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基础商品
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     Merchandise Concrete Construction Of High Building With Huge Foundation
     高层建筑大体积基础商品混凝土施工
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     Theoretical basis of determining the price of information commodities
     信息商品价格界定的理论基础
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     The Basis and Policy of Information Commodities Pricing
     信息商品定价的基础与策略
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     The Foundation of Insulation Grid Bipolar Transistor
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     Design Perspective of Commodity
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  underlying commodity
Sellers are typically allowed to choose among several grades of the underlying commodity.
      
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Derivatives are financial contracts that are designed to create market price exposure to changes in an underlying commodity, asset or event.
      
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The author maintains that the scientific theoretical foundation of macro regulation and control lies in theory of balance and unbalance in Marxism. This theory includes three major points: 1. the general requirement for realization of balance of total supply and total demand as indicated by the formula of reproduction; 2. law of value as internal mechanism for realization of this balance; and 3. unbalance manifested in a higher total supply than the total demand as the inevitable consequence of highly developed...

The author maintains that the scientific theoretical foundation of macro regulation and control lies in theory of balance and unbalance in Marxism. This theory includes three major points: 1. the general requirement for realization of balance of total supply and total demand as indicated by the formula of reproduction; 2. law of value as internal mechanism for realization of this balance; and 3. unbalance manifested in a higher total supply than the total demand as the inevitable consequence of highly developed commodity economy based on credit and mass production. It is this point that justifies macro regulation and control.

马克思关于总供给和总需求的均衡和非均衡理论,是宏观调控的科学的理论基础。这个理论的要点主要包括:1 再生产公式所揭示的总供给和总需求均衡的一般实现条件;2 价值规律是实现总供给和总需求均衡的内在机制;3 总供求的失衡、总供给大于总需求成为常态,是高度发达的、以信用和大生产为基础的商品经济内在矛盾发展的必然结果,它使宏观调控成为必要。

Therealisticbasisof“universalethics”istherelationofcommodityofeconomy.Inthesocialformationofcommodityeconomymoralityandlawofvaluearecloselyrelatedmoralityaimstoeliminatetheblindnesswithwhichlawofvaluefunctionsspontaneouslythusensuringthesmoothrealizationoflawofvaluethroughtheconsciousactionofman.Tosearchfor“universalethics”inthe“globalization”oftoday’sworldwemusttheoreticallydraw“commodityeconomyingeneral”.Throughtheanalysisofmajormanifestationoflawofvaluewecangetthemostfundamentalmoralstandardforindividualsingeneralbetweentwoindividualsweshould“workhonestlyandbeequalandmutuallybeneficial”betweenindividualandsocietyweshould“giveconsiderationtoboth”.Thesignificanceofsearchingfor“universalethics”internationallyistomaintainworldpeaceandtopromotemutualdevelopment....

Therealisticbasisof“universalethics”istherelationofcommodityofeconomy.Inthesocialformationofcommodityeconomymoralityandlawofvaluearecloselyrelatedmoralityaimstoeliminatetheblindnesswithwhichlawofvaluefunctionsspontaneouslythusensuringthesmoothrealizationoflawofvaluethroughtheconsciousactionofman.Tosearchfor“universalethics”inthe“globalization”oftoday’sworldwemusttheoreticallydraw“commodityeconomyingeneral”.Throughtheanalysisofmajormanifestationoflawofvaluewecangetthemostfundamentalmoralstandardforindividualsingeneralbetweentwoindividualsweshould“workhonestlyandbeequalandmutuallybeneficial”betweenindividualandsocietyweshould“giveconsiderationtoboth”.Thesignificanceofsearchingfor“universalethics”internationallyistomaintainworldpeaceandtopromotemutualdevelopment.

“普遍伦理”的现实基础是商品经济关系。在商品经济的社会形态中,道德与价值规律有着密切的联系,道德旨在消除价值规律自发地起作用的盲目性,使价值规律通过人的自觉活动而顺利实现。在当今世界的“全球化”中寻求“普遍伦理”,须从理论上抽象出“一般商品经济”。通过对价值规律主要表现形式的分析,可得出一般个人最底线的基本道德准则:在个人与个人之间,做到“诚实劳动、平等互利”;在个人与社会之间,做到“两者兼顾”。在国际间寻求“普遍伦理”的实际意义是,维护世界和平,促进共同发展。

With an analysis and comparison of the value basis of money under different monetary standards, we find that the goods that form the value basis of credit money hold the same or different char-acters;thus the arrangement of the international exchange rate regime is determined. Under the modern credit monetary standard, the value basis of credit money appears to be flexible and unstable and is easily affected by many factors. So we can take the modem credit money as an information system. Different kinds of credit...

With an analysis and comparison of the value basis of money under different monetary standards, we find that the goods that form the value basis of credit money hold the same or different char-acters;thus the arrangement of the international exchange rate regime is determined. Under the modern credit monetary standard, the value basis of credit money appears to be flexible and unstable and is easily affected by many factors. So we can take the modem credit money as an information system. Different kinds of credit money are different in their value basis, which is an ultimate determination of the floating international exchange rate regime.

对不同货币本位制度下信用货币的价值基础的比较分析可知,由构成信用货币的价值基础的商品在不同货币本位制度下的同质性与非同质性,决定了国际汇率制度的安排。在现代信用本位制下,信用货币的价值基础具有易变性、不稳定性等特征,而影响其价值基础的因素也是多元化的,所以可以把现代信用货币视为一个全息系统,并且不同的信用货币从本质上讲是不同质的,这种不同质性是国际浮动汇率制的根本决定因素。

 
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