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医疗服务     
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  medical service
    Rules of Public and Market Mechanism in Medical Service and Insurance
    医疗服务和保险中公共机制和市场机制的作用
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    Analysis of the Demand and Utilization of Medical Service of Private Enterprise Employee in Shanghai City
    上海市私营企业职工医疗服务需求和利用分析
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    Impacts and Influences of Reform of Medical Insurance System on Medical Service Market
    医疗保险制度改革对医疗服务市场的冲击和影响
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    It focuses on the medical service market and the medical insurance market, and analyses the features of the two markets from the angles of market supply and demand.
    第一题医疗保险制度的理论分析。 文中对医疗服务市场和医疗保险市场两个市场进行了细致分析,从供给和需求的角度分析了两个市场的特点;
短句来源
    Equity in Medical Service Utilizations of Employees from Nantong City Health Insurance Scheme
    保险人群医疗服务利用公平性研究南通市职工医疗保险实证
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  medical services
    Study on Insurants' Utilizations and Expenditure of Medical Services and Influencing Factors
    参保职工医疗服务利用与费用及其影响因素研究
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    How to Establish the Supervise System of Medical Services Under the Medical Insurance System
    医疗保险制度下医疗服务监督指标体系的建立
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    Since the 70`s in twenties century, the rapid increase in the medical expenses andcontrol of such expenses have become the common problem, this make the medical services and medical insurance the focus of research.
    自二十世纪七十年代以来,医疗费用的过快增长以及如何控制医疗(保险)费用的过快增长已成为世界各国面临的一个共同问题,这使医疗服务和医疗保险制度日益成为各国研究的热点。
短句来源
    Therefore the topic was studied. ObjectivesUsing quantitative and qualitative methods, the study described the basic performance of BMI, compared the insurants' utilizations and expenditures of medical service, explored the impacts of BMI protocol, medical providers and insurants on the utilizations and expenditures of medical services, in order to put forward recommendations for further improvement of the BMI policy, increase the efficiency of resources use and cost control.
    本研究采用定量与定性相结合的方法,描述城镇职工医疗保险实施的基本情况,比较分析参保职工的医疗服务利用和费用,探讨医保方案、医疗服务提供方和个人基本特征对参保职工医疗利用和费用的影响,为进一步完善医保政策、改善资源的有效利用和进行费用控制提出政策建议。
短句来源
    As the medical social insurance programmes are being put into effect, the government or society will provide medical services or economic compensation for the people who fall ill or injured by accident.
    通过医疗社会保险的实施,在劳动者生病或受伤后,国家或社会对其提供医疗服务或经济补偿。
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  medical care
    But the commercial heath insurance did not develop as fast as expected, the reason lies in the particularity of health insurance: medical care provider is the key of medical expense control.
    然而商业医疗保险市场的发展并不尽如人意,商业医疗保险覆盖人群与市场空间相比较比例严重失调; 主要原因在于医疗保险本身的特殊性:医疗保险有其特殊的三方关系,其费用控制的关键点是医疗保险双方之外的医疗服务提供者;
短句来源
    Therefore this essay will discuss cost control from the point of medical care provider and solve the problem.
    因此,我们要从保险机构对医疗服务提供者的控制角度入手,研究医疗保险费用控制问题,解决制约商业医疗保险发展的“瓶颈”。
短句来源
    Since health insurance became a hot topic, various articles have researched problems about it, such as its market space, risk management, development prospects management tactics etc. But seldom touches the core of problems: the medical care provider.
    同样,自90年代后期我国城镇职工医疗保险制度改革启动以来,商业医疗保险成为热门话题,然而大多是从商业医疗保险的存在问题,市场空间,发展前景,经营策略,市场开发,风险控制等方面进行探讨,而没有专门针对医疗服务提供者的制约与控制问题进行研究。
短句来源
    The medical-care provider takes on two contradictory characters: from one side, he decides the quantity and kinds of medical care;
    由于医疗服务提供者在三方关系中的决定地位,本章以医疗费用支付方式为专门一节,把医疗服务提供者分为医生和医院,介绍了国际上选用的主要医疗费用支付方式以及医疗费用支付方式的发展趋势。
短句来源
    Medical security system is a system that guarantees people to receive medical service fairly. It includes programs such as medical care, medical treatment and medical assistance government provides for its social members.
    医疗保障,是政府为其社会成员提供基本的医疗保健、疾病治疗、医疗救助等项目,保证人们公平获得医疗服务的一种制度。
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  health service
    The qualitative information was summarized, collated and analyzed by the theme. The study extended four-step model of the health service utilization and expenditures.
    在卫生服务利用与费用四步模型的基础上进行了延伸,对是否利用卫生服务采用了Logistic回归,医疗服务利用概率采用累加Logit模型,医疗服务费用采用对数线性模型,卫生服务流向采用多项式Logistic回归,分别进行了分析。
短句来源
    The coverage of our country's urban basic health insurance system has been expanded constantly when it was set up in 1998. It has solved the fund problem of health care tentatively, yet it does not work well in the supply of health service.
    我国城镇基本医疗保险制度自1998年建立以来覆盖面不断扩大,初步解决了医疗服务的筹资问题。
短句来源
    It is recommended that we must locate on "supply side cost sharing" system, reform health service cost compensates mechanism;
    加强对医疗服务提供方的费用控制,改革医疗机构的不合理补偿机制,并进行纵向一体化合作尝试。
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  medical service
The relationship between mental disorders and medical service utilization in a representative community sample
      
Results The relationship between mental illness and medical service utilization was substantial and significant.
      
It is a frequent symptom in the emergency medical service and presents diagnostic problems and pitfalls in assessing severity.
      
At the beginning of a career as a physician in the emergency medical service, guidelines may provide additional safety during the emergency treatment of a patient.
      
Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with stent implantation is now recommended as the gold-standard therapy for patients with STEMI if it can be performed within 90 minutes after the first presentation to a medical service.
      
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  medical services
The healthcare ownership transformation has divided the medical services market into public and nonpublic providers.
      
The implications of considering "secondary" social and psychological components of disease, as well as "primary" biological aspects, are discussed in terms of their value for the patient and their relevance to planning medical services.
      
The high frequency of psychiatric disturbance and psychosocial problems among old people makes it necessary to arrange special socio-medical services for this age-group.
      
All of the psychogeriatric staff have been guaranteed new jobs under the auspices of the County Council's medical services.
      
The objective of this study was to investigate whether the structure of the Mainz Emergency Medical Services (EMS) system warrants an adequate care of emergency patients a) within a certain time-frame, b) in any part of the city.
      
更多          
  medical care
Due to lack of appreciation of the complexities of the interactions between nature and nurture, claims for the rapid improvements in medical care following the human genome project have been exaggerated.
      
Increasingly, medicine has regarded social networks not just as a site for disease transmittance but also as a resource that affects morbidity, mortality, and the utilization of medical care.
      
Psychiatric morbidity in three primary medical care clinics in the city of Sao Paulo
      
These questionnaires explored the presence of fears, misconceptions, the attitudes toward the operation, the satisfaction regarding medical care and the general pre- and post-operative adjustment.
      
In order to identify the psychosocial factors that lead to the demand for medical care related to the menopause, we carried out a case/control study.
      
更多          
  health service
Health care providers need to listen to and incorporate consumers' experiences into their health service offerings in new and creative ways.
      
In 1965, 1.2 per cent of the students in Helsinki consulted psychiatrists of the Students' Health Service.
      
Urban community mental health boards controlled by black minority members can support community-wide mental health service programs that are both relevant to expressed community goals and of high professional quality.
      
Urban community mental health boards controlled by black minority members can support comunity-wide mental health service programs that are both relevant to expressed community goals and are of high professional quality.
      
Since 1969, a comprehensive community mental health service has been gradually set up in Mannheim, Federal Republic of Germany.
      
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  其他


This article evaluates the operational mode, service utilization, expenses standards,etc. of juvenile hospitalization insurance run successfully in Shanghai from Sept. 1991 onward. The help and support of the government departments concerned, health education network and media work are very important. Group insurance, zoning medical service, cash payment are convenient and appropriate. In view of shortage of relevant legal provisions, the article suggests the establishment of legal and governmental mechanisms...

This article evaluates the operational mode, service utilization, expenses standards,etc. of juvenile hospitalization insurance run successfully in Shanghai from Sept. 1991 onward. The help and support of the government departments concerned, health education network and media work are very important. Group insurance, zoning medical service, cash payment are convenient and appropriate. In view of shortage of relevant legal provisions, the article suggests the establishment of legal and governmental mechanisms for rational use of medical services and resources.

本文研究了上海市少年儿童住院医疗保险的费用水平、特点和影响因素。研究结果表明:手术与否、患者年龄、就诊地点、家长医疗保健制度和医院等级的差异造成次均费用的差异;次均费用构成比较合理,药品费比例低于全市水平。病种费用居前三位的是白血病、肺炎和先天性心脏病;特殊病种占总医疗服务人次的4.90%,而医疗费用占总费用的32.57%。

With the deepened reform of our country's medical care system, it's necessary to set up an effective mechanism of incentive restraint. In this paper, an organization mechanism of the medical care system is anlayzed theoretically. The multiple variable agency model and monitor agency model between hospital(physician) and insurance department are built up. The optimal deductible model between insurance department and consumer(patient) proposed by Mossin is modified. The optimal combinatory model of deductible...

With the deepened reform of our country's medical care system, it's necessary to set up an effective mechanism of incentive restraint. In this paper, an organization mechanism of the medical care system is anlayzed theoretically. The multiple variable agency model and monitor agency model between hospital(physician) and insurance department are built up. The optimal deductible model between insurance department and consumer(patient) proposed by Mossin is modified. The optimal combinatory model of deductible and coinsurance rate is derived. Ellis' bargaining model between hospital (physician) and consumer (patient) is cited to prove that when they have equal bargaining weights for the quantity of health care services, the actual quantity will be the average of the quantities desired by the physician and patient. Such mathematical models and results can provide theoretic base for the buildup of a reasonable mechanism.

分析了医疗保健组织系统的激励约束机制,构造了医院与保险部门间的多变量代理模型和监控代理模型;修正了Mossin推导的保险部门与病人间的起保点最优模型;利用Elis提出的对策模型,证明了医生与病人间医疗服务数量与期望医疗水平之间的关系.上述数学模型及有关结论,可为建立合理的激励约束机制提供理论基础.

Governments play important rules in practice of medical insurance.Government funded medical insurance systems for the whole people are available in many developed countries.In United States,which is dominated by market economy,medical insurance for the aged and poor is also provided.According to medical economics,medical service and insurance are special commodities.As a part of social security,both efficiency and equality should be considered.However,theories and practices have proved that government rule in...

Governments play important rules in practice of medical insurance.Government funded medical insurance systems for the whole people are available in many developed countries.In United States,which is dominated by market economy,medical insurance for the aged and poor is also provided.According to medical economics,medical service and insurance are special commodities.As a part of social security,both efficiency and equality should be considered.However,theories and practices have proved that government rule in this field did not work well,especially in those developing countries whose market economic system did not well established.In reforms of many countries,integration of public and market mechanism is stressed to seek harmonious progress in efficiency and equality,cost control and quality of service.

在医疗保险制度的实践中 ,各国政府起着重要作用 ,大多数发达国家具有政府筹资或组织的针对全体人口的医疗保险制度 ,即使是在市场经济占主导的美国 ,也具有政府筹资和组织的老年医疗保险和穷人医疗保险 ,而且 ,医疗领域是美国政府干预最多的领域。卫生经济学理论认为这是由于医疗服务和保险是种特殊商品 ,而且作为社会保障制度的一部分 ,医疗服务和保险制度要兼顾效率和公平。但是理论和实践都证明 ,政府的公共机制并非是对市场失灵纠正的完美机制 ,存在政府失灵 ,会造成全社会的福利损失 ,这在市场机制本身并不完善的发展中国家尤其严重。各国改革的实践中越来越注重市场机制和公共机制的结合 ,追求效率和公平的均衡 ,费用控制和服务质量的兼顾

 
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