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皮支
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  cutaneous branches
    Methods Nine cases with mandibular defect were reconstructed with free fibula flap. Preoperatively, color doppler was used to identify whether absence of peroneal artery or not, the cases with skin flap attached, the distribution of cutaneous branches from peroneal artery were located and marked on the skin.
    方法  9例腓骨肌 (皮 )瓣修复下颌骨缺损的病例 ,术前彩超检查以确定腓动脉是否单独存在 ,带皮瓣修复者 ,将腓动脉皮支体表定位。
短句来源
    Color doppler was used to identify the number and location of cutaneous branches from peroneal artery preoperatively, then it's easy to design and manipulate the skin flap attached to free fibula flap.
    彩超检查确定腓动脉皮支的位置及数量 ,便于所带皮瓣的术前设计和术中操作 ;
短句来源
    Results: (1) The cervical dorsal rami arise from the spinal nerves in the intervertebral foramen and then curve dorsally through the osseofibrous canals with the decussating fibers of muscle group of nape attaching to the zygapophyseal joints, the superio inferior zygapophyseal joints and the medial vertebral laminae. The articular branches, muscular branches, cutaneous branches and communicating branches pass through the posterior muscles and its tendinous decussating fibers.
    结果 :(1 )颈神经后支自椎间孔处发出后 ,穿过由项部肌群附着于颈椎关节突关节囊的交叉纤维、上下关节突关节和内侧椎板组成的骨纤维管 ,然后发出关节突关节支、肌支、皮支和交通支 ,穿行于颈后肌群及其腱性纤维组织间。
短句来源
  cutaneous branch
    Blood Flow Study via High Resolution Ultrasound in Cutaneous Branch Vascular Pedicle Flaps in Four Kinds of Main Arteries in Extremities Before Transplantation
    高分辨率超声对4种主干皮支血管蒂皮瓣移植术前的血流研究
短句来源
  cutaneous branch
    Blood Flow Study via High Resolution Ultrasound in Cutaneous Branch Vascular Pedicle Flaps in Four Kinds of Main Arteries in Extremities Before Transplantation
    高分辨率超声对4种主干皮支血管蒂皮瓣移植术前的血流研究
短句来源
  “皮支”译为未确定词的双语例句
    sampling volume is 0.5-2mm, the probe of frequency is 8-13MHz, and the sound beam-flow angle is < 60 . The color blood stream velocity areas are 10-100cm/s (deep arterial trunk) and 5-50cm/s (cutaneous arterial branches).
    (2)皮支动脉5-50cm/s。 根据深部动脉干所在的解剖位置,用探头向上,向下追踪扫查动脉,然后以动脉为轴侧动探头,行多方位扫查并确定皮第四军医大学硕士学位论文支动脉的数量、内径、走行方向及其分布范围。
短句来源
    Secondly, thirty normal personwere included. We examined the origins, length, angle and caliber ofthoracodorsal artery by ultrasonography, these data were compared withcadaver statistically.
    ⑵超声检测:30 例正常人胸背动脉(TDA)、胫后动脉皮支,测量胸背动脉及内外支管径、主干长度、角度,所得数据与尸体标本数据做统计学比较。
短句来源
    Also, the number and locations of intermuscularbranches of posterior tibial artery were assessed.
    观察胫后动脉皮支起点与分布。
短句来源
    Both two arteryhaemodynamics parameters were established in pulse wave Doppler mode,including peak systole velocity, end diastole velocity and resistive index.
    PW 测量收缩期峰值流速(Vmax),舒张末期流速(Vmin),阻力指数(RI),建立TDA、胫后动脉皮支血流动力学正常对照参数。
短句来源
    Results Forty-nine medial supramalleolar branches were examined by CDFI successfully and all the results were confirmed by operation andall flaps survived.
    结果共探及49条胫后动脉内踝上皮支血管,皮支动脉内径0.5~1.47mm,皮支静脉内径0.6~1.8mm,手术证实CDFI定位准确,18例皮瓣全部成活。
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  cutaneous branches
Fast blue (FB) and nuclear yellow (NY) were injected into the coeliac ganglion and the cutaneous branches of left 9th-11th intercostal nerves, respectively.
      
Magnetic responses evoked by stimulation of the mixed median nerve at the wrist and its cutaneous branches on the glabrous skin of the index and middle fingers were studied.
      
Breast reconstruction with the use of an upper rectus flap utilizes perforating cutaneous branches of the superior epigastric artery.
      
Their branches enter the muscle primordia and form contacts with their mesenchymal cells though the cutaneous branches are missing.
      
The dorsal ramus innervates the facet joints at the corresponding level and one below, before it gives off muscular and cutaneous branches.
      
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  cutaneous branch
Four cases of a painful abdominal syndrome are presented, the pain occurring in the distribution of the medial cutaneous branch of the 7th-12th intercostal nerves.
      
In 39 Urethane-anesthetized rats we have recorded the afferent volley in the dorsal roots and the electrical activity of the lateral longissimus muscle and its motor nerves during electrical stimulation of a cutaneous branch of the pudendal nerve.
      
The hypothesis that the lateral cutaneous branch from the fourth intercostal nerve is the only nerve supplying the nipple was tested in a clinical experiment and anatomical dissections.
      
Local anaesthetic block was applied to the lateral cutaneous branch of the fourth nerve during augmentation mammaplasty.
      
1.Single unit recordings from afferent fibres of a cutaneous branch of the radial nerve were done during thermal stimulation of the skin of the wing with a thermode or with radiant heat or cold.
      
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  cutaneous branch
Four cases of a painful abdominal syndrome are presented, the pain occurring in the distribution of the medial cutaneous branch of the 7th-12th intercostal nerves.
      
In 39 Urethane-anesthetized rats we have recorded the afferent volley in the dorsal roots and the electrical activity of the lateral longissimus muscle and its motor nerves during electrical stimulation of a cutaneous branch of the pudendal nerve.
      
The hypothesis that the lateral cutaneous branch from the fourth intercostal nerve is the only nerve supplying the nipple was tested in a clinical experiment and anatomical dissections.
      
Local anaesthetic block was applied to the lateral cutaneous branch of the fourth nerve during augmentation mammaplasty.
      
1.Single unit recordings from afferent fibres of a cutaneous branch of the radial nerve were done during thermal stimulation of the skin of the wing with a thermode or with radiant heat or cold.
      
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t reported. using nerve conduction cervicalspondylopathy, which was representative of softtissue inJuries, totally 524 cases. The method ismanual pointing and pressing, flicking cutaneousbranches of cervical plexus and supraclavicularbranchial plexus and their branches, which is sim- ple . easy to do . not traumatic , with short course oftreatment and fast effect shown. It provides a newway for the treatment of soft tissue injuries.

本文报道主要应用增强神经传导治疗颈椎病为代表的软组织伤病524例研究。采用手法点压,弹拨颈丛皮支,锁骨上臂丛神经及其分支。该手法具有简便、易行、无创伤、疗程短、见效快等优点,为软组织伤病治疗提供一种新途径。

Objective To evaluate the role of doppler probing in free fibula flap reconstruction of mandibular defects. Methods Nine cases with mandibular defect were reconstructed with free fibula flap. Preoperatively, color doppler was used to identify whether absence of peroneal artery or not, the cases with skin flap attached, the distribution of cutaneous branches from peroneal artery were located and marked on the skin. After operation, stethoscope doppler was used to monitor blood flow within artery of transplant....

Objective To evaluate the role of doppler probing in free fibula flap reconstruction of mandibular defects. Methods Nine cases with mandibular defect were reconstructed with free fibula flap. Preoperatively, color doppler was used to identify whether absence of peroneal artery or not, the cases with skin flap attached, the distribution of cutaneous branches from peroneal artery were located and marked on the skin. After operation, stethoscope doppler was used to monitor blood flow within artery of transplant. Results All the cases peroneal artery were presence and vascularized flaps of fibula and skin survived with success rate of 100%. Color doppler was used to identify the number and location of cutaneous branches from peroneal artery preoperatively, then it's easy to design and manipulate the skin flap attached to free fibula flap. The readings of stethoscope doppler reflect blood flow within artery of transplant precisely. Conclusion Doppler probing is important to free fibular flap reconstruction of mandible defect. It was useful to identify the peroneal artery and the cutaneous branches preoperatively, and to monitor blood supply of the transplant postopratively.

目的 研究超声检测技术在腓骨肌 (皮 )瓣修复下颌骨缺损过程中的作用。方法  9例腓骨肌 (皮 )瓣修复下颌骨缺损的病例 ,术前彩超检查以确定腓动脉是否单独存在 ,带皮瓣修复者 ,将腓动脉皮支体表定位。单纯腓骨瓣转移者 ,术后超声多普勒听诊仪检测移植瓣动脉的血流情况。结果  9例腓动脉均单独存在 ,术后腓骨瓣及所带皮瓣全部存活。彩超检查确定腓动脉皮支的位置及数量 ,便于所带皮瓣的术前设计和术中操作 ;超声多普勒听诊检查结果准确地反映了移植瓣动脉的血流状态。结论 超声检查在腓骨肌 (皮 )瓣修复下颌骨缺损术前观察腓血管的结构 ,术后监测组织瓣的存活性方面有重要意义

Objective: To study the mechanism, diagnosis and treatment of the cervical dorsal rami syndrome. Methods: Anatomical study was done on 34 sides of 17 adult embalmed cadavers. C 1~8 dorsal rami were carefully dissected and observed; Detailed observation and analysis was conducted in 24 cases with cervical dorsal rami compression. Results: (1) The cervical dorsal rami arise from the spinal nerves in the intervertebral foramen and then curve dorsally through the osseofibrous canals with the decussating fibers...

Objective: To study the mechanism, diagnosis and treatment of the cervical dorsal rami syndrome. Methods: Anatomical study was done on 34 sides of 17 adult embalmed cadavers. C 1~8 dorsal rami were carefully dissected and observed; Detailed observation and analysis was conducted in 24 cases with cervical dorsal rami compression. Results: (1) The cervical dorsal rami arise from the spinal nerves in the intervertebral foramen and then curve dorsally through the osseofibrous canals with the decussating fibers of muscle group of nape attaching to the zygapophyseal joints, the superio inferior zygapophyseal joints and the medial vertebral laminae. The articular branches, muscular branches, cutaneous branches and communicating branches pass through the posterior muscles and its tendinous decussating fibers. (2) Conservative treatment led to a certain extend alleviation of the symptoms in clinic. The cervical dorsal rami decompression can cure the cases that had no alleviation of the symptoms with conservative treatment. Conclusions: The etiology of cervical dorsal rami syndrome lies in the compression of the cervical dorsal rami by the tendinous decussating fibers of the posterior muscles of neck. The cervical dorsal rami decompression procedure is an effect way to treat cases of cervical dorsal rami compression that had no alleviation of the symptoms with conservative treatment.

目的 :从解剖和临床两方面探讨颈神经后支综合征的机制及诊治方法。方法 :对 1 7具成人固定尸体中C1~ 8颈神经后支进行解剖学研究 ;对 2 4例颈神经后支综合征的患者进行了临床观察和分析。结果 :(1 )颈神经后支自椎间孔处发出后 ,穿过由项部肌群附着于颈椎关节突关节囊的交叉纤维、上下关节突关节和内侧椎板组成的骨纤维管 ,然后发出关节突关节支、肌支、皮支和交通支 ,穿行于颈后肌群及其腱性纤维组织间。 (2 )临床发现保守治疗有一定疗效 ,对保守治疗效果欠佳的患者行颈神经后支松解术可获得满意的疗效。结论 :颈神经后支综合征的病因是以颈后肌群为主的腱性交叉纤维压迫颈神经后支所致。对经保守治疗无效的患者行颈神经后支松解术 ,有可能是解除颈神经后支卡压的切实有效方法

 
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