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This paper presents an investigation of the"Automatic Operator" of Diesel Loco-motive based on the principle of compound programming control. According to the sur-rounding conditions of locomotive, the"Automatic Operator"can change its structure automatically in order to obtain better quality of control.In this paper, the principle scheme, the characteristics of"Automatic Operator" and the experimental results of automatic control of Diesel locomotive with "Automatic Operator"are presented, the principle and...

This paper presents an investigation of the"Automatic Operator" of Diesel Loco-motive based on the principle of compound programming control. According to the sur-rounding conditions of locomotive, the"Automatic Operator"can change its structure automatically in order to obtain better quality of control.In this paper, the principle scheme, the characteristics of"Automatic Operator" and the experimental results of automatic control of Diesel locomotive with "Automatic Operator"are presented, the principle and the design of logical circuit for changing the characteristics of"Automatic Operator"is emphasized. The latter part of the paper in-cludes a discussion of quality of control; and finally, formulas for determining the para-meters of the control system are derived.

文内介绍了采用复合控制原理和根据机车所处客观条件自动切换系统结构的内燃机车程序控制方案,介绍了按此方案制成的(自动司机)总体线路及其性能.介绍了利用这台控制机进行内燃机车自动驾驶的全面试验结果.文中着重讨论了自动切换系统结构的逻辑装置的设计计算.给出了综合这类系统参数的计算公式.此外,对系统的控制质量进行了详细讨论.

In this paper the logical structure of contactless telemechanical system for distributed objects is discussed. A simple method of variable system structure for transmitting and receiving telemechanical information is adopted. The idea is that the information oc-curred in every controlled point (station) and the information of some of those objects,which frequently change their states, are transmitted continually and cyclically, while for other objects their information is transmitted only after any change in...

In this paper the logical structure of contactless telemechanical system for distributed objects is discussed. A simple method of variable system structure for transmitting and receiving telemechanical information is adopted. The idea is that the information oc-curred in every controlled point (station) and the information of some of those objects,which frequently change their states, are transmitted continually and cyclically, while for other objects their information is transmitted only after any change in their states. Thus,the speed of operation will be increased, and also the error probability of system syn-chronization will be decreased. For the realization of the variable logical system struc-ture, several blocks are used repetitively. For example, two commutators and one sim-ple logical unit are used to construct a simple automatic sequential encoder, and at the same time, the two commutators are used also to operate as a matrix commutator for receiving telesignalling information etc. Therefore the system is comparatively simplified and attains a higher degree of "minimization".

本文研究了无触点集中-分散目标远动系统的逻辑结构.文中提出了采用简单的系统变结构来发送和接收信息的逻辑结构方式.对被控制点及一部分比较重要或变化比较频繁的被控制目标的信息,保留了循环传送,而对大部分变化比较慢的被控制目标则采用目标有变化时才传送信号的方式,这样就提高了系统的平均动作速度,同时也减小系统的失步概率.文中采用环节的复合利用及简化的逻辑单元线路来实现这种系统的逻辑结构.例如用两个分配器和一个简单的逻辑单元“和”线路组成了很简化的选点自动程序编码器,同时这两个分配器又复合利用兼组成目标信号接收矩阵式分配器等,因而可以使得这种系统同时又具有较高的极简化度.

Strain-gage indicator is one of the electrinical instruments for measuring non-electrical quantities. This kind of instrument may be used to measure the quantity of strain in engineening structural members. For this purpose, it is necessary to transform the non-elee-trical quantities(Strain)by the pick up (Strain gage wire)into quantities of the variation of electrical resistance. The sensetivenessan anb precision of the quantities of strain which is measured by the strain gage indicator is much higher then...

Strain-gage indicator is one of the electrinical instruments for measuring non-electrical quantities. This kind of instrument may be used to measure the quantity of strain in engineening structural members. For this purpose, it is necessary to transform the non-elee-trical quantities(Strain)by the pick up (Strain gage wire)into quantities of the variation of electrical resistance. The sensetivenessan anb precision of the quantities of strain which is measured by the strain gage indicator is much higher then the mechanical and optical instrument, for the same purpose. As to the wire strain gage used for the strain gage indi cator, it is light and with smaller gage langth and of lower inertia. More over it has the advantage of being used on distant control for a long period time. The stain gage indicator is needed by laboratories factories as well as other engineerning fields. In this paper, the author gives a priliminary report on the research of the instrument, experience of design and arrangement, as regard to design, arrangement, the use of materials manufactured by our country. and also gives the result of reserach including the problems occured during manufacturing.

电阻应变仪系电测非电量仪器之一专以测量工程结构杆件的应变问题,经过灵敏元件——“电阻应变片”的转换将应变的非电量,变成电阻的电量,用这仪器的测量的结果要比机械的光学的灵敏度与积确度都要高。电阻应变片,不但质量轻,标距小,惯性小,同时可长期测量与遥远测量,所以在实验室、工厂,工地都适用。本文仅介绍全部利用国产材料设计制造电阻应变仪的初步研究成果以及所发生的问题及经验。

 
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