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高龄患者
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  “高龄患者”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Methods Among 67 old-aged stroke patients (≥75 years)with dysphagia enrolled, 36 patients in the intervention group received standard naso-gastric nutrition within 72 hours of admission, and 31 patients in the control group received feeding supervised by family members.
    方法选择急性卒中伴吞咽困难的高龄患者(年龄≥75岁)67例,研究组(n=36)于入院72h内留置鼻饲管实施规范肠内营养,对照组(n=36)于入院1周内留置鼻饲管并由家属自行喂养饮食。
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    RESULTS:The principles of restoration, support,palliation and prevention for comprehensive functions were raised to set up an more active and dynamical comprehensive rehabilitative goals for aging patients with acute cerebral stroke,so as to verify whether the principles of SMART(Specific,Measurable,Achievable,Relevant,Time-limited) had been achieved during the rehabilitation therapy period.
    结果:提出综合应用功能重建、支持、姑息和预防原则,制定更加积极、动态的脑卒中高龄患者整体康复目标,以及检验这些目标是否达到的SMART(Specific,Measurable,Achievable,Relevant,Time-limited)原则。
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    Results: Prognosis was poor in the elderly age patients(71.4%), the patients whose GCS score was lower than 8(80.7%) and the neurological functional deficit group of severity patients (52.1%).
    结果 :高龄患者预后差占 71.4 % ,GCS≤ 8分患者占 80 .7% ,神经功能缺损为重型的患者占 5 2 .1% ,均提示这些患者的生命和功能预后不良。
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    Results Compared with patients of 65 to 75 years old, the incidence of complications with other high risk factors was increased in advanced age group (over 75 years).
    结果高龄患者(≥75岁)的患者中,合并其他高危因素的机率比65-75岁组的患者显著增多;
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    ConclusionElderly stroke patients have distinctive risk factors and clinical features, which are different from younger patients.
    结论高龄卒中患者的危险因素与非高龄患者不同,有其独特的卒中后血压变化规律与临床特征。
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  elderly patients
The early percutaneous coronary intervention in elderly patients with acute coronary syndrome
      
It was shown that early PCI might be an effective and safe method to treat elderly patients with ACS.
      
Correlations between the impairments of higher cortical functions (assessed by clinical scores and neuropsychological tests) and multichannel EEG spectra were analyzed in elderly patients with mild dementia and children with cognitive problems.
      
Thus, the 5-HTT gene polymorphisms do not affect the risk of depression but is possibly associated with specific clinical signs of the disease, at least in elderly patients.
      
The risk factors for RCIN are primarily pre-existing (even mild) renal dysfunction, diabetes mellitus, absolute or relative hypovolemia, nephrotoxic drugs, etc., particularly in elderly patients.
      
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Intra-arterial DSA was performed in 188 cases of stroke diagnosed by CT. Theetiology in 124 cases(66%)was determined including aneurysm, AVM and Moyamoya. As a result of this study,the authors concluded that diagnostic accuracy with DSA in stroke is related to age of pa-tient,history of hypertension and location of hemorrhage. Angiography is suggested for cases with unexplainable lobar hemorrhage and subarachnoid hemorrhage,but is not needed when hemorrhage occurs in the region of basal ganglia and thalamus...

Intra-arterial DSA was performed in 188 cases of stroke diagnosed by CT. Theetiology in 124 cases(66%)was determined including aneurysm, AVM and Moyamoya. As a result of this study,the authors concluded that diagnostic accuracy with DSA in stroke is related to age of pa-tient,history of hypertension and location of hemorrhage. Angiography is suggested for cases with unexplainable lobar hemorrhage and subarachnoid hemorrhage,but is not needed when hemorrhage occurs in the region of basal ganglia and thalamus in elderly patients.However,in younger patients,angiography has diagnostic significance irrespective of the presence or absence of hypertension.

对经CT证实的188例脑中风患者进行了DSA检查,确定病因者124例,占全部病例的66%,主要病因为动脉瘤,动静脉畸形(AVM)和烟雾病(Moyamoya)。笔者认为,DSA对脑中风的病因确诊率与患者的年龄、有无高血压史及出血部位有关。对不能解释的脑叶出血和蛛网膜下腔出血(SAH)应提倡作血管造影检查。对基底节-丘脑区高血压脑出血的高龄患者,以不做血管造影检查为宜,而对年轻患者无论有无高血压史,接受血管造影检查仍有诊断意义。

Objective:To observe the clinical effect of glycerol and sodium chloride injection on intracranial pressure reduction and it s side effects.Methods:To reduce the intracranial pressure,we used glycerol and sodium chloride injection in 52 cases of intracranial hypertension,glycerol and fructose infusion in 44 cases and 20% mannitol in 32 cases respectivel y and to observe the effects a nd side effects by intracranial pressure monitoring instrument.Results:After glycerol and sodium chloride injection was used...

Objective:To observe the clinical effect of glycerol and sodium chloride injection on intracranial pressure reduction and it s side effects.Methods:To reduce the intracranial pressure,we used glycerol and sodium chloride injection in 52 cases of intracranial hypertension,glycerol and fructose infusion in 44 cases and 20% mannitol in 32 cases respectivel y and to observe the effects a nd side effects by intracranial pressure monitoring instrument.Results:After glycerol and sodium chloride injection was used 1.05± 0.23 hours,intracranial pressure began to reduce.The maximum of effect was achieved 2.32±0.36 hours after injection and lasted for 5.25±1.42 hours.No rebound or haemolysis occured and it had little influence on renal function.Conclusions:Glycerol and sodium chloride injection can be used in pa tients with subacute intracranial hypertension,older patients and patients with renal damage.

目的:评价甘油氯化钠注射液降低颅内压的临床效果以及观察有无副作用。方法:对52例颅内压增高患者用甘油氯化钠降低颅内压,与44例用甘油果糖及32例用甘露醇降低颅内压进行比较,通过颅内压监测仪观察效果及副作用。结果:注射甘油氯化钠后1.05±0.23 h颅内压开始下降,2.32±0.36 h作用达到高峰,持续5.25±1.42 h;无反跳现象,对肾功能影响小,无溶血现象。结论:甘油氯化钠注射液适用于亚急性颅内压增高、高龄患者及肾功能有损害者。

Objective To investigate the clinical characteristics and prophylactico-therapeutic measures of delayed encephalopathy in acute carbon monoxide poisoning. Methods Thirty-eight cases of delayed encephalopathy in acute carbon monoxide poisoning were retrospectively analysed.Results The high incidence of delayed encephalopathy was found in the patients who have the factors as follow : aged , long time and high degree of poisoning, not persisting in overall hyperbaric oxygen therapy and comprehensive theatment,...

Objective To investigate the clinical characteristics and prophylactico-therapeutic measures of delayed encephalopathy in acute carbon monoxide poisoning. Methods Thirty-eight cases of delayed encephalopathy in acute carbon monoxide poisoning were retrospectively analysed.Results The high incidence of delayed encephalopathy was found in the patients who have the factors as follow : aged , long time and high degree of poisoning, not persisting in overall hyperbaric oxygen therapy and comprehensive theatment, infection , taking alcohol and sedative. Conclusion Active comprehensive theatment is very important in preventing delayed encephalopathy in acute earbon monoxide poisoning.

目的 探讨急性一氧化碳中毒迟发性脑病临床特点及防治对策。方法 对38例一氧化碳中毒迟发性脑病的临床资料进行回顾性分析。结果 高龄患者、中毒时间长及程度重者、未坚持全程高压氧及综合治疗患者、有感染、饮酒及用镇静剂者发病率高。结论 预防本病需采取积极综合治疗,防止并发症。

 
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