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鼻插管     
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  nasotracheal intubation
     Methods 48 patients with COPD and severe RF received nasotracheal intubation introduced by fiberbronchoscope and mechanical ventilation.
     方法48例重症呼吸衰竭患者均经鼻插管实施机械通气。
短句来源
     The occurrence rates of combined infection in lung and double-infection were lower in nasotracheal intubation group than tracheal incision group (P<0.05), especially for those with GCS≥6-8 (P<0.01), with their resident days shorter and the prognosis better in nasotracheal intubation group than that in incision group (P<0.05).
     经鼻插管组肺部感染及双重感染的并发症低于气管切开组. P<0.01,尤其在GCS≥6分患者中其差异更具显著性P<0.01,住院时间短.
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     Observation on effects of Propofol during anesthetic induction and nasotracheal intubation for oral maxillofa- cial surgical patients with cardiovascular diseases
     异丙酚用于心血管病人口腔颌面部手术麻醉诱导和鼻插管时的观察
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     Clinical signification of nasotracheal intubation and bronchoclysis in treatment of severe traumatic brain injury patients
     鼻插管及肺泡灌洗救治重型颅脑伤的临床意义
短句来源
     Objective To explore the clinic effect of nasotracheal intubation and tracheotomy in patient with repiratory failure by severe cerebral trauma.
     目的 研究鼻插管、气管切开在重度脑外伤呼吸衰竭患者的应用效果。
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  nasal intubation
     Results The route of mechanical ventilation in 102 patients (115 times) included administration of oxygen via nasal mask (18 times), nasal intubation (69 times) and oral intubation (29 times).
     结果  10 2例 115次机械通气途径 :经鼻面罩给氧 18次 ,经鼻插管 6 8次 ,经口插管 2 9次 ;
短句来源
     Methods Twenty severely burned patients with TBSA of 79.6±29.3% and inhalation injury were enrolled in the study. Ninteen cases received tracheostomy after admission and only one received nasal intubation.
     方法  2 0例重度烧伤 (TBSA 79.6 %± 2 9.3% )并吸入性损伤患者 ,其中 19例行气管切开手术 ,1例经鼻插管
短句来源
  nasal trachea cannula
     Method:Retrospectively analyses 125 cases respiratory failure patients remedied by tracheal intubation in our hospital from 2001-04 to 2004-09. Comparing achievement ratio, time of detained airtube,incision of trachea ratio, extubate ratio, and sufferers' post-recovery condition of nasal trachea cannula under the guidance of fibrobronchoscope and oral trachea cannula under the guidance of laryngeal endoscope.
     方法:对我院2001年4月至2004年9月经气管插管救治的125例呼吸衰竭患者资料作回顾性分析,对纤支镜引导经鼻插管与经口喉镜明视插管各自成功率、留管时间、气管切开率、拔管率及患者的愈后情况进行比较。
短句来源
     Result: Nasal trachea cannula 59 cases total 91 times ,achievement ratio 100%,oral trachea cannula 66 cases,achievement ratio 97.1%;
     结果:经鼻插管59例共91次,成功率100%,经口插管66例,成功率97.1%;
短句来源
     time of detained airtube:the group of nasal trachea cannula 8.4±7.9d, the group of oral trachea cannula 3.0±1.8d(P<0.01);
     留管时间:经鼻插管组8.4±7.9d,经口插管组3.0±1.8d(P<0.01);
短句来源
     incision of trachea ratio: the group of nasal trachea cannula 15.3%, the group of oral trachea cannula 47.0%(P<0.01);
     气管切开率:经鼻插管组15.3%,经口插管组47.0%(P<0.01);
短句来源
     extubate ratio: the group of nasal trachea cannula 32.2%, the group of oral trachea cannula 15.2%(P<0.05);
     拔管率:经鼻插管组32.2%,经口插管组15.2%(P<0.05);
短句来源
  “鼻插管”译为未确定词的双语例句
     12 9% of the patients in the transnose group had to be tracheotomized while 42 6% in transmouth group( P <0 001).
     气管切开率:经鼻插管组为12.9%,显著低于经口插管组42.6%(P<0.001);
短句来源
     Regression analysis for the length of from nostril to cardia pylorus and sternum
     经鼻插管至胃贲门及幽门的长度与自体胸骨长度的回归分析
短句来源
     Extubation rate was also higher in transnose group than that in transmouth group(59 7% vs 40 7%, P <0 005).
     而拔管率经鼻插管组为59.7%,则明显高于经口插管组40.7%(P<0.005)。
短句来源
     Comparison between the two groups showed that the endotracheal tube retaining time was significantly longer in the group via nose than that in the group via mouth (11 8 vs 6 6 days, P <0 005).
     留管时间:经鼻插管平均11.8天,经口插管平均6.6天,两组比较P<0.005;
短句来源
     Results:32 cases were intubated via nose and intubated via mouth in 24 cases. Comparison between the two groups showed that the endotracheal tube retaining time was fewer in the group via nose than that in the group via mouth(70.6±53.2 hours vs 103.6±64.2 hours,P<0.05);
     结果:经鼻插管32例,经口插管24例,留管时间:经鼻(70.6±53.2)h,经口(103.6±64.2)h,两组比较P<0.05;
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  nasal cannula
Ten volunteers participated in two study days and were instrumented with pulse oximeter, nasal cannula, ECG, continuous blood pressure monitoring (Finapres), and I.V.
      
The operative field was ideal with adequate motor and sensory block with caudal anesthesia and both infants received only oxygen by nasal cannula.
      
The source of O2 was liquid oxygen and was delivered by nasal cannula.
      
The PSG apnea and hypopnea index (AHI) was evaluated according to standard criteria, and SleepCheck assessed the respiratory disturbance index (RDI) based on nasal cannula pressure fluctuations.
      
Simplified Pulmonary Vasodilatory Testing in the Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory with Nasal Cannula Nitric Oxide
      
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  nasotracheal intubation
Nasotracheal intubation versus tracheostomy for intermittent positive pressure ventilation in neonatal tetanus
      
All patients were treated by nasotracheal intubation and antibiotic therapy.
      
Paranasal sinusitis and sepsis in ICU patients with nasotracheal intubation
      
In this study, long-term orotracheal intubation reduced significantly the incidence of maxillary sinusitis in comparison with nasotracheal intubation.
      
A rare complication of the use of a finger cot to protect the cuff of a tracheal tube during nasotracheal intubation
      
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  nasal intubation
The 16 patients studied were divided into 2 groups: the nasal intubation group (N group: 8 patients) and the oral intubation group (O group: 8 patients).
      
Percutaneous transgastric intestinal decompression: The management of malignant bowel obstruction without nasal intubation
      
The main purpose of our procedure is to achieve direct intestinal de-compression without nasal intubation, which is not always possible by venting gastrostomy alone.
      
Avoid nasal intubation, as it predisposes the patient to sinusitis.
      
Awake nasal intubation was not attempted because that would require considerable time and patient cooperation is required.
      
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Nasotracheal intubation were performed in 217 cases with success in 96.78% of the cases. Complications occurred in 2.76% of the cases. The essential points in the performance of the operation and the prevention of complications were discussed.

经鼻气管内插管217例,成功率为96.78%,并发症为2.76%。作者讨论了鼻插管的操作要点和常见并发症的防治,认为充分的术前估计和麻醉前准备以及利用管芯塑形后插管,可减少插管难度和并发症。

OBJECTIVE: To study diagnosis and management of cervical closed transectional injury of laryngotrachea complicated with esophageal lacerated wound. METHOD: Based on historical literature review, one case was analysed. RESULTS: The patient recovered by repair of laryngotrachea and esophagea after emergency tracheotomy and establishment of air way. CONCLUSION: Immediate repairing of injury is important; Emergency tracheotomy is the best way for a unobstructed air way and intubation through mouth and nose is dangerous;...

OBJECTIVE: To study diagnosis and management of cervical closed transectional injury of laryngotrachea complicated with esophageal lacerated wound. METHOD: Based on historical literature review, one case was analysed. RESULTS: The patient recovered by repair of laryngotrachea and esophagea after emergency tracheotomy and establishment of air way. CONCLUSION: Immediate repairing of injury is important; Emergency tracheotomy is the best way for a unobstructed air way and intubation through mouth and nose is dangerous; For patient with dyspnea, emergency cervical exploration should be done immediately and recurrent nerve should be repaired if the nerve is broken.

目的:总结颈部闭合性喉气管横断伤伴食管裂伤的诊断与治疗。方法:报告并结合文献分析该症一例。结果:经紧急气管切开建立可靠的通气道后,修复断裂的喉气管及食管,痊愈。结论:对颈部闭合性喉气管横断伤伴食管裂伤必须及时手术修复;紧急气管切开是保证通气道通畅的最好方法,经口或鼻插管危险;对颈部闭合性损伤伴呼吸困难者应紧急施行颈部探查术,术中对已断喉返神经宜行神经吻合术。

Objective To explore the etiology of nasal septum deviation(NSD). Materials and methods The CT imaging data of 1 680 patients with consecutive head examinations due to various reasons excluding patients with prior surgery on the paranasal sinuses,recent nasal intubation or severity facial trauma were prespectively studied,including male 1 236 and female 444 aged from 2 months to 83 years old(mean age 46.4 years).The patients were additional examined slices at the level of 3 cm infraorbital meatal line...

Objective To explore the etiology of nasal septum deviation(NSD). Materials and methods The CT imaging data of 1 680 patients with consecutive head examinations due to various reasons excluding patients with prior surgery on the paranasal sinuses,recent nasal intubation or severity facial trauma were prespectively studied,including male 1 236 and female 444 aged from 2 months to 83 years old(mean age 46.4 years).The patients were additional examined slices at the level of 3 cm infraorbital meatal line using axial CT scanning.The morphological features of nasal septum and mucosa were analysed. Results The deviations were detected in 819(48.4%) [666 male(53.9%),153 famale(34.5%)] of 1 680 patients.The incidence difference between male and female was high significant( P <0.01).The majority forms of NSD showed “C shaped" and“"V shaped"(86 1%).The difference between left(342 cases,49 5%)and right(363 cases,51.5%)lateral deviations in the two shapes was no significant( P >0.05).In the right lateral deviations 213(58.7%)cases of nasal mucosa thickening were detected and incidence of left mucosa thickening was much higher than that of right(46.4%,8.8%; P <0.01).In the left lateral deviations 196(57.3%) cases of nasal mucosa thickening were detected and incidence of right mucosa thickening was much higher than that of left(44.2%,10.5%; P <0.01). Conclusion NSD may result from nasal mucosa thickening.

目的 探讨 N S D 的病因学。材料与方法 共1 680 例连续的以各种原因行头颅 C T 检查的个体,有鼻窦手术史或近期做过鼻插管术或面部严重创伤者除外。在眶听线向下3 cm 处,作2 ~3 层轴位扫描,观察鼻中隔的形态和鼻粘膜的变化。结果  N S D 的患病率为48 .8 % ,男性高于女性(539 % 和345 % , P< 001) 。大部分 N S D 的形态为“ C”形或“ V”形(861 % ) 。此二型左右偏曲方向间无显著性差异(48 .5 % 和51 .5 % , P> 0 .05) ,向右偏曲者,58 .7 % 的伴鼻粘膜肥厚,其中左侧鼻粘膜肥厚明显多于右侧(46 .6 % ,8 .8 % , P< 0 .01) ;而向左偏曲者,57 .3 % 的伴发鼻粘膜肥厚,其中右侧鼻粘膜肥厚明显高于左侧(44 .2 % ,10 .5 % , P< 0 .01) 。结论 鼻粘膜肥厚可能是 N S D 的病因之一。

 
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