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皮支     
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  cutaneous branch
     The diameter of cutaneous branch at the original site was about (0.12±0.05)mm,(0.2±0.07)mm and (0.13±0.04)mm respectively.
     皮支起始处血管直径分别为(0.12±0.05)mm、(0.20±0.07)mm和(0.13±0.04)mm。
短句来源
     The outer diameter of the cutaneous branch was (0.98±0.20)mm, and the length of which was (1.40±0.54)cm.
     皮支起始处外径为(0.98±0.20)mm,长度为(1.40±0.54)cm。
短句来源
     The distance from the starting point of the inferior lateral genicular artery to its first descending periosteal branch was about (3.2±0.8) cm and (3.9±0.2) cm to its first cutaneous branch as well.
     从起点至第一下行骨膜支距离(3.2±0.8)cm,至第一皮支距离(3.9±0.2)cm。
短句来源
     The external diameter of the thickest cutaneous branch of each leg was(1.4~2.9) mm,(1.8 ±0.4)mm,while the external diameters of two vena concomitants were(3.0±0.5)mm and(2.4±0.4)mm.
     每侧最粗的皮支动脉外径平均为(1.8±0.4)mm(1.4~2.9 mm),两条伴行静脉外径平均(3.0±0.5)mm和(2.4±0.4)mm。
短句来源
     External diameter of the thickest cutaneous branch in each leg was 1.8 ± 0.4mm (1.4~2.9mm) .
     3、每侧最粗的皮支动脉的外径平均为1.8±0.4mm(1.4~2.9mm)。
短句来源
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  cutaneous branches
     the cutaneous branches of medial inferior genicular artery, diameter of 0.7±0.2 mm;
     膝下内动脉皮支,外径0.7±0.2mm;
短句来源
     1-2 cutaneous branches of snuff tobacco with the external diameter of (0.6±0.2) mm.
     鼻烟壶支的皮支1~2支,外径(0.6±0.2)mm。
短句来源
     2-6 cutaneous branches of superficial palma with the external diameter of (0.5±0.3) mm;
     掌浅支的皮支2~6支,外径(0.5±0.3)mm;
短句来源
     1-2 recurrent cutaneous branches of the styloid process of radius with the external diameter of (0.5±0.1) mm;
     桡骨茎突返支的皮支1~2支,外径(0.5±0.1)mm;
短句来源
     cutaneous branches of posterior interosseous artery (6~9 branches) with external diameter of (0.7±0.3)mm;
     骨间后动脉皮支6~9支,外径(0.7±0.3) mm;
短句来源
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  skin branches
     Results:The profound and superfical branches of the medial plantar artery,the medial anterior malleolar artery and the medial tarsal artery has averagely 4.8,8.1,6.0,and 3.0 skin branches to the medial pedal region with diameters ranging from 0.2 ±0.8 mm.
     足底内侧动脉深支、浅支、内踝前动脉、跗内侧动脉,平均有4.8支、8.1支、6.0支、3.0支外径在0.2~0.8mm之间的皮支分布足内侧区。
短句来源
     \ One of the skin branches of this artery is constant with external diameter (0.5±0.2) mm at the original end and (1.0±0.2) cm in length,and send off front branch and back branch,to anastomose with arcuate artery anterioly and calcaneus artery posterioly.
     动脉起始处有一外径(0.5±0.2)mm、长(1.0±0.2)mm的皮支较恒定,终支形成前行支和后行支,分别向前、后行与弓状动脉、跟外侧动脉相吻合。
短句来源
     Results:The re-sults showed that there are 1 to 2 skin branches dividing from arteria dorsalis pedis in the site of anterior of ankle,and their calibre is from 0.4 to 0.6mm. The skin branch is 94.74 mm apart from ramus plantaris profundus.
     结果:足背动脉在踝关节前方有1~2支恒定的皮支,称之为踝前皮支,测量该皮支口径0.4~0.6mm。
短句来源
     The trapezius muscle branch devides into ascending and descending branches. The ascending branch horizontally run above the spines process of the 7th cervical vertebral to the middle line to anastomoses with the posterior branch of the deep cervical artery and near by skin branches in a length of 6.7 cm and external diameter 1.5±0.3 mm.
     斜方肌支可分为升支和降支,其中升支水平横向正中线,在第7颈椎棘突附近与颈深动脉后支及邻近皮支相吻合,斜方肌支—升支长达6.7cm,起始外径1.5±0.3mm。
短句来源
     the internal iliac artery gave off a lot of abnormal skin branches;
     靶动脉分出异常丰富的皮支或插管过深 ;
短句来源
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  “皮支”译为未确定词的双语例句
     superficial palmar branches (2~6 branches) with diameter of (0.5±0.3)mm;
     掌浅支皮支2~6支,外径(0.5±0.3) mm;
短句来源
     perforating branches of snuff tobacco (1~2 branches) with diameter of (0.6±0.2)mm;
     鼻烟壶皮支1~2支,外径(0.6±0.2) mm。
短句来源
     Its average length was 2.8±0.2 cm, and its average outer diameter was 0.8±0.2 mm.
     该皮支长 (2 .8± 0 .2 )cm ,外径 (0 .8± 0 .2 )mm。
短句来源
     perforating branches of radius styloid process return branches (1~2 branches) with diameter of (0.8±0.1)mm;
     桡骨茎突返支皮支1~2支,外径(0.8±0.1) mm;
短句来源
     Results: The origins of nutritional vessels of the 1/3 inferior segment of the lateral cutaneous nerve of forearm was as follows: the perforating branches of radial artery (6~11 branches) with diameter of (0.7±0.3)mm;
     结果:前臂外侧皮神经下1/3段的营养血管来自:桡动脉皮支6~11支,外径(0.7±0.3) mm;
短句来源
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  cutaneous branch
Four cases of a painful abdominal syndrome are presented, the pain occurring in the distribution of the medial cutaneous branch of the 7th-12th intercostal nerves.
      
In 39 Urethane-anesthetized rats we have recorded the afferent volley in the dorsal roots and the electrical activity of the lateral longissimus muscle and its motor nerves during electrical stimulation of a cutaneous branch of the pudendal nerve.
      
The hypothesis that the lateral cutaneous branch from the fourth intercostal nerve is the only nerve supplying the nipple was tested in a clinical experiment and anatomical dissections.
      
Local anaesthetic block was applied to the lateral cutaneous branch of the fourth nerve during augmentation mammaplasty.
      
1.Single unit recordings from afferent fibres of a cutaneous branch of the radial nerve were done during thermal stimulation of the skin of the wing with a thermode or with radiant heat or cold.
      
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  cutaneous branches
Fast blue (FB) and nuclear yellow (NY) were injected into the coeliac ganglion and the cutaneous branches of left 9th-11th intercostal nerves, respectively.
      
Magnetic responses evoked by stimulation of the mixed median nerve at the wrist and its cutaneous branches on the glabrous skin of the index and middle fingers were studied.
      
Breast reconstruction with the use of an upper rectus flap utilizes perforating cutaneous branches of the superior epigastric artery.
      
Their branches enter the muscle primordia and form contacts with their mesenchymal cells though the cutaneous branches are missing.
      
The dorsal ramus innervates the facet joints at the corresponding level and one below, before it gives off muscular and cutaneous branches.
      
更多          
  skin branches
Effect of polychromatic polarized light on afferent traffic in skin branches of somatic nerves
      


The Arteria dorsalis pedis of 50 lower limbs of adult Chinese cadavers were injected with the chloroform solution of red pigment.Then the cutaneous arteries of the Ar- teria dorsalis pedis were dissected,observed and measured under an operating microscope. The arteria dorsalis pedis was divided into proximal,intermediate and distal portions. In all cases this artery gives off direct cutaneous arteries which are more concentrated in the proximal and distal portions. In the proximal portion,the cutaneous arteries...

The Arteria dorsalis pedis of 50 lower limbs of adult Chinese cadavers were injected with the chloroform solution of red pigment.Then the cutaneous arteries of the Ar- teria dorsalis pedis were dissected,observed and measured under an operating microscope. The arteria dorsalis pedis was divided into proximal,intermediate and distal portions. In all cases this artery gives off direct cutaneous arteries which are more concentrated in the proximal and distal portions. In the proximal portion,the cutaneous arteries are constantly provided with larger caliber and longer length of extension.The percentage of the presence of the cutaneous arteries of the distal portion is rather high,yet both their caliber and length of extension are smaller than the branches of the proximal portion. There are certain anastomoses between the neighboring cutaneous arteries.Most of the cutaneous arteries run along the course of the medial dorsal cutaneous nerves.This nerve may be considered as a guide to find those cutaneous arteries. The caliber of the most cutaneous arteries is large enough for microsurgical vaso- anastomosis.Thus the data of this article may be helpful to clinicians who want to make a vascularized free dorsalis pedis skin flap.

用氯仿油画颜料溶液灌注了50个中国成人下肢的足背动脉,在手术显微镜下解剖、观察、测量了足背动脉发出的皮动脉。将足背动脉划分为近侧、中间和远侧三个区域,所有标本的足背动脉均发有直接皮支,这些皮支多数集中在近侧区和远侧区。近侧区发出的皮动脉相当恒定,管径也较粗,伸展范围也较广阔。远侧区的皮动脉出现率虽高,但管径和伸展范围均不及近侧区。相邻皮动脉间有一定的吻合。多数皮动脉与足背内侧皮神经伴行,该神经可能是寻找皮动脉的标志之一。绝大多数皮动脉的管径都是在显微外科血管吻合术允许范围之内。这样,本文所提数据,可供临床家采取和移植带蒂游离足背皮瓣的参考。

With the aim of further understanding of the nerve supply of the Iumbodorsal region,and its relation to the pathogenesis of lumbago and lumbocrural pain,the superior chnial nerves of lilty adult Chinese cadavers were dissected. In the present study,it was shown that the superior clunial nerve consists of lateral branches of the posterior rami of spinal nerves rarying from T_(12)L_(1~5)and S_1 segments. The contribution of these branches to this nerve is as follows,T_(12):40 cases,L_1 and L_2: 100 cases each,L_3:96...

With the aim of further understanding of the nerve supply of the Iumbodorsal region,and its relation to the pathogenesis of lumbago and lumbocrural pain,the superior chnial nerves of lilty adult Chinese cadavers were dissected. In the present study,it was shown that the superior clunial nerve consists of lateral branches of the posterior rami of spinal nerves rarying from T_(12)L_(1~5)and S_1 segments. The contribution of these branches to this nerve is as follows,T_(12):40 cases,L_1 and L_2: 100 cases each,L_3:96 cases,L_4:48 cases,L_5:11 cases,and S_1:4 cases.Our observation revealed the fact that the posterior rami of L_(4,s)spinal nerves consist of a lot of lateral cutaneous branches,which is not in accordance with embroyological descriptions cited in literature which deny their existence. Basing on our data,we classify the superior clunial nerve into 4 types,Viz:one- branched:1 case;two-branched:15 cases;three-branched:66 cases;and four-branched:18 cases. More than one half of the medial and the most medial branches of the superior clunial nerves perforate through the deep surface of the attachment of the posterior layer of the lumbodorsal fascia on to the iliac crest,and enter the superficial fascia of the buttock.During acute wriggle of the loin,the firm fixation and tight stretching of the perforating branches by this attachment may cause partly the injury of the branches. The crossing point of the lateral margin of the sacrospinalis muscle and iliac crest or the area slightly medial to this point is the site where the perforating superior clun- ial nerve could be localized supeficialiy.

为了进一步了解腰背区的神经供给及配合腰腿痛病因研究的目的,我们解剖了100侧中国成人尸体的臀上皮神经。据本组观察,臀上皮神经可由胸_(12)、腰_(1~5)和骶_1脊神经后外侧支的皮支成分组成。参与此神经的组成情况如下:胸_(12)40例,腰_1及腰_2各100例,腰_3 96例,腰_4 48例,腰_5 11例,骶_1 4例。我们的观察表明腰_(4,5)脊神经后支有大量的外侧皮支,这与以往文献引用的胚胎学的说法不一致——后者否认腰_(4,5)脊神经后支有外侧皮支。根据我们的资料,我们把臀上皮神经分成四型:单支型1例;二支型15例;三支型66例;四支型18例。臀上皮神经的内侧支和最内侧支之半数以上,穿过附于髂嵴的腰背筋膜后层附着部的深面,进入臀部浅筋膜中。当腰部急剧扭转时,此附着部对神经的牢固固定及紧张的牵拉可能部分地有助于这些穿支的损伤。骶棘肌外侧缘与髂嵴之交点或该点稍内侧处,为臀上皮神经穿出的体表定位点。

The cutaneous arteries of the forearm and their anastomoses in skin and subcutaneous tissue were invetigated on 35 upper limbs.

本文研究了35例前臂血管的皮动脉及其在皮和皮下组织内的吻合情况。 1.桡动脉干平均长215.3毫米,分为掩盖部和显露部,分别长为111.7毫米和101.4毫米,桡动脉上、下两端及中部的口径各为2.7、2.4和2.3毫米。2.桡动脉显露部皮支数(9.6支)多于掩盖部(4.2支),而掩、显两部的肌支数几乎相等。桡动脉皮、肌支的口径多为0.3~0.5毫米。3.桡、尺动脉皮支之间及桡、尺动脉皮支与骨间背侧动脉皮支之间有丰富的吻合支,在整个前臂皮及皮下吻合成网。根据形态学资料切取皮瓣的范围可以扩大到整个前臂皮肤。4.桡静脉和头静脉的口径(中部)分别为1.3和2.8毫米。皮瓣移植时,这两个静脉最好都进行吻合,以增加静脉血的还流量。5.讨论了桡动脉的解剖特点和皮瓣切取范围,并归纳了供应各种皮瓣和肌皮瓣的血管形式。

 
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