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With the rapid progress of the electronic art, there has been a steadily increasing demand for still wider-bandwidth amplifiers. The recent introduction of distributed amplification concept has provided a new technique and powerful means for designing amplifiers with top cutoff frequencies far in excess of those previously obtainable with,ordinary amplifier circuits. A distributed amplifier of the low-pass type can easily be constructed to have a uniform frequency response from audio frequencies to frequencies...

With the rapid progress of the electronic art, there has been a steadily increasing demand for still wider-bandwidth amplifiers. The recent introduction of distributed amplification concept has provided a new technique and powerful means for designing amplifiers with top cutoff frequencies far in excess of those previously obtainable with,ordinary amplifier circuits. A distributed amplifier of the low-pass type can easily be constructed to have a uniform frequency response from audio frequencies to frequencies as high as several hundred me using conventional vacuum tubes. Unlike conventional circuits, distributed amplifiers have an attainable gain-bandwidth product which is not limited by shunt capacitance associated with the vacuum tubes and circuit wiring; the high-frequency limit being determined entirely by high-frequency effects within the tube proper.The purpose of this paper is to describe the basic principle of distributed amplification and to show how such an amplifier employing various types of transmission lines may be designed. Practical methods hi design and design details are given for a three-stage distributed amplifier, using fourteen 6AK5 pentodes with a frequency response of 0.1 mo to 140 mo and a gain of 33±1 db.Both the negative mutual-inductance m-derived and constant K artificial delay lines hare been used. The former offers the advantage of a more linear phase characteristic and a more uniform response both in amplitude and delay time.The experimental results corroborate the predictions based on the first-order theory described in this paper.

分布式放大是最近宽频带放大的最大成就,过去多年来电子学所应用的各种宽频带放大方法,其高频部分因受电子管电容和线路的分布电容所限制,不能获得理想的结果,而利用分布式放大的理论,所制成的宽频带放大器,远较一般普通的宽频带放大器,有更为宽阔的频带;从它的设计和构造上来看,也较负反馈的宽频带放大器为简单。制造一架自数千周至数百兆周的分布式放大器,在技术上并没有很大困难。本文拟对分布式放大的原理作扼要的分析;并提出了采用各类型仿真线所构成的分布式放大器的设计方法,并利用该设计方法,试作了一只三级十四管的分布式放大器,其增益为33±<1分贝,频宽自100千周至140兆周。由实验结果证明,采用m导出式低通滤波器所构成的仿真线的分布式放大器,实较用常K式者,具有更佳的相移特性和频率特性,这与理论上的分析是一致的。

~~

到目前为止,橡皮膜模型只能利用来研究平面电(?)中的电子轨迹,但是旋转对称的电(?)和磁(?)却具有更多的实用价值。这个工作是关于把橡皮膜模型应用范围推广到研究旋转对称的电(?)或磁(?)中的电子轨迹中去,利用熟知的无穷长双圆筒二极管作为检验模型。在这种情形下,得出电(?)分布的实验结果误差是3%左右,轨迹误差6%左右。在磁(?)情形下,是利用螺旋线圈所产生的均匀磁(?)为例子得出电子在均匀磁(?)运动轨迹的实验结果误差在7%左右。

A practical means is presented for the design of a coherent Integrating Filter (GIF) covering the whole doppler frequency range with a single channel, as it is much simpler than the usual way of implementing the coherent integration by a large number of parallel channels each matched at a different doppler frequency, therefore it is easier to implement and superior than the parallel matched filters scheme. The paper has analyzed the principle of operation of the GIF, pointed out that it is equivalent to a set...

A practical means is presented for the design of a coherent Integrating Filter (GIF) covering the whole doppler frequency range with a single channel, as it is much simpler than the usual way of implementing the coherent integration by a large number of parallel channels each matched at a different doppler frequency, therefore it is easier to implement and superior than the parallel matched filters scheme. The paper has analyzed the principle of operation of the GIF, pointed out that it is equivalent to a set of high frequency sweeping comb filters but with no sweeping loss. GIF implements the optimum receiver by inclined cutting the Woodward's "uncertainty function" as contrast with the ax-is parallel cutting implemented by the matched filters.The block diagram of a radar system with GIF is presented in the last section and the choice of some system parameters is explained.

提出一个具有能在未知多卜勒频移情况下不需分路的相参积累器,它比一般分路方案可以简单得多。因此在从噪声中发现微弱信号的角度来看,优于其他曾提出过的任何积累方案。文中分析了这种积累器的作用原理,提出了利用这种积累器组成的积累滤波器如何能对脉冲串高频信号获得最佳信噪比,并用模糊度函数的概念说明了这种积累滤波器的实质,指出它比脉冲串匹配滤波器更优越和具有较大的实现可能性。最后还讨论了利用这种设备进行雷达站设计的要点和某些工作参数的选择与考虑。

 
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