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国家直接控制
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  “国家直接控制”译为未确定词的双语例句
    5) The program should be under the direct control of the government.
    五是应采取由国家直接控制的管理体制。
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    As the transition from planned economy to socialist market economy, certain state-owned hospitals are still run by the government directly and require corresponding governance structure to guarantee the right behavior.
    随着我国由计划经济体制向社会主义市场经济体制的过渡,仍然会有一定数量的国有医院要由国家直接控制经营,并需要相应的治理结构来规范其运行。
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It is imperative to build a strategic oil reserve to safeguard energy security in the present atmosphere of changing international political and economic patterns. Based on other countries experiences, the basic outline of establishing China's strategic oil reserves should include: 1) Reasonably determining the volume of the strategic oil reserves. Efforts should be made to increase the domestic oil reserves to 25 million tons, the total scale of storage tanks to 30 million cubic meters by 2010, when China's...

It is imperative to build a strategic oil reserve to safeguard energy security in the present atmosphere of changing international political and economic patterns. Based on other countries experiences, the basic outline of establishing China's strategic oil reserves should include: 1) Reasonably determining the volume of the strategic oil reserves. Efforts should be made to increase the domestic oil reserves to 25 million tons, the total scale of storage tanks to 30 million cubic meters by 2010, when China's net volume of oil imports may reach 100 million tons; 2) Designing the distribution of reserve bases, taking real conditions into account. The crude reserves shall be capable of berthing large oceangoing tankers and easily transporting crude oil to refineries; 3) Choosing the types of storage tanks in line with the requirements of war conditions. Viewed from the present conditions, it is more suitable building underground and sub-underground metal tanks; 4) Special fund shall be established by the government; 5) The program should be under the direct control of the government. The State Council should establish a leading team on the oil reserve system to ensure a highly concentrated policy-making mechanism and lateral coordination. In addition, a national oil reserve bureau or company should be established to take charge of and coordinate the daily work of the oil reserve system. National oil reserve bases, serving as grassroots organizations, should take charge of operating and managing the oil reserve system.

在世界政治经济格局经历新变动的国际形势下,建立我国的战略石油储备以保障能源安全已势在必行。借鉴国际成熟经验,我国建立战略石油储备的基本思路应包括五个方面:一是应合理确立战略石油储备的水平。争取在2010年我国石油净进口量可能达到1亿吨时,使相应的储备石油规模达到2500万吨,储罐建设总规模达到3000万立方米。二是应结合实际安排储备基地的布局。原油储备基地的布局必须考虑既要有适应远洋大型油轮停靠接卸的条件,又要能比较方便地将原油送往多个炼厂加工。三是应按照战备安全要求选择储罐类型。以地下或半地下金属罐更为有利。四是应由国家作专项资金安排。五是应采取由国家直接控制的管理体制。在三级管理模式中,由国务院设立石油储备领导小组,以保证决策的高度集中与横向协调;组建国家石油储备避(公司)全面主持与协调石油储备的日常工作;国家石油储备基地作为基层组织,负责石油储备的日常运行与管理。

As the transition from planned economy to socialist market economy, certain state-owned hospitals are still run by the government directly and require corresponding governance structure to guarantee the right behavior. Conclusion of this paper shows, based on economic theory, ownership reform is neither the sufficient nor necessary conditions for performance improvement, which is determined by the purpose of public hospital operation. Therefore, the "Priority of Ownership Reform Theory" for public hospitals...

As the transition from planned economy to socialist market economy, certain state-owned hospitals are still run by the government directly and require corresponding governance structure to guarantee the right behavior. Conclusion of this paper shows, based on economic theory, ownership reform is neither the sufficient nor necessary conditions for performance improvement, which is determined by the purpose of public hospital operation. Therefore, the "Priority of Ownership Reform Theory" for public hospitals is denied in this paper, which otherwise provides a theoretical support for the further reform in governance structure of public hospitals. In addition, this paper first raises the "information paradox" inside asymmetrical information firms in theory, which can be applied not only to reform in hospitals but also to reform in firms with similar information characteristics.

随着我国由计划经济体制向社会主义市场经济体制的过渡,仍然会有一定数量的国有医院要由国家直接控制经营,并需要相应的治理结构来规范其运行。本文的结果表明,在经济学理论上,公立医院的经营目的决定了产权改革既不是提高其经营绩效的充分条件,也不是必要条件。我们的理论分析否定了“产权优先”的改革观点,而为进一步完善公立医院治理结构的改革步骤提供了理论支持,并给出一定改革措施建议。另外,本文在理论上首次提出了非对称信息企业内部的“信息悖论”问题。这个广泛的结论不仅对于医院的改革是成立的,对于其他具有相同信息特征的企业都有理论意义。

 
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