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腓骨后缘
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  “腓骨后缘”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Methods The perforators of peroneal artery were detected using Doppler ultrasonography before taking free fibula flaps for 31 patients.
     方法 采用超声多普勒血流仪探测腓骨后缘中下份小腿外侧皮肤的腓动脉穿支 ,根据穿支的位置设计腓骨复合瓣的皮岛 ,结合术中所见情况进行比较 ,并观察术后皮岛的存活情况。
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     The coaxial portals, which traversed the PTT sheath and passed posterior to the fibular, not only separated the arthroscopy and instrument from the posterior nerves, tendons and vessels by posterior capsule but also enlarged their distance.
     经过胫后肌腱鞘、腓骨后缘建立共轴入路,不但把关节镜、镜下器械与后方重要神经血管结构与后关节囊隔开,同时增加了它们之间的距离。
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  相似匹配句对
     Peroneal Muscular Atrophy
     腓骨肌萎缩症
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     LUXATION OF FIBULAR MUSCLE TENDONS
     腓骨肌腱滑脱症
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     ④Osteophyte formation of the vertebrae.
     4 )椎体后缘骨赘 ;
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     2 had posterior marginal osteophytes.
     2 个表现为椎体后缘骨赘。
短句来源
     The coaxial portals, which traversed the PTT sheath and passed posterior to the fibular, not only separated the arthroscopy and instrument from the posterior nerves, tendons and vessels by posterior capsule but also enlarged their distance.
     经过胫后肌腱鞘、腓骨后缘建立共轴入路,不但把关节镜、镜下器械与后方重要神经血管结构与后关节囊隔开,同时增加了它们之间的距离。
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Objective To analyze the value of preoperative Doppler ultrasonography for planning skin paddles of free fibula flap.Methods The perforators of peroneal artery were detected using Doppler ultrasonography before taking free fibula flaps for 31 patients.The perforators located were marked,and their position relative to the lateral malleolus recorded.The results of preoperative Doppler ultrasonography were compared with that of operation.Results The accurate rate for preoperative Doppler ultrasonography was...

Objective To analyze the value of preoperative Doppler ultrasonography for planning skin paddles of free fibula flap.Methods The perforators of peroneal artery were detected using Doppler ultrasonography before taking free fibula flaps for 31 patients.The perforators located were marked,and their position relative to the lateral malleolus recorded.The results of preoperative Doppler ultrasonography were compared with that of operation.Results The accurate rate for preoperative Doppler ultrasonography was 91.0 %,with false positive rate of 8.98 %and false negative rate of 6.90 %.One free fibula flap was lost because of venous thrombosis,and the other 30 flaps survived completely,with 100% survival of all skin paddles.Conclusion The Doppler ultrasonography is a simple,reliable and readily available method for mapping the pefrorators,and design of the skin paddles more accurately.

目的 探讨超声多普勒血流仪在游离腓骨瓣皮岛设计中的应用价值。方法 采用超声多普勒血流仪探测腓骨后缘中下份小腿外侧皮肤的腓动脉穿支 ,根据穿支的位置设计腓骨复合瓣的皮岛 ,结合术中所见情况进行比较 ,并观察术后皮岛的存活情况。结果  3 1侧腓骨后缘中下份的小腿外侧皮肤共测得腓动脉穿支 89支 ( 1~ 4支 /侧 ,平均 2 .87支 /侧 ) ,术中发现穿支的总数为 87支 ( 1~ 4支 /侧 ,平均 2 .8支 /侧 ) ,超声多普勒血流仪探测腓动脉穿支的准确率为 91.0 % ,假阳性和假阴性率分别为 8.98%和 6.90 %。皮岛面积最大 12cm× 8cm ,最小 3cm×1.5cm。 3 1例腓骨瓣中 ,1例因静脉血栓经抢救无效后去除 ,其余的 3 0例均获得成活 ,所有的皮岛均获得 10 0 %成活。结论 超声多普勒血流仪可以较为准确地探测到小腿外侧的腓动脉穿支血管 ,提高了游离腓骨瓣皮岛设计的准确性和可靠性 ,具有一定的临床应用价值。

Objective To evaluate the surgical techniques of open reduction and internal fixation and its clinical results of trimalleolar fractures retrospectively. Methods Between March 1996 and October 2002, 48 consecutive patients, including 27 males and 21 females with an average age of 42.8 years, were treated for trimalleolar fractures. According to the system of Lauge-Hansen, the fractures were classified as pronation-external rotation(grade Ⅳ) injury in 20 cases, and supination-external rotation(grade Ⅳ) in 28...

Objective To evaluate the surgical techniques of open reduction and internal fixation and its clinical results of trimalleolar fractures retrospectively. Methods Between March 1996 and October 2002, 48 consecutive patients, including 27 males and 21 females with an average age of 42.8 years, were treated for trimalleolar fractures. According to the system of Lauge-Hansen, the fractures were classified as pronation-external rotation(grade Ⅳ) injury in 20 cases, and supination-external rotation(grade Ⅳ) in 28 cases. The time from injury to operation was from 2 hours to 21 days. The operation was delayed due to associated injury, skin conditions and so on, and then the patients were manipulated primarily and immobilized with a posterior plaster splint. The medial, lateral and posterior malleolus were exposed by anteromedial and Gatellier-Chastang approaches. The reduction and internal fixation started with the posterior, then the medial and the lateral malleolus and distal tibiofibular syndesmosis in sequence. The ankles were immobilized with plaster in neutral position and elevated. All patients were assessed with Baird and Jackson ankle scoring system based on pain, instability, walking ability, movement and radiological manifestations. Results The follow-up period varied from 6 to 36 months with an average of 13 months. The rates of clinical result were excellent in 26, good in 15, fair in 5 and poor in 2 respectively. The total rate of good to excellent results was 85.4%. There were no local complication, malunion and nonunion of the fractures and the deformity of the ankle. However, the inserted screw to distal tibiofibular syndesmosis was broken in one case. Conclusion Trimalleolar fractures require open reduction and internal fixation more often, especially while the fragment of posterior malleous is so large that it should be anatomically reduced and immobilized with internal fixation. It can ensure anatomical joint restoration and union for the ankle trimalleolar fractures, only by achieving most satisfied kinematics of the ankle joint.

目的总结旋前、后外旋型(Ⅳ度)三踝骨折切开复位内固定的手术方法和疗效。方法1996年3月~2002年10月,对48例旋前、后外旋型(Ⅳ度)三踝骨折行切开复位内固定术,男27例,女21例;年龄17~85岁,平均42.8岁。根据Lauge-Hansen分类,旋前外旋型Ⅳ度三踝骨折20例,旋后外旋Ⅳ度三踝骨折28例。受伤距手术时间2h~21d。内侧采用标准内踝切口显露内踝骨折,外侧采用腓骨后缘纵行切口显露外踝骨折。如需行后踝骨折处理,则将内踝的切口延长,外侧采用经腓骨的Gatelli-er-Chastang手术入路同时切开显露内、外及后踝。整复固定的顺序是后踝、内踝、外踝和下胫腓联合。骨折复位固定完成后,行踝部正侧位及踝榫(Mortise)位X线检查。满意复位的标准为:(1)踝榫的正常关系恢复,(2)踝的负重排列与下肢纵轴成直角,(3)关节面的外形轮廓光滑。结果全部患者均获得随访,随访时间6~36个月,平均13个月。骨折愈合时间为12~16周。随访时疗效评定根据Baird-Jackson评分系统进行评定:优26例,良15例,可5例,差2例;优良率为85.4%。术后未发生感染、骨不连、骨折畸形愈合等并发症...

目的总结旋前、后外旋型(Ⅳ度)三踝骨折切开复位内固定的手术方法和疗效。方法1996年3月~2002年10月,对48例旋前、后外旋型(Ⅳ度)三踝骨折行切开复位内固定术,男27例,女21例;年龄17~85岁,平均42.8岁。根据Lauge-Hansen分类,旋前外旋型Ⅳ度三踝骨折20例,旋后外旋Ⅳ度三踝骨折28例。受伤距手术时间2h~21d。内侧采用标准内踝切口显露内踝骨折,外侧采用腓骨后缘纵行切口显露外踝骨折。如需行后踝骨折处理,则将内踝的切口延长,外侧采用经腓骨的Gatelli-er-Chastang手术入路同时切开显露内、外及后踝。整复固定的顺序是后踝、内踝、外踝和下胫腓联合。骨折复位固定完成后,行踝部正侧位及踝榫(Mortise)位X线检查。满意复位的标准为:(1)踝榫的正常关系恢复,(2)踝的负重排列与下肢纵轴成直角,(3)关节面的外形轮廓光滑。结果全部患者均获得随访,随访时间6~36个月,平均13个月。骨折愈合时间为12~16周。随访时疗效评定根据Baird-Jackson评分系统进行评定:优26例,良15例,可5例,差2例;优良率为85.4%。术后未发生感染、骨不连、骨折畸形愈合等并发症,但发生1例下胫腓三皮质固定螺钉断裂。结论踝关节的解剖复位可获得最佳的临床结果,采用切开复位内固定术治疗三踝骨折可保证踝关节获得解剖复位,最大限度地恢复踝关?

Objective To conduct the anatomical study about the posterior coaxial portals via posterior tibial tendon (PTT) sheath for ankle arthroscopy. Methods Coaxial portals were established in 20 ankles by K-wires which were left in place for distance measurement between them and the posterior nerves, tendons and vessels. Ankle arthroscopy was performed in 5 fresh ankles using 2.7mm 300 arthroscopy with the same portals as mentioned above. The maximum visible scope were recorded and the distance between the arthroscopy...

Objective To conduct the anatomical study about the posterior coaxial portals via posterior tibial tendon (PTT) sheath for ankle arthroscopy. Methods Coaxial portals were established in 20 ankles by K-wires which were left in place for distance measurement between them and the posterior nerves, tendons and vessels. Ankle arthroscopy was performed in 5 fresh ankles using 2.7mm 300 arthroscopy with the same portals as mentioned above. The maximum visible scope were recorded and the distance between the arthroscopy and the posterior nerves, tendons and vessels was also measured. Results The medial portal was located 5-12mm (average, 8 mm) above the tip of medial malleolus, and the lateral portal was located 8-24mm (average, 15 mm ) above the tip of lateral malleolus. The coaxial portals, which traversed the PTT sheath and passed posterior to the fibular, not only separated the arthroscopy and instrument from the posterior nerves, tendons and vessels by posterior capsule but also enlarged their distance. The medial and lateral malleolus articular gap, the posterior capsule could be viewed by these portals with as much as 1/2-2/3 posterior articular surface of talus. Not only the tibiotalar articular gap but also the dynamic movement between the mortise and the talus were clearly observed. Arthroscopic operation could be performed by instrument through the posterolateral portal. Conclusions The posterior coaxial portals via PTT sheath for ankle arthroscopy have such advantages as easy maneuverability、superior safety、clear vision and larger operation field under arthroscopy.

目的进行经胫后肌腱鞘建立踝关节镜后方共轴入路的解剖学研究。方法在20具踝关节标本上以克氏针建立共轴入路,测量克氏针与后方重要神经、肌腱、血管的距离。在5具新鲜踝关节标本上,以2.7mm30°关节镜建立共轴入路,镜下观察并测量以上距离。结果内侧关节镜入路的体表标志为内踝尖上方5~12mm(平均8mm),外侧入路的体表标志为外踝尖上方8~24mm(平均15mm)。经过胫后肌腱鞘、腓骨后缘建立共轴入路,不但把关节镜、镜下器械与后方重要神经血管结构与后关节囊隔开,同时增加了它们之间的距离。经过此入路可以观察到距骨关节面的后1/2~2/3、外侧踝关节间隙、内侧踝关节间隙、后关节囊、胫距关节间隙,能清楚地看到踝穴与距骨的动态关系。可以通过后外侧入路进入手术器械进行镜下手术。结论经胫后肌腱鞘的踝关节镜后方共轴入路,具有操作简便、安全性好、镜下视野清楚、操作空间大的优点。

 
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