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耳蜗窗
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  cochlear window
     The lesser petrosal nerve comes from the tympanic plexus running between cochlear window and vestibular window, over recess of tensor sympani muscle and toward otogaglion .
     岩小神经由鼓室神经丛发出后,穿过耳蜗窗与前庭窗之间,越过鼓膜张肌窝,走向耳神经节。
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  “耳蜗窗”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Results On HRCT, increased density of part or total structures of the membranous labyrinth was seen in all 14 ears, of which cochlea was involved in 13, semicircular canal in 6, round window in 9, oval window in 4, vestibule in 2 and cochlear aqueduct in 2. Of 8 ears in 6 patients, membranous labyrinth was deformed in 4 and not visualized in another 4 on all MRI sequences.
     结果  14耳HRCT表现为迷路内部分或全部结构密度增高 ,其中13耳累及耳蜗 ,6耳累及半规管 ,9耳蜗窗区受累 ,4耳前庭窗受累 ,2耳前庭骨化 ,2耳耳蜗水管区骨质明显硬化。 6例 8耳MRI各序列表现为 4耳耳蜗膜迷路变形 ,4耳内耳膜迷路全部未显示 ;
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     Otomastoiditis occurred in 8 ears,and enlarged jugular fossa in 18 ears,narrowing of the round window niche in 2 ears,labyrinthitis ossificans in 9 ears,partial to complete ossification in 8 ears,and soft tissue obliteration in otic capsule in 1 ear with negative CT finding and isointense T1 and T2 signal on MRI.
     颈静脉球窝扩大或高位18耳,蜗窗龛狭窄2耳。 迷路炎9耳,8耳CT表现耳蜗、半规管及前庭不同程度的骨化,MRI表现为长T1,短T2及短T1、等T2信号,并且T2WI信号不连续。
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     Results HRCT showed various forms of deformity in 8 of the 12 ears, e.g. those of the vestibule, semicircular canal and the anterior sigmoid. Normal structures of the membranous labyrinth and the 7th and 8th cranial nerves were identified on MRI in all cases.
     结果 CT、MRI显示 6例中 8耳存在前庭半规管扩大等多种类型的结构异常 ,中耳、耳蜗窗及耳蜗形态结构正常 ,与手术所见吻合。
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     INFORMATION WINDOW
     资讯
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     SECRET WINDOW
     秘
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     Synchronous neural activity recorded from the round window
     耳蜗记录的蜗神经同步放电活动
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     Effects of Round Window Membrane Rupture on Morphological Changes of Guinea Pig's Cochlea
     豚鼠圆膜破裂引起耳蜗形态变化的探讨
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     DESIGN OF A COCHLEAR FILTER
     耳蜗滤波器设计
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Only general description of autonomic nerves in swine head was found in literatures at home and from abroad, and a description of swine tympanic plexus in detail had not been found. In This paper, the author reported that head autonomic nerves in 10 pigs were dissected and observed, and the tympanic plexus which is composed of tympanic nerve,carotid tympanic nerve and facial nerve were firstly described. There are 2 - 3 spindle tympanic ganglia with 2 ~ 3 mm length and 1 mm width dispersing in the plexus. The...

Only general description of autonomic nerves in swine head was found in literatures at home and from abroad, and a description of swine tympanic plexus in detail had not been found. In This paper, the author reported that head autonomic nerves in 10 pigs were dissected and observed, and the tympanic plexus which is composed of tympanic nerve,carotid tympanic nerve and facial nerve were firstly described. There are 2 - 3 spindle tympanic ganglia with 2 ~ 3 mm length and 1 mm width dispersing in the plexus. The lesser petrosal nerve comes from the tympanic plexus running between cochlear window and vestibular window, over recess of tensor sympani muscle and toward otogaglion .2-3 communicans of parazygomaticofacial branch of crotaphitic nerve linking to ventral branches of oculomotorus had also been observed, and these communicans directly linking to ciliary ganglion reported by Getty(1995) as well as paraciliary ganglion was not found. A discussion about these problems had also been made.

国内外有关文献对猪头部的植物性神经仅作了一般的描述,对猪的鼓室神经丛则未见有详细的描述。本文解剖观察了10具猪头部的植物性神经,描述了国内外文献没有描述的鼓室神经丛。鼓室神经丛由鼓室神经,颈动脉鼓室神经和面神经的分支组成,在神经丛上分散着2-3个,长2-3毫米、宽1毫米,呈梭形的鼓室神经节;岩小神经由鼓室神经丛发出后,穿过耳蜗窗与前庭窗之间,越过鼓膜张肌窝,走向耳神经节。还观察到上颌神经副颧面支有2-3条交通支与动眼神经的腹侧支相连,未观察到Getty(1995)描述的这些交通支直接与睫状神经节相连,也未观察到副睫状神经节,并对这些问题进行了讨论。

Objective To evaluate the role of CT and MRI before cochlear implantation. Methods The high-resolution axial computed tomographic scanning (HRCT) and the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were performed in 6 deaf patients before the implantation. The image findings were compared with what were found at the time of surgery. Results HRCT showed various forms of deformity in 8 of the 12 ears, e.g. those of the vestibule, semicircular canal and the anterior sigmoid. Normal structures of the membranous labyrinth...

Objective To evaluate the role of CT and MRI before cochlear implantation. Methods The high-resolution axial computed tomographic scanning (HRCT) and the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were performed in 6 deaf patients before the implantation. The image findings were compared with what were found at the time of surgery. Results HRCT showed various forms of deformity in 8 of the 12 ears, e.g. those of the vestibule, semicircular canal and the anterior sigmoid. Normal structures of the membranous labyrinth and the 7th and 8th cranial nerves were identified on MRI in all cases. The MRI and CT findings supplemented each other in clinical significance, and they accorded with what were seen in operation. Conclusion Proper radiography plays an essential role in cochlear implantation in respect of the choice of patients and the planning of operation.

目的 了解CT、MRI在耳蜗植入前的作用。方法 感音聋患者 6例 ,经颞骨高分辨CT扫描和耳部MRI检查后行人工耳蜗植入术 ,将CT、MRI结果与手术所见进行对比。结果 CT、MRI显示 6例中 8耳存在前庭半规管扩大等多种类型的结构异常 ,中耳、耳蜗窗及耳蜗形态结构正常 ,与手术所见吻合。结论 人工耳蜗植入术前进行CT、MRI检查具有重要意义

Objective To discuss HRCT and MRI features of labyrinthitis ossificans.Materials and Methods Imaging findings of 14 temporal bones in 9 patients with labyrinthitis ossificans were retrospectively analyzed. HRCT was performed in all cases, additional MRI was carried out in 6 cases.Results On HRCT, increased density of part or total structures of the membranous labyrinth was seen in all 14 ears, of which cochlea was involved in 13, semicircular canal in 6, round window in 9, oval window in 4, vestibule...

Objective To discuss HRCT and MRI features of labyrinthitis ossificans.Materials and Methods Imaging findings of 14 temporal bones in 9 patients with labyrinthitis ossificans were retrospectively analyzed. HRCT was performed in all cases, additional MRI was carried out in 6 cases.Results On HRCT, increased density of part or total structures of the membranous labyrinth was seen in all 14 ears, of which cochlea was involved in 13, semicircular canal in 6, round window in 9, oval window in 4, vestibule in 2 and cochlear aqueduct in 2. Of 8 ears in 6 patients, membranous labyrinth was deformed in 4 and not visualized in another 4 on all MRI sequences. On enhanced MRI of 2 ears in 2 cases, the lesions showed no enhancement.Conclusion A combination of HRCT with MRI is of great value in making correct diagnosis of labyrinthitis ossificans.

目的 探讨骨化性迷路炎的HRCT和MRI表现。资料与方法 对 9例 14耳骨化性迷路炎进行回顾性分析 ,9例均行HRCT扫描 ,其中 6例行MRI检查。结果  14耳HRCT表现为迷路内部分或全部结构密度增高 ,其中13耳累及耳蜗 ,6耳累及半规管 ,9耳蜗窗区受累 ,4耳前庭窗受累 ,2耳前庭骨化 ,2耳耳蜗水管区骨质明显硬化。 6例 8耳MRI各序列表现为 4耳耳蜗膜迷路变形 ,4耳内耳膜迷路全部未显示 ;2例 2耳行增强扫描病变无强化。结论 HRCT和MRI相结合能够对骨化性迷路炎做出正确诊断。

 
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