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A method based upon simple diffraction theory is described for the calculation of modified paraboloid reflectors to produce from a point source a shaped beam of arbitrary shape in one plane and uniformly narrow in the perpendicular planes. A specific application of the shaped beam antennas is in connection with radar antennas designed for height finding. In this case the antenna must have a sharp elevation beam for obtaining precise elevation information and a rapid elevation scan. The beam must be relatively...

A method based upon simple diffraction theory is described for the calculation of modified paraboloid reflectors to produce from a point source a shaped beam of arbitrary shape in one plane and uniformly narrow in the perpendicular planes. A specific application of the shaped beam antennas is in connection with radar antennas designed for height finding. In this case the antenna must have a sharp elevation beam for obtaining precise elevation information and a rapid elevation scan. The beam must be relatively broad in azimuth in order that the target will be held in the beam long enough to obtain height information. If a fixed minimum of illumination is to be achieved at a given linear distance on both sides of the center line of the azimuth beam, the amplitude pattern must have the so-called "double cosecant" or "beavertail" shape.

本论文讨论如何利用简单衍射理论,计算改良抛物面反射器天线幅射之图型。此反射器可将一无方向性辐射源之能量聚集于任何形状之波束中。此原理可以应用在地面上或船面上寻求飞机高度雷达天线之设计。在此类雷达中,天线之方位图型必须为“双馀割平方”式;其特性为自波束对称轴线起,至其两端,辐射一次路程之功率,与方位角之馀割平方成正比。得此图型之最简易方法为置一狭窄之铅垂金属条于一截形抛物面反射器之中心,金属条之宽度,可改变波束之方向性;其支距,即金属条与反射器之距离,可影响两反射波之位相。故改变金属条之宽度及其支距,可得欲得之图型。 利用衍射及干涉理论,计算金属条及截形抛物面所生之总图型为:在方位面内,幅射强度J_H与水平角θ之关系为: J_H =AA[sin~2(15πsinθ)/(15πsinθ)~2-2(1-cosπ/4)sin(2πsinθ)/2πsinθ(sin(2πsinθ)/2πsinθ-sin(15πsinθ)/15πsinθ)]A为辐射波振幅,A为A之复共轭数。计算之结果与实验之结果,颇为一致。

This paper presents a method by which a complete set of static characteristics of a power tube, including that of positive grid region, can be seen all at once on the screen of a cathode ray oscilloscope. Use is made of pulse-technique and intensity modulation of a cathode ray tube. Circuits are given and explained for observing plate characteristics on the plate current-plate voltage plane as well as constant current contours on the plate voltage-grid voltage plane, the former being shown in fig. 11 and the...

This paper presents a method by which a complete set of static characteristics of a power tube, including that of positive grid region, can be seen all at once on the screen of a cathode ray oscilloscope. Use is made of pulse-technique and intensity modulation of a cathode ray tube. Circuits are given and explained for observing plate characteristics on the plate current-plate voltage plane as well as constant current contours on the plate voltage-grid voltage plane, the former being shown in fig. 11 and the latter in fig 21. It is believed that the method here described will be of some help to tube manufacturers.

利用脉冲技术和阴极射线管栅极调亮法,可以在示波器上描绘出整套特性曲线,特别是正栅区域的特性。这个方法对于强力管的制造厂检验所制成品是否合乎规格时会有一些帮助。

Detailed theoretical investigations on the nature of internal friction of linear type have been made by Zener and others. It appears that their results are not systemmatic enough owing to the lack of generality. In particular, very little has been attempted to the illucidation of the nature of mutual interactions due to causes which give rise to internal friction.

甄纳等对线型内耗的计算曾作了一系列的研究。但是其所考虑的内容缺乏系统性。特别,当有着数个因素交互作用时,所得的结果是不够普遍的。本文试用一般的热力学不可逆的线型理论,应用了玻耳兹曼叠加原理,整理出一个较全面的有系统的普遍线型内耗理论。一般地,所得结果和普通的理论是相符合的,但是在交互作用问题上就有着差异。最近的内耗的研究上又逐步地进入反常内耗的研究。因此研究交互作用成为必要的了。可以指出,利用类似的理论和方法,有可能创造出反常效应及振幅效应的非线性的一般的内耗理论,为分析这些实验数据的工具。

 
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