphysialis in the rats of Formalin group and nothing was found in the control group.Conclusions:It was a referred area to the skin region abdominal to pubic symphysialis in the rat urinary bladder pain byformalin stimunli.

目的 :研究大鼠膀胱致痛后牵涉区出现的所在部位 ,为探讨经牵涉区治疗内脏痛和阐明牵涉痛发生的机理提供实验和理论基础。方法 :SD大鼠 ,颈内静脉注入伊文思蓝染料 ,观察、比较动物在福尔马林致膀胱痛后该染料渗漏出现的部位。结果 :福尔马林致膀胱痛的动物伊文思蓝染料渗漏斑较恒定出现在耻骨联合腹侧局部皮区。结论 :根据牵涉痛发生机制的交感反射假说 ,初步认为大鼠膀胱痛所致牵涉区在耻骨联合腹侧皮肤。

Objective To develop a rabbit model of noxious stimulus to the stomach to identify its referral area. Methods?Intravenous injection of Evans blue followed by injection of formaldehyde into the stomach was given to the rabbits. The localities of dye extravasation in the skin and the pathology of gastric mucosa were noticed. Results The spots of dye extravasation in the skin were collectively found over the scapula and/or back bone at C 8-T 4. The gastric mucosa was destroyed and there was massive submucosal...

Objective To develop a rabbit model of noxious stimulus to the stomach to identify its referral area. Methods?Intravenous injection of Evans blue followed by injection of formaldehyde into the stomach was given to the rabbits. The localities of dye extravasation in the skin and the pathology of gastric mucosa were noticed. Results The spots of dye extravasation in the skin were collectively found over the scapula and/or back bone at C 8-T 4. The gastric mucosa was destroyed and there was massive submucosal hemorrhage. Conclusion The cutaneous referral area of noxious stimulus to the stomach may be bilaterally over the scapular region in rabbits.

目的 制作家兔胃伤害性刺激模型 ,找出其皮肤牵涉区。方法 实验组家兔静脉注射伊文思蓝 ,胃内注入甲醛致胃伤害 ,观察皮肤渗漏斑 ;胃粘膜送病理检查。结果 实验组兔胃的皮肤渗漏斑较集中地出现在双侧肩及肩胛骨之间C8~T4水平 ,胃粘膜有破坏 ,粘膜下有大片出血。结论 兔胃伤害性刺激的皮肤牵涉区可能在双侧肩胛区

 
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