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高能燃料     
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  high energy fuel
     Aluminum Hydride—High Energy Fuel of Solid Propellant
     固体推进剂高能燃料三氢化铝
     Based on the reports and exchanges of the 31st International Annual Conference of ICT in 2000 and combined with recent years' relevant papers and reports,the research of new energetic materials and it's applications to solid propellants as high energy oxidizers, energy binders and high energy fuel etc. was described and reviewed respectively.
     根据 2 0 0 0年第 31届ICT国际年会的报告及交流内容 ,结合近年来国内外的有关文献报道 ,对新型含能材料及其在推进剂中应用的研究 ,按照高能氧化剂、含能粘合剂、高能燃料等分别进行了较详细的介绍和述评。
短句来源
     High energy multiple pulse overbalanced perforating is a new perforating and stimulation technique which uses high energy fuel's burning to produce pressure in interest formation.
     高能多脉冲超正压射孔技术是一项利用高能燃料的燃烧在目的层产生压力的超正压射孔或增产新技术。
短句来源
  high energy fuels
     aluminum hydride, aluminum, dib-oraane are good high energy fuels;
     氢化铝、铝、二硼烷是较好的高能燃料;
短句来源
  energetic fuel
     Development of fuels with intense burning rate and strong micro-explosion,is one of the important aspects in energetic fuel research.
     研制高强燃烧及有强油滴燃烧“微爆炸”特性的燃料是高能燃料研究的一个重要方面. 在对各种燃料广泛试验的基础上发现,双叠氮化合物具有极高燃烧率并具有产生“微爆炸”的必要条件.
短句来源
     The advances of energetic material technologies are presented including high energetic oxidizer, energetic binder and high energetic fuel etc. The new concepts and technologies are described, such as polynitrogen compounds ( N5+ ), nano materials ( Alex) and cryogenic solid propellant.
     对高能氧化剂、含能粘合剂、高能燃料等含能材料技术的进展分别作了扼要地阐述,介绍了含能材料技术领域的新概念和新技术,如多氮化合物(N_5~+)、纳米材料(Alex)和低温固体推进剂(CSP);
短句来源
  “高能燃料”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The design research of hypersonic vehicle system will be related with the problem of much subject and technology, which involves the aerodynamic layout, the aerodynamic calefaction, the configuration anti-heat and refrigeration of missile body, the research of engine, the aerial material, the high-octane fuel, Global Position and vector control.
     高超声速飞行器的总体技术,将涉及到气动布局、气动加热、弹体结构防热与冷却、吸气式推进系统、轻质材料、高能燃料、全球定位、矢量控制问题等多学科技术问题。
短句来源
     High energy multiple pulse perforating uses burning of high-energy fuel to produce pressure 1.2 ~ 1.5 times higher than the formation breaking pressure before beginning to perforate. Then the compensating bullet burns to add pressure to extend and erode the perforated tunnels,and produce fractures uncontrolled by the earth stress.
     高能多脉冲超平衡射孔技术利用高能燃料的燃烧 ,在目的层产生 1.2~ 1.5倍于地层破裂压力的高压后开始射孔 ,随后压力补给弹燃烧补给压力 ,对射孔孔眼进行冲刷和延伸、并产生不受地应力控制的裂缝的射孔或增产新技术。
短句来源
     Based on theory analysis and experiments,a kind of high power emulsion explosive is developed without the addition of detonators and high power fuel. The performance index is up to the standard of No. 1 rock emulsion explosive.
     通过理论分析和试验,在不添加猛炸药和高能燃料前提下研制出一种高威力乳化炸药,其性能指标达到1号岩石乳化炸药标准要求。
短句来源
     Singlet oxygen reaction,non-metal nitrogen-fixation reaction,graphite-diamond phase transition process and high-energy materials combustion processes could be also catalyzed by these new materials. All reactions showed very good catalytic functionality.
     这种新材料还可以催化产生单线态氧(1O2)的化学反应、催化非金属固氮反应、催化石墨合成金刚石的反应,同时还可催化高能燃料的燃烧过程,具有广泛的应用前景。
短句来源
     Hydrogen as a clean energy source,is potentially a high-energy vehicle fuel.
     氢是一种洁净的能源,是未来最有希望的车用高能燃料
短句来源
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  exotic fuel
Exotic fuel binders such as CHEF-20, Polyol and HTPB for these propellants were also developed in ISRO as part of the indigenisation programme.
      
These concerns become more important as still more exotic fuel blends are burned to follow developments in fuel prices.
      
  其他


In this paper more than 30 kinds of fuel areexamined for FAE by combining their CJ detonation parame-ters computed through the Cordon--McBride program with theirexperimental data such as critical initiation energies, detona-tion limits and so on. The results show that acetylene, MAPPre good hydrocarbon fuels; aluminum hydride, aluminum, dib-oraane are good high energy fuels; ethylene-oxide, 1,1-dimethy-1hydrazine,n-propylnitrate and diborane are good sensitizers.

本文借助于Gordon-Mc Bride计算程序计算了三十多种可能的FAE燃料在空气中的CJ爆轰参数,并结合它们的起爆能、爆轰极限等参数的实验数据,分三类对其进行了讨论,结果表明:乙炔、MAPP及其它不饱和性强、沸点适当的化合物或混合物是较好的碳氢燃料;氢化铝、铝、二硼烷是较好的高能燃料;环氧乙烷、硝酸丙酯、偏二甲肼、二硼烷是较好的敏化燃料。

Development of fuels with intense burning rate and strong micro-explosion,is one of the important aspects in energetic fuel research.Based on extensive study, it has been found that Diazides have very high burning rate and potential of producing microexplosion.Experiment data show that a small amount if addition of Halides can intensify burning rate of Diazides,as well as induce early second disruption of droplets,for example,dC5 + dI6 or dC5 + dBr5 mixture can burn 6 to 7 times faster than ordinary hydrocarborns....

Development of fuels with intense burning rate and strong micro-explosion,is one of the important aspects in energetic fuel research.Based on extensive study, it has been found that Diazides have very high burning rate and potential of producing microexplosion.Experiment data show that a small amount if addition of Halides can intensify burning rate of Diazides,as well as induce early second disruption of droplets,for example,dC5 + dI6 or dC5 + dBr5 mixture can burn 6 to 7 times faster than ordinary hydrocarborns. Strong microexplosion of fuel droplets can occur at early stage at which only 30-40 percent of droplet mass has been burnt.

研制高强燃烧及有强油滴燃烧“微爆炸”特性的燃料是高能燃料研究的一个重要方面.在对各种燃料广泛试验的基础上发现,双叠氮化合物具有极高燃烧率并具有产生“微爆炸”的必要条件.试验还表明,某些卤代碳氢化合物的少量添加除能保持和改善双叠氮化合物的高强燃烧特性外,还能诱发早期的极强的油滴二次破碎(“微爆炸”).例如,dC5+dI6,dC5+dBr5混合燃料的燃烧率可比普通碳氢燃料大6~7倍,强烈的油滴二次破碎可发生在油滴仅烧掉初始质量的30~40%.实际应用时,这类燃料可望用作基本燃料或燃料添加剂,在JP4中添加少量dC10或dC11可诱发明显的,强烈的“微爆炸”,并可增加燃烧率约25%.

Expermental studies of convective combustion in high-packedly energetic granular beds are carried out with ionization probes and piezoelectric transducers in a high pressure combustor,whose strength limit is above 1000 MPa.The flame front and its velocity and pressure wave are successfully obtained.It is found that the pressure wave propagates in front of the flame front.The burning mechanisms of convective burning processes are revealed.The effects of ignition strength,loading density and propellant size on...

Expermental studies of convective combustion in high-packedly energetic granular beds are carried out with ionization probes and piezoelectric transducers in a high pressure combustor,whose strength limit is above 1000 MPa.The flame front and its velocity and pressure wave are successfully obtained.It is found that the pressure wave propagates in front of the flame front.The burning mechanisms of convective burning processes are revealed.The effects of ignition strength,loading density and propellant size on burning processes are also investigated.The experimental results play an important role in investigating the mechanisms of abnormal pressure in rocket propulsion system and gun propulsion system.

高密实含能颗粒床对流燃烧过程的实验研究张小兵,金志明,袁亚雄(南京理工大学动力学院南京210094)关键词对流燃烧;含能颗粒床;实验研究1引言在高能燃料火箭推进系统和粒状火药炮膛内,火药颗粒燃烧的热量传递机理是强迫对流。当装填密度高到一定程度时,火焰...

 
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