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效果历史     
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  effective history
Between Strangeness and Familiarity: Towards Gadamer's Conception of Effective History
      
This essay seeks to examine the relation between selfhood and history through Gadamer's conception of hermeneutical experience, one of the cornerstones of his theory of effective history in Truth and Method.
      
  effect of history
In order to improve efficiency of calculation, the effect of history time has been discussed, and an improved method is presented.
      
The complicating effect of history or chronology on substrate responses to environmental stimuli may restrain our ability to model the responses of complex systems to changing conditions.
      
The Effect of History on Hydrogen Assisted Cracking: 1.
      
The Effect of History on Hydrogen Assisted Cracking: 2.
      
Exploratory analyses found no significant effect of history of familial hypertension on either the ABPs or the laboratory pressures.
      
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The author of this paper has made a brief statement and analysis of Heidgger's view of history and on this basis pointed out that Gadamer's view proceeded from Heidgger's existential ontology of There-being. However, he didn't follow all the way his teacher had shown him, he criticized and developed it. To begin with, he shifted the emphasis from the futurity of There-being to the historicity; then he transformed the unidirection of existential projection into the mutual affects between tradition and the explanators;...

The author of this paper has made a brief statement and analysis of Heidgger's view of history and on this basis pointed out that Gadamer's view proceeded from Heidgger's existential ontology of There-being. However, he didn't follow all the way his teacher had shown him, he criticized and developed it. To begin with, he shifted the emphasis from the futurity of There-being to the historicity; then he transformed the unidirection of existential projection into the mutual affects between tradition and the explanators; lastly, he offered the effective-history view in the study of historical theory. In a word, his development reflected the progressive tendency in contemporary historical philosophy.

本文概述并分析了海德格尔的历史观,在此基础上指出,伽达默尔的观点是从海德格尔的生存论本体论历史观出发的,但是,他没有完全因循海德格尔的观点,至少在三个方面,他发展了海德格尔的思想。首先,他把重心从此在筹划的未来性转到历史性上;其次,他把此在生存论筹划的单向作用变成了历史传统和解释者之间的相互作用;第三,他提出了“效果历史”原则,并应用到历史观研究中去。总之,他的发展反映了现代精神科学和现代历史哲学的发展趋势

Emergency into being" is Gadamer's concept of truth. Zeitlichreit(timeliness) refers to the fact that though the miracle of language, writtenness and poetry, comes the miracle of "simutaneity" in a text that overcomes historical time. Phronoesis(practicle wisdom) is the intelligence that chooses the Good in an ethical way. Applicatio(application) means that when we understand something in the past, and we also see how it applies at present. Tradition refers to our seeing that an attitude and way of seeing that...

Emergency into being" is Gadamer's concept of truth. Zeitlichreit(timeliness) refers to the fact that though the miracle of language, writtenness and poetry, comes the miracle of "simutaneity" in a text that overcomes historical time. Phronoesis(practicle wisdom) is the intelligence that chooses the Good in an ethical way. Applicatio(application) means that when we understand something in the past, and we also see how it applies at present. Tradition refers to our seeing that an attitude and way of seeing that we inherit in our language is at work in our consciousness as we attempt to understand anything, while wirkungschichttiches Buwusstsein(effect consciousness) is a consciousnes in which history is always working. For Gadamer language lives most typically in the give and take of conversation, of question and answer, of dialogue. Gadamer also argues that the rituals and rites that hold humanbeings together in solitarity are their basis for real communication.

“存在之显现”是伽达默尔的真理观念。“时间性”指的是通过语言性、书写性、和诗歌的奇迹 ,产生了文本战胜历史“时间”而具有“同时性”的奇迹。“实践智慧”是伦理方式选择善的理智。“应用”的意思是当我们理解过去的某件事物时 ,我们同样领会它在今天是如何应用的“传统”是指我们在语言中继承下来的态度和方法 ,在我们试图弄懂任何事物时都会在我们的意识中发生作用 ,而“效果历史意识”是一种历史总结在发挥作用的意识。语言最典型地生存于交谈、问答、对话的平等交换之中。使人类团结在一起的的节日庆典是真正交流的基础。

Gadamer's hermeneutics discourses on the problem of understanding in a new way, makes philosophical hermeneutics an independent philosophical school and greatly affects the history of modern western philosophy. In his opinion, understanding is the mode of being of There-being itself. It is of historicality. Understanding is a kind of event of effective-history. It is the fusion of horizons that exhibits and illuminates the effective-history. Therefore, the understanding of the principle of effective-history...

Gadamer's hermeneutics discourses on the problem of understanding in a new way, makes philosophical hermeneutics an independent philosophical school and greatly affects the history of modern western philosophy. In his opinion, understanding is the mode of being of There-being itself. It is of historicality. Understanding is a kind of event of effective-history. It is the fusion of horizons that exhibits and illuminates the effective-history. Therefore, the understanding of the principle of effective-history is the key to grasping the problem of understanding.

加达默尔的诠释学从一个全新的角度论述了理解问题,使哲学诠释学成为一个独立的哲学流派,在现代西方哲学史上产生了巨大的影响。他认为理解是此在本身的存在方式;理解具有历史性;理解按其本性乃是一种效果历史事件,而视域融合又是对效果历史的展示和具体说明。因此,理解效果历史原则是把握加达默尔理解问题的关键。

 
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